State Papers Online - A Resource for Italy
State Papers Online is an online archive of English/British State documents from the 16th and 17th centuries. The range of documents is enormous and covers events such as the Italian Wars, a set of conflicts that occurred from the late 15th century until 1559 with the Peace of Cateau-Cambresis. The dynastic and power struggles driving the conflicts included events such as the Sack of Rome in 1527, where Pope Clement VII was imprisoned in Castel Sant’Angelo the supremacy of the Papacy was threatened.
There are documents on the Italian people, politics, trade, treaties and lands throughout State Papers Online but Part II also includes the following manuscript series:
SP 79: Genoa
SP 85: Italian States and Rome
SP 98: Tuscany
SP 99: Venice
State Papers Online, Parts I & II includes 329,527 Calendar entries, 1,101 Transcripts and 179,348 Manuscripts
Searches performed on the subject of ‘Italy’
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Full text searches on Italy and other aspects of 16th Century Italian history include the following titles with manuscripts:
Miscellaneous entries on ‘Italy’
“Sculpture” (Nov 1531)
SP 1/68 f.62 - SPO Part I
Account of work done for the King, from June to Nov. 1531, by Benedeto and Giovanni, Florentine sculptors, in bronze, &c.
“News from Italy” (Dec.11/21 1585)
SP 101/72 f.51 - SPO Part II
Venice, Dec. 14, 1585. Many gentlemen come from France have been sent into quarantine at San Chimento to their no small annoyance, on suspicion of the plague. Count Giulio has come as ambassador from the Duke of Urbino, and is much pleased with his reception… Italian.
“News from Italy” (1581)
SP 78/5 f.58a - SPO Part II
They write from Naples that the viceroy there has prohibited betting on the life and death of the Pope. In the middle of the piazza a picture had been put up, with the figure of the viceroy asleep in a chair, with a wand and the scales falling from his hands, to signify that he was forgetful of justice, and behind him was one drawing in money and putting it in a chest, with another figure loaded with bacon, meaning to imply that he had an agreement with the overseers of the market (quelli di gracia) and also with certain merchants; further, that the city was suffering in every way.
“Advices from Italy” (July 1572)
SP 70/124 f.99 - SPO Part II
Venice, 19 July 1572.—News of the Turk. Great sickness. Earthquake at Ferrara. Rome, 12 July 1572.—Mortality in Rome. Preparations for the capture of Algiers. News of the Papal Court.
“News from Italy” (June 27 1573)
SP 70/127 f.214 – SPO Part II
Venice, 27 June 1573.—They have received sketches of a diabolical monster lately discovered in Verona, which they think has been born of some woman and abandoned.
2. Verona, 20 June 1573.—Strange sketch of a creature with claws and tail, which was found in the ditch of the old castle at Verona and taken to the Bishop. The populace scoffingly say that it was the soul of a Turk who died in prison.
News from Italy – SPO 70/127 f.214
“Advices from Italy” (Jan. 5 1566)
SP 70/82 f.5 - SPO Part II
Proceedings for the election of the new Pope. News from different towns in Italy.—Rome, 5 Jan.
“Original Letter (in Italian) of a spie” [no date]
Harley 288 - SPO Part II
Original Letter (in Italian) of a spie, advertising the state of Affairs in France, where the King of Navarre prospers, & the Roman Catholick Religion is like to be exterminated.
“Certain Italian Musicians of the Queen to Sir William Cecill” (Sept. 27 1568)
SP 12/47 f.167 - SPO Part I
Certain Italian Musicians of the Queen to Sir William Cecilll. Pray for remission of a debt arising from their having received a pension without sufficient warrant. Ital.
“Extracts by Lord Burghley from Italian history” (1586)
Lansdowne Vol /94 f.194 - SPO Part I
Extracts by Lord Burghley from Italian history, giving many instances of the Pope's approbation of assassination.
16th Century Popes
“Renunciation of the Pope” (1534)
SP 6/3 f.63 - SPO Part I
Draft acknowledgment of the King's supremacy to be used by any archbishop or bishop.
“An English translation of a letter from the Pope (Julius II.) to K. Henry VIII;…” [no date]
Cotton Faustina C/II f.68 - SPO Part II
An English translation of a letter from the Pope (Julius II.) to K. Henry VIII; stating his grievances against Lewis XII. on concluding the holy league?
“Spinelly, to Henry VIII; intelligence from Italy; the death of Pope Jul. II. &c.…” (March 9, 1513)
Cotton Galba B/III f.71 - SPO Part II
Spinelly, to Henry VIII; intelligence from Italy; the death of Pope Jul. II. &c.
“The Holy League with Pope Leo X for the Defence of the Church” (5 April 1513)
Add. Mss 48000 f.255 - SPO Part II
“Leo X. to Cardinal Wolsey” (10 Sept 1515)
SP 1/11 f.88 - SPO Part I
Notifying him of his election to the cardinalate. Rome.
“Leo X. to Wolsey” (1 Nov 1517)
SP 1/16 f.44 - SPO Part I
Part of a papal breve relating to the building of St. Peter's at Rome, and the appointment of a banker for the money received by the sale of indulgences. Rome.
“Leo X. to Wolsey” (16 March 1521)
SP 1/21 f.228 - SPO Part I
Thanks him for his zeal against Luther and the newly revived heresy of the Hussites, and for forbidding the introduction of their books into England. Was informed of Wolsey's conduct by the letters of Hieronymus bp. of Ascoli, the nuncio in England, for whom he desires credence. Rome.
“Adrian VI. to Henry VIII” (2 Feb 1522)
SP 1/24 f.14 - SPO Part I
Letters from Rome and other parts have published through this country my election to the Papacy, an honor which I not only never solicited, but never wished for. My strength is unequal to it, and I should have refused, but for fear of offending God and the Church. The letters of the College to me are detained at Genoa by the weather. I write to you about this, not because I think you have not heard it, but that I may express my affection for you on account of your zeal for the peace of Christendom. I ask you to join with the Emperor elect for the purpose of preserving peace.
“A bull or breve of Pope Clement vii; empowering Gaspar Spinelli to ratify a treaty between himself,…” (1526)
Cotton Nero B/VII f.16 - SPO Part II
A bull or breve of Pope Clement vii; empowering Gaspar Spinelli to ratify a treaty between himself, the kings of England and France, and the D. of Milan. (Lat.)
“The bull of Clement VII. concerning the election of a future…” (July 1527)
Cotton Vitellius B/IX - SPO Part II
The bull of Clement VII. concerning the election of a future Pope, in case the present should die before his release; with the promulgation at the end in MS. (Lat. printed.) Cast. St. Ang. July, 1527.
“The bull of Clement VII. concerning the election of a future Pope” - Cotton Vitellius B/IX
“Treaty Proposed by the Pope” (1 April 1525)
SP 1/34 f.113 - SPO Part I
As the late victory of the Imperialists in Italy seems to put an end to the war which has afflicted Christendom, and especially Italy. Clement VII. proposes to join the Emperor, Henry VIII., and the archduke of Austria in a league against the Turks, who, profiting by the dissensions of Christendom, have conquered many towns and provinces, and threatened Hungary, Dalmatia and Italy.
“The Divorce” (29 Aug 1529)
SP 1/55 f.72 - SPO Part I
1. Papal breve suspending the further hearing of the King's cause till Christmas. Rome, 29 Aug. 1529.
2. Promise of Clement VII. that in three months after the advocation of the King's cause, he will pronounce a sentence of divorce, and give the King licence by bull to contract a second marriage.
“Clement VII. to Henry VIII” (25 Jan 1531)
SP 1/69 f.70 - SPO Part I
Is informed of what he would fain believe to be false, viz., that the King, who, even since the beginning of his suit with Katharine touching the validity of his marriage, has treated her as his queen, has recently removed her from his Court, and cohabited openly with a certain Anne. Hopes Henry will see what a scandal this is to the Church, and how unworthy a religious prince, and how unbecoming to decide in his own cause. Henry has hitherto been the Church's most zealous defender, and the Pope would remonstrate with him as a loving father before assuming the function of a judge. Suggests how Catholics will grieve and heretics rejoice to hear that he has repudiated his queen, who is the daughter of kings and the aunt of the Emperor and the king of the Romans. Is convinced that what Henry is said to have done he would not have approved, but punished, in any of his subjects. Hopes he will take Katharine back again, and put away Anne. Rome.
“Sir G. Casalis, to Henry VIII; reports a conference…” (Feb. 20, 1535?)
Cotton Vitellius B/XIV f.150 - SPO Part II
Sir G. Casalis, to Henry VIII; reports a conference with the Pope Paul III, about the King's marriage. (A translation.) Rome.
“Charles V. to Paul III” ([April 18] 1536)
SP 1/103 f.129 - SPO Part I
Speech by Charles V. in the Consistory. Denies that the words he used the day before mean that he is averse to peace. Would not have received the Eucharist if he had felt enmity to the French king. Complains of the French king's want of trust in him.
“Copy letter from Pope Julius III” (April 8 1553)
SP 68/12 f.93 - SPO Part II
Informs him that he has dispatched Legates to the Emperor and King of France for the purpose of effecting a reconciliation between those Sovereigns, and requests the Prince will use his influence with his father to that end.
“Philip and Mary, to Pope Marcellus II; recommending Nic. Hethe, to the Archbishopk. of York.” (May 5, 1555)
Cotton Vespasian F/III f.49 - SPO Part II
“Challoner to Cecil” (August 31 1559)
SP 70/6 f.151 - SPO Part II
Yesterday morning certain advice came hither of the decease of Pope Paul IV. upon the 18th inst. When he was dead all at Rome went on wheels; hell broken loose. “The Roman people in their fury, discontented with the terrible proceeding of the new manner of the Inquisition established by the late Pope, (for the branches thereof extended not only to heresy, but also to sodomy and blasphemy, things no less familiar than hard to be touched or reformed amongst them,) went in a plompe after news of the Pope's death to the chamber or Court of the Inquisition, and there slew (as some letters purport,) the Chief Inquisitor, a friar, or (as other letters affirm) only wounded and very roughly entreated him and his complices.
“Pope Pius IV, to Q. Elizabeth; exhorting her to be reconciled to the church of Rome. (Lat.)…” (May 5, 1560)
Cotton Titus C/VII f.11 - SPO Part II
“Pope Pius IV. to the Council of Trent” (July 1 1562)
SP 70/39 f.7 - SPO Part II
1. Is sure that those brethren who wished to enforce the residence of clergy were moved by pious zeal.
2. Desires that the Council should be free, and that discord and disputes may be removed. They must see that the heretics are carefully watching all that passes. Every one should say what he thinks on the matter, and then without disputing a decision should be arrived at. —Rome, 1 July 1562.
“Declaratory sentence of Pope Pius V” (Feb. 24 1569)
SP 12/49 f.105 - SPO Part I
Declaratory sentence of Pope Pius V. against Queen Elizabeth denouncing her as pretended Queen of England, and as a heretic, and absolving all her subjects from their oaths of fealty and obedience.
“The Queen of Scots to Pope Gregory XIII” (Oct. 12 1575)
SP 53/10 f.70 - SPO Part II
Sends the Bishop of Ross to his Holiness to kiss his feet and to declare her ready obedience and firm and steadfast mind in the orthodox religion; also to return her utmost thanks for his goodness and unassisted remembrance of her, which the Cardinal of Guise, her uncle, lately related to her by his letters. Her anxiety for the restoration of the Catholic religion is greater than for mending her own fortunes; and she begs him to cherish and support her as a devout daughter, and to admit the Bishop of Ross, an exile for Christ's name and her's, to the aid and to the powers which he requires. Lat.
“Conclave of Pope Sixtus V: 1585. Italian” (1585)
Add. Mss 48082 f.199 - SPO Part II
Conclave of Pope Sixtus V: 1585. Italian. In the hand of Petruccio Ubaldini. Printed in Conclavi, pp. 193-211, but ending at ‘la piazza di san Pietro.’
“The college of cardinals, to the city of Paris; on the death…” (Oct. 16 1591)
Cotton Caligula E/VIII f.51 - SPO Part II
The college of cardinals, to the city of Paris; on the death of Gregory XIV.
“A bull of Pope Clement the VIII. nominating Eugenius Hegan to the deanery of Corcagen.…” (1596)
Cotton Titus B/XIII - SPO Part II
The Medici Family
“Julius Card. de Medicis (afterwards Clement VII.) to Henry VIII; signifying the promotion…” (Sept. 30 1513)
Cotton Vitellius B/II f.35a - SPO Part II
Julius Card. de Medicis (afterwards Clement VII.) to Henry VIII; signifying the promotion of himself and three others to the Cardinal's hat, and tendering his services. (Orig. Lat.) Rome.
“Henry VIII. to Lorenzo de Medici, Duke of Urbino” (15 Jan 1518)
SP 1/16 f.108 - SPO Part I
Credence for his subject Johannes Anglicus, whom, at his own request, he sends to the Duke.
“Murder of the Duke of Florence” (6 Jan 1537)
SP 1/114 f.29 - SPO Part I
Apology of Lorenzo di Pier Francesco de Medici for his murder of Alexander de Medici first duke of Florence, 6 Jan. 1536.
“Cosmo de Medicis, Duke of Florence, to King Edward VI” (March 7 1546-7)
SP 68/1 - SPO Part II
Cosmo de Medicis, Duke of Florence, to King Edward VI. Letters of condolence on the death of his father King Henry VIII.
“Queen Elizabeth to Catherine de Medicis” (Sept. 2 1571)
SP 70/120 f.11 - SPO Part II
Expresses the friendship and love which she has towards her and her son.
“Latin verses, in which Q. Catherine de Medicis, is compared…” (1572)
Cotton Caligula E/XII f.411 - SPO Part II
Latin verses, in which Q. Catherine de Medicis, is compared to the worst female character in history: probably after the massacre of St. Barthelemy. 1572.
“The policy and government of the dutchy of Florence, under Laurence de Medicis. (Ital.)” [no date]
Cotton Faustina C/II f.30 - SPO Part II
The Italian Wars of the 16th Century
“Card. Bambridge, to Henry VIII; two letters reporting the battle of Novara, and the…” (June 10 and 25, 1513)
Cotton Vitellius B/II f.42 - SPO Part II
Card. Bambridge, to Henry VIII; two letters reporting the battle of Novara, and the subsequent events; a bull against schismaties, &c. (Orig.) Rome.
“Leo X, to Henry VIII? on the coming of Francis I. to Bologna; the state of affairs in Italy,…” (Dec. 14 1515)
Cotton Vitellius B/II - SPO Part II
Leo X, to Henry VIII? on the coming of Francis I. to Bologna; the state of affairs in Italy, &c. (Lat.) Bologna.
“Treaty of Noyon” (Aug 1516)
SP 1/13 f.270 - SPO Part I
Fragment of the treaty of Noyon.
“Clement VII” (1524)
SP 1/33 f.76 - SPO Part II
As the Pope's desire for peace has not only had no good effect, but the war in Italy is greater than before, the French king besieging Pavia, and sending another army to attack Naples, his Holiness must do one of two things; either take up arms, which he will not and cannot do, or give some security to the French king, so far as he can do it without injuring either party or giving up his part as common father… If the Pope, the Emperor, and the kings of France and England join, each will be surety for the other.
“Articles of intelligence concerning the war in Italy, extracted from letters of the D.…” (May? 1524)
Cotton Vitellius B/VI f.50 - SPO Part II
Articles of intelligence concerning the war in Italy, extracted from letters of the D. de Bourbon, the viceroy of Naples (Lannoy) the D. d'Urbino &c. (Ital.)
“The D. de Bourbon, to Henry VIII? concerning a report of the Fr. king intending to invade Italy;…” (Aug. 31 1524)
Cotton Vitellius B/VI f.205 - SPO Part II
The D. de Bourbon, to Henry VIII? concerning a report of the Fr. king intending to invade Italy; desiring him to advance his army, &c.
“Italy” (22 Dec 1524)
SP 1/32 f.224 - SPO Part I
The French, as he wrote before, are daily trying to draw the Pope to their wishes, that is, that he should furnish them with horse and foot, should the Emperor try to stop their going into Italy. He puts them off, as the matter wants mature counsel, and he does not wish to offend the Emperor thus openly. Thinks he will unite with the French unless something happens to prevent it, because from their situation he can be more easily assisted by them.
“Pace to Henry VIII” (26 Jan 1525)
SP 1/33 f.113 - SPO Part I
Since the last league between the Pope, the French king, the Florentines, the duke of Ferrara, and marquis of Mantua, leaving a place for the Venetians, the Pope and French king have done all they could to induce the last to join it, and send their men to the French camp, or at least to lay down arms and not assist the Emperor.
“Siege of Pavia” (6 Feb 1525)
SP 1/33 f.123 - SPO Part I
Assuredly, unless chance is quite adverse, an immediate battle would end in the death or captivity of the French king. They cannot get away without a battle now. The Imperialists are within half a mile of Pavia; the enemy between them and the town. They shoot into each other's field, and hourly kill many… Pavia is well furnished with victuals for a long time. The French king has encamped within the park, and dares not come out, though battle has been offered him on a fair plain divers times. He is in great dread lest battle should be given and the enemy enter.
“Italy” (5 April 1525)
SP 1/34 f.121 - SPO Part I
The Pope thanks the King and Wolsey for befriending him, especially in these most perilous times, when many thought after the victory his affairs were in the worst condition on account of the league made with Francis before his arrival in Italy.
“Treaty of Peace” (21 June 1526)
SP 1/38 f.199 - SPO Part I
Proclamation by Francis I. of the conclusion of a treaty for the attainment of universal peace, between himself, Clement VII., Henry VIII., conservator of the treaty, André Griti, doge and the signory of Venice, and Francisque Marie Sforce duke of Milan, leaving a place for Charles V. and other potentates.
“Clerk to Wolsey” (28 May 1527)
SP 1/42 f.30 - SPO Part I
News has come that the duke of Bourbon was slain in an attack on Rome on the 6th, and that the Pope and Cardinals had taken refuge in Sant Angelo. 45,000 have been slain without regard to age or sex; many friars and priests murdered. The Venetians have promised assistance, but I think it will take no effect. The king of France has sent to raise 10,000 Swiss, and says he is hourly expecting news from De Tarbe. It is said that the Imperialists propose that the Pope should surrender Castle Angelo, pay 300,000 ducats, go into Spain, and submit to the Emperor. Francis is willing to accept the two gentlemen recommended by the King, but I think they will not easily be admitted into the chamber.
“John Casale to Wolsey” (16 May 1527)
SP 1/42 f.16 - SPO Part I
Wrote in his last of the sack of Rome. Repeats the contents of his letters, in case they have miscarried, and sends copies of news from the Venetian camp. The Senate have received letters to the same effect as he wrote before, and as he heard from D. Camillus Ursinus, who was present at the storming of the suburbs. The Pope, believing Rome could be defended by 3,000 foot, refused to leave the city, and issued an order forbidding any one, on pain of death, to take anything out of it.
“Charles V” (1527)
SP 1/40 f.230 - SPO Part I
Answer of Charles V. to the Nuncio and French and Venetian ambassadors.
The Emperor has always desired a universal peace, for the sake of attacking the common enemies of the Faith. With this intention he made a treaty with Francis, gave him his sister, and allowed him to return to his kingdom, not doubting that he would keep his word, and persuade other princes to join a universal peace. Instead of this, war has been kindled afresh, Hungary is being devastated, and its King is killed, heretics are growing stronger, and a treaty has been made against himself. Nevertheless, he first sent instructions to Rome in case a peace were treated of there, as the Pope seemed to offer; then, when the king of England professed readiness for the same, and asked for instructions to be sent to the ambassador with him, saying that the other allies would do the same, the Emperor sent to him also the most ample instructions and honorable terms. Lastly, the Nuncio and the French and Venetian ambassadors at the Emperor's Court said they had ample commissions, and urged him to appoint some one to treat with them….
“Sir G. da Casale to Cromwell” (28 July 1536)
SP 1/105 f.188 - SPO Part I
Against the advice of all his counsellors the Emperor has determined to invade France. The difficulties are great. The French king has removed all supplies from Provence, and has garrisoned Grasse and other places to cut off his retreat, has fortified Marseilles, and sent thither Stephano Colonna and the Prince of Melfi (sic) to provide for the keeping of the city. Moreover the king of France had determined to encamp in a convenient place, so that on the Emperor's approach to Marseilles he might cover the city with his army. Turin was also also left in the power of the French, and there was a want of money to pay the forces… The French can easily raise a tumult in Italy against the Emperor.
Charles V. and Francis I – Genealogy of the Sforces - SP 1/106 f.70
Charles V. and Francis I” (1536)
SP 1/106 f.70 - SPO Part I
Statement of the matters in dispute between the Emperor and his allies on the one side, and the French king and his on the other.
"I beseech Almighty God by the mediation of the King's Majesty to set them at full peace."
Particular claims:-The French king claims Milan as tutor to his children the Dauphin and duke of Orleans; the Emperor claims Burgundy by inheritance: each claiming through succession of daughters and denying to the other that succession to be lawful. Francis claims Naples, the Emperor Provence and Tolose…
ii. A detailed statement of the controversy about Milan, headed: "Here followeth a declaration of Milan, whereupon is the chief contention between the Emperor and the French king; wherein is first declared a compendious summary of the estate of Millan, and under whose dominion it hath been from time to time….Third, the first erection of it to a dukedom, and the genealogy of the dukes of Milan unto the Sforces. Fourth, the genealogy of the Sforces unto the last duke Francis…
“Pate to Norfolk” (4 July 1540)
SP 1/161 f.21 - SPO Part I
Hears that the French king begins to kindle war in Italy secretly and that the Emperor intends to be there before Christmas, having said so himself to a Marquis, who asked leave to visit his friends there.
“Peter Vannes to the Council” (Feb. 18 1552-3)
SP 68/11 f.67 - SPO Part II
The Imperialists, having concentrated their forces to the number of 14, 000 on the confines, entered the territory of Sienna and marched to Lusignano, the castle of which was kept by French soldiers.
“Peter Vannes to same” (Dec. 2 1553)
SP 69/2 f.84 - SPO Part II
Confirms the account of the recovery of Vercelli by the Imperialists. News from Rome and elsewhere mention the arrival of Strozzi at Sienna, and that certain pieces of ordnance, great and small, are coming after him from Marseilles. His coming, it is supposed, will be a great furtherance to the enterprises of the French King, and a great annoyance to the Duke of Florence, for he is of high reputation among soldiers and is accompanied with many banished men of some importance… He is reckoned to be greatly stored of money, and able to defend himself, equally ready to assault or to be assaulted; it is generally thought he will spend most part of the winter in his defence, and that neither side will much enter into the wars of Tuscany…
“Conditions of the Peace of Cateau Cambray” [Jan.] 
SP 70/2 f.85 - SPO Part II
…6. The Duke of Savoy to be restored to his whole estate, seven towns excepted, of which the French King shall keep five, viz., Turin, Chieri, Chyfar, Pignerol and Villeneuve; Philip shall keep two, viz., Vercelli and Asti, during the space of three years.
7. Montferrat to be restored by the French to the Duke of Mantua, and Valenza to the Duchess of Milan.
Places in Italy
“Extracts from letters of intelligence from Rome.…” (1537 and 8)
Cotton Vitellius B/XIV f.243 - SPO Part II
“Card. Wolsey, to the ambassadors at Rome;…” (May 30? 1529)
Cotton Vitellius B/XI f.126 - SPO Part II
Card. Wolsey, to the ambassadors at Rome; a long dispatch on their negociations concerning the great cause (the divorce) the Emperor's interfering in it, &c. with a minute of it at the end.
“The Doge of Venice to the Queen” (Oct. 19 1571)
SP 70/120 f.83 - SPO Part II
Sends news of the victory at Lepauto, and the entire destruction of the Turkish fleet by that of the Holy League.— Venice.
“Cosmo Duke of Florence to Queen Mary” (Feb. 9 1553-4)
SP 69/3 f.64 - SPO Part II
Florence. Congratulates her Majesty on her intended marriage with the Prince of Spain, mentions his attachment to the Emperor, and his own conduct in reference to the affairs of Sienna and the French.
“The Description of the Kingdom of Naples. A Fragment” [no date]
Harley 6845 f.7 - SPO Part II
“A letter of intelligence from Milan: Barbarossa's fleet shipwrecked;…” (Jan, 7 1538)
Cotton Nero B/VI f.3 - SPO Part II
A letter of intelligence from Milan: Barbarossa's fleet shipwrecked; Doria's fleet in Sicily; the Milanese well disposed towards the Emperor; the cause about the duchy of Camarino not decided.
“Intelligence from Messina” (June 22 1565)
SP 70/78 f.181 - SPO Part II
Narrative by Orlando Magro, pilot of the galley of the Grand Master of the Knights of Malta, of the defeat of the Turks at Messina. Printed. Injured by damp. Ital.
“Earthquake at Ferrara” (Nov. 17 1570)
SP 70/115 f.24 - SPO Part II
Account of the damage done by an earthquake at Ferrara on the night of 17th November 1570.
“Intelligence from Messina” (June 22 1565)
SP 70/78 f.181 - SPO Part II
Narrative by Orlando Magro, pilot of the galley of the Grand Master of the Knights of Malta, of the defeat of the Turks at Messina. Printed. Injured by damp. Ital.
Intelligence from Messina - SP 70/78 f.181
“The Meeting at Bologna” ([Dec.] 1532)
SP 1/73 f.14 - SPO Part I
Copy of a letter written from Bologna, "a di--," giving an account of the celebration of Christmas by the Pope and the Emperor. Italian.
“William Cecill (son of Sir Thomas Cecill) to his grandfather, Lord Burghley” (July 20 1585)
SP 12/180 f.87 - SPO Part I
Padua. William Cecill (son of Sir Thomas Cecill) to his grandfather, Lord Burghley. Some particulars of the erection of the palace at Turin; a fragment.
“Information concerning a league against England, made between the Pope, the King of Spain and the Duke of Tuscany; Rome” (23 Feb. 1580)
Add. Mss 48126 f.107 - SPO Part II
Information concerning a league against England, made between the Pope, the King of Spain and the Duke of Tuscany; Rome, 23 Feb. 1580. Proposals are listed for deposing Elizabeth by force and restoring Catholicism.
“A statement of the revenue which the king of Spain receives from India, Naples, Sicily, Milan, Sardinia, Majorca,…” (1577)
Cotton Vespasian C/VI f.84 - SPO Part II
A statement of the revenue which the king of Spain receives from India, Naples, Sicily, Milan, Sardinia, Majorca, Flanders.
“An anonymous letter, concerning the taking…” (Jan. 12 1529)
Cotton Vitellius B/XI f.12 - SPO Part II
An anonymous letter, concerning the taking of Aquila from the Imperialists by Camillo Pardo.
“The Marquis of Mantua, to Henry VIII; with a present of 4 horses. (Orig. Lat.) Mantua” (March 28 1514)
Cotton Vitellius B/II f.75 - SPO Part II
“[French News from Italy]” (12 May 1540)
SP 1/160 f.31 - SPO Part I
Siguor Gio Battista Savello, captain of the Pope's horse, went near Perugia to reconnoitre the country, and was attacked by the Perugians, who slew 30 of his men, wounded him in one foot, and hanged many whom they took. The Perugians are more obstinate than ever, saying they will never be subject to Pope Paul. The Pope vaunts that he will punish them, but they do not fear him; so that it is supposed they have intelligence with other lords and other cities…
“Advices from Italy” (Feb. 14 1573)
SP 70/126 f.82 - SPO Part II
Rome, 14 Feb. 1573.—End of the disturbance at Urbino. Passing events at the Papal court. News and reports from Naples and Spain. Rome, 21 Feb. 1573.—Disturbance at Urbino. Preparations for war in Spain and Turkey. Ital.
“Philip (II.) K. of Spain, to Alexander Farnese duke of Parma, governor of the Netherlands;…” (Aug. 28, 1590)
Cotton Vespasian F/III f.92 – SPO Part II
Philip (II.) K. of Spain, to Alexander Farnese duke of Parma, governor of the Netherlands; recommending Jacob Ficq, a German, to a company. (Spanish).
Duke of Milan to Henry VIII – SP 1/31 f.29
Duke of Milan of Henry VIII” (21 May 1524)
SP 1/31 f.29 – SPO Part I
The King knows by his last letters their successes against the French in Italy till that time. There are no enemies left, except a few in Alexandria, and nothing remain to be done before invading France, except for Bourbon to make the necessary preparations. Writes more fully to Scarpinelli, for whom he desires credence. Milan.
“Protest of the Emperor Maximilian against the Coronation of the Grand Duke of Tuscany” ([June 24] 1570)
SP 70/112 f.124 – SPO Part II
The Emperor being informed by letter from the Duke of Florence of his being created Grand Duke of Tuscany by the Pope, and also hearing a report of his intended coronation at Rome, directed his Ambassador resident to privately remonstrate with his Holiness on this infringement of the rights of the empire, and if this was ineffectual, to make a public protestation against the coronation. Notwithstanding this be has been informed by his Ambassador that not only has the Duke been solemnly crowned by the Pope, but that also a sceptre was placed in his hands. The Emperor protests that the said election, together, with the ceremony of coronation, are null and void, as being contrary to the rights and privileges of the Holy Roman Empire, which he has received from his predecessors, and which he is bound to hand down uninjured and intact to his successors.
“The Duke of Florence [Cosmo de Medicis] to Queen Mary” (Sept. 1 1553)
SP 69/1 f.62 – SPO Part II
Florence. Offers his condolence on the death of her brother, King Edward, and his congratulations on her Majesty's accession to the throne.
“The Duke of Urbino (Francis Mary I?) to Hen. VIII; exculpating himself for some omission at Rome. (Lat.)” (Feb. 8 1516)
Cotton Vespasian F/III f.202 – SPO Part II
“[Duke of Mantua] to the Cardinal of Mantua” (24 March 1537)
SP 1/117 f.115 – SPO Part I
Is glad the Pope intends sending some one to confer with him upon the Council. The two points necessary to be considered, in his opinion:- First, the security of those resorting hither, for which he would require an aid of horsemen to keep the country free from robbers and of guards to keep peace in the city; and secondly, his own security against an excessive concourse of persons.
Nikki Chard for Julia de Mowbray, Publisher. August 2009
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