|The origins of Liu Cun people 六村 (Six Villages)- A Brief History
( Liu Cun is pronounced as “Loke Thoon” in our Xinning /Sunning/Hsinning/新宁 dialect)
Our earliest ancestors came from Zu Ji alley in Xiang Fu county, Hunan Province. During the Sung Dynasty, the government was forced to move southwards. The period then was 1205.
Our ancestor, Chen You again led 97 families, some nobles and many others with different surnames from Zu Ji alley to Nan Xiong county, Northern Guangdong (Canton). Because of war, they shifted to the south again. They went to Xin Hui county, Gu Gang Province in Shi Tou Li to open up land and settled there.
So the first generation that carried the surname of Chen (Chin) in Quangdong Province was Chen You. He had a son named Qiao Weng, nicknamed Zhong Yi who lived in seclusion in Lu Shan and learned Taoism. He called himself Liu Yi Zhen. He had a son named Di Weng, nicknamed Hui An. Hui An altogether had 4 sons. Their names were Ren Fu, Yi Fu, Li Fu and Zhi Fu.
Ren Fu had 2 sons and their names were Tian Ren and Tian Xiang. When the 2 brothers became adults, Tian Xiang moved to Dong Shan Li of Shang Ge village in Taishan county. This is the reason why we say that Tian Xiang Wen is the first generation of Liu Cun.
Tian Xiang had a son. His name was Meng Ling (second generation). Meng Lin also had a son. His name was You Zhi. He became a minister. His position was known as Ti Ling because he loved his subjects like his children. Therefore he was highly respected by his people. The people addressed him as Minister Chin (third generation). A middle level school was constructed in Liu Cun and named after him as Ti Ling Zhong Xue ( Zhong Xue meaning middle/secondary school). The school was built to remember him.
You Zhi Weng had 3 sons and their names were Qi Yi, Qi Er and Qi San. Qi Er and Qi San went some place on business. They met with a storm and were drowned. They did not have any children . Qi Yi had 2 sons. Their names were Yuan Kang and Yuan Fu.
When Ti Ling was minister, he founded the region of Lang Mei where the land joined the sea and the hills and the soil was fertile. At that time, most parts of the land were uncultivated. He mobilized his family to clear up the lands. He urged his sons and grandsons to develop Liu Cun.
During the fifth generation, Fu Zu stayed behind in the Dun Tou village while Yuan Kang Zu moved to Lang Mei. Formally when Ti Ling governed Liu Cun, he stayed in Chi Kan.
At the beginning there were six small villages, namely Dong Luo Li (Dong Li), Xi Luo Li (Lang Mei), Xiao Cun ( Siu Dun), Zhong Cai (Zhong Li), Xia Di (Ming Xia Di) and Chi Kan. There were altogether 6 villages. The surnames were Chin, Loh, Xiao, Zhong and Hor. They lived together peacefully. They built a shrine called Liu He An (meaning the Six Amiable Shrine) for remembrance.
The population multiplied and the number of villages grew since the time Yuan Kang opened up Liu Cun.
Meanwhile, the sons and grandchildren who carried other surnames moved away and settled down in other places. As a result, the Chin family became the largest family residing in Liu Cun.
Presently, the records showed that Liu Cun has about 58 smaller villages. The estimated population that still reside in the villages are more than 30,000 while those who had migrated to other places to work are about the same number. It is estimated that the total population of Liu Cun is about 70,000 people counting from the first generation to the 30th generations (according to the Zupu records).
Note : As Minister Chin or Ti Ling was a highly respected and revered person his name was
presently adopted by a magazine called the Ti Ling Monthly, published by the Ti Ling
Monthly Publisher Association of Doushan.
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