CULTURE AND RECREATION
Lawrence's residents see the community as an older, urban, industrialized
city whose history parallels that of the country as a whole. Originally a
rural farming town, the city was transformed into a major industrial center
when Boston entrepeneurs developed huge textile mills on the Merrimack
River to use the power of its water falls. The mill owners built canals, a
dam and a reservoir, boarding houses and a machine shop for locomotives,
creating one of the first industrial complexes in the country.
Employees came first from other parts of New England to work in the mills,
but the city has traditionally served as an entry point to immigrants and
by the turn of the century, Irish, Polish, Italian, Syrian and
French-Canadians were following the jobs to Lawrence and setting a standard
of proud diversification for the city which is maintained to this day with
newcomers from the Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Vietnam and Cambodia.
Despite the huge technological changes over the years, the manufacture of
textiles and of men's and women's clothing is still central to Lawrence's
economy and some of the finest names in apparel are made in the city. City
planners are working to broaden the city's industrial and business base and
(Narrative supplied by community)
Northeastern Massachusetts, bordered by Methuen on the north, Andover on the
west and southwest, and North Andover on the east and southeast. Lawrence is 26
miles north of Boston; 92 miles south of Portland, Maine; and 240 miles from New
Total Area: 7.42 sq. miles
Land Area: 6.97 sq. miles
Density: 10,073 per sq. mile
(National Climatic Data Center)
Normal temperature in January.....24.7°F
Normal temperature in July........72.5°F
Normal annual precipitation.......42.8"
U.S.G.S. Topographical Plates
Regional Planning Agency
Merrimack Valley Region
Metropolitan Statistical Area
Main Number: (978) 794-5803
Telephone Numbers for Public Information
Form of Government
As a town: 1847
As a city: 1853
Registered Voters (Secretary of State 1994)
Total Registered 21,281
Democrats 12,723 59.8 %
Republicans 2,663 12.5 %
Other parties 40 0.2 %
Unenrolled Voters 5,855 27.5 %
Senators and Representatives by City and Town
Home Sales (Banker & Tradesman)-
Town Stats - Free market Statistics
Subsidized Housing Units (DHCD 1998)
DHCD Subsidized Housing Inventory
Subsidized Housing Units: The number of housing units which count toward the municipality's 10% goal for low- and moderate-income housing. It includes both subsidized affordable units and market rate units in certain eligible subsidized developments.
Public Housing Units (DHCD 1999)
Conventional State: 522
Conventional Federal: 1,056
Rental Assistance(DHCD 1999)
State (MRVP: 98
Federal (Section 8): 1,056
TRANSPORTATION AND ACCESS
The development of transportation resources in the Merrimack River Valley,
where Lawrence is situated, was shaped by the history of the region as a
major site of American industrial development in the nineteenth century.
The area has exceptionally good highway and rail facilities linking the
major cities and towns to each other and to the port, airport, and
intermodal facilities of Boston.
Principal highways are Interstate Route 495, the outer belt around Boston,
and Interstate Route 93, which passes along the city's western border.
Commuter service to Boston's North Station is provided by Amtrak under
contract to the MBTA. Travel time: 52-57 minutes; 164 MBTA parking spaces.
The Springfield Terminal Railway offers freight service to Lawrence.
Contact number: (978) 663-1073
Lawrence is a member of the Merrimack Valley Regional Transit Authority
(MVRTA), which provides fixed route service within the city and to other
cities and towns in the region. The MRTA and the Lawrence Council on Aging
offer paratransit service to the elderly and disabled. Trombly Commuter
Lines provides commuter service to Boston M-F, with limited service on
The Lawrence Municipal Airport, a Reliever facility (RL) located in North
Andover, is easily accessible. It has two asphalt runways 3,901' and 5,000'
long. Instrument approaches available: Precision and non-precision.
Flight Line offers bus service to Logan Airport and Manchester Airport in
CULTURE AND RECREATION
Board of Library Commissioners On-line Library Catalog
(American Association of Museums)
Immigrant City Archives, Historical Society of Lawrence and Its
135 Parker Street
Lawrence Heritage State Park
1 Jackson Street
Telephone Numbers for Public Information
Recreational Facilities(Recreational sites and activities)
Department of Environmental Management Recreation Section
(Dept. of Public Health 1992)
Lawrence General Hospital
Long Term Care
Anlaw Nursing Home
Berkley Retirement Home
Mi Nursing/restorative Center
Town Manor Nursing Home
Wood Mill Rehab. & Nursing Center
Merrimack Valley Hospice, Inc
German Old Folks Home,inc
Telephone Numbers for Public Utilities
The Department of Housing and Community Development would like to thank the many government agencies noted as having provided information for the community profiles. In addition to these agencies, the Regional Transit Authorities assisted with the transportation component of the profiles. We gratefully acknowledge the assistance of many city and town officials, which enabled us to include information obtainable only at the local level. DHCD would also like to thank the following individuals for providing special help: Leslie A. Kirwan, Deputy Commissioner, Division of Local Services, Department of Revenue; Richard Shibley, Deputy Secretary of State; Bob Beattie of the Department of Public Health; Charles W. Clifford from the Martha's Vineyard Commission; Dennis Coffey of the Executive Office of Transportation and Construction; Donna Fletcher and Christian Jacqz of the Executive Office of Environmental Affairs; James Griffin from the MBTA; Karen Loh from Banker & Tradesman; Todd Maio from the Department of Welfare; Geoffrey Morton from the Election Division of the Secretary of State's Office; Stephen R. Muench of the Massachusetts Aeronautics Commission; Rol Murrow of the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association; Mary Ann Neary and Emmanuelle Fletcher, reference librarians at the State House Library; Jeff Nellhaus from the Department of Education; and George Sanborn, reference librarian at the State Transportation Library.
NOTE: The COMMUNITY PROFILE draws information from a diversity of sources. The main source of information is listed under each section. In some instances comments submitted by the municipality were incorporated to correct and/or enhance the information obtained from the main source. However, no changes were made to those data bases which must be consistent throughout the state. DHCD has made efforts to ensure the accuracy of all data in the COMMUNITY PROFILES, but cannot take responsibility for any consequences arising from the use of the information contained in this document.
Department of Housing and Community Development