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Aceraceae Maple Family Acer macrophyllum Pursh bigleaf maple facu 1 Apiaceae Carrot Family

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Sugarloaf Mountain Plants and Lichens

Anacortes Community Forest Lands, Washington

Scientific Names Common Names Status Rpt By

Aceraceae Maple Family

Acer macrophyllum Pursh bigleaf maple FACU 1

Apiaceae Carrot Family

Lomatium utriculatum (Nutt. ex Torr. & Gray) spring-gold, desert-parsley ... 1

Coult. & Rose

Osmorhiza berteroi DC. mountain sweet-cicely UPL 1

Sanicula bipinnatifida Dougl. ex Hook. purple sanicle … 1

Sanicula crassicaulis Poepp. ex DC. Pacific sanicle UPL 1

Asteraceae Daisy Family

Achillea millefolium L. common yarrow I, FACU 1

Eriophyllum lanatum (Pursh) Forbes Oregon sunshine UPL 1

Hypochaeris radicata L. hairy cat's ear I, B, FACU 1

Berberidaceae Barberry Family

Mahonia aquifolium (Pursh) Nutt. tall Oregon grape UPL 1

Mahonia nervosa (Pursh) Nutt. low Oregon grape UPL 1

Betulaceae Birch Family

Alnus rubra Bong. red alder FAC 1

Brassicaceae Mustard Family

Arabis glabra (L.) Bernh. smooth rockcress, tower mustard UPL 1

Caprifoliaceae Honeysuckle Family

Linnaea borealis L. twinflower FACU- 1

Lonicera ciliosa (Pursh) Poir. ex DC. orange honeysuckle UPL 1

Lonicera hispidula (Lindl.) Dougl. ex Torr. & hairy or pink honeysuckle UPL 1


Symphoricarpos albus (L.) Blake snowberry FACU 1

Caryophyllaceae Pink Family

Cerastium arvense L. field chickweed FACU 1

Crassulaceae Stonecrop Family

Sedum spathulifolium Hook. broadleaf stonecrop UPL 1

Ericaceae Heath Family

Arbutus menziesii Pursh Pacific madrone UPL 1

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. kinnikinnick FACU- 1

Gaultheria shallon Pursh salal FACU 1

Fabaceae Pea Family

Lotus micranthus Benth. small-flowered or miniature lotus UPL 1

Iridaceae Iris Family

Olsynium douglasii (A. Dietr.) Bickn. var. grass widows, Douglas' FACU 1

douglasii grasswidow

= Sisyrinchium douglasii A. Dietr.

Juncaceae Rush Family

Luzula DC. woodrush ... 1

Lamiaceae Mint Family

Clinopodium douglasii (Benth.) Kuntze Yerba Buena UPL 1

Prunella vulgaris L. common selfheal FACU+ 1

Liliaceae Lily Family

Camassia quamash (Pursh) Greene common camas FACW 1

Erythronium oregonum Applegate giant white fawn-lily UPL 1

Fritillaria affinis (Schultes) Sealy var. affinis checker or chocolate lily UPL 1

Zigadenus venenosus S. Wats. meadow death-camas FACU 1
Onagraceae Evening-primrose Family

Epilobium L. willowherb, fireweed ... 1

Orchidaceae Orchid Family

Calypso bulbosa (L.) Oakes calypso orchid, fairy slipper FAC+ 1

Corallorrhiza maculata (Raf.) Raf. spotted coralroot UPL 1

Goodyera oblongifolia Raf. evergreen orchid, rattlesnake FACU- 1


Listera cordata (L.) R. Br. ex Ait. f. heart-leaf twayblade FACU 1

Pinaceae Pine Family

Pinus contorta Dougl. ex Loud. var. latifolia tall lodgepole pine FAC 1

Engelm. ex S. Wats.

Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirbel) Franco var. Douglas-fir FACU 1


Tsuga heterophylla (Raf.) Sarg. western hemlock FACU- 1

Plantaginaceae Plantain Family

Plantago lanceolata L. English plantain I, FAC 1

Polygonaceae Buckwheat Family

Rumex acetosella L. sheep sorrel I, FACU+ 1

Portulacaceae Purslane Family

Claytonia perfoliata Donn ex Willd. miner's lettuce FAC 1

Claytonia sibirica L. Siberian miner's lettuce FAC 1

Primulaceae Primrose Family

Trientalis borealis Raf. ssp. latifolia (Hook.) broad-leaved or western FAC- 1

Hultén starflower

Ranunculaceae Buttercup Family

Delphinium menziesii DC. Menzies' larkspur … 1

Ranunculus occidentalis Nutt. western buttercup FAC 1

Ranunculus uncinatus D. Don ex G. Don little or small flowered buttercup FAC- 1

Rosaceae Rose Family

Amelanchier alnifolia (Nutt.) Nutt. ex M. Roemer serviceberry FACU 1

Fragaria virginiana Duchesne wild or Virginia strawberry FACU 1

Holodiscus discolor (Pursh) Maxim. ocean spray UPL 1

Oemleria cerasiformis (Torr. & Gray ex Hook. & Indian plum, osoberry FACU 1

Arn.) Landon

Prunus emarginata (Dougl. ex Hook.) D. Dietr. bitter cherry FACU 1

Rosa gymnocarpa Nutt. baldhip rose FACU 1

Rosa nutkana K. Presl Nootka rose FAC 1

Rubus parviflorus Nutt. thimbleberry FAC- 1

Rubus spectabilis Pursh salmonberry FAC+ 1

Rubus ursinus Cham. & Schlecht. trailing blackberry, dewberry FACU 1

Rubiaceae Madder Family

Galium aparine L. woodland bedstraw, cleavers FACU 1

Salicaceae Willow Family

Salix L. willow ... 1

Saxifragaceae Saxifrage Family

Heuchera micrantha Dougl. ex Lindl. small-flowered alumroot UPL 1

Lithophragma parviflorum (Hook.) Nutt. ex Torr. small-flowered woodland- or UPL 1

& Gray prairie star

Scrophulariaceae Figwort Family

Castilleja hispida Benth. harsh Indian paintbrush ... 1

Mimulus alsinoides Dougl. ex Benth. chickweed monkeyflower OBL 1

Valerianaceae Valerian Family

Plectritis macrocera Torr. & Gray long-spurred plectritis, corn-salad FACU+ 1

Ferns and Allies

Dennstaedtiaceae Bracken Fern Family

Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn bracken FACU 1

Dryopteridaceae Wood Fern Family

Polystichum munitum (Kaulfuss) K. Presl common sword fern FACU 1

Polypodiaceae Polypody Family

Polypodium glycyrrhiza D.C. Eat. licorice fern UPL 1

Pteridaceae Maidenhair Fern Family

Pentagramma triangularis (Kaulfuss) gold-back fern UPL 1

Yatskievych, Windham & Wollenweber ssp.


Selaginellaceae Spike Moss Family

Selaginella wallacei Hieron. Wallace's selaginella/spike-moss UPL 1


Brachytheciaceae Brachytheciaceae Family

Eurhynchium oreganum (Sull.) Jaeg. Oregon beaked moss ... 2

Dicranaceae Dicranaceae Family

Dicranum [scoparium Hedw.]? broom moss ... 2

Grimmiaceae Grimmiaceae Family

Racomitrium lanuginosum (Hedw.) Brid. hoary rock moss ... 2

Hylocomiaceae Hylocomiaceae Family

Hylocomium splendens (Hedw.) Schimp. in B.S.G. step moss, stair-step moss ... 1

Rhytidiadelphus loreus (Hedw.) Warnst. lanky moss ... 2

Rhytidiadelphus triquetrus (Hedw.) Warnst. goose-necked moss, electrified ... 1

cat's tail moss

Hypnaceae Hypnaceae Family

Pseudotaxiphyllum elegans (Brid.) Iwats. small flat moss, elegant moss ... 2

Mniaceae Mniaceae Family

Plagiomnium insigne (Mitt.) T. Kop. badge moss, coastal leafy moss ... 2

Rhizomnium glabrescens (Kindb.) T. Kop. fan moss, large leafy moss ... 2

Orthotrichaceae Orthotrichaceae Family

Orthotrichum lyellii Hook. & Tayl. Lyell's bristle moss ... 2

Plagiotheciaceae Plagiotheciaceae Family

Plagiothecium undulatum (Hedw.) Schimp. in wavy-leaved cotton moss ... 1


Polytrichaceae Polytrichaceae Family

Atrichum selwynii Aust. crane's-bill moss ... 2

Polytrichum juniperinum Hedw. juniper haircap moss ... 2

Polytrichum piliferum Hedw. awned haircap moss ... 1


Parmeliaceae Parmeliaceae Family

Cetraria aculeata (Schreber) Fr. spiny heath, spiny shield lichen ... 2

= Coelocaulon aculeatum (Schreber) Link

[Esslingeriana idahoensis (Essl.) Hale & M. J. yellow rag ... 2


Evernia prunastri (L.) Ach. antlered perfume ... 1

Hypogymnia sp. (Nyl.) Nyl. tube lichen sp. ... 2

Hypogymnia imshaugii Krog forking bone ... 1

Hypogymnia inactiva (Krog) Ohlsson forking bone ... 2

Hypogymnia physodes (L.) Nyl. monk's-hood, hooded tube ... 1

Letharia vulpina (L.) Hue wolf lichen ... 1

Parmelia saxatilis (L.) Ach. shield lichen ... 2

Parmelia sulcata Taylor powdered shield, waxpaper lichen ... 1

Parmotrema [chinense (Osbeck) Hale & Ahti]? powdered scatter-rug, broad ... 2


Platismatia glauca (L.) Culb. & C. Culb. ragbag ... 1

Platismatia herrei (Imshaug) Culb. & C. Culb. tattered rag ... 2

Tuckermannopsis orbata (Nyl.) M. J. Lai variable ruffle ... 2

= Cetraria orbata (Nyl.) Fink

Usnea filipendula Stirton fishbone/forest beard lichen ... 1

Teloschistaceae Teloschistaceae Family

Xanthoria polycarpa (Hoffm.) Rieber pincushion orange ... 2

Umbilicariaceae Umbilicariaceae Family

Umbilicaria polyrrhiza (L.) Fr. ballpoint rocktripe ... 2

Report Dates:

First reported May 8, 2001. Updated May 9, 2001. Additions, comments, or questions should be directed to Denise Crow at or to Peter O'Mara at

Reported By:

1. Denise Crowe and Peter O'Mara, May 8, 2001.

2. Peter O'Mara, May 9, 2001.

A moderately steep 1/4 mile trial (Trail 215) climbs about 250 feet through areas of forest and exposed rocky balds to the summit of Sugarloaf Mountain. Enjoy abundant spring wildflowers and scenic views from the summit.


Anacortes Community Forest Lands trail maps are available at the Anacortes visitors' center on Commercial Avenue. The trailhead is on the Mt. Erie Road, on the left, approximately .75 miles from the intersection with Heart Lake Road.


Unless otherwise noted, scientific names are from the latest PLANTS database, Version 3.0 (USDA, 1999). Common names are those used regionally (see Goward 1994 and 1999, and McCune, 1997 for lichen common names). Each plant's wetland status was determined by consulting USFWS, 1996, Cooke, 1997, and Weinmann, 1999. Introduced plants are identified in Weinmann, 1999 and in the PLANTS database. Weed status is from the 1999-2000 Washington State Noxious Weed List. The following symbols and acronyms are used in this report:


Alternate or reported scientific names, if different from those in the PLANTS database.

Alternate or reported scientific names also used in the Jepson Manual (Hickman, 1993).

[ ]?

Identifications of items within brackets is tentative or incomplete.

Common name or status unknown.

A, B, C

Washington State noxious weed status (see reference below).


Facultative Wetland. Equally likely to be in wetlands (34%-66% probability) or non-wetlands.


Facultative Upland. Usually in non-wetlands (67%-99% probability).


Facultative Wetland. Usually found in wetlands (67%-99% probability).


Introduced species.


No wetland indicator status has been assigned.


Obligate Wetland. Almost always a wetland species (>99% probability).


Obligate Upland. Rarely in wetlands (<1% probability).

+, -

Wetland status is toward the higher or lower end of the indicated range of probabilities.

Wetland status listings in lower case letters indicate a proposed status or one assigned by regional experts.


Cooke, Sarah, Editor. 1997. A Field Guide to the Common Wetland Plants of Western Washington and Northwest

Oregon. Seattle Audubon Society and Washington Native Plant Society.
Goward, T. 1999. The lichens of British Columbia. Illustrated keys. Part 2 - Fruticose species. B.C. Ministry of

Forests, Victoria, B.C. Special Report Series 9. 319 pp.

Goward, T., B. McCune and D. Meidinger. 1994. The lichens of British Columbia. Illustrated keys. Part 1 - Foliose

and squamulose species. B.C. Ministry of Forests, Victoria, B.C. Special Report Series 8. 181 pp.

Hickman, James C. (Editor). 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. University of California Press.
McCune, B. and L. Geiser. 1997. Macrolichens of the Pacific Northwest. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis.

386 pp.
USDA, NRCS 1999. The PLANTS database ( National Plant Data Center, Baton

Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 1996. National List of Vascular Plant Species that Occur in Wetlands: 1996 National Summary. Available from http:://
Washington State Noxious Weed Control Board. 1999. Washington State Noxious Weed List.
Weinmann, Fred. 1999. King County Vascular Plants (available from the Washington Native Plant Society).

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