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Tourism facilities and services


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Chapter 6



TOURISM FACILITIES AND SERVICES

  1. Accommodation Facilities

As of CY 1996, there are 50 DOT accredited hotels in Central Luzon providing 2,487 accommodation facilities to domestic and foreign visitors. Most of these hotels are classified as standard and economy hotels. Of these, 30 are located in Angeles City, Pampanga.


There are 107 resorts registered with DOT in Central Luzon, 47 of which are located in Zambales. Majority of the resorts in Zambales and Bataan are located along their respective provincial coastlines.
Aside from hotels and resorts, there are 121 lodging houses/motels in Central Luzon providing 364 accomodation facilities (see Table 6.1).



  1. Other Tourism Related Facilities

The region has good restaurants that cater to visitors offering varied menus which range from exotic snake, giant lizard and locust dishes to hamburger and fries. The traditional Bulacan cuisine is strongly promoted in 5-Star hotels and restaurants in Metro Manila. Pampanga is known for its good and tasty foods, while the mountain areas of Tarlac, Nueva Ecija and Zambales for their exotic dishes. The coastlines of Bataan and Zambales are noted for its seafood preparations.


As of 1995, a total of 150 restaurants are registered with the DOT. There are 41 convention facilities capable of carrying 20,830 persons at one time. Most of these convention facilities are located in Pampanga and Zambales. About 66 stores are offering handicrafts while about 13 are manning the travel and tour operations (see Table 6.1).



  1. Other Resources

Numerous beaches are abound in the Region, most of which are still undeveloped. Its coastline is suitable for water and marine sports.


Central Luzon also abounds in historical, cultural and religious attractions such as old Spanish churches and cathedrals, festivals, monuments and museum with historical linkings. Several natural wonders are also found in Central Luzon such as waterfalls and volcanoes. The eruption of Mt. Pinatubo resulted in the formation of two lakes: one in San Marcelino, Zambales which is located atop a mountain and the Sacobia Lake in Bgy. San Vicente, Bamban, in the province Tarlac.


  1. Infrastructure

The Region is the host of two economic zones, namely: Clark and Subic Bay. It caters to industrialization, commercialization and the tourism industry.




  1. Water Supply

About 81 municipalities are served by water districts out of a total of 122 municipalities/cities in the entire region. The share of households having access to Level II and III is 40.38% for the entire region, with Bataan province leading its provision of these services against other provinces at an average of 55.7%. In terms of total share of households having access to all levels, the region enjoys a 94.18% share with Pampanga and Tarlac having the most number of households having access with a good record of 97.4 and 97.2, respectively (Table 6.2).


Level II and III provide water of acceptable standards. Over 80% of those served populations obtain water from wells. Mountain located barangays use rain water and surface water for domestic needs.


  1. Sewage and Solid Waste Disposal

Most towns in Central Luzon do not have a comprehensive waste water disposal system. All rely on septic tanks and on pit privy system or the wrap and throw systems of discharging the human waste. Enforcement of proper waste disposal is minimally done by way of requiring applicants of new buildings to provide septic tanks as part of the building permit process.


The use of septic tanks and the consequent treatment and proper disposal of effluent are still considered the most economical waste water disposal system for Central Luzon. This is done either by using two or three cell septic tank with appropriately sized disposal fields, or on a system of sewer lines with water courses as disposal points. This system is mostly found in subdivision areas.
Methods in disposing solid wastes in Central Luzon are rudimentary. Open dump sites are commonly seen in urban municipalities and cities which are poorly managed and maintained. Table 6.3 classifies the households in Central Luzon in terms of garbage disposal methods they are accostumed to.


  1. Communications

Succeeding discussions are referred to Table 6.4.


Postal Services
This type of service is mainly provided by the government. As of CY 1995, about 166 postal stations have been providing the mail needs of 122 municipalities/cities in the region compared to 163 postal facilities in 1991. On the average, about 41,759 persons are covered by one post office, more than twice the ideal ratio of 1:20,000 postal station­to-population ratio. Also, the letter carrier - distribution ratio is 1:6,448 which is below the standard ratio of 1:5000. However, despite these limitations, most municipalities receive their mail matters daily.
Telephone Services
Most of the telephone services are provided by private franchise operators such as PLDT, DIGITEL and PILTEL. As of 1995, the region has a total capacity of 43,160 lines serving 54 municipalities/cities out of the total 122. With a population of 6,932,137 for year 1995, Central Luzon has a telephone density of 0.62 lines for every 100 people. Among the provinces, only Pampanga exceeded the regional status in providing this type of services.
Most of exchangers are interconnected to the public switched telephone network (PSTN). Authorized public telecommunications carrier are now required to interconnect to PSTN to create a universally accessible and fully integrated nationwide telecommunications network. The PSTN is being used to carry non-voice services such as facsimile and switched data. Dial-up data service is connected in the same way and access to pocket­switched data network is often accomplished via dial-up facilities. Private lines carrying voice, telegraph and data services are available using the PSTN and record carrier infrastructure.

On local exchange services, PLDT serves more than 90% of main stations. It also primarily operates the national long distance services since it has extensive nationwide backbone transmission networks. Other listed carriers are: TELOF, PT & T, RCPT, DIGITEL which operate public long distance telephone calling booths in various parts of the country.


Cellular mobile telephone services are provided by PILTEL, Smart and EXTELCOM with nationwide coverage.
Telegraph Stations and Radio Telegraph Station
At present, there are 100 line telegraph stations and 114 radio telegraph stations servicing the 122 municipalities/cities of the region. This is an improvement of the situation in 1986 when the region had only 85 line and 33 radio telegraph stations. This improvement is a result of the government program of modernizing the telecommunication systems.


  1. Power and Electrification

Power supply facilities in Central Luzon have a total generating capacity of about 703 MW accounting for 15.2% of Luzon grid capacity of 4,604.8 MW as of 1992. Peak load was estimated at 520 MW in 1992 accounting for 16% of Luzon grid at 3,250 MW. About 50 percent of the region's generating capacity comes from hydroelectric power plants in Angat (Bulacan) and Pantabangan (Nueva Ecija) while the rest are contributed by the thermal and gas turbine power plants in Limay (Bataan). The gross power generation of the existing plants are registered at 1992 GWH (see Table 6.5).1/ This can sufficiently supply the requirements of the region.


Organization for the power supply system in Central Luzon consists of NPC for power generation, twelve electric cooperatives and private power utilities for power distribution (see Table 6.6). NPC is responsible for power generation and sales to electric cooperatives, utilities and big industrial consumers.
Since 1986, all municipalities in Central Luzon are enjoying electricity. At the barangay level, electrification coverage is estimated at 86.6 percent in 1992. Household coverage is placed at 81.3 percent (see Table 6.7).

___________________________


1/ In 1994, Angat, Pantabangan Hydroelectric plants and the thermal and gas turbine in Bataan have a plants' rated capacity of 1,228 MW already.

Power program for Central Luzon includes the Bataan Nuclear plant. Should its conversion to a natural gas plant proceed as expected, this will add another 1,500 MW. The Casecnan Multipurpose Irrigation and Power Project is expected to increase Pantabangan Dam's capacity by about 150 MW.


Also, transmission lines (TL) are being expanded to complement the power generating projects. Specifically, the Masinloc-Labrador 230KV TL project and San Manuel (Pangasinan)-San Jose (Bulacan) projects are both expected to be finished in 1997.
The identified 114 mini-hydro sites are expected to contribute about 94MW and Mt. Pinatubo and Mt. Natib in terms of geothermal power can contribute about 20 MW.
Table 6.1

TOURISM RELATED ESTABLISHMENTS

Province

Hotel

Lodging Houses

Resorts

Restaurant

Shopping/

Souvenir


Store

Travel/ Tour Operator

Convention

Rest Roi

No.

Room

No.

Room

No.

Room

DOT Accredited

Others

DOT

Accredited



Others

No.

Capacity

(persons)



DC

Accre


Bataan

1

22

1

3

1




29




-

-

-

6

1,050




Bulacan

-

-

22

66

3

79

1

26

12

1

7

2

1,300




Nueva Ecija

2

80

5

15

15

150

-

13

13

-

-

3

1,371




Pampanga

Angeles City

Clark

Mabalacat



-

7

1



- .

8


-

445


373

- .

818


11

2

-



1 .

29


291

63

-



50 .

404


7
-

1 .

8


70
-

10 .

80


5

3

1



.

9


22

32

-



.

54


6

15

-



.

21


7

2

-



.

9


-

-
.

-


1

10

-



.

11


4,700

3,055


-

.

7,759





Tarlac

2

63

-

-

4

40

25

-

10

-

-

1







Zambales

Olongapo City

SBMA


-

2

2 .

4


-

185


569 .

754


-

5

- .

5


-

88

0 .

88


35

9

3 .

47


350

90

30 .

470


49

26

11 .

86


-

-

- .

-


-

-

10 .

10


-

3

- .

3


-
- .

-


2

6

10 .

18


2,030

3,060


4,260 .

9,350





Region

17

1,737

62

576

78

889

150

93

66

13

7

41

20,830



Source: Provincial Socio-Economic Profiles, 1995



Table 6.2

STATUS OF WATER SUPPLY SYSTEM 1/



Province

Total No.of

Municipalities



No. of Municipalities

served by water district



Share of Households having access

to improved water supply (%)



Level II & III

Level I, II & III

Bataan

Bulacan


Nueva Ecija

Pampanga


Tarlac

Zambales


12

24

32



22

18

14



9

21

20



13

10

8



55.7

48.5


25.2

41.2


23.9

47.8


91.4

93.0


95.7

97.4


97.2

90.4


Central Luzon

122

81

40.38

94.18


1/ Source: Master Plan Study for Central Luzon Development Program, 1995

Table 6.

CLASSIFICATION OF HOUSEHOLDS BY USUAL MEANS OF GARBAGE DISPOSAL, 1990


Province

Total

Household



Picked up

by

Garbage



Truck

Dumping

in

Individual Pit



not burned

Burning

Composting

(Later Used)

as Fertilizer


Burying

Feeding

to

Animals



Others

Bataan

81,343

12,054

9,969

46,931

846

2,210

2,175

7,155

Bulacan

287,890

25,003

22,030

219,839

3,362

7,114

4,049

6,493

Nueva Ecija

250,978

12,959

21,912

199,526

4,701

8,862

2,065

953

Pampanga

268,007

39,590

31,224

168,218

5,335

12,282

5,247

6,111

Tarlac

159,344

8,606

21,115

111,527

5,117

6,200

5,194

1,585

Zambales

115,643

35,990

12,038

56,464

1,704

4,976

3,671

800

Region III

1,163,205

134,202

118,288

802,505

21,065

41,644

22,401

23,097

Source: 1990 Census of Population and Housing, National Statistics Office



Table 6.

STATUS OF COMMUNICATION 1/


Province

Population

Postal Service

No. of

Municipality



Telephone

Telegraph/Telex

Radio Telegraph

Postal

Station


Letter

Carrier (LC)



Ratio of

LC to Pop.



Served

Municipality



Capacity

Lines


Density

Served

Mun


%

Served

Mun


%

Bataan

Bulacan


Nueva Ecija

Pampanga


Tarlac

Zambales


490,460

1,781,120

1,503,448

1,634,770

945,258

588,081


18

30

39



35

23

21



66

267


211

330


124

77


1:7,431

1:6,671


1:7,125

1:4,954


1:7,623

1:7,637


12

24

32



22

18

14



6

21

5



9

10

3



2,296

8,655


2,287

21,389


4,503

4,030


0.47

0.49


0.15

1.31


0.48

0.68


9

19

26



21

14

11



75

79

81



95

77

78



11

23

28



21

17

14



91

95

87



95

94

100



Region

6,943,137

166

1,075

1:6,448

122

54

43,160

0.62

100

82

114

93

Source: NTL, 1995



1/ - Density: No. of Main Telephone Lines (per 100 persons)

Table 6.

POWER PLANT OF NPC IN CENTRAL LUZON


Plant

Capacity

(MW)


Power

Generation

GWH


Commissioning

Year


Hydro

Angat


Pantabangan

Angat Aux.

Masiwa


200

100


46

12


345.94

174.90


1/

28.68


1967-1968

1977


1978-86

1981


Oil

Bataan 1 & 2



225

823.02

1972-1977

Gas

Bataan GT



120

619.87

1989

Total

703

1992.41




Source: National Power Corporation

1/ Energy generation is already included in Angat P/S
Table .6

PROVINCIAL JURISDICTION OF POWER SUPPLY IN CENTRAL LUZON


Province

Electric Cooperative

Private Utilities/Other

Bataan

PENINSULA




Bulacan




MERALCO

Nueva Ecija

NEECO-I & II, SAJELCO

PRESCO


CELCOR (Cabanatuan)

Pampanga

PELCO - I, II & III

Angeles Elec., SFELAPCO

Mason's


Tarlac

TARELCO - I & II

Tarlac Elec. Tarlac

Zambales

ZAMECO - I & II

Olongapo City Gov't.


Table 6.7

ELECTRIFICATION RATIO


Cooperative/

Utility


Barangay

Household Connections

Coverage

Energized

%

Coverage

Energized

%

Peninsula (Bataan)

230

221

96.1

72000

59883

83.1

Meralco (Bulacan)

24

24

100

307131

284464

92.6

NEECO-I (N. Ecija)

NEECO-II (N. Ecija)

SAJELCO (N. Ecija)

PRESCO (N. Ecija)



97

511


41

41


93

330


40

41


95.9

64.6


97.6

100


42000

123000


14000

7000


37435

78846


10489

6831


89.1

64.1


74.9

97.6


PELCO-I (Pampanga)

PELCO-II (Pampanga)

PELCO III (Pampanga)


113

171


99

113

171


99

100

100


100

40659

70825


41863

31045

65715


33936

76.3

92.8


81.1

TARELCO-I (Tarlac)

TARELCO-II (Tarlac)



412

119


342

118


83

99.1


81000

42000


47435

32233


58.6

76.7


ZAMECO-I (Zambales)

ZAMECO-II (Zambales)



118

112


106

111


89.8

99.1


30000

35000


21256

27536


70.9

78.7


TOTAL

2088

1809

86.6

906478

737104

81.3

Source: National Electrification Administration and MERALCO




_____________________________________________________________________________________________

Final Report for the Tourism Master Plan for Region III (Central Luzon)

Engineering and Development Corporation of the Philippines (EDCOP)




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