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Melia azedarach L


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 Melia azedarach L.

Family: Meliaceae

Sub-species

Popular Names:
Sering (Afrikaans)
Seringa (English)
Persian lilac (English)
Syringa (English)

Type plant: Trees

Variety

Synonyms:




Growth form: 

Woody

Dimensions: 

Up to 23 m high.

Diagnostics:

Deciduous, spreading tree up to 23 m high; bark on young stems reddish-brown and smooth. Leaves: deep green, glossy above, turning yellow in autumn; odd-pinnate, leaflets serrated and sometimes lobed. Flowers: lilac, ± 10 mm long, with purplish central column, in large, terminal, heavily perfumed sprays, September-November. Fruits: berries, green turning yellow, thinly fleshy, becoming wrinkled and persisting after the leaves fall.

Habitat:

Savanna, roadsides, urban open space, wasteland, riverbanks.

Flower time:

September-November

Flower color:

Purple

Flowers:

Lilac, ± 10 mm long, with purplish central column, in large, terminal, heavily perfumed sprays.

Fruit:

Drupe - Green turning yellow, thinly fleshy, becoming wrinkled and persisting after the leaves fall.

Thorns:

None

Leaf arrangement:

Alternate - Deep green, glossy above, turning yellow in autumn; leaflets serrated and sometimes lobed.

Foliage:

Deciduous

Trunk:

Erect, straight, relatively short trunk; bark greyish, somewhat fissured.

Poisonous:

Yes - Leaves, bark, flowers, and especially the ripe fruits.

Irritant:

Yes - Flowers cause respiratory tract irritation.

National tree no:

X604

Invasive status: 

Category 3: Declared invader (ornamentals), no new planting, trade or propagation is permitted

Protected:

No

Endangered:

No

Human uses:

Ornament, shade.

Animal uses:

Birds eat the fruits.








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