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This is a set of short biographies of some of the major Palestinian political leaders since 1967

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Abd al-Muhsin Abu Mayzar: PNF leader & PLO-EC member. b.1931/3 in Hebron, joined Ba‘th party whilst studying law in Cairo in 1951; became a Jerusalem lawyer & member of Jerusalem city council from 1955. Secretary of Ba‘th party in Jerusalem district from 1956, but went underground from 1957, before leaving for Syria, where he became a leading Ba‘thist. Ed of al-Wahda newspaper from 1958, then ed-in-chief of Lebanese daily al-Sahafa (1961-2), & ed. of Syrian official newspaper al-Ba‘th (1963-5). In 1964, was member of Syrian delegation to NAM conference & part of committee drafting Syrian constitution. Returned to Jerusalem in 1965 amnesty, & after occupation was member of Islamic Supreme Council & leader of Higher Committee for National Guidance. Acted within the PNF until deportation (Dec73); made head of PNF in Mar74 & appointed to PLO-EC (Jun74) to serve as head of national, pan-Arab & returnee affairs; & then as EC spokesperson (1974-84). Left PLO-EC in 1984, & became official spokesman of the PNSF.

Furayh Abu Midayn: Former PA Minister for Justice, losing position in 9Jun02 reshuffle. Gaza lawyer (LLB from Alexandria Uni, 1971). b.1944, Gaza, though family from Beersheba (where grandfather was mayor). Head of Gaza Bar Assoc from 1989-94; member of Palestinian delegation to the Madrid process; pro-Fatah PLC member for Dayr al-Balah. Most famous for calling for all Palestinians who sell land to Jews to be killed; for justification of death sentences; and for denouncing Palestinians' NGO sector. Voted against Hebron redeployment agreement.

Abd al-Karim Abu Salah: PA minister of justice from Apr03. b.1955, Khan Yunis. Trained as a lawyer, with a BA in law and MA in International Relations (both at Cairo Uni). Independent PLC member for Khan Yunis, he served as head of the PLC's legal committee; also a member of the PLC budget & financial affairs committee. PLO-CC member.

Rashid Abu Shabak: Head of the Preventative Security Force in Gaza, from Jun02. Was previously the deputy commander, under Dahlan. Offered resignation on 16Jul04, but seems to have been retained.

Ismail Abu Shanab: Hamas leader in Gaza. b.1955; trained as a construction engineer at Colorado State Uni (from which he holds a Masters degree); teaches engineering at Gaza's Islamic Uni. Speaks fluent English. Served as a deputy to Ahmad Yassin, & was imprisoned for 7 years for this. On release in late 96, led the Hamas slate that won 8/11 seats on Gaza Engineering Association. Served as Hamas’ observer to the PLO-CC, and is their rep to the National & Islamic Forces. Seems to accept a two-state settlement in a 1997 interview, and accepted the Saudi peace plan in Apr02 interview, saying that Hamas would "cease all military activities" if Israel withdrew to 1967 borders. Was the Hamas representative to the 2002 talks in Gaza of all the major factions on a united Palestinian programme, and reportedly was involved in the drafting of the 10Aug draft agreement. Killed in an Israeli attack on Gaza, 21Aug03.

Majid Abu Sharar: former Fatah leftist leader. Began in Muslim Brotherhood. Was Secretary of Fatah-RC from Sept71 & director of the PLO unified information department from c.1973. Led the “Soviet group” within Fatah with Nimr Salih. Elected onto Fatah-CC in May80, but was killed by an explosion (prob Mossad, maybe Abu Nidal) in his hotel room on a visit to Rome in Oct81.

Bassam Abu Sharif (Bassam Tawfiq Abu Sharif) [Abu Umar]: former PFLP leader. b.1946, Old Jerusalem; father had worked for Palestine Broadcasting Service before moving to Irbid. Studied at AUB (grad.1967) where he became involved with ANM; founding member of PFLP, in CC from 1968, politburo from 1972. Deputy ed (Jul69-) & ed (1972-) of al-Hadaf, & served as PF’s spokesman. Partially blinded by Mossad letter bomb (25Jul72). Became sec to GUPWriters & Journalists (1972-), International Org of Journalists (1974-). Within PF, favoured closer cooperation with Fatah; but removed from politburo when pro-Syria line under Abu ‘Ali came to dominate in 1981; demoting to running external relations. In drawing closer to ‘Arafat, he met Husni Mubarak (1987) > expelled from PF, & became special advisor to ‘Arafat. In a non-partisan role, could float compromise plans (eg his Jun88 art for a 2 State solution) > preparing Palestinians for Madrid & Oslo compromises. Returned to Ramallah in 1996, & retains role as ‘Arafat’s special advisor, often writing unofficial statements of the Palestinian position. Co-authored Best of Enemies with Uzi Mahnaimi, an Israeli intelligence officer (1995).

Ziyad Abu Ziyad (Ziyad ‘Ali Khalil Abu Ziyad): b.1940, Bethany, Jerusalem. PLC member for Jerusalem; served as PA minister for Jerusalem until position was eliminated on 9Jun02. Grad from Damascus Uni in law (1965). Former editor of al-Fajr newspaper (from 1977), pro-Fatah; noted for his willingness to make compromises with Israel; became ed & publisher of Gesher (Bridge, 1986-), a bi-monthly Hebrew-language Palestinian newspaper. Nevertheless, was still arrested by Israel for “subversive activities” on 13Nov90. Head of advisory committee to Madrid process. Delegate to ACRS multilateral talks. Remains co-editor of P-I Journal. Became PA minister without portfolio in Aug98, then made minister for Jerusalem on Faysal al-Husayni’s death. An in-depth interview on Jerusalem is here.

Ahmad ‘Afana [Abu al-Mu‘tasim]: former assistant chief of staff of al-‘Asifa; took over role from 1982. Earlier, was a Syrian army officer, & then – after joining PLO – commanded PLO-LNM joint forces in Matn area in Lebanese civil war. Based in Damascus. Reportedly coopted onto Fatah-CC. Refuses to enter PA area.

Zakariyya al-Agha: Head of Fatah High Command in Gaza since mid-1994 & so coopted as Fatah-CC member, member of PLO-EC since Apr96 with responsibility for the Arab & IR department, & former PA minister for housing from 1994. A medical doctor by training, from Gazan notable family. Was a Palestinian delegate to the Madrid talks. An ‘Arafat loyalist, his nomination as leader in Gaza was strongly opposed by grassroots activists. Failed in his bid to become a PLC member in Jan96, & left ministerial position. Led Fatah delegation for talks with Hamas in Nov02, to agree a common strategy.

Albert Aghazarian: most prominent Palestinian Armenian. b.1950, Jerusalem; BA in polsci from AUB (1972). Editorial board of al-Quds (1973-5), moving to teach & work in public relations at BZU. Headed press centre during Madrid conference.

Abd al-Rahim Ahmad: head of ALF from 1975 (possibly '74) until his death in 1991. Was member of PLO-EC from 1977, serving as head of the Department of Popular Organizations & also from 1982 as official spokesperson.

Azzam al-Ahmad: PA minister of telecommunications and IT from Apr03 (previously minister of public works, with housing portfolio added on 9Jun02). b.1947, Jenin. BA in Economics from Baghdad Uni. Head of GUPS in Iraq from 1971-4; deputy head of GUPS' Executive Committee from 1974-80; PLO ambassador to Iraq from 1979-94. Fatah-RC member from 1989. A PLC member, was elected in the Jenin district as a Fatah candidate.

Shaykh Sa‘ad al-Din al-‘Alami: West Bank religious leader. b.1911, Jerusalem; became Shari‘a qadi in Ramallah (1948-51), Nablus (1951-3); then Mufti of Jerusalem from 1953; also became member of the Shari‘a appeal court in Jerusalem from Jul67, and went on to become head of the Islamic Board and Chief Qadi in the West Bank for most of the 1970s & 1980s. Sympathetic towards Fatah, calling for Hafiz al-Asad’s death when he expelled ‘Arafat & Wazir from Syria in Jun83. Died on 6Feb93.

Naji ‘Allush: Fatah dissenter, academic, poet. b.1935, Birzayt, where also educated. Moved to Kuwait in 1956, & began publishing works on revolutionaries from 1960; major work inc al-Tariq ila Filastin (Beirut, 1968), and his history of the 1936-39 revolt. An early recruit to Fatah, but maintained links with covert groups, inc the nascent Abu Nidal splinter. Was the only Fatah delegate to oppose the "phased programme" in the PNC in Jun74, & resigned position (in Fatah-RC - ?); and was briefly detained in Aug74, on the grounds of assisting Abu Nidal. 4 collections of poetry from 1967. Is still on the Board of Trustees of the Centre for Arab Unity Studies, in Beirut.

Nabil ‘Amr (Nabil Mahmud Yusif ‘Amr): PA minister of information from Apr03-Oct03 and former PA minister for parliamentary affairs from Aug98. b.1947, from al-Dura. Trained in law at Damascus Uni, also obtaining a diploma in media and radio broadcasting from Cairo university. Served as director of the PLO's Sawt Filastin, PLO ambassador to Moscow (from 1988-93; and wrote a book on the fall of the Soviet Union), editor-in-chief of al-Hayat al-Jadida & director of the PA radio & TV authority. Is a Fatah-RC member, & is PLC member (Fatah) for Hebron. Was a member of the Palestinian negotiating team. Resigned his ministry on 3May02, demanding overhaul of PA and changes to the cabinet. Walked out of PLC session on 29Oct02 in protest at new cabinet; and called for the appointment of a Prime Minister, supporting Mahmud ‘Abbas for this position. In response, his house was shot at by al-Aqsa members. Mahmud ‘Abbas named him as part of his cabinet in Apr03, as information minister, but lost his position in Oct03. Stood for position of PLC speaker in Mar04, but won only 15 votes. On 20Jul04, he was shot and injured in Ramallah by unidentified, presumably Palestinian, gunmen.

Yasir ‘Amr: former PA minister of education, member of PLO-EC. Was leading Ba‘thist nationalist activist in Hebron/Bethlehem after 1967. After deportation, served as pro-Sa‘iqa secretary of PLO-EC until 1970/1. Returned to PLO-EC, where he remains. Was widely criticised for the heavy-handed way he dealt with striking teachers; resigned his position in the PA in Aug98.

Basil Aql: former director of PLO’s pol department; head of Palestinian delegation to the UN during mid-1970s. Now a businessman & an independent member of the PLO-CC.

Mamduh ‘Aqr: Physician. b.1943, Nablus; joined ANM & then PFLP (1967-70); trained in Cairo Uni medical school (grad.1969); worked in Kuwaiti hospitals (1970-3) before further training in Edinburgh & London. Founded the Mandela Institute for Palestinian pol prisoners. Palestinian delegate to the Madrid talks. A critic of the PA, he signed the secular-nationalist statement of Dec01 oppg the PA's arrests of activists.

Yasir ‘Arafat [Abu Ammar]: b. Md ‘Abd al-Ra’uf al-Qidwa al-Husayni on 4Aug29 in Cairo (tho are claims that it was Gaza or Jerusalem), a distant relative of Hajj Amin, & from a Gaza-based family. After his mother died in 1933, lived with uncle & brother Fathi in Jerusalem. Claims to have fought under ‘Abd al-Qadir al-Husayni & with the Ikhwan in Gaza & Jerusalem in 1948; and to have participated in Ikhwan attacks on British installations in Suez in early50s, as well as serving with Egyptian army in the Suez war. Rose through the Palestinian Students Union that he was president of from 1952 (& through it took on an international role, eg at Warsaw Youth festival, Jul54), whilst studying as an engineer at Fuad I (now Cairo) University, until the formation of Fatah. After graduating in 1957, left to work in Kuwait public works & construction. Spokesman for Fatah since Apr68; PLO-EC chairman since Feb69. Married Suha (b.1963, daughter of Raymonda Tawil; a Christian who nominally converted on marrying) in secret in Tunisia in 1990; has a daughter, Zahwa (b.1995). Closest shave was probably when his plane crashed in a desert sandstorm nr al-Sarra (Sn Libya) on 7Apr92: 3 crewmen killed, ‘Arafat found 12 hrs later. Awarded Nobel peace prize in Dec94. The official biography is here; various others are listed here. Extended interview from Sept88 here. Died in Nov04.

Hasan ‘Asfur: Long-term negotiator in the Oslo process. Was secretary to the Palestinian negotiating team that concluded initial Oslo negotiations; he produced a draft joint declaration of principles. Independent PLC member for Khan Yunis. Became PA minister without portfolio from Aug98, & then minister of NGO affairs (from Jul99; his appointment was not presented to the PLC for approval, leading to inclarity of role), and lost position in the cabinet on 9Jun02. Leading figure in the PPP. Pessimistic interview in MEI583; his review of the flaws in the Palestinian negotiating strategy is here (Jun02). Was attacked (& hospitalised) by suspected supporters of Rajub due to his alignment with Dahlan (13May02).

Na'im al-Ashhab (Abu Bashar): JCP/PPP leader. b.1929, Hebron, though family moved to Jerusalem's German colony in 1934. Worked as a junior official in British mandate administration from 1945 (narrowly escaping King David Hotel blast). Refugee to Hebron in 1948; & immediately joined NLL & moved back to Jerusalem. Repeatedly arrested by Jordan from Feb51, &, exc for short period of the Nabulsi government, was underground from Oct54 to rearrest in Aug66 & solitary confinement at Zarka for 10 months. After occupation, ran West Bank affairs for JCP, opposing involvement in military activities which he saw as counterproductive (he blamed the influence of Maoist and Trotskyist ideas for the PLO's stance, in World Marxist Review 17/4, Apr74); portrayed role of group more as discouraging emigration, non-violent protest. Israel repeatedly arrested him from Jan68 for distributing leaflets, and in prison he learnt Hebrew but became ill & nearly blind; after an international campaign, was released & deported in Aug71, moving to Moscow (for treatment) & Prague where he represented JCP/PCP on international communist boards. Elected onto PNC & PLO-CC in 1987; retired from PLO & PPP institutions in 1991, though continues to represent PPP to Israeli communist groups. Returned to West Bank in May93. Is now a regular columnist for al-Ayyam newspaper & speaker on human rights, democracy and Jerusalem. In Jun01 article, he condemned suicide bombings & shooting from inhabited areas. Extensive profile here.

Hamdan ‘Ashur: PA minister of housing and public works. b.1940, Gaza City. An early member of Fatah, he was involved in organising Fatah members in Europe from 1960-67, before moving to Lebanon. A member of Fatah-RC from 1968, and now its General Secretary (amin al-'amn, with 'Adnan Samara and Sakhr Bsisu as deputies). A Fatah representative on the PLO-CC.

Hanan ‘Ashrawi (Hanan Mikhail Da’ud Khalil ‘Ashrawi): PLC member for Jerusalem; human rights activist. b.1946, Nablus (tho family from Tiberias & Ramallah), a Anglican Christian, daughter of Da’ud Mikhail, a leader of Sulayman al-Nabulsi’s National Soc Party. Family settled in Ramallah after 1948. Worked through GUPW in Lebanon (1967-72), PLO Information Office (1968-70) whilst studying English lit at AUB; & then at Uni of Virginia (PhD in medieval lit in 1971) after not being allowed to return to the West Bank from 1967-73 due to being defd as an "absentee". On return to West Bank, became Professor of English Lit at Bir Zayt (1974-95), which established BZU’s legal aid committee & was dean of the Faculty of Arts (1986-90); married Emile Ashrawi, a photographer (1975). As a non-partisan figure, has played a strong role in representing Palestinians in negotiations from late80s when PLO members were excluded from talks. On the advisory council of, & spokeswoman for, Palestinian delegation at Madrid process from Oct91, tho critical of the Palestinian leadership’s stance: attempted to resign in Aug93 with Oslo, but resignation refused; finally left the negotiating team in Dec93 to form & head Miftah, a pro-democracy NGO, of which she remains the Sec-Gen. Then became PA Minister for Higher Education (Jun96-98); leaving to vote against the PA Cabinet in Aug98, despite being offered the tourism portfolio. Appointed as spokeswomen of the Arab League on 11Jul01, with special responsibility for Palestinians. Signatory to 20Jun02 statement in al-Quds appealing for an end to suicide bombings. Autobiography is This Side of Peace: A Personal Account (1995). Extensive interview here.

Atallah ‘Atallah [Abu Za’im]: dissident Fatah leader, based in Amman. From Hebron; served in Jordanian army until dismissed in 1968. Recruited to Fatah where he was given command of Fatah forces in S.Lebanon from spring 1971, charged by ‘Arafat with implementing the policy of tajyish (ie turning guerrilla forces into a conventional army), launched in Jul71. Rivalry with Walid Nimr resulted in competing deployment of forces (set up a unit, Martyrs of Sept battalion, Shuhada’ Aylul, for this purpose). From early 1972, ‘Arafat appointed him as head of central operations in Lebanon, and then to Fatah military intelligence. In this role, was head of Palestinian delegation to Milkart negotiations in 1973. Attempted (unsuccessfully) to coordinate relations with Falangists before the Israeli invasion; & lead attempts to negotiate with Sharon during the siege of Beirut. Headed Fatah’s investigation into its conduct during the Lebanon war; but was sacked by Fatah-CC from his position after he came under wide-ranging criticisms during the Fatah rebellion in 1983 for his role in the PLO withdrawal from Lebanon. From 1986, was coopted by King Husayn: launched a “corrective movement” in Jordan within Fatah on 8Apr86; & with Jordanian support convened a conference that “elected” him as caretaker chairman of the PLO; and allowed to take over PLO offices & funds = took key role in Jord’s attempts to win back support in West Bank, coordinating with West Bank leaders. Nevertheless, by early87 many of his supporters had returned to the PLO, and an attempt to assassinate him in Jan87 was not investigated by Jordan.

Hanna Atrash (Hanna Khuri al-Atrash): non-nationalist mayor of Bayt Sahur in mid60s & again from 1976. Still there.

Ribhi ‘Awad: Fatah’s representative to Cairo in the mid-1970s. Then became PLO representative to Finland in early80s; now ambassador to Indonesia.

Arabi ‘Awwad: From the village of Salfit nr Nablus, a teacher of Arabic literature. Secretary of JCP in West Bank & active in establishing the PNF. Imprisoned for 11 years under Jordanian rule; deported in Dec73. Went on to found in 1980 the Palestine Communist Organisation of Lebanon as a branch of the JCP; & when this collapsed in 1982, formed the Palestinian Revolutionary Communist Party in Lebanon, supporting continued armed struggle.

Hakam Bal‘awi (Hakam ‘Umar As‘ad Bal‘awi): PA Cabinet Secretary. b.1934, nr Tulkarm. Secretary-General of the PA Council of Ministers from Apr03. b. Bala, 1939. Served as Fatah's deputy head of its central information committee (from 1968-78), Palestinian ambassador to Libya (1973-75) and Tunisia (1975-94), also representing Palestine to the Arab League. Member of Fatah-CC since Aug89; Fatah rep on PLO-CC. Also a leading member of the Union of Palestinian Writers and Journalists, holding diplomas in education, journalism and administration; he went on to write various novels and plays. On returning to Palestine, he served as secretary of the national security council (1994-96). He came only 9th in the 1995 Fatah primary in Tulkarm, to select the 4 candidates to be on the Fatah slate, but Fatah Central Committee overruled the primary to place him on the slate. He was subsequently elected PLC member for Tulkarm (Fatah). Has been portrayed in the past as a possible successor to ‘Arafat, & ran for Head of Intelligence post after Abu Iyad’s death; but historic leadership opposed this. An ally of Sakhr Habash and Mahmud ‘Abbas, he has clashed with Rajub, eg being forced out of a Fatah rally in Tulkarm in Jan98. Seems to have been assigned a role in 2001 in taking close control over Fatah on the West Bank, in order to restrict local autonomous leaders. In Apr03, he was promoted as a compromise choice for interior minister, a position he reportedly refused to take in favour of PA secretary-general; further compromise left him in his current position.

Sabri al-Banna (Samir Khalil al-Banna)[Abu Nidal]: b.May 1937, Jaffa, the son of a wealthy fruit merchant and a Syrian ‘Alawi maid; attended French schools in Jaffa; a 1948 refugee in Gaza al-Bureij camp, later moving to Nablus (1949). Went to Egypt to study engineering, but found work as an electrician instead, and returned in this capacity to Jordan. Originally a Ba‘thist (from 1955), but later moved to Saudi where he worked with the Arabian-American Oil Company; formed own liberation group in mid60s, but joined Fatah (and took on nom de guerre) in 1967 on returning to Amman (after expulsion from Saudi after taking part in protests). Took over control for regional security in Jordan (Jun68); became Fatah’s rep to Sudan (1969) & then as rep in Baghdad (Aug70), & later also as head of PLO office there. Developed close relations with Iraqi intelligence from 1971, and may have received further training in guerrilla tactics in North Korea and China. Joined with rejectionist groups to form the "Political Committee for Palestinians in Iraq" in early 1974, which strongly criticised DFLP & denounced the PLO leadership: this body was not recognised by PLO-EC, leading to Banna taking over Fatah facilities in Iraq, inc weaponry; expelled from Fatah; was sentenced to death after his involvement was suspected in assassination attempt on Abu Mazin. Set up an office as the Fatah-Revolutionary Council (see separate notes). Iraq removed him in 1983, to placate US; commenced work for Syria, but after US pressure, was forced to close camps in Sept86. Moved to Libya in late80s, when his inactivity was enforced by the government. Was based in Egypt temporarily forom 1998, possibly working for government in conflict with Islamist groups; various international rumours about his leukaemia, probably false; other rumours, which turned out to be correct, about him being based in Baghdad. Sentenced by trial in absentia to death for the murder of the Jordanian embassy in Lebanon's first secretary, on 3Dec01. Died of gun-shot wounds in unexplained circumstances on 16Aug02. Obituaries: 1,2,3,4,5.

Bashir Barghuthi (1931-9/9/00): communist leader & newspaper editor, from Dayr Ghassana village, Ramallah district; studied polsci & economics at AmUniCairo, & was an activist in GUPS there until graduation in 1956. Owned al-Jamahir (The Masses), a communist paper, from 1956; but was closed down on 25/2/57 & Barghouti was imprisoned for 8 years at Jaffar detention camp. On release in 1965, was refused a license, so wrote under an assumed name. After ‘67, became stern critic of Jordan, esp of Husayn’s right to speak for Palestinians. Allowed to return to West Bank in 1973; but was put on trial in 1974 for ‘spying’, but acquitted. In 1975, took control of JCP when Suleiman Najjab was deported. Served as editor of al-Fajr from 1975 until Fatah began to oppose his pol stance in 2/77; went on to found al-Tali‘a in 2/78. Put under house or town arrest from Aug80-2, preventing him from working. Became member of PLO-EC in 1987, & served to broker agreement between Fatah & PFLP, & played a leading role in the intifada, creating the 1st popular committee. Remained S-G of PCP/PPP, taking a key role in Oslo negotiations. Became minister of industry in PA cabinet (from 9May96), but a stroke in 1997 left him without speech; reappointed as minister without portfolio in Aug98. Tribute here.

Marwan Barghuthi (Marwan Hasib Husayn al-Barghuthi): Sec-Gen of Fatah Higher Committee in the West Bank. b.1959 & raised in Kafr Kubr. Was among founders of Shabiba in the West Bank & headed its faction at BZU in early80s, as president of student council. Imprisoned for 6 years & deported by Israel in 1987 to Jordan; became member of Fatah-RC in Aug89, coordinating relations between inside & outside (though reportedly was not given a major role in coordinating the intifada, in favour of Abbas Zaki); also an independent member of the PLO-CC. Returned to West Bank in Apr94, & soon established the West Bank Fatah Higher Committee, which he headed, to develop civil society and develop Fatah as a political party. ‘Arafat ensured that he was not on the Fatah-PLC slate, but won Ramallah seat as an independent. Has become close to Jibril Rajub after initial competition over the civil vs military nature of Fatah in the West Bank; and has good relations with Islamist groups. Critical of centralization of power under ‘Arafat; submitted motion of no-confidence in the executive in the PLC in May97 budgetary misuse scandal. ‘Arafat attempted to remove him from leading the West Bank Fatah in 2000 in favour of Husayn al-Shaykh, but this was not recognised by Fatah. Israel demanded his extradition, and seems to have made an assassination attempt on 4Aug01. Article in Washington Post on 15Jan02 stressed Palestinian acceptance of Israel. Arrested by Israel in Ramallah on 15Apr02. After his Palestinian lawyer's allegations of Israeli torture and Israeli allegations that he has confessed to attacks, Israel announced on 11Jul that it would put him on trial in a civil court.

Mustafa Barghuthi (Mustafa Kamil Mustafa Barghuthi): b.1954; physician, president of the Union of Palestinian Medical Relief Committees, former leader of the PPP, director of the Health, Development, Information and Policy Institute (HDIP) in Ramallah, Palestine. HDIP produces Palestine Monitor, which distributes info on behalf of Palestinian NGOs. PNC member (PPP); stood for election to PLC (Ramallah district), & narrowly missed out, despite a recount. Member of the Steering Committee of the technical committee that prepared the establishment of various Palestinian ministries. Serves as spokesperson for various pro-democracy blocs, including the Palestinian National Initiative (launched in Jun02) of which he serves as the Secretary-General. Reportedly resigned from the PPP in late 2002.
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