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TADASHI MAKI
Professor Emeritus, Kyoto University

Executive Advisor, Nippon Steel Corporation

20-1 Shintomi, Futtu, Chiba 293-8511, Japan
Date of birth August 23, 1943
Education B.Eng., Metal Science and Technology, Kyoto University, 1966

M.Eng., Metal Science and Technology, Kyoto University, 1968

Doctor of Engineering, Kyoto University, 1973
Employment Research Assistant, Kyoto University, 1969 to 1976

     Research Associate, Department of Metallurgy,

       University of Illinois, U.S.A., 1974 to1976

     Associate Professor, Kyoto University,  1976 to 1988

     Professor, Kyoto University, 1988 to 2007

Nippon Steel Corporation, 2007 to present


Research Interest ・Morphology, crystallography, kinetics and transformation mechanism of

martensite and bainite in ferrous alloys.

・Strengthening and microstructure control by thermomechanical processing of

steels and Ti alloys.

・Deformation, recrystallization and superplasticity of ferrous alloys.

・Shape memory effect related to ferrous martensite.


Awards 1971 Tawara Award, for the paper "On the Morphology of Strain-induced Martensite and the Transformation-induced Plasticity in Fe-Ni and Fe-Cr-Ni Alloys"

(Trans. ISIJ, vol.10 (1970) p.163), (Iron and Steel Inst. Japan).

1972 Thesis Prize, for the paper "Morphology of Strain-induced and Thermally Transformed Martensites in Fe-Ni-C Alloys"

(J. Japan Inst. Metals, vol.35 (1971) p.1073), (Japan Inst. Metals).

1982 Nishiyama Prize (Iron and Steel Inst. Japan).

1982 Murakami Prize (Murakami Memorial Foundation).

1985 Meritorious Honor Award (Japan Inst. Metals).

1986 Mishima Prize (Iron and Steel Inst. Japan).

1991 Thesis Prize, for the paper "High Strain Rate Superplastisity and Role of Dynamic Recrystallization in Duplex Stainless Steel"

(J. Japan Inst. Metals, vol.54 (1990) p.878), (Japan Inst. Metals).

1995 Tawara Award, for the paper "Effect of Ferrite Substructure on Precipitation of Fe3C at MnS in an Ultra-low Carbon Steel"

(Tetsu-to-Hagane, vol.80 (1994) p.318), (Iron and Steel Inst. Japan).

1995 Thesis Prize, for the paper "Transmission Electron Microscopy of {332}<113> Deformation Twin in Ti-15V-3Cr-3Sn-3Al Alloy"

(Mater. Trans. JIM, vol.35 (1994) p.843), (Japan Inst. Metals).

1996 Hayashi Prize (Japan Society for Heat Treatment).

1998 Scientific Achievement Merit (Iron and Steel Inst. Japan).

2000 Thesis Prize, for the paper "Microstructure Development and Superplasticity in (+) Microduplex Alloys with Different Matrix Phases"

(Mater. Trans. JIM, vol.40 (1999) p.815), (Japan Inst. Metals).

2002 Tanigawa -Harris Prize (Japan Institute of Metals)

2003 Sawamura Award, for the paper "Kinetics and Crystallography of Intragranular Pearlite Transformation Nucleated at (MnS+VC) Complex Precipitates in Hypereutectoid Fe-Mn-C Alloys"

(ISIJ Int., vol.42 (2002) p.1033), (Iron and Steel Inst. Japan)

    2005 Murakami Prize (Japan Inst. of Metals)

2005 Vanadium Award (Best Paper for 2004) (The Institute of Materials, UK)

"Nucleation of Proeutectoid Ferrite on Complex Precipitates in Austenite"

(ISIJ Int., vol. 43 (2003) p.1630), (Iron and Steel Inst. Japan)

2005 Tanikawa Fund Award for Themal Technology

(Tanikawa Fund Promotion of Themal Technology)


  1. Nishiyama Prize (Iron and Steel Inst. Japan)

  1. Honda Memorial Lecture (Japan Inst. of Metals)

  2. Sawamura Award, for the paper “Microstructure and Growth Kinetics of Nitrided Zone in Plasma-nitrided Fe-Cr-alloys”

(ISIJ Int, vol. 47 (2007), p.1491), (Iron and Steel Inst. Japan)

  1. IFHTSE Award

2009 Gold Medal (Japan Inst. Metals)

  1. Honorary Member (Japan Inst. Metals)

  2. ASM Fellow (ASM International, USA)



Publication Has published about 270 technical papers.
(Selected Publications since 1990)

  1. High Strain Rate Superplasticity and Role of Dynamic Recrystallization in Duplex Stainless Steel: K.Tsuzaki, H.Matsuyama, M.Nagao and T.Maki, J. Japan Inst. Metals, 54(1990), pp.878-887 (in Japanese).

  2. Bainite Reaction in Fe-Ni-C Alloys: K.Tsuzaki, K.Fujiwara and T.Maki, Mater. Trans. JIM, 32(1991), pp.667-678.

3. Improvement of Shape Memory Effect in Fe-Mn-Si Alloys by the Addition of Carbon: K.Tsuzaki,

  Y.Natsume, Y.Kurokawa and T.Maki, Scripta Metall. Mater., 27(1992), pp471-473.

4. Effect of Ferrite Substructure on Precipitation of Fe3C at MnS in an Ultra-low Carbon Steel:

T.Furuhara, S.Shimohata, K.Wada and T.Maki, Tetsu-to-Hagane, 80(1994), pp318-323

(in Japanese).

5. Transmission Electron Microscopy of {332}<113>Deformation Twin in TI-15V-3Cr-3Sn-3Al

Alloy: T.Furuhara, K.Kishimoto and T.Maki, Mater. Trans. JIM, 35(1994), pp843-850.

6. Recrystallization of Solidified Columnar Crystals in an Fe-36%Ni Austenitic Alloy: N.Tsuji,

H.Takebayashi, T.Takiguchi, K.Tsuzaki and T.Maki, Acta Metall. Mater., 43(1995), pp755-768.

7. Atomic Structure of Interphase Boundary Enclosing Bcc Precipitate Formed in Fcc Matrix in a

Ni-Cr Alloy: T.Furuhara, K.Wada and T.Maki, Metall. Mater. Trans. A, 26(1995), pp1971-1978.

8. Crystallography of Grain Boundary α Precipitates in a βTitanium Alloy: T.Furuhara,

S.Takagi, H.Watanabe and T.Maki, Metall. Mater. Trans. A, 27A(1996), pp.1635-1646.

9. Mechanism of Dynamic Continuous Recrystallzation during Superplastic Deformation in a

Microduplex Stainless Steel: K.Tsuzaki, Huang Xiaoxu and T.Maki, Acta Mater., 44(1996),

pp.4491-4499.

10. Microstructural Evolution during High Strain Rate Superplastic Deformation in Microduplex

Stainless Steel: T.Maki, Mater. Sci. Forum, 233-234 (1997), pp.139-146.

11. Morphology and Crystallography of α Precipitates in β Ti-Mo Binary Alloy: T.Furuhara,

T.Makino, Y.Idei, H.Isigaki, A.Takada and T.Maki, Mater. Trans., JIM, 39(1998), pp.31-39.

12. Microstructure Development and Superplasticity in (α+γ) Microduplex Alloys with Different

Matrix Phases: T.Furuhara, Y.Mizuno and T.Maki, Mater. Trans., JIM, 40(1999), pp.815-824.

13. Interphase Boundary Structure of Grain Boundary Precipitate in a Ni-Cr Alloy: K.Oishi,

T.Furuhara, and T.Maki, Proc. of Int. Conf. on Solid-Solid Phase Transformations '99, ed. by

M.Koiwa et al. JIM,(1999), pp.573-576.

14. Formation of Fine Grained Structure by Heavy Cold Rolling and Annealing in Steel: T.Maki

and T.Huruhara, Proc. of 21st Riso Int. Sympo. on Materials Science, ed. by N.Hansen et al.,

Roskilde, Denmark, 2000, pp.125-138.

15. Deformation Microstructure and Tensile Strength of Cold Rolled Pearlitic Steel Sheets :

S.Tagashira, K.Sakai, T.Furuhara and T.Maki, ISIJ Int., 40(2000), pp.1149-1155.

16. Variant Selection in Heterogeneous Nucleation on Defects in Diffusional Phase Transformation and Precipitation: T.Furuhara and T.Maki, Mater. Sci. and Eng. A, 312(2001), pp.145-154.

17. Comparison of Interphase Boundary Structure between Bainite and Martensite in Steel: T.Moritani, N.Miyajima, T.Furuhara and T.Maki, Scripta Mater., 47(2002), pp.193-199.

18. Interphase Boundary Structure with Irrational Orientation Relationship Formed in Grain Boundary Precipitation: T.Furuhara, K.Oishi and T.Maki, Metall. Mater. Trans. A, 33A(2002), pp.2327-2335.

19. Grain Boundary Character and Superplasticity of Fine-Grained Ultra-High Carbon Steel: T.Furuhara, E.Sato, T.Mizoguchi, S.Furimoto and T.Maki, Mater. Trans., 43(2002), pp.2455-2462.

20. Crystallography of Intragranular Ferrite Formed on (MnS + V(C,N)) Complex Precipitate in Austenite: G.Miyamoto, T.Shinyoshi, J.Yamaguchi, T.Furuhara, T.Maki and R.Uemori, Scripta Mater., 48(2003), pp.371-377.

21. The Morphology and Crystallography of Lath Martensite in Fe-C Alloys: S.Morito, H.Tanaka, R.Konishi, T.Furuhara and T.Maki, Acta Mater., 51(2003), pp.1789-1799.

22. Nucleation of Proeutectoid Ferrite on Complex Precipitates in Austenite: T.Furuhara, J.Yamaguchi, N.Sugita, G.Miyamoto and T.Maki, ISIJ Int., 43(2003), pp.1630-1639.

23. Effect of Matrix Recrystallization on Morphology, Crystallography and Coarsening Behavior of Vanadium Carbide in Austenite: Y.Yazawa, T.Furuhara and T.Maki, Acta Mater., 52(2004), pp.3728-3736.

24. Control of Cementite Precipitation in Lath Martensite by Rapid Heating and Tempering: T.Furuhara, K.Kobayashi and T.Maki, ISIJ Int., 44(2004), pp.1937-1944.

25. Effect of Austenite Grain Size on the Morphology and Crystallography of Lath Martensite in Low Carbon Steels: S.Morito, H.Saito, T.Ogawa, T.Furuhara and T.Maki, ISIJ Int., 45(2005), pp.91-94.

26. Local orientation change inside lenticular martensite plate in Fe-33Ni alloy: A.Shibata, S.Morito, T.Furuhara and T.Maki, Scripta Mater., 53(2005), pp.597-602.


  1. Crystallography and Interphase Boundary of (MnS + VC) Complex Precipitate in Austenite:

T.Furuhar, T.Kimori and T.Maki, Metall. Mater. Trans. A, 37A(2006), pp.951-959 ,

  1. Microstructure in a plasma-nitrided Fe-18mass%Cr alloy: G.Miyamoto, A.Yonemoto, Y.Tanaka,

T.Furuhara and T.Maki, Acta Mater., 54(2006), pp.4771-4779. 

  1. The morphology and crystallography of lath martensite in alloy steels: S.Morito, X.Huang,

T.Furuhara, T.Maki and N.Hansen, Acta Mater., 54(2006), pp.5323-5331.

  1. Effect of Partitioning of Mn and Si on the Growth Kinetics of Cementite in Tempered

Fe-0.6mass%C Martensite, G.Miyamoto, J.C.Oh, K.Hono, T.Furuhara and T.Maki, Acta Mater.,

55(2007), pp.5027-5038.



  1. The Origin of Midrib in Lenticular Martensite: A.Shibata, T.Murakami, S.Morito, T.Furuhara

and T.Maki, Mater. Trans., 49(2008), pp.1242-1248.

  1. Phase Transformation from Fine-grained Austenite: T.Furuhara, K.Kikumoto, H.Saito, T.Sekine,

T.Ogawa, S.Morito and T.Maki, ISIJ Int., 48(2008), pp.1038-1045.

  1. Substructure of Lenticular Martensite with Different Martensite Start Temperatures in Ferrous

Alloys: A.Shibata, S.Morito, T.Furuhara and T.Maki, Acta Mater., 57(2009), pp.483-492.

  1. Precise Measurement of Strain Accommodation in Austenite Matrix Surrounding Martensite in

Ferrous Alloys by Electron Backscatter Diffraction Analysis: G.Miyamoto, A.Shibata, T.Maki and T.Furuhara, Acta Mater., 57(2009), pp.1120-1131.

  1. Enhanced Structural Refinement by Combining Phase Transformation and Plastic Deformation

in Steels: N.Tsuji and T.Maki, Scripta Mater., 60(2009), pp.1044-1049.

  1. Incomplete transformation of upper bainite in Nb bearing low carbon steels: T.Furuhara,

T.Yamaguchi, G.Miyamoto and T.Maki, Mater. Sci. Tech., 26(2010), pp.392-397.

37. Interphase boundary structure and and accommodation mechanism of lenticular martensite in Fe-Ni alloys: A.Shibata, T.Furuhara and T.Maki, Acta Mater., 58(2010), pp.3477-3492.








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