Ana səhifə

Forest specialists (primarily forest interior)


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Appendix 1 List of all 115 bird species observed in 76 sampling plots over six sampling occasions by using the point-count method, with percent frequencies of sampling plots where each species was found in each habitat type (F: the remnant forest; BP: broad-leaved plantation; NP: needle-leaved plantation; MT: mixed-tree agroforest; BT: bamboo-dominated agroforest)

Scientific name

Common English name

Family

Feeding guilda

Habitat type

F

BP

NP

MT

BT

Forest specialists (primarily forest interior)

Ptilinopus melanospila

Black-naped fruit dove

Columbidae

Fr

4.5

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Treron sphenura

Wedge-tailed green pigeon

Columbidae

Fr

4.5

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Ptilinopus porphyreus

Pink-headed fruit dove*

Columbidae

Fr

4.5

0.0

4.5

0.0

0.0

Chalcophaps indica

Common emerald dove

Columbidae

Gr

9.1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Loriculus pusillus

Yellow-throated hanging parrot*, NT

Psittacidae

Fr

9.1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Cuculus canorus

Common cuckoo

Cuculidae

In

9.1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Ketupa ketupu

Buffy fish-owl

Strigidae

Ca

4.5

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Rhyticeros undulates

Wreathed hornbill

Bucerotidae

Fr

13.6

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Megalaima corvine

Brown-throated barbet*

Capitonidae

Fr

22.7

0.0

4.5

0.0

0.0

Brachypteryx Montana

White-browed shortwing

Turdidae

In-gro

9.1

0.0

4.5

0.0

0.0

Brachypteryx leucophrys

Lesser shortwing

Turdidae

In-und

31.8

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Zoothera andromedae

Sunda thrush

Turdidae

In-und

4.5

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Enicurus velatus

Sunda forktail*

Turdidae

In-gro

13.6

4.5

0.0

0.0

0.0

Pellorneum pyrrogenys

Temminck’s babbler

Timaliidae

In-can

4.5

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Malacopteron cinereum

Scaly-crowned babbler

Timaliidae

In-und

9.1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Garrulax rufifrons

Rufous-fronted laughingthrush*, NT

Timaliidae

In-und

4.5

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Alcippe pyrrhoptera

Javan fulvetta*

Timaliidae

In-und

4.5

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Ficedula hyperythra

Snowy-browed flycatcher

Muscicapidae

In-gro

13.6

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Ficedula zanthopygia

Yellow-rumped flycatcher

Muscicapidae

In-can

4.5

0.0

4.5

0.0

0.0

Ficedula westermanni

Little pied flycatcher

Muscicapidae

In-can

4.5

9.1

4.5

0.0

0.0

Ficedula dumetoria

Rufous-chested flycatcher NT

Muscicapidae

In-und

9.1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Sitta frontalis

Velvet-fronted nuthatch

Sittidae

In-bar

54.5

18.2

9.1

9.1

4.5

Sitta azurea

Blue nuthatch

Sittidae

In-bar

13.6

0.0

4.5

0.0

0.0

Zosterops montanus

Mountain White-eye

Zosteropidae

Om

9.1

18.2

0.0

0.0

0.0

Dicrurus paradiseus

Greater racquet-tailed drongo

Dicruridae

In-sal

9.1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Pericrocotus flammeus

Scarlet minivet

Campephagidae

In-sal

63.6

36.4

9.1

4.5

4.5

Chloropsis cochinchinensis

Blue-winged leafbird

Chloropseidae

Fr

9.1

4.5

0.0

0.0

0.0

Criniger bres

Grey-cheeked bulbul

Pycnonotidae

In-und

40.9

18.2

13.6

4.5

0.0

Ictinaetus malayensis

Black eagle

Accipitridae

Ca

9.1

4.5

9.1

0.0

0.0

Spizaetus bartelsi

Javan hawk-eagle*, EN

Accipitridae

Ca

9.1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Pernis ptilorhynchus

Crested honey buzzard

Accipitridae

In-sal

0.0

0.0

4.5

0.0

0.0

Forest-edge species (forests and secondary growths)

Macropygia emiliana

Ruddy cuckoo-dove

Columbidae

Gr

4.5

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Cacomantis sepulcralis

Rusty-breasted cuckoo

Cuculidae

In-sal

22.7

0.0

9.1

9.1

9.1

Cuculus saturatus

Oriental cuckoo

Cuculidae

In-sal

9.1

4.5

0.0

0.0

4.5

Rhamphococcyx curvirostris

Chestnut-breasted malkoha

Cuculidae

Om

18.2

4.5

0.0

4.5

0.0

Zanclostomus javanicus

Red-billed malkoha

Cuculidae

Om

9.1

0.0

9.1

4.5

0.0

Megalaima australis

Blue-eared barbet

Capitonidae

Fr

81.8

40.9

22.7

27.3

13.6

Megalaima armillaris

Flame-fronted barbet*

Capitonidae

Fr

63.6

18.2

4.5

9.1

4.5

Megalaima javensis

Black-banded barbet*, NT

Capitonidae

Fr

40.9

4.5

4.5

4.5

0.0

Dendrocopos moluccensis

Sunda pygmy woodpecker

Picidae

In-bar

9.1

0.0

9.1

0.0

0.0

Eurylaimus javanicus

Banded broadbill

Eurylaimidae

In-can

22.7

18.2

22.7

9.1

4.5

Lanius tigrinus

Tiger shrike

Laniidae

In-sal

4.5

4.5

0.0

0.0

0.0

Enicurus leschenaultia

White-crowned forktail

Turdidae

In-gro

0.0

0.0

4.5

0.0

4.5

Pteruthius aenobarbus

Chestnut-fronted shrike-babbler

Timaliidae

In-und

0.0

4.5

0.0

0.0

0.0

Stachyris melanothorax

Crescent-chested babbler*

Timaliidae

In-und

68.2

13.6

22.7

4.5

9.1

Stachyris thoracica

White-bibbed babbler*

Timaliidae

In-und

31.8

4.5

0.0

0.0

0.0

Malacocincla sepiarium

Horsfield’s babbler

Timaliidae

In-und

36.4

22.7

4.5

9.1

18.2

Pnoepyga pusilla

Pygmy wren-babbler

Timaliidae

In-und

4.5

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Napothera epilepidota

Eye-browed wren-babbler

Timaliidae

In-und

0.0

0.0

4.5

0.0

0.0

Phylloscopus borealis

Arctic warbler

Sylviidae

In-can

4.5

4.5

0.0

0.0

0.0

Orthotomus sepium

Olive-backed tailorbird*

Sylviidae

In-und

45.5

18.2

9.1

18.2

4.5

Culicicapa ceylonensis

Grey-headed canary-flycatcher

Muscicapidae

In-can

0.0

0.0

4.5

0.0

0.0

Rhinomyias olivacea

Fulvous-chested jungle flycatcher

Muscicapidae

In-sal

4.5

0.0

4.5

0.0

0.0

Ficedula mugimaki

Mugimaki flycatcher

Muscicapidae

In-sal

0.0

0.0

4.5

0.0

0.0

Cyornis banyumas

Hill blue flycatcher

Muscicapidae

In-und

13.6

0.0

9.1

0.0

0.0

Pitta guajana

Banded pitta

Pittidae

In-gro

22.7

18.2

9.1

0.0

0.0

Psaltria exilis

Pygmy bushtit*

Aegithalidae

In-gro

4.5

0.0

9.1

4.5

0.0

Anthreptes singalensis

Ruby-cheeked sunbird

Nectariniidae

Ne

0.0

4.5

0.0

0.0

0.0

Arachnothera longirostra

Little spiderhunter

Nectariniidae

Ne

18.2

4.5

13.6

9.1

0.0

Arachnothera affinis

Streaky-breasted spiderhunter

Nectariniidae

Ne

9.1

4.5

0.0

0.0

0.0

Arachnothera chrysogenys

Yellow-eared spiderhunter

Nectariniidae

Ne

9.1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Dicrurus leucophaeus

Ashy drongo

Dicruridae

In-sal

31.8

31.8

0.0

9.1

9.1

Hemipus hirundinaceus

Black-winged flycatcher-shrike

Campephagidae

In-sal

36.4

18.2

13.6

4.5

9.1

Tephrodornis virgatus

Large woodshrike

Campephagidae

In-sal

4.5

4.5

0.0

0.0

0.0

Pycnonotus atriceps

Black-headed bulbul

Pycnonotidae

Fr

9.1

9.1

0.0

9.1

9.1

Pycnonotus simplex

Cream-vented bulbul

Pycnonotidae

Fr

4.5

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Spilornis cheela

Crested serpent eagle

Accipitridae

Ca

9.1

9.1

9.1

4.5

0.0

Accipiter trivirgatus

Crested goshawk

Accipitridae

Ca

9.1

4.5

0.0

0.0

0.0

Gallus gallus

Red junglefowl

Phasianidae

Om

4.5

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Gallus varius

Green junglefowl*

Phasianidae

Om

4.5

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Forest generalists (forests, secondary growths, and cultivated areas)

Streptopelia bitorquata

Island collared-dove

Columbidae

Gr

4.5

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Centropus bengalensis

Lesser coucal

Cuculidae

In-gro

31.8

13.6

9.1

4.5

9.1

Surniculus lugubris

Asian drongo-cuckoo

Cuculidae

In-sal

63.6

40.9

40.9

45.5

36.4

Cacomantis merulinus

Plaintive cuckoo

Cuculidae

In-sal

40.9

22.7

27.3

31.8

27.3

Cacomantis sonneratii

Banded bay cuckoo

Cuculidae

In-sal

4.5

0.0

4.5

0.0

0.0

Halcyon chloris

Collared kingfisher

Alcedinidae

Ca

9.1

22.7

27.3

31.8

27.3

Dendrocopos macei

Fulvous-breasted woodpecker

Picidae

In-bar

13.6

4.5

27.3

18.2

4.5

Lanius schach

Long-tailed shrike

Laniidae

In-und

4.5

4.5

13.6

4.5

4.5

Pellorneum capistratum

Black-capped babbler

Timaliidae

In-gro

9.1

9.1

0.0

9.1

9.1

Orthotomus sutorius

Common tailorbird

Sylviidae

In-und

50.0

9.1

4.5

9.1

9.1

Prinia familiaris

Bar-winged prinia*

Sylviidae

In-can

18.2

27.3

36.4

40.9

36.4

Cettia vulcania

Sunda bush warbler

Sylviidae

In-gro

0.0

4.5

0.0

4.5

0.0

Abroscopus superciliaris

Yellow-bellied warbler

Sylviidae

In-und

4.5

9.1

0.0

9.1

9.1

Muscicapa dauurica

Asian brown flycatcher

Muscicapidae

In-sal

4.5

4.5

9.1

4.5

0.0

Gerygone sulphurea

Golden-bellied geryone

Acanthizidae

In-und

0.0

4.5

4.5

9.1

9.1

Rhipidura phoenicura

Rufous-tailed fantail*

Rhipiduridae

In-sal

4.5

0.0

0.0

0.0

4.5

Rhipidura euryura

White-bellied fantail*

Rhipiduridae

In-sal

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

9.1

Rhipidura javanica

Pied fantail

Rhipiduridae

In-sal

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

13.6

Parus major

Great tit

Paridae

In-can

68.2

45.5

36.4

36.4

36.4

Dicaeum sanguinolentum

Blood-breasted flowerpecker

Dicaeidae

Fr

45.5

18.2

4.5

4.5

4.5

Dicaeum trigonostigma

Orange-bellied flowerpecker

Dicaeidae

Fr

4.5

18.2

0.0

18.2

18.2

Dicaeum trochileum

Scarlet-headed flowerpecker*

Dicaeidae

Fr

9.1

0.0

9.1

31.8

4.5

Prionochilus percussus

Crimson-breasted flowerpecker

Dicaeidae

Fr

4.5

4.5

0.0

4.5

4.5

Dicaeum concolor

Plain flowerpecker

Dicaeidae

Fr

0.0

4.5

0.0

4.5

9.1

Cinnyris jugularis

Olive-backed sunbird

Nectariniidae

Ne

31.8

31.8

22.7

50.0

31.8

Aethopyga mystacalis

Javan sunbird*

Nectariniidae

Ne

36.4

18.2

0.0

22.7

13.6

Anthreptes malacensis

Brown-throated sunbird

Nectariniidae

Ne

0.0

9.1

0.0

0.0

0.0

Aethopyga siparaja

Crimson sunbird

Nectariniidae

Ne

0.0

0.0

0.0

9.1

4.5

Zosterops palpebrosus

Oriental white-eye

Zosteropidae

Om

77.3

54.5

27.3

59.1

54.5

Erythrura prasina

Pin-tailed parrot-finch

Estrildidae

Gr

4.5

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Erythrura hyperythra

Tawny-breasted parrot-finch

Estrildidae

Gr

4.5

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Dicrurus macrocercus

Black drongo

Dicruridae

In-sal

36.4

36.4

45.5

36.4

40.9

Pericrocotus cinnamomeus

Small minivet

Campephagidae

In-sal

9.1

9.1

0.0

0.0

0.0

Pericrocotus miniatus

Sunda minivet*

Campephagidae

In-sal

0.0

0.0

4.5

4.5

0.0

Aegithina tiphia

Common iora

Aegithinidae

Om

72.7

45.5

40.9

59.1

36.4

Pycnonotus aurigaster

Sooty-headed bulbul

Pycnonotidae

Fr

9.1

13.6

27.3

9.1

13.6

Spizaetus cirrhatus

Crested hawk-eagle

Accipitridae

Ca

0.0

0.0

4.5

4.5

0.0

Microhierax fringillarius

Black-thighed falconet

Falconidae

Ca

9.1

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Turnix suscitator

Barred buttonquail

Turnicidae

In-gro

4.5

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Turnix sylvatica

Kurrichane buttonquail

Turnicidae

In-gro

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

4.5

Open-habitat generalists

Streptopelia chinensis

Spotted dove

Columbidae

Gr

4.5

4.5

18.2

36.4

36.4

Halcyon cyanoventris

Javan kingfisher*

Alcedinidae

Ca

4.5

9.1

0.0

18.2

9.1

Lonchura leucogastroides

Javan munia*

Estrildidae

Gr

0.0

0.0

0.0

45.5

31.8

Lonchura punctulata

Scaly-breasted munia

Estrildidae

Gr

0.0

0.0

4.5

0.0

0.0

Pycnonotus goiavier

Yellow-vented bulbul

Pycnonotidae

Om

0.0

0.0

4.5

4.5

4.5

* Species endemic to Indonesia; NT near-threatened species (IUCN 2012); EN endangered species (IUCN 2012)

a Ca: carnivore; Fr: frugivore; Gr: granivore; Ne: nectarivore; Om: omnivore; In-can: canopy-foliage-gleaning insectivore; In-bar: bark-gleaning insectivore; In-und: understory-foliage-gleaning insectivore; In-gro: ground-gleaning insectivore; In-sal: sallying insectivore




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