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Bryophyte Peat Moss Byrophyte Sphagnum Moss Hepatophyte Liverwort Anthocerophyte Hornwort


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Bryophyte - Peat Moss Byrophyte - Sphagnum Moss



Hepatophyte – Liverwort Anthocerophyte – Hornwort



Lycophyta – Club Moss Sphenophyta – Horsetail



Pterophyta – Fern Psilophyta – Whisk Ferns



Gymnosperm - Gingko Gymnosperm - Cycad



Gnetophye – Ephedra Gymnosperm – Conifer



Photo Showing a male Pollen

Cone (Top) containing pollen grains

and a Female Seed Cone (bottom)

containing Scales (naked seeds)

1st Stage is Meiosis (sex cells form)

Alternation of Generations Consists of Haploid (half DNA) Cells

Produce either spores or sperm & egg

2nd stage is Fertilization; sex cells unite

Bryophyte: Peat Moss Bryophyte: Sphagnum Moss

Hint: itty Bitty Fun Fact: Used by Florists

Non-Vascular; Spore Forming Non-Vascular; Spore Forming

Fun Fact: Dried and Burned like Resembles a Green Carpet

Wood in Ireland

Hepatophyte: Liverwort Anthocerophyte: Hornwort

Hint: Hepato Means Liver Hint: Cero Means Horn

Hepatitis – Liver disease (Tri-Cerotops)

Non-Vascular; Spore Forming Non-Vascular; Spore Forming

Fun Fact: Once Used to Treat Fun Fact: Sporophyte continues

The liver – but it Doesn’t Work to Grow Producing a Horn

Lycophyta: Club Moss Sphenophyta: Horsetail

Hint: Lyco Podium (pose for picture) Hint: Spheno Means End

Vascular; Spore Forming Vascular; Spore Forming

Fun Fact: Once Dried & Ground Fun Fact: Also Called Scouring

the Powder is Highly Flammable Rushes. Were Used by the Pioneers

& Used early photography to to Clean their Pots & Pans

Create a Flash

Pterophyta: Ferns Psilophyta: Whisk Ferns

Hint: Pterodactyl – Ferns were Hint: ‘Silly’ Looking Plant with

Dominated in the Jurassic Era erratic branches & yellow

Vascular; Spore Forming Globe-like ends

Fun Fact: Ferns Don’t have Leaves, Vascular; Spore Forming

They have Fronds. Small Coiled

Fronds are Called Fiddleheads

Gymnosperm: Gingko Gymnosperm: Cycad

Vascular; Naked Seeds (Scale) Vascular; Naked Seeds (Scale)

Deciduous; Prehistoric Evergreen (Tropical); Prehistoric

Fun Fact: Have Separate Sexes; Fun Fact: Have Separate Sexes;

Wind Pollinated Insect Pollinated

Gnetophyte: Ephedra Gymnosperm: Conifer

Hint: Psuedoephedra Hint: Pine Cones

Vascular; Naked Seed (Scale) Vascular; Naked Seed (Scale)

Evergreen (Desert) Evergreen

Fun Fact: Used to Make Cold Fun Fact: Contains most of the



Medicine Gymnosperm Family; Produce resin

Which can Harden to form Amber


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