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Bioo 320 General Botany (aka Biology of Oxygenic Photoautotrophic Organisms)

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BIOO 320

General Botany (aka Biology of Oxygenic Photoautotrophic Organisms)

Fall 2014


Instructor: Dr. Kevin J. Murray

Office: NS 113; Phone: 243-4495, email:

Class meeting times: W-F 1:10 – 4:30 pm; HS 102

Course Overview. BIOL 320 is a one semester course exploring the biological diversity of photosynthetic organisms (plants, eukaryotic algae, cyanobacteria). The central objectives in the course are: 1) to understand the phylogenetic relationships of photosynthetic organisms and, 2) to understand the functional biology of photosynthetic organisms including modes of reproduction, anatomy, physiology and ecology. The majority of photosynthetic organisms studied in this course play important roles in the structure and function of aquatic ecosystems ranging from freshwater lotic/lentic systems, to bogs, fens and the marine realm. These roles include the foundation of food chain interactions (algae) as well as aquatic system physical structure and resilience (aquatic bryophytes, emergent vascular and other nonvascular plants). Thus the course will link frequently to the importance of photosynthetic organisms as primary components of aquatic systems, but will extend also to the roles of these organisms in upland systems and at the interface between upland and aquatic habitats.

Presentation format. In principle we will have one, 1-1.5 hour lecture and 1-2 hours of lab investigation per meeting, but this will vary.

Grading. Lecture and laboratory exams, a laboratory notebook and classroom participation will be used to assess your meeting of the above objectives. Final grade breakdown by percent value: Lecture exams (3) 40%, laboratory exams (3) 40%, laboratory notebook 20%.

Lecture exams will be of short answer format supplemented with diagrams such as life cycles and/or morphological/anatomical illustrations. Lecture exam responses will be assessed not only for content but also for clarity of writing. Lab exams will be of standard practical format and include taxonomical identification of organisms, identification of cytological/anatomical/morphological features and ecological data.

Please note that this course meets a 1/3 writing requirement for Biology Majors. The writing component will be met via exam questions that specifically require a written response (in contrast to outline, table or diagram).

Textbook (optional): Biology of Plants. Raven, Evert and Eichhorn. W.H. Freeman. 7th or 8th Edition.

BIOO 320 Fall, 2014 Lecture/lab schedule and readings
Date Lecture topic ref pp. Lab
27 Aug course intro & autotrophy 1-6 no lab

29 Aug Systematics & biological diversity 219-235 microscopes

03 Sep Cyanobacteria 244-250 Cyanobacteria

05 Sep Cyanobacteria 244-250 Cyanobacteria

10 Sep intro. to Protista 229-237 Chlorophyta

12 Sep Chlorophyta 327-333 Chlorophyta

17 Sep Dinophyta & Euglenophyta 303-306 Dinophyta & Euglenophyta

19 Sep Cryptophyta, Haptophyta, Oomycota 306-312 Haptophyta, Oomycota

24 Sep Exam I review

26 Sep Exam I (lecture & lab)

01 Oct Bacillariophyta, Chrysophyta, Phaeophyta 312-321 Diatoms, Phaeophyta

03 Oct Phaeophyta, Rhodophyta 321-326 Rhodophyta

08 Oct Lichens, Chytrids, Mycorrhizae chap 14 Lichens

10 Oct Lichens, Chytrids, Mycorrhizae chap 14 Chytrids

15 Oct intro. to Bryophytes 345-350 mosses

17 Oct Bryophyta 358-367 mosses

22 Oct Bryophyta 358-367 Sphagnum

24 Oct Bryophyta 351-358 liverworts

29 Oct Exam II review

31 Oct Exam II (lecture & lab)

05 Nov Lycopodiophyta; Pteridophyta 368-389 Ferns

07 Nov Pteridophyta 408-427 Horsetails

12 Nov intro. to Gymnosperms 408-427

14 Nov Cycadophyta, Ginkophyta 408-427 Cycadophyta, Ginkophyta

19 Nov Coniferophyta, Gnetophyta 408-427 Conifers, Gnetophyta

21 Nov intro. to flowering plants 434-435 flower anatomy

26 Nov Thanksgiving

28 Nov Thanksgiving

03 Dec flowering plants 434-435 LAB EXAM III

05 Dec Angiosperm diversity 452-456

11 Dec Final exam (3:20-5:00 pm)
BIOO 320 Lecture Schedule and Learning Outcomes
Date Lecture topic Learning Outcomes
28 Aug course intro & autotrophy Nature of autotrophy, oxygenic and non-oxygenic photosynthesis,

30 Aug autotrophy chemosynthesis; phylogenetic distribution of such traits

04 Sep Cyanobacteria Fundamental features of prokaryotes and cyanobacteria: metabolic

06 Sep Cyanobacteria diversity, reproduction, ecological importance: cultural eutrophication

11 Sep intro. to Protista Origins of eukaryotes: primary endosymbiotic events. Protist

13 Sep Chlorophyta diversity and disparity. The green algae: diversity, reproduction and ecological importance

18 Sep Dinophyta & Euglenophyta Origins of eukaryotes: secondary endosymbioses. Dinophyte

20 Sep Cryptophyta, Haptophyta, Oomycota general morphology and ecological importance: red tide and paralytic shell-fish poisoning (PSP)

25 Sep Exam I review

27 Sep Exam I (lecture & lab)

02 Oct Bacillariophyta, Chrysophyta, Phaeophyta Phylogentic affinities of the heterokontous algae. Diatom cellular 04 Oct Phaeophyta, Rhodophyta features and metabolism. Ecological, geological and industrial uses of diatom frustules; invasive species. Marine macro-algae diversity, ecology and economic importance: inter-tidal habitat structure, commercial uses of marine macro-algae

09 Oct Lichens, Chytrids, Mycorrhizae Fungal diversity, morphology, cytology and reproduction;

11 Oct Lichens, Chytrids, Mycorrhizae ecological interactions: mycorrhizae, parsites, mutualists

16 Oct intro. to Bryophytes General feature of plants and their proposed evolutionary origins: 18 Oct Bryophyta colonization of terrestrial world.

23 Oct Bryophyta Bryophyte diversity and proposed relationships to other terrestrial 25 Oct Bryophyta plants, reproduction and physiological ecology. Bryophyte ecological importance: permafrost, forest palludification and global carbon cycle

30 Oct Exam II review

01 Nov Exam II (lecture & lab

06 Nov Lycopodiophyta; Pteridophyta General features of vascular plants; xylem and phloem cytology 08 08 Nov Pteridophyta and function. Seedless vascular plants: current diversity and evolution

13 Nov intro. to Gymnosperms What are seeds and pollen? Importance of seed-bearing plants

15 Nov Cycadophyta, Ginkophyta in present-day floras. Gymnosperm diversity, morphology and reproduction

20 Nov Coniferophyta, Gnetophyta General features of the angiosperm flower and reproduction: 22 Nov intro. to flowering plants double fertilization. Angiosperm innovations: life histories, leaf modifications, adaptive radiation

27 Nov

29 Nov Cooking instructions, anatomy and morphology of your

basic turkey
04 Dec flowering plants

06 Dec Angiosperm diversity

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