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Native Plants for Hummingbirds


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Native Plants for Hummingbirds

Hummingbirds are attracted to shrubs and plants that have bright tubular flowers. The following list of plants should help you get started, but experiment with your own selection of native plants as this list is not exhaustive. Other helpful books include: Trees, Shrubs and Flowers to Know in British Columbia and Washington by Lyons and Merilees; Trees and Shrubs of British Columbia by Brayshaw; and Plants of Coastal British Columbia: Including Washington, Oregon, and Alaska by Pojar, MacKinnon and Alaback. Legend: Exposure: S= Full Sun, P= Partially sunny, Sh=Shady; Moisture: D=Dry, M= Moist, W=Wet.


Trees

Name

Exposure

Moisture

Height (m)


Colour

Bloom

Value

Black Hawthorn

S

M

10

White flowers

May

Fruit

Crataegus douglasii










Apple-like fruit

Summer

Nesting

Pacific Crab Apple

Sh

M, W

2-12

Pink/white flowers

April/May

Apples

Malus fusca










Yellow/red apples

July-Oct

 

Vine Maple

Sh

M

20

White flowers

May

Winged fruits/seeds

Acer circinatum










 

 

 


Shrubs and Vines

Name

Exposure

Moisture

Height (m)


Colour

Bloom

Value

Black Twinberry

Sh

M, W

0.5-3

Yellow tubular flowers

April-May

Nectar

Lonicera involucrata










Black berries

July-August

 

Common Snowberry

S, P

D, M

0.5-2

Pink-white bell flowers

May-June

Nectar

Symphoricarpos albus










White berries

Winter

 

Evergreen Huckleberry

S, P

D, M

4

Deep pink flowers

April-July

Nectar

Vaccinium ovatum










Purple/black berries

Summer- Nov

Gummy Gooseberry

S, P

D, M

0.5-2

Red-fushia flowers

Spring

Nectar

Ribes lobbii










Sticky, hairy berries

 

 

Indian Plum

S, P

D, M

1.5-5

Green/white flowers

March

Nectar

Oemleria cerasiformis










Blue/black fruit

Summer

 

Mock Orange

S

D, M

3

White flowers

June

Nectar

Philadelphus lewisii var. gordonianus










 

 

 

Nootka Rose

S

D, M

3

Pink flowers

May-June

Nectar

Rosa nutkana










Purple/red rosehips

Summer-Winter

Oceanspray

S

D, M

4

White-cream flowers

June-July

Nectar

Holodiscus discolor










 

 

 

Red Elderberry

S, P

M, D

6

White-cream flowers

April-May

Nectar

Sa racemosa spp. puberus var. arborescens










Red berries

June-July

 

Red Flowering Currant

S, P

D

1-3

Red/pink flowers

April-May

Nectar

Ribes sanguineum










Blue/black berries

 

 

Salmonberry

S, P

M, W

4

Pink/red flowers

April-May

Nectar

Rubus spectabilis










Yellow-red berries

June-Aug

 

Thimbleberry

S

D, M

0.5-3

White flowers

May-June

Nectar

Rubus parviflorus










Red raspberryish fruit

July-Aug

 

Western Trumpet Honeysuckle

P, Sh

M

6

Trumpet orange/yellow flowers

May

Nectar

Lonicera ciliosa










Orange-red berries

Sept

 

Ground Cover

Name

Exposure

Moisture

Height (m)


Colour

Bloom

Value

Kinnikinnick

S

D

0.2

Pink/white flowers

Summer

Nectar

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi










Red berries

Aug-Winter

 

Twinflower

S, Sh

M, W

0.1

Pink trumpet flowers

June-July

Nectar

Linnaea borealis










Seeds catch on birds and mammals

 





Perennials


Name

Exposure

Moisture

Height (m)

Colour


Bloom

Value

Arctic Lupine

S, P

D, M, W

1.5

Purple flowers

Spring

Nectar

Lupinus arcticus










 

 

 

Canada Goldenrod

S

D, M

1.5

Yellow flowers

July-Aug

Nectar

Solidago canadensis










 

 

 

Cooley's Hedge-nettle

S, P

M

0.7-1.5

Deep red-purple flowers

June-July

Nectar

Stachys cooleyae










 

 

 

Fireweed

S

D, M

0.8-3

Rose-purple flowers

June-July

Nectar

Epilobium angustifolium










 

 

 

Large-leaved Lupine

S, P

D, M, W

1.5

Purple flowers

Spring

Nectar

Lupinus polyphyllus










 

 

 

Nodding Onion

S

D

0.5

White flowers

Spring

Nectar

Allium cernuum
















 

Pacific Bleeding Heart

Sh

M

0.1-0.4

Pink/purple flowers

May-June

Nectar

Dicentra formosa










 

 

 

Red columbine

S, P

M

1

Yellow-red flowers

May-June

Nectar

Aquilegia formosa










 

 

 

White Fawn Lily

S, Sh

M

0.3

White flowers

April

 Nectar

Erythronium oregonum










 

 

 

Yarrow

S, P

D

0.5-1

White-pink flowers

June-July

 Nectar

Achillea millefolium










 

 

 


Sources: Naturescape BC- The Stewardship Series, 1995; Butterflies of the North Cascades, BC Wildlife Watch, 1998; IUE brochure: Native Plants and your Garden; Trees, Shrubs and Flowers to Know in British Columbia and Washington by Lyons and Merilees; Trees and Shrubs of British Columbia by Brayshaw; and Plants of Coastal British Columbia: Including Washington, Oregon, and Alaska by Pojar, MacKinnon and Alaback.


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