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Blues & Jazz assignment #1 name ______________

CIG pp. 153-165 due date:
Directions: On separate paper, answer the following questions with short responses. To earn full credit, the responses must be typed and have a proper heading. There will be a significant point reduction if you write the responses by hand. The page numbers are indicated in brackets. The answers to number one are given as an example.

  1. Deep in the American Soul: the Blues. Where did the blues originate? What did it evolve from? Name several forms of popular music that were influenced by the blues. [153]

  • The blues originated in southern U.S.

  • The blues influenced jazz, soul, rock, and hip hop (and more).

  1. Understanding the Blues Form. Write in the names of the notes to a C blues scale. Use a lower case ‘b’ to indicate a flat (i.e. Eb or Bb). [154]

  • C Eb F Gb G Bb

CLASS ACTIVITY: Compose a twelve bar blues melody. Write out a four bar melody; repeat this four bar melody; write the last four bars as a response to the first melody. This is called a call and response form. It originated in Africa and was developed by American slaves as field music. I will play modern call and response examples for you.
3) How many measures are in the chord progression to most blues tunes? Using Roman numerals, indicate the three chords used in a blues progression. [154]

4) The Birth of Rural Blues. In which time period did the blues originate? What was the main instrument that was used? What are blue notes?

  • Post civil war

  • guitar

5) The Hard Life of Delta Blues. Which common themes were described in the lyrics of Delta blues? Name three famous delta bluesmen. (Note: Son House lived in Rochester during the 1960s). [155]

6) The Modern Sound of Electric Blues. After World War II, which cities did the blues migrate to? What impact did the electric guitar have? Name three blues-based rock bands that emerged in the 1960s. [157]

7) Birth of the Beat: New Orleans and Dixieland Jazz. What musical styles did

New Orleans Jazz (a.k.a. Dixieland Jazz) grow out of? In this style, what did musicians embellish? In this style, what does the term “four on the floor” refer to?

[158-159] CLASS ACTIVITY: Write the basic ragtime melodic rhythm which consists of four groups of three 1/8 notes followed by two quarter notes or a rest. Write the main melody to “In the Mood’ or “The Entertainer.”
8) Warming it Up with Hot Jazz. In the Hot Jazz style of the early New Orleans period, which frontline instruments were involved in multiple improvisations?

Which trumpet player was featured in King Oliver’s band? [159]

9) The Ambassador of Jazz: Louis Armstrong. What were the names of the revolutionary bands that Louis Armstrong recorded with during the 1920s?

Note: Louis Armstrong was the first important soloist in jazz because his improvisations consisted of entirely new melodies instead of melodic embellishments. He was is one the greatest innovators in jazz history
CLASS ACTIVITY: Listen to Armstrong’s recording of “Do You Know What it Means to Miss New Orleans?” Write down the names of all the instruments you hear.
10) Tickling the Ivories: Jelly Roll Morton and Jazz Piano. What did the New Orleans piano style emerge from? What was the name of the left-hand bass style?

Who is generally considered the greatest New Orleans pianist? [161]

11) Taking the Country by Storm: Swing. When did Hot Jazz evolve into swing? What did most jazz groups become? Whom did Swing music appeal to? Name two

famous singers of this period. [162]

12) The Count and the Duke. What was Count Basie’s band noted for? [163]

Note: Count Basie’s band played many hard driving blues based arrangements that still sound fresh today.

When was Duke Ellington’s band formed? [163-164] Ellington’s orchestra served as the house band for which New York City night-club? Name two famous Duke Ellington songs. [164]

Note: Many of Duke Ellington’s songs appear in jazz “fake books”, collections of lead sheets to hundreds of jazz songs. Ellington’s songs feature chord progressions that are interesting to solo on; they are open to a wide range of interpretations.

13) Gypsy/Manouche Jazz. When was Gypsy Jazz (a.k.a. Manouche Jazz)

popular? Which three musical styles were combined in Gypsy Jazz? Who was the most famous guitarist of this era? Who was the most famous violinist of this era?


CLASS QUIZ ACTIVITY: Listen to a recording of Reinhardt and Grappelli and write a description of the music as if your were writing it for the IB final exam.

Blues & Jazz assignment #2 name ______________

CIG pp.165-173
Directions: On separate paper, answer the following questions with short responses. To earn full credit, the responses must be typed and have a proper heading. There will be a significant point reduction if you write the responses by hand. The page numbers are indicated in brackets.

  1. Beyond Traditional Jazz: Bebop. When did Swing music decline in popularity?

What replaced it? [165] Describe bebop in terms of tempo and chord changes. Which characteristics make Bebop chords complex? [top of 166] Name the saxophonist and trumpeter who were the main leaders of Bebop’s development.

Describe the instrumentation of the typical Bebop ensemble. [166]

2) Chilling out: Cool Jazz. Blast from the Past: Modal Jazz. Why did Cool Jazz develop? How was it different from Bebop? [166] Who wrote the song Take Five? Why was Take Five unique? [166-167] Name two cool jazz trumpeters. Name two cool jazz sax players. Name two cool jazz pianists. [167]
3) Blast from the Past: Modal Jazz. Which ancient civilization originally developed the modes used in modal jazz? Which Medieval style of music employed the used of modes? [167] Which Miles Davis album featured modal improvisation?
4) Back to Bop: Hard Bop. How was hard bop different from both Bebop and cool jazz? Name two hard bop sax players. Name two hard bop trumpeters. Name one hard bop guitarist. Name one hard bop pianist. [167]
5) Going International: Brazilian and Latin Jazz. What is another name for the Brazilian jazz style that originated in the 1960s? [167]
6) Getting Funky: Soul Jazz. Which musical elements did Soul Jazz incorporate? Who was the most popular soul jazz organist? Who recorded Mercy, Mercy,
in 1966.

  1. Rocking the Beat: Jazz/Rock Fusion. During the 1970s, which jazz elements

were combined in jazz/rock fusion? Which 1960s musical form inspired the development of fusion? Name one trumpeter and two pianists that helped to develop jazz/rock fusion?
8) Jazz’s Premiere Innovator: Miles Davis. When did Miles Davis from his first jazz group? Which album did he release in 1950? Why was the album Round Midnight significant? When was the album Sketches of Spain released and why was it significant? What is the name of the best-selling jazz album of all time that was released by Miles Davis in 1959? Which musical form did Miles Davis embrace and help create in the late 1960s?

9) Parallel Developments: Comparing Blues and Jazz with Classical Music

Directions. Complete the chart below using the information on page 171.

This is a great exercise because it will help you create the links for your

musical links investigation.

Blues/Jazz Classical Music

Simple melodies

Simple melodies

Accompanied melodies

Accompanied melodies

Multiple melodies

Multiple melodies

Popular melodies

Popular melodies

Sophisticated melodies

Sophisticated melodies

Stylistic explosion

Sophisticated melodies

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