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A handbook of councils and churches profiles of ecumenical relationships


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Part I

GLOBAL


World Council of Churches

The World Council of Churches (WCC) is the broadest and most inclusive among the many organized expressions of the modern ecumenical movement, a move­ment whose goal is to promote a united Christian voice and witness in the world.

Purpose

The WCC understands itself as a fellowship of churches, and from the outset the search for the visible unity of the churches has been at the heart of the WCC. The constitutional purpose of the fellowship of churches in WCC is “to call one another to the goal of visible unity in one faith and in one eucharistic fellowship expressed in worship and in common life in Christ, and to advance towards that unity in order that the world may believe.”

At the founding assembly of the WCC in 1948 a brief Basis was accepted, stat­ing the ground on which the churches were able to join and stay together in the WCC. The Basis was later extended to include references to the scriptures, the Trin­ity and the common calling of the churches. Since 1961 it reads:

The World Council of Churches is a fellowship of churches which confess the Lord Jesus Christ as God and Saviour according to the scriptures and therefore seek to fulfill together their common calling to the glory of the one God, Father, Son and Holy Spirit”.

Member churches

As a council of churches, the WCC is a body made up of autonomous member churches, most of them organized at the national level of their country, which have made a free choice to join the Council. The WCC has no authority over its member churches and can make no decision that is binding for them. In the words of Arch­bishop Temple, one of the ecumenical pioneers, “any authority that it may have will consist in the weight it carries with the churches by its wisdom”.

In 2005, the WCC had a membership of 348 member churches which together claimed 592 million Christian members in more than 120 countries. WCC member churches include nearly all the Eastern and Oriental Orthodox churches; Anglicans; diverse Protestant churches, including Reformed, Lutheran, Methodist, and Bap­tist, and a broad representation of united and independent churches. While most of the WCC’s founding churches were European and North American, today the majority are in Africa, Asia, the Caribbean, Latin America, the Middle East and the Pacific.

The largest Christian church, the Catholic Church, is not a member of the WCC, but has worked closely with the Council for decades and sends observers to all major WCC meetings. A Joint Working Group between the Roman Catholic Church and the WCC has been functioning since 1965. It celebrated its 40th anniversary in 2005. The Vatican’s Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity nominates twelve members to the WCC’s Faith and Order Commission as full members. Catholic missionary organizations are represented on the WCC’s Com­mission on World Mission and Evangelism. A Catholic staff person is assigned to the WCC team on Mission and Ecumenical Formation, and a Catholic teacher is on the staff of the Ecumenical Institute Bossey; both are appointed by the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity.

History and origins

Historically, the origins of the modern ecumenical movement can be traced back to the world missionary conference in Edinburgh in 1910. Out of this event grew the “Faith and Order” and “Life and Work” movements which were inspired by individuals who had a vision of unity and cooperation. In 1920 the Patriarch of Constantinople issued an encyclical calling upon all the churches in the world to join in a League of Christian Churches. In the 1930s the leaders of Faith and Order and Life and Work together developed the plan to form a world body for Christ­ian unity.

The founding assembly of the WCC was initially planned for 1941 but had to be postponed because of the war. In 1948 the representatives of 147 churches came together in Amsterdam and founded the WCC.

Other bodies subsequently merged with WCC: the International Missionary Council in 1961, and the World Council of Christian Education, with its roots in the 18th-century Sunday School movement, in 1971.

Programmatic activity

The WCC works with its member churches in a variety of programme initiatives, ranging from theological study to ecumenical education, from conflict resolution to inter-religious dialogue and communication.

For its member churches, the WCC is a unique space: one in which they can reflect, speak, act, worship and work together, challenge and support each other, share and debate with each other. As members of this fellowship, WCC member churches:


  1. – are called to the goal of visible unity in one faith and one eucharistic fellowship;

  2. – promote their common witness in work for mission and evangelism;

  3. – engage in Christian service by serving human need, breaking down barriers between people, seeking justice and peace, and upholding the integrity of cre­ation; and

  4. – foster renewal in unity, worship, mission and service.

Organization

Delegates sent by the member churches meet every seven years in an assembly, which elects a presidium of eight presidents, and a 150-member central commit­tee that governs between assemblies. A smaller executive committee, and a mod­erator and two vice-moderators are elected by the central committee. A variety of other advisory bodies and commissions report to the central committee.

From its inception, the WCC has celebrated the following assemblies, each one under a specific theme reflecting the ecumenical thinking of the time: Amsterdam (Netherlands) 1948 Man’s Disorder and God’s Design Evanston (USA) 1954 Christ – the Hope of the World New Delhi (India) 1961 Jesus Christ – the Light of the World Uppsala (Sweden) 1968 Behold, I make all things new Nairobi (Kenya) 1975 Jesus Christ Frees and Unites Vancouver (Canada) 1983 Jesus Christ – the Life of the World Canberra (Australia) 1991 Come Holy Spirit – Renew the Whole Creation

Both the Christian world and the WCC are changing. The majority of Christians are now located in the global South. New forms of ecumenical commitment and spirituality are emerging; young people are finding their own expressions of ecu­menism and church; amidst the multiplicity of ecumenical bodies, the WCC is redi­recting its energies to doing what it does best and is uniquely equipped to do.

The WCC shares the legacy of the one ecumenical movement and the respon­sibility to keep it alive. The Council’s role is to address global ecumenical issues and act as a trustee for the inner coherence of the movement.

The churches that make up the World Council live in remarkably different social conditions. Their members speak an array of languages. Their distinctive histories produce different styles of worship and forms of organization and governance. It is this diversity that makes the WCC an exciting and challenging forum. Historic tensions and differences sometimes persist – and new difficulties can come to the surface – yet the fundamental commitment remains to build unity and coopera­tion among the churches, “that the world may believe”.

The WCC maintains its headquarters in the Ecumenical Centre in Geneva, Switzerland. It has an office in New York, and a few programmatic offices in other regions.

Website: www.wcc-coe.org

Member churches of the World Council of Churches

Africa

Africa Inland Church –Sudan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 203


African Christian Church and Schools, Kenya . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156
African Church of the Holy Spirit*, Kenya . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
Arican Israel Nineveh Church, Kenya. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
African Protestant Church*, Cameroon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
Anglican Church of Kenya . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
Anglican Church of Tanzania . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 207
Association of Baptist Churches in Rwanda . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186
Association of Reformed Evangelical Churches of Burkina Faso* . . . . . . . 118
Church of Christ – Harrist Mission (Harrist Church), Côte d’Ivoire . . . . . . 153
Church of Christ –Light of the Holy Spirit, DRC. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
Church of Christ in Congo – Anglican Community of Congo, DRC . . . . . 128
Church of Christ in Congo – Baptist Community of Congo, DRC . . . . . . 129
Church of Christ in Congo – Community of Disciples of Christ, DRC . . . . 129
Church of Christ in Congo – Evangelical Community of Congo, DRC . . . . 130
Church of Christ in Congo – Mennonite Community in Congo, DRC . . . . 131
Church of Christ in Congo – Presbyterian Community of Congo, DRC . . . 131
Church of Christ in Congo – Presbyterian Community of Kinshasa, DRC . . 132
Church of Christ in Congo – Protestant Baptist Church in Africa /

Episcopal Baptist Community in Africa, DRC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133


Church of Jesus Christ in Madagascar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168
Church of Jesus Christ on Earth by his Messenger Simon Kimbangu, DRC. . 135
Church of Nigeria (Anglican Communion) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179
Church of the Brethren in Nigeria. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180
Church of the Lord (Aladura) Worldwide, Nigeria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180
Church of the Province of Central Africa, Malawi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171
Church of the Province of Southern Africa, South Africa . . . . . . . . . . . 193
Church of the Province of the Indian Ocean, Madagascar . . . . . . . . . . 167
Church of the Province of Uganda . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 213
Church of the Province of West Africa, Ghana . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146
Council of African Instituted Churches, South Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193
Episcopal Church of the Sudan. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204
Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
Ethiopian Evangelical Church Mekane Yesus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140
Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
Evangelical Baptist Church in Angola . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
Evangelical Church of Cameroon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
Evangelical Church of Gabon. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Evangelical Church of the Congo, Republic of Congo . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
Evangelical Congregational Church in Angola. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
Evangelical Lutheran Church in Congo, DRC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
Evangelical Lutheran Church in Namibia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176
Evangelical Lutheran Church in Southern Africa, South Africa . . . . . . . . 194
Evangelical Lutheran Church in Tanzania . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 208
Evangelical Lutheran Church in the Republic of Namibia . . . . . . . . . . . 177
Evangelical Lutheran Church in Zimbabwe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 218
Evangelical Lutheran Church of Ghana . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147

Evangelical Pentecostal Mission of Angola. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114


Evangelical Presbyterian Church in South Africa. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195
Evangelical Presbyterian Church of Togo. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211
Evangelical Presbyterian Church, Ghana . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
Evangelical Reformed Church of Angola. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
Kenya Evangelical Lutheran Church* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159
Lesotho Evangelical Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163
Lutheran Church in Liberia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165
Malagasy Lutheran Church, Madagascar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169
Methodist Church in Kenya . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160
Methodist Church in Zimbabwe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219
Methodist Church Nigeria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181
Methodist Church of Southern Africa, South Africa. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196
Methodist Church of Togo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211
Methodist Church Sierra Leone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 190
Methodist Church, Ghana . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
Moravian Church in South Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197
Moravian Church in Tanzania. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209
Native Baptist Church of Cameroon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
Nigerian Baptist Convention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182
Presbyterian Church in Cameroon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
Presbyterian Church in Rwanda . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187
Presbyterian Church of Africa, South Africa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 198
Presbyterian Church of Cameroon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
Presbyterian Church of East Africa, Kenya . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161
Presbyterian Church of Ghana . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
Presbyterian Church of Liberia* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165
Presbyterian Church of Mozambique* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 174
Presbyterian Church of Nigeria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183
Presbyterian Church of the Sudan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 204
Protestant Church of Algeria* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Protestant Evangelical Church of Guinea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
Protestant Methodist Church of Benin . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116
Province of the Anglican Church of Burundi. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
Province of the Episcopal Church in Rwanda . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 188
Reformed Church in Zambia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215
Reformed Church in Zimbabwe. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220
Reformed Church of Christ in Nigeria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184
Reformed Presbyterian Church of Equatorial Guinea* . . . . . . . . . . . . 138
The African Church, Nigeria. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184
Union of Baptist Churches of Cameroon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125
United Church of Christ in Zimbabwe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220
United Church of Zambia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 216
United Congregational Church of Southern Africa, South Africa . . . . . . . 199
United Evangelical Church “Anglican Communion in Angola”, Angola 1. . . 115
United Methodist Church of Côte d’Ivoire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
Uniting Presbyterian Church in Southern Africa, South Africa . . . . . . . . 200
Uniting Reformed Church in Southern Africa, South Africa. . . . . . . . . . 200
This church has become the Angola Diocese of the Church of the Province of Southern Africa.

Asia


Anglican Church in Aotearoa, New Zealand and Polynesia . . . . . . . . . . 229
Anglican Church in Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 280
Anglican Church of Australia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 235
Anglican Church of Korea. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 284
Associated Churches of Christ in New Zealand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 230
Bangladesh Baptist Church Sangha. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 239
Baptist Union of New Zealand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231
Batak Christian Community Church (GPKB)*, Indonesia . . . . . . . . . . . 260
Bengal-Orissa-Bihar Baptist Convention*, India . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250
China Christian Council . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 242
Christian Church of Central Sulawesi (GKST), Indonesia . . . . . . . . . . . 261
Christian Church of Sumba (GKS), Indonesia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 261
Christian Evangelical Church in Minahasa (GMIM), Indonesia . . . . . . . . 261
Christian Evangelical Church in Sangihe Talaud (GMIST), Indonesia . . . . . 262
Christian Protestant Angkola Church (GKPA), Indonesia . . . . . . . . . . . 263
Christian Protestant Church in Indonesia (GKPI) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 264
Church of Bangladesh*. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 240
Church of Ceylon, Sri Lanka . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 307
Church of Christ in Thailand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 309
Church of North India . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250
Church of Pakistan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 296
Church of South India . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 251
Church of the Province of Myanmar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 292
Churches of Christ in Australia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 236
Convention of Philippine Baptist Churches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 299
East Java Christian Church (GKJW), Indonesia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 264
Episcopal Church in the Philippines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300
Evangelical Christian Church in Halmahera, Indonesia . . . . . . . . . . . . 265
Evangelical Christian Church in Tanah Papua, Indonesia . . . . . . . . . . . 266
Evangelical Methodist Church in the Philippines. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 300
Hong Kong Council of the Church of Christ in China . . . . . . . . . . . . . 244
Indonesian Christian Church (GKI) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 267
Indonesian Christian Church (HKI) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 267
Javanese Christian Churches (GKJ), Indonesia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 268
Kalimantan Evangelical Church (GKE), Indonesia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 268
Karo Batak Protestant Church (GBKP), Indonesia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 269
Korean Christian Church in Japan* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 281
Korean Methodist Church. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 284
Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church, India . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 251
Mar Thoma Syrian Church of Malabar, India . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253
Mara Evangelical Church*, Myanmar. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 292
Methodist Church in India . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 254
Methodist Church in Indonesia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 270
Methodist Church in Malaysia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 289
Methodist Church in Singapore*. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 305
Methodist Church of New Zealand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 232
Methodist Church Sri Lanka. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 308
Methodist Church, Upper Myanmar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 293
Myanmar Baptist Convention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 293

Nias Protestant Christian Church (BNKP), Indonesia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 271


Orthodox Church in Japan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 281
Pasundan Christian Church (GKP), Indonesia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 272
Philippine Independent Church. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 301
Presbyterian Church in Taiwan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 246
Presbyterian Church in the Republic of Korea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 285
Presbyterian Church of Aotearoa New Zealand . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 233
Presbyterian Church of Korea . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 287
Presbyterian Church of Pakistan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 297
Protestant Christian Batak Church (HKBP), Indonesia . . . . . . . . . . . . . 272
Protestant Christian Church in Bali (GKPB)*, Indonesia . . . . . . . . . . . . 273
Protestant Church in Indonesia (GPI) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 274
Protestant Church in Sabah (PCS), Malaysia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 290
Protestant Church in South-East Sulawesi, Indonesia . . . . . . . . . . . . . 275
Protestant Church in the Moluccas (GPM), Indonesia . . . . . . . . . . . . . 275
Protestant Church in Timor Lorosa’e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 311
Protestant Church in Western Indonesia (GPIB) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 276
Protestant Evangelical Church in Timor (GMIT), Indonesia . . . . . . . . . . 277
Samavesam of Telugu Baptist Churches, India . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 255
Simalungun Protestant Christian Church (GKPS), Indonesia . . . . . . . . . 277
Toraja Church, Indonesia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 278
United Church of Christ in Japan. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 282
United Church of Christ in the Philippines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 302
United Evangelical Lutheran Church in India. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 255

UELCI – Andhra Evangelical Lutheran Church

UELCI – Arcot Lutheran Church

UELCI – Evangelical Lutheran Church in Madhya Pradesh

UELCI – Evangelical Lutheran Church in The Himalayan States

UELCI – Good Samaritan Evangelical Lutheran Church

UELCI – Gossner Evangelical Lutheran Church in Chotanagpur

UELCI – India Evangelical Lutheran Church

UELCI – Jeypore Evangelical Lutheran Church

UELCI – Northern Evangelical Lutheran Church

UELCI – South Andhra Lutheran Church

UELCI – Tamil Evangelical Lutheran Church


Uniting Church in Australia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237
Caribbean

Baptist Convention of Haiti . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 327


Church in the Province of the West Indies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 320
Jamaica Baptist Union . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 329
Methodist Church in Cuba* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 323
Methodist Church in the Caribbean and the Americas . . . . . . . . . . . . 318
Methodist Church of Porto Rico* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 334
Moravian Church in Jamaica . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 330
Moravian Church in Suriname . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 336
Moravian Church, Eastern West Indies Province . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 318
Presbyterian Church in Trinidad and Tobago . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 338
Presbyterian-Reformed Church in Cuba* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 324
United Church in Jamaica and the Cayman Islands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 330

United Protestant Church*, Netherlands Antilles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 333


Europe

Armenian Apostolic Church (Holy See of Etchmiadzin) . . . . . . . . . . . . 354


Baptist Union of Denmark. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 367
Baptist Union of Great Britain. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 468
Baptist Union of Hungary. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 405
Catholic Diocese of the Old-Catholics in Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 383
Church in Wales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 475
Church of England . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 470
Church of Greece . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 401
Church of Ireland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 411
Church of Norway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 427
Church of Scotland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 478
Church of Sweden. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 457
Church of the Augsburg Confession of Alsace and Lorraine , France . . . . 377
Czechoslovak Hussite Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 363
Ecumenical Patriarchate, Turkey. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 468
Estonian Evangelical Lutheran Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 370
Evangelical Baptist Union of Italy* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 413
Evangelical Church in Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 385
EKD –Bremen Evangelical Church. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 386
EKD –Church of Lippe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 387
EKD –Evangelical Church in Baden . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 387
EKD – Evangelical Church in Berlin-Brandenburg-Silesian Oberlausitz. 388
EKD – Evangelical Church in Hesse and Nassau . . . . . . . . . . . . 389
EKD –Evangelical Church in Rhineland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 389
EKD –Evangelical Church of Anhalt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 390
EKD – Evangelical Church of Kurhessen Waldeck . . . . . . . . . . . 390
EKD –Evangelical Church of the Palatinate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 391
EKD – Evangelical Church of the Province of Saxony (see below) . . . . 397
EKD –Evangelical Church of Westphalia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 391
EKD – Evangelical Lutheran Church in Bavaria . . . . . . . . . . . . . 392
EKD – Evangelical Lutheran Church in Brunswick . . . . . . . . . . . 392
EKD – Evangelical Lutheran Church in Oldenburg . . . . . . . . . . . 393
EKD – Evangelical Lutheran Church in Thuringia (see below) . . . . . . 397
EKD – Evangelical Lutheran Church in Württemberg . . . . . . . . . 393
EKD – Evangelical Lutheran Church of Hanover . . . . . . . . . . . . 394
EKD – Evangelical Lutheran Church of Mecklenburg. . . . . . . . . . 395
EKD – Evangelical Lutheran Church of Saxony . . . . . . . . . . . . . 395
EKD – Evangelical Lutheran Church of Schaumburg-Lippe . . . . . . 396
EKD – Evangelical Reformed Church in Northwestern Germany . . . 396
EKD – North Elbian Evangelical Lutheran Church . . . . . . . . . . . 398
EKD –Pomeranian Evangelical Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 399
Evangelical Church of Czech Brethren . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 364
Evangelical Church of the Augsburg and Helvetic Confessions in Austria . . 357
Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession in Poland . . . . . . . . . . 430
Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession in Romania . . . . . . . . . 439
Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession in Slovakia . . . . . . . . . 449
These two churches form together the Federation of Evangelical Churches in Middle Germany

Evangelical Lutheran Church in Denmark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 368


Evangelical-Lutheran Church in Romania . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 438
Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 373
Evangelical Lutheran Church of France . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 378
Evangelical Lutheran Church of Iceland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 408
Evangelical Lutheran Church of Latvia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 417
Evangelical Methodist Church of Italy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 414
Evangelical Presbyterian Church of Portugal* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 435
Federation of Swiss Protestant Churches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 460
Greek Evangelical Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 403
Latvian Evangelical Lutheran Church Abroad, Germany. . . . . . . . . . . .
Lusitanian Church of Portugal* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 436
Lutheran Church in Hungary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 405
Mennonite Church in Germany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 400
Mennonite Church in the Netherlands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 422
Methodist Church, UK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 472
Methodist Church in Ireland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 412
Mission Covenant Church of Sweden . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 458
Moravian Church British Province and EFBU . . . . . . . . . . . . . 384 and 469
Old-Catholic Church of Austria. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 358
Old-Catholic Church of Switzerland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 462
Old-Catholic Church of the Netherlands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 423
Old-Catholic Mariavite Church in Poland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 431
Orthodox Autocephalous Church of Albania . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 353
Orthodox Church of Finland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 374
Orthodox Church of the Czech Lands and Slovakia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 450
Polish Autocephalous Orthodox Church in Poland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 431
Polish Catholic Church in Poland . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 433
Presbyterian Church of Wales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 476
Protestant Church in the Netherlands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 424
Reformed Christian Church in Serbia and Montenegro . . . . . . . . . . . . 445
Reformed Christian Church in Slovakia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 451
Reformed Church in Hungary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 406
Reformed Church in Romania. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 440
Reformed Church of Alsace and Lorraine, France . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 379
Reformed Church of France. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 379
Remonstrant Brotherhood, Netherlands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 425
Romanian Orthodox Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 441
Russian Orthodox Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 443
Scottish Episcopal Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 479
Serbian Orthodox Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 446
Silesian Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession

in the Czech Republic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 365


Slovak Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession in Serbia

& Montenegro . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 447


Spanish Evangelical Church. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 453
Spanish Reformed Episcopal Church* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 454
Union of Welsh Independents, UK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 477
United Free Church of Scotland. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 480
United Protestant Church of Belgium. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 360

United Reformed Church, UK . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 473


Waldensian Church, Italy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 415
Latin America

Anglican Church of the Southern Cone of America . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 492


Association The Church of God*, Argentina . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 492
Baptist Association of El Salvador* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 512
Baptist Convention of Nicaragua . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 515
Bolivian Evangelical Lutheran Church*. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 498
Christian Biblical Church*, Argentina . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 493
Christian Reformed Church of Brazil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 501
Episcopal Anglican Church of Brazil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 501
Evangelical Church of Lutheran Confession in Brazil . . . . . . . . . . . . . 502
Evangelical Church of the Disciples of Christ in Argentina*. . . . . . . . . . 494
Evangelical Church of the River Plate, Argentina . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 494
Evangelical Lutheran Church in Chile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 506
Evangelical Methodist Church in Bolivia* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 499
Evangelical Methodist Church of Argentina . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 496
Free Pentecostal Missions Church of Chile. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 507
Methodist Church in Brazil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 503
Methodist Church in Uruguay* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 521
Methodist Church of Chile* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 507
Methodist Church of Mexico . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 514
Methodist Church of Peru*. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 519
Moravian Church in Nicaragua . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 516
Pentecostal Church of Chile. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 508
Pentecostal Mission Church, Chile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 509
Presbyterian Church of Colombia*. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 511
Salvadorean Lutheran Synod* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 513
United Evangelical Lutheran Church*, Argentina . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 496
United Presbyterian Church of Brazil* . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 504
Middle East

Armenian Apostolic Church (Holy See of Cilicia) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 538


Church of Cyprus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 529
Coptic Orthodox Church, Egypt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 530
Episcopal Church in Jerusalem and the Middle East . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 536
Evangelical Presbyterian Church in Iran . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 534
Evangelican Presbyterian Church of Egypt Synod of the Nile . . . . . . . . . 532
Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria and All Africa . . . . . . . . . . 533
Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Antioch and All the East . . . . . . . . . . . 541
Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Jerusalem. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 535
National Evangelical Synod of Syria and Lebanon . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 539
Syrian Orthodox Patriarchate of Antioch and All the East . . . . . . . . . . . 542
Union of the Armenian Evangelical Churches in the Near East . . . . . . . . 540
North America

African Methodist Episcopal Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 555


African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 556
American Baptist Churches in the USA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 557
Anglican Church of Canada. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 548

Canadian Yearly Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends . . . . . . . . . 549


Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) in the USA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 558
Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) in Canada. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 549
Christian Methodist Episcopal Church, USA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 559
Church of the Brethren, USA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 560
Episcopal Church in the USA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 561
Estonian Evangelical Lutheran Church Abroad, Canada. . . . . . . . . . . . 550
Evangelical Lutheran Church in America . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 562
Evangelical Lutheran Church in Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 550
Holy Apostolic Catholic Assyrian Church of the East . . . . . . . . . . . . . 563
Hungarian Reformed Church in America . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 565
International Council of Community Churches, USA . . . . . . . . . . . . . 565
International Evangelical Church, USA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 566
Moravian Church in America . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 567
National Baptist Convention of America . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 567
National Baptist Convention USA, Inc.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 569
Orthodox Church in America . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 570
Polish National Catholic Church, USA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 571
Presbyterian Church (USA) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 572
Presbyterian Church in Canada. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 551
Progressive National Baptist Convention, Inc., USA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 573
Reformed Church in America. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 575
Religious Society of Friends – Friends General Conference, USA . . . . . . . 576
Religious Society of Friends – Friends United Meeting, USA . . . . . . . . . 576
United Church of Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 552
United Church of Christ, USA. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 577
United Methodist Church, USA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 578
Pacific

Church of Melanesia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 603


Congregational Christian Church in American Samoa . . . . . . . . . . . . 586
Congregational Christian Church in Samoa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 600
Congregational Christian Church of Niue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 596
Congregational Christian Church of Tuvalu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 607
Cook Islands Christian Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 587
Evangelical Church in New Caledonia and the Loyalty Isles . . . . . . . . . . 594
Evangelical Lutheran Church of Papua New Guinea. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 598
Free Wesleyan Church of Tonga (Methodist Church in Tonga) . . . . . . . . 606
Kiribati Protestant Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 592
Maohi Protestant Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 591
Methodist Church in Fiji and Rotuma. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 589
Methodist Church of Samoa . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 602
Presbyterian Church of Vanuatu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 609
United Church in Papua New Guinea. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 599
United Church in Solomon Islands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 604
United Church of Christ – Congregational in the Marshall Islands . . . . . . 593

WCC member churches by church family*

*Based on the statistics provided by the member churches for the purpose of this book.

Note: the statistics per region include the international membership of churches which have their head office (Patri­archate for the Orthodox churches) in another region inasmuch as such data have been made available by the churches

(e.g. the statistics for Latin America include the diaspora of five Orthodox churches, and dioceses of the Episcopal Church USA).

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