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Iran. It is derived from “Pars”, now a province of that country. Meanwhile, the name Iran

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304. In India, “The Unani (Yunani?) System of medicine”, which is actually Iranian, was admirably developed by the Indian Physicians, many of whom were the Iranian immigrants (to India) “see Dr. Najma Heptulla’s Indo-Iranian Thought”, p.263

305. Many people think that snake used as a symbol of medicine was originated in Greece (well, even if that were true, still the more important fact is that the Greeks were actually the Aryan migrants, meaning Iranians in origin, and that will show the root of the whole medical science that came from Media/Persia, and thus the word medicine!

But the more interesting fact is that among all other languages, in Persian language alone, the word hospital is actually related to “snake!” ‘Because, the word for hospital in Iranian lands/ Central Asia/ part of China (and even in some Arab lands) is “Marestan” or “Bi-marestan” from “mar” or snake) which literally means: “Place abounding in snakes” (See Haim Persian-English Dictionary Tehran, Iran, 1978, P.739) Therefore, Bimarestan” means place of those without health or sick.”

306. The first man who introduced Arabic numerals in the West (which used Roman Numerals, before) was a Persian scholar by the name of Al Khawrazmi (9th century A.D.). This change from the Roman to the Arabic numerals actually revolutionized mathematics, Algebra, Computer, etc. (which would be impossible with the Roman/European numerals).

307. The first book written on Algebra has been was by the Persian Muslim scientist, Al-Khwarazmi, in the 9th century A.D. in fact, the term Algebra I adopted from his famous book “Aljabr”. (See “The Echo of Islam” Sept. 2005, p.122).

  1. The first physician in the world, who treated Small Pox, was Zakariyya Al Razi (10th century A.D.).

309. The first scientifioally run observatory in the world was built by the Persian Muslim scientist, Naseer Ad-Din Tousi, in the city of Maragheh (Iran). 13th Century Aid.

310. The first scientist who invented a computing machine was Al-Kashani, the Persian Scholar (15th century A.D.).

311.The first scientist who explained the cause of rainbow in 13th century A.D. was another Persian called Qutb Shirazi. (Source: Islam: A global civilization, Cambridge, U.K. 1995.)

312. The first scientist who measured the distance between the Earth and the Moon was a Persian astrologer by the name of Naseer ud-Din Tousi (13th century A.D.). That’s why a portion of the moon is named “Tousi” to honor this great Persian Muslim Scientist.

313.“The greatest Muslim astronomer was Abu Ja’far Al-Khorasani” (960 – 1,010 A.D.) See “Parsi Names” by Maneka Gandhi and Prof. Ozair Hussain, India, 1994, p.227

314. The first physician who diagnosed and treated Meningitis during the Dark Ages was Abu Ali Sina (11th century A.D.). (Source: “The Islamic Text Society” Cambridge U.K. 1995).

315. The first pictorial book on surgery was written by a Persian Muslim Physician, called Ibne Qasim, in Cordoba (Spain) during the Moorish caliphate, in 1200 A.D. (“The Persian letters,” summer 2000, P195) By the way, the first known physician and healer of disease in the world, according to the Pahlavi textnote was a Persian wiseman called “Thrita” (See “Parsi Names”by Maneka Gandhi, India, 1994, P455). Also the name Medica and Medici from the word Media and Medes (i.e. Persia)

316. The First “Arab Scholar” who wrote a book on geography (Titled “Suwar Ul-Aalam”) was a Persian Muslim from the City of “Balkh” (Central Asia) by the name of Abu Zaid Balkhy (871-934 A.D.) (See: “The Encyclopedia Persiana” Tehran, Iran, p.22).

  1. The greatest Muslim scholar, who collected and preserved Islamic traditions and teachings, is another Persian by the name of Mohammad Majlesi (17th century A.D.) His masterpiece on Islamic teachings and traditions (titled, Behar Al-Anwaar) is 110 Volumes with 40,000 pages.

  2. The most prominent religious and political figure in the history of Islam in the past 1,000 years (as far as the political and religious revival of the Muslim world is concerned) was Ayatullah Ruhullah Khomeini, the leader of the Islamic Revolution of Iran (1979). He was named, Man of the Year (Time, 1980).

  3. The greatest musician of the Moorish Spain (Andalusia 850 A.D.) was a Persian Muslim by the name of Ali Zaryab (“The Persian letters,” Summer 2000, P107). He was the student of Abu-Ishaq. Musuli, the great Persian music master, who taught the art of music to the Arab world (ibid)

  4. The greatest collection and preservation of the Islamic Arts in the world belongs to a Persian patron of Arts, by the name of Dr. Nasser Khalili, who lives in England. (“The Mabuhay Magazine,” Philippines, Summer 1998). Also the International Herald Tribune,

  5. Qawwali, the Art of Sufi chanting with music, started in Persia, in the 9th century A.D. before it came to India (also Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, etc.) It was also spread westward to Turkey and other countries in the Balkans in Eastern Europe like Albania, Bosnia, etc. It went up to Algeria, Tunesia and Morocco, in North Africa. In the South East Asia, particularly in Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei, Thailand, Singapore and the Philippines, it is known as Barzanji.

It is a form of Praising Allah, remembering the Holy Prophet, and the spiritual men of God, through music and song.

  1. The first scientists who believed that the Earth was actually round (not flat, as the Europeans thought) were the Muslim scholars of Persia (“Gardeshgari,” Iran, March 2002).

  2. Persian Muslim Scientists knew the Law of Gravity, as early as 840 A.D. long before Isaac Newton allegedly discovered it, after the supposed “Falling Apple”

  3. The fact that the Earth was going around the sun, was discovered by the Muslimschoolars, some, 200 years before Copernicus and Galileo.(see the BBC report, “Sahara” Nov.18/2006).

  4. The father of Geodesy science is the Persian Muslim Scholar Abu Rayhan Biruni (See “The Book of Iran” by Dr.Habibi, P.22)

  5. The first time that the Bio-gas technique was used in an industrial scale, was in Persia, in 16th Century A.D. when the famous Muslim Scholar, Shaikh Bahaud-din used the Bio-gas, from the human waste(using the public toilet), to heat a public bath, continuously for over a hundred years. (See “The Shaikh Bahai Public Bath in Isfahan, Iran)

  6. As we have said before, wine was discovered in the Medio-Persia (Which include the present day Iran, also) since the time of King Hushang of Iran as well as the kingdom of Ur, in Iraq (which was part of the Medio-Persia).

But the Chinese, several thousand years later, or at the middle of the 15 Century to be exact, learned the art of wine-making, when the Chinese Muslim admiral Zhang Ha (=Ma Ha) who was originally from Central Asia (Greater Persia) introduced the Persian grapes into China. (See “The Philippine Daily Inquirer,” Nov. 26, 2005). Zhang Ha’s chronicler was actually a Persian writer, by the name of Marvan.

  1. The first “Bt” rice (Genetically Modified or GM) in the world was invented by the Iranian Scientist, Behzad Gharayazi, in 2004 (See “The Manila Bulletin” Nov. 26, 2006)

  2. The Iranian master musicians, like Abu Ishaq Musuli and Ali Zaryab, actually tought the Arabs the Fine Art of Music, but later on many Iranian musicians gave up on music, upon conversion to Islam, because of the Religious reasons (Motahhari, “Khadamat,” Tehran, Iran, 1970, p.85).

  3. The second language of the Islamic propagation and civilization, after Arabic, has always been Persian (In countries like India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Kashmir, China, - South East Asia, Balkans, etc)

  4. The most popular word among the Muslim Communities, around the world for Teacher/Guru/Master/Spiritual Leader, is Ustad/Ustaz, a Persian term which means Educator/Trainor .

  5. Muslims in Central Asia, South West Asia, South East Asia and China, still use the Islamic terms, in Persian, rather than in the Original Arabic Language. Examples are: Namaz (Prayer) Ruzah (Fasting) Bang (call to prayer) Aub-dast (Ablution) Farman (Teaching), Abdan, Khorma, Parsang, Huda/Khuda (God), Nik-Khah (Nikah or marriage) etc.(Note: The word Namaz in Persian and Namasteh in Sanskrit/ Indian are related to each other, both meaning “praise/ respect/ adoration and worship “Now considering that Sanskrit is actually an Aryan language, meaning Iranian in origin, this connection becomes evern clearers).

  6. The most brilliant and the most intellectual Caliph in the History of Islam, was a half-Persian, by the name of Ma-moon. His father was Khalifa Haroon Ar-Rashid, and his mother, a lady from Persia by the name of Maragel. (Also called “Faizah” in Arabic). See “Parsi Names” p.220.

This same Khalifa Ma-moon translated and transferred all the Greek Philosophy and Science books into Arabic (by the help of mostly Iranian scholars) and thus he saved the Ancient Science and Philosophy for mankind, by protecting them from destruction during the Dark Ages of Europe! He established the House of Wisdom or House of Sciences in Baghdad in 9th Century A.D. Khalifa Ma-moon is also known as the only Philosopher-king in the history of the modern Civilization.

  1. The first person in history of Islam, who was appointed as “Prime Minister” (to the Caliph) was a Persian, by the name Abu Salma Khallal (“The Persian Letters,” P14, Tehran, Iran, 2002). After him a dozen other talented Persians were virtually running the Islamic Caliphate of Baghdad, for decades, as the prime ministers. (Ex. The Barmaki Dynasty of Vezirs etc.)

  2. Also the first Muslim woman who traveled into space was the Iranian – born Anousheh Ansari, in 2006. She now lives in America (See: CNN and BBC, Sept. 4, 2006).

  3. Iran was probably the only country in the Middle East (and one of the few in the world) that was not colonized by the European or American colonizers, in Modern History.

  4. One of the chief architects of OPEC (the first oil cartel in the Third World, which turned many poor oil producing countries into super-rich) was the Shah of Iran, Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (“The International Herald Tribune,” October 18, 2003) Now, Iran is starting a natural gas OPEC, too.

  5. The world’s most exclusive couturier (for the rich and the famous) is Mr. “Bijan”, an Iranian master designer in New York with over $300 Millions of business annually. (Mohajer,

  6. The First Sheikhul Islam of Siam (Modern Thailand) was a Persian spritual leader and Statesman by the name of Shaikh Ahmad Qommi (1600 AD). Later on he was also appointed by the King of Thailand as the Prime Minister of Siam. (“Thailand: A Golden Land” by M. Tamhidi, Al Hoda Publishing, Tehran. 2001)

Also, the first Sheikhul Islam of Aceh in Indonesia, Seyyed Hassan Astar Abadi was a Persian religious leader, during the reign of “Sultan Malek Salek” of Aceh, 17th century. (Ibid.)

  1. The first Islamic Preacher in Java (Indonesia) was a Persian scholar, by the name of Malik Ibrahim Kashani (1399 A.D.). “The Persian Letters,” Summer, 2002, P.95

  2. The first Muslim Spiritual Leader, who was given the honorific title of “Imamul Haramain” (the Imam of the two Holy Cities of Mecca and Medina, both at the same time)was Al-Jovaini (438 A.H.) a Persian Muslim Scholar from Khorasan, Iran (source: The Saudi Cable channel, “A debate between the scholars from the Damascus University” in Syria, Jun, 30, 2004)

  3. In the history of Islam, the first person who started the art of Calligraphy, was a Persian (as successor to the artist-prophet Maani?) by the name of Ibn Maqla, who improved the modern Arabic alphabet (which is used today in the fallowing languages: Arabic, Persian, Urdu, Pushtu, Sindhi, Turkish, etc.) by reforming the old Kufi characters (and considering that Kufa or “Koppah” means “hill” in Persian, because it was an ancient Persian territory, even the “Kufi Characters” get a new meaning)

  4. The first Muslim authority, who initiated the “Voweling” of the Holy Qur’an (as the original Arabic had no short vowel signs in 129 A.H. (742 A.D.) was probably another Persian Muslim scholar by the name of Yahya Bin Ya – Mar (see “Parsi Names,” P.493).

344. The historical Iranian city of Neishabour (Nesapour) was the largest and the most developed city on the Earth, center of philosophy, culture and arts, during the Golden Era of the Islamic civilization, in the 13th century A.D. with more than one million population (see Souren Melekian “The International Herald Tribune” Nov.29/2006)

  1. The first Muslim scholar who started the “Back-to-Islam” movement in the Arab world (Egypt-1890’s) was an Iranian religious teacher, by the name of Seyyid Jamal Ad-Din Asad Abadi -1838-1897A.D. (who was also known as Al-Afghani to avoid the negative reactions from the Sunni Arabs) (see The International Herald Tribune” Jan.12/2005)

It was later on followed by another Iranian revolutionary religious leader, by the name of Nawwab Safavi, again in Egypt, in the 1950's.

(So, now we know better how the “Muslim Brotherhood of Egypt” (Est. 1928) and the great Egyptian reformers like Shaikh Mohammad Abduh, (the famous Rector of the Al-Az-har University which 1,000 years old) Hasan Al-Banna, Sayyed Qutub, etc. were inspired.) It is very interesting to note that even Shaikh Abdul rahman Al-Kawakebi (1854-1902) the pioneer of the Islamic and Arab revivalism, who fought against the Othoman Turkish domination of the Arab world, was actually a descendant of Sheikh Safi Ardabili; the grandfather of the Safavid Dynasty of Persia. Al-kawakebi, who was born in Syria, died in Egypt at a relatively young age of 50, but he left a great influence in the Arab and the Muslim world, with regards to the Islamic awareness and the freedom from the foreign dominations.

  1. The first Muslim women and the first woman in the Middle East that received the Nobel peace prize was the Iranian lady Judge, Shirin Ebadi in 2004.

  Another Iran-born, but British lady who was the oldest Noble prize winner is Author Doris Lessing, in 2007. She was born in the ancient Iranian City of Kerman-shah in 1919 from a British parent (see Int’l Herald Tribune, Oct.12/2007 p.1)

  1. In the movie industry: while India has the biggest number of movies (almost 1,000 movies a year) and America is the most successful commercially (in Hollywood) the Iriwood (Iranian movie industry) has the record of the most awarded movie industry in the International Film Festivals, in the world (see “Discovery Channel” Dec.3/2007)

  2. The first country in the Middle East that successfully cloned animals for medicinal porposes was Iran (see BBC, Dec.25/2007)

Compiled by:


Prof. M.S. Tajar

Prof. A. Bakhtiari

University of the Philippines

Main Sources:

  1. 1.Iran Today, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Tehran, 1976

  2. “Iran: Land and the People”, by Saidiaan, A.H., Tehran, 2001.

  3. Gardeshgari, Tourism Magazine of Iran.

  4. Internet, under Persian/Aryan/Zoroasterian, etc.

  5. Persian Letters (Quarterly) Tehran, Iran

  6. Danesh, the Iran-Pakistan Cultural mag. 2003.

  7. “The Complet Book of Muslim and Parsi Names” Indus Pub. House, India, 1994

  8. International Herald Tribune

  9. The New York Times

  10. The Universal Message, Manila, The Philippines
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