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Fort Ebey and Kettle Holes Plants

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Fort Ebey and Kettle Holes Plants

Fort Ebey State Park, Washington

Scientific Names Common Names Status Rpt By

Apiaceae Carrot Family

Sanicula crassicaulis Poepp. ex DC. Pacific sanicle UPL 1

Asteraceae Daisy Family

Artemisia suksdorfii Piper coastal wormwood/mugwort UPL 1

Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. Canada thistle I, C, FACU+ 2

Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten. bull thistle I, C, FACU 1

Grindelia integrifolia DC. gumweed FACW 1

Hieracium albiflorum Hook. white-flowered hawkweed UPL 1

Hypochaeris radicata L. hairy cat's ear I, B, FACU 1

Mycelis muralis (L.) Dumort. wall-lettuce I, NI 1

= Lactuca muralis (L.) Fresen.

Senecio jacobaea L. tansy ragwort I, B, FACU 1

Berberidaceae Barberry Family

Mahonia nervosa (Pursh) Nutt. low Oregon grape UPL 1

= Berberis nervosa Pursh

Betulaceae Birch Family

Alnus rubra Bong. red alder FAC 1

Betula [papyrifera Marsh.]? paper birch FAC 2

Boraginaceae Borage Family

Myosotis laxa Lehm. small-flowered forget-me-not OBL 2

Brassicaceae Mustard Family

Brassica rapa L. var. rapa field mustard I, UPL 2

= Brassica campestris L.

Draba verna L. spring whitlow-grass, "draba" I, UPL 1

Sisymbrium officinale (L.) Scop. hedge mustard I, UPL 2

Cactaceae Cactus Family

Opuntia fragilis (Nutt.) Haw. prickly-pear cactus … 1

Caprifoliaceae Honeysuckle Family

Linnaea borealis L. twinflower FACU- 1

Lonicera ciliosa (Pursh) Poir. ex DC. orange honeysuckle UPL 1

Lonicera involucrata Banks ex Spreng. twinberry, black twinberry, FAC+ 1

Sambucus racemosa L. red elderberry FACU 1

Symphoricarpos albus (L.) Blake snowberry FACU 1

Caryophyllaceae Pink Family

Cerastium arvense L. field chickweed FACU 1

Cupressaceae Cypress Family

Thuja plicata Donn ex D. Don western redcedar FAC 1

Ericaceae Heath Family

Arbutus menziesii Pursh Pacific madrone, "madrone" UPL 1

Gaultheria shallon Pursh salal FACU 1

Rhododendron macrophyllum D. Don ex G. Don Pacific or western rhododendron UPL 1

Vaccinium ovatum Pursh evergreen huckleberry UPL 1

Fabaceae Pea Family

Cytisus scoparius (L.) Link Scotch or Scot's broom I, B, UPL 1

Lupinus littoralis Dougl. seashore lupine … 1

Trifolium pratense L. red clover I, FACU 1

Vicia cracca L. bird vetch I, UPL 1

Vicia L. vetch sp. ... 1

Geraniaceae Geranium Family

Erodium cicutarium (L.) L'Hér. ex Ait. stork's bill, filaree I, UPL 1

Geranium bicknellii Britt. Bicknell's geranium UPL 2

Grossulariaceae Currant Family

Ribes lacustre (Pers.) Poir. black, swamp gooseberry FAC+ 1

Ribes lobbii Gray gummy gooseberry … 1

Ribes sanguineum Pursh red-flowering currant UPL 1

Juncaceae Rush Family

Juncus [effusus L.]? common rush FACW 2

Liliaceae Lily Family

Maianthemum stellatum (L.) Link* star-flowered Solomon's seal, FAC- 1

= Smilacina stellata (L.) Desf. "starry Solomon's plume"

Monotropaceae Indian-pipe Family

Monotropa hypopithys L. pinesap UPL 2

= Hypopitys monotropa Crantz

Onagraceae Evening-primrose Family

Epilobium ciliatum Raf. ssp. watsonii (Barbey) Watson's willowherb FACW- 1

Hoch & Raven

= Epilobium watsonii Barbey

Pinaceae Pine Family

Abies grandis (Dougl. ex D. Don) Lindl. grand fir FACU- 1

Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carr. Sitka spruce FAC 2

Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirbel) Franco Douglas fir FACU 1

Tsuga heterophylla (Raf.) Sarg. western hemlock FACU- 1

Plantaginaceae Plantain Family

Plantago lanceolata L. English plantain I, FAC 1

Polygonaceae Buckwheat Family

Rumex acetosella L. sheep sorrel I, FACU+ 1

Rumex aquaticus L. var. fenestratus (Greene) western dock, "dock" FACW+ 1


= Rumex occidentalis S. Wats.

Portulacaceae Purslane Family

Claytonia perfoliata Donn ex Willd. ssp. (perfoliate) miner's lettuce FAC 1


= Montia perfoliata (Donn ex Willd.) T.J.


Claytonia sibirica L. var. sibirica Siberian miner's lettuce FAC 1

= Montia sibirica (L.) T.J. Howell

Primulaceae Primrose Family

Trientalis borealis Raf. ssp. latifolia (Hook.) broad-leaved or western FAC- 1

Hultén starflower,

= Trientalis latifolia Hook.

Ranunculaceae Buttercup Family

Ranunculus occidentalis Nutt. western buttercup FAC 1

Ranunculus repens L. creeping buttercup I, FACW 1

Rosaceae Rose Family

Amelanchier alnifolia (Nutt.) Nutt. ex M. Roemer serviceberry FACU 1

Geum macrophyllum Willd. large-leaved or big-leaved avens FACW- 1

Holodiscus discolor (Pursh) Maxim. ocean spray UPL 1

Prunus emarginata (Dougl. ex Hook.) D. Dietr. bitter cherry FACU 1

Rosa gymnocarpa Nutt. baldhip rose FACU 1

Rubus discolor Weihe & Nees Himalayan blackberry I, FACU+ 1

Rubus leucodermis Dougl. ex Torr. & Gray black raspberry, blackcap UPL 1

Rubus parviflorus Nutt. thimbleberry FAC- 1

Rubus spectabilis Pursh salmonberry FAC+ 1

Rubus ursinus Cham. & Schlecht. trailing blackberry, dewberry FACU 1

Rubiaceae Madder Family

Galium triflorum Michx. fragrant, sweet-scented bedstraw FACU 1

Salicaceae Willow Family

Salix L. willow sp. ... 1

Saxifragaceae Saxifrage Family

Heuchera micrantha Dougl. ex Lindl. small-flowered alumroot ... 1

Scrophulariaceae Figwort Family

Castilleja attenuata (Gray) Chuang & Heckard slender/narrow-leaved owl clover UPL 1

= Orthocarpus attenuatus Gray

Urticaceae Nettle Family

Urtica dioica L. stinging nettle I, FAC+ 1

Ferns and Allies

Dryopteridaceae Wood Fern Family

Polystichum munitum (Kaulfuss) K. Presl common sword fern FACU 1

Report Dates:

First reported April 6, 1999. Last updated June 3, 2002. This list is provided by the Salal Chapter of the Washington Native Plant Society. Please visit our website at to see additional regional plant lists.

Reported By:

1. Mitchell, H., April 6, 1999 and Mitchell, H. and Hitchman, M., November 30, 1999. Field trip notes.

2. Duemmel, J., Hitchman, M., Lockwood, W. and Mitchell, H. June 3, 2002.

Fort Ebey State Park is a 645-acre park on Whidbey Island, originally built as a coastal defense fort during World War II. The park has camping and picnic facilities, two miles of saltwater shoreline on the Strait of Juan de Fuca, a freshwater lake, and miles of hiking and biking trails.


The park is located two miles north of Coupeville, WA. From the north on Whidbey Island follow Hwy. 20 south, eight miles past Oak Harbor. Turn right on Libbey Rd. and follow it 1.5 miles to Hill Valley Dr. Turn left and enter park. From the south, follow Hwy. 525 north, which becomes Hwy. 20. Two miles north of Coupeville, turn left on Libbey Rd. and follow it 1.5 miles to Hill Valley Dr. Turn left and enter park.


Unless otherwise noted, scientific names are from the latest PLANTS database, Version 3.0 (USDA, 1999). Common names are those used. Each plant's wetland status was determined by consulting USFWS, 1996, Cooke, 1997, and Weinmann, 1999. Introduced plants are identified in Weinmann, 1999 and in the PLANTS database. Weed status is from the 1999-2000 Washington State Noxious Weed List. The following symbols and acronyms are used in this report:


Alternate or reported scientific names, if different from those in the PLANTS database.

Alternate or reported scientific names also used in the Jepson Manual (Hickman, 1993).


Tentative or incomplete identification.

Common name or status unknown.

A, B, C

Washington State noxious weed status (see reference below).


Facultative Wetland. Equally likely to be in wetlands (34%-66% probability) or non-wetlands.


Facultative Upland. Usually in non-wetlands (67%-99% probability).


Facultative Wetland. Usually found in wetlands (67%-99% probability).


Introduced species.


No wetland indicator status has been assigned.


Obligate Wetland. Almost always a wetland species (>99% probability).


Obligate Upland. Rarely in wetlands (<1% probability).

+, -

Wetland status is toward the higher or lower end of the indicated range of probabilities.


Abundant just outside park. Not seen in park.

Wetland status listings in lower case letters indicate a proposed status or one assigned by regional experts.


Cooke, Sarah, Editor. 1997. A Field Guide to the Common Wetland Plants of Western Washington and Northwest

Oregon. Seattle Audubon Society and Washington Native Plant Society.
Hickman, James C. (Editor). 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. University of California Press.
USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database ( National Plant Data Center, Baton

Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1996. National List of Vascular Plant Species that Occur in Wetlands: 1996 National Summary. Available from http:://
Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board. 1999. Washington State Noxious Weed List.
Weinmann, Fred. 1999. King County Vascular Plants (available from the Washington Native Plant Society).

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