The nicotine and other poisonous chemicals in tobacco cause lots of diseases, like heart problems and some kinds of cancer. If you smoke, you hurt your lungs and heart each time you light up. It also can make it more difficult for blood to move around in the body, so smokers may feel tired and cranky. The longer you smoke, the worse the damage becomes.
The Other Cost of Smoking
Using tobacco eats up a lot of money, too. A pack of cigarettes costs $4, on average. That means, even if you buy just one pack a week, you'll spend $208 in a year. Some people smoke a pack a day, which adds up to $1,460! That's a lot of CDs, computer games, and clothes.
film industry 电影工业， cinema, pictures 电影院 (美作:movie theater)，premiere 首映式， film festival 电影节，distributor 发行人，release 准予上映
banned film 禁映影片，A-certificate A级， U-certificate U级，X-certificate X级
genre n. 类型, 流派， type n. 类型
direction 导演，production 制片，adaptation 改编，scenario, screenplay, script 编剧，scene 场景，exterior 外景，lighting 灯光，shooting 摄制，to shoot 拍摄，special effects 特技，slow motion 慢镜头，editing, cutting 剪接，montage 剪辑，recording, sound，recording 录音，dubbing 配音，studio 制片厂,摄影棚，(motion)film studio 电影制片厂，set, stage, floor 场地，properties, props 道具，scenery 布景， script 剧本， movie-land (美国California州南部等的)影业集中地区，movie-goer (常)看电影的人
film, motion picture 影片,电影 (美作:movie)，filmdom 电影界，moviedom 电影界
literary film 文艺片，musicals 音乐片，newsreel 新闻片,纪录片
documentary (film) 记录片,文献片，comedy 喜剧片，tragedy 悲剧片，horror film, dracula movie 恐怖片，swordsmen film 武侠片，action 动作片，detective film 侦探片，ethical film 伦理片，affectional film 爱情片，erotic film 黄色片，western movies 西部片， serial 系列片，dubbed film译制片，trailer 预告片，propaganda film宣传片，animated，cartoon (movie)动画片，science fiction科幻片，costume piece /play古装戏， war movie战争片
footage 影片长度，full-length film, feature film 长片，short(film) 短片，colour film 彩色片 (美作:color film)，silent film无声片， silent cinema, silent films 无声电影，sound motion picture, talkie 有声电影
cast 阵容，director 导演，film star, movie star 电影明星，film actor 男电影明星，film actress 女电影明星，star, lead 主角，double, stand-in 替身演员，stunt man 特技替身演员，extra, walker-on 临时演员，support 配角，util 跑龙套，extra 特别客串，costume designer (影剧)服装设计员，makeup girl化妆师，dialogue writer对白作者，script writer剧本作者
Angelina Jolie安吉丽娜·朱莉, Julia Roberts朱莉亚·罗伯茨, Sharon stone莎朗·斯通, Monica Bellucci莫妮卡·贝鲁奇，Jodie Foster, Kristen Dunst, Sandra Bullock, Zhang Ziyi章子怡，Michelle Yeoh杨紫琼，Maggie Cheung张曼玉
Brad Pitt, Nichols Cage, Tom Cruise, Tom Hanks, Morgan Freeman,
Will Smith, Bruce Wills, Harrison Ford, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Fat Chou（Chou Yun Fat周润发），Jet Lee（李连杰）, Samuel L. Jackson, Charlie Chaplin，Liv Tyler ,Tommy Lee Jones.
Crouching Tigers, Hidden Dragon卧虎藏龙
Jurassic Park 侏罗纪公园
The Shawshank Redemption 肖申克的救赎
（director: Frank Darabont; actors: Tim Robbins, Morgan Freeman）
The lord of the rings 指环王
Harry Potter 哈里·波特(Written by: JK. Rowling)
Forrest Gump 阿甘正传
Brave Heart 勇敢的心
Roman Holiday 罗马假日
Waterloo Bridge 魂断蓝桥
Lion King 狮子王
Steven Spielberg，Frank Darabont，Ang Lee 李安， Zhang Yimou张艺谋
I’m the King of the world.
Show me the money!
You can take our livers, but you’ll never take our freedom.
This car, Goeth would have bought this car.Why do I keep the car? Ten people by that, ten people, ten more people. This pin, two people. This is gold, two more people. He would have given me two for it, at least one. He would have given me one , one more, one more person, person, Stern, for this. I could have got one more person, and I didn’t , and I didn’t ……
After all, tomorrow, is another day!
——Gone With The Wind《乱世佳人》
To be or not to be, that’s a question.
Life is like a box of chocolate, you never know what you will go to get.
——Forrest Gump 《阿甘正传》
I Guess it comes down to a simple choice. Get busy living or get busy dying!
——The Shawshank Redemption《肖申克的救赎》
Mankind, that word should have new meaning for all of us today. We can’t be consumed by our petty differences anymore. We will be united in our common interests…..you will once again be fighting for our freedom. Not from tyranny, oppression or persecution. But from annihilation. We’re fighting for our right to live, to exist……as the day when the world declared in one voice “We will not go quietly into the night. We will not vanish without a fight. We’re going to live on. We’re going to survive.” Today we celebrate our independence day!
人类这个词,一天赋予了我们全新的意义.大家别在为小的分歧而耗神,应为我们共同的利益团结起来…你们要再次为自由而战,不是抵抗暴君压制和迫害,而是为生存而战,为我们生存的权利而战……而是全世界用同一个声音宣布 “ 我们不会束手无策,静坐代毙.我们将会活下去,我们将会生存.”的日子.今天,我们庆祝独立日!
——Independence Day《 独立日》
A movie with an all-star cast
to drop in at a neighborhood movie
His performance of Mao Zedong is top-notch.
I can’t recommend the film too strongly.
The best-known movie awards are the Academy Awards.
The movie is going over big everywhere in China.
This film is a big flop at the box office.
His last play bombed on Broadway.
It is the best film that I have ever seen.
The picture isn’t so good, but it’s enough to get by.
This movie is a must-see.
There were some beautiful shots.
The movie last night was a real tear-jerker.
We plan to take in a movie.
I'm his fan。
How about going to a movie?
Forrest Gump stars Tom Hanks. / Tom Hanks stars in Forrest Gump.
Ted has been stage-struck since he was a little boy.
The “crouching tiger and hidden dragon” directed by An Lee, a movie describing Chinese Kung Fu has been the hottest movie in USA.
He had a tight clutch on my arm during the scary parts of the movie.
My brother often worried when he saw the leading role is in danger. So he was just so devoted.
Special effect makes films exiting. How can the flood reshow in real life? Through effect-making, you can fully see the flood in the movie as if it happened near you.
Some scenes in the films are so destructive that it is impossible for the directors to put them into reality. To provide the audience with equivalent shock, they resort to special effects.
Some people enjoy seeing movies in the cinema because they like the incredible video effect or great audio effect. Professional facilities or equipment make them enjoy high-quality films.
Americans films are mainly good at marvelous scene or touching/ impressive background music, while Chinese films prefer to show what the real life looks like in the society.
There is a large investment for American films, and there are a lot of big scenes for American films. However, Chinese films are likely to be instructive, and directors hope that audience can learn something after watching the films.
His looks are always funny．
Many of the first films were slapstick comedy.
This movie was all blood and guts.
This film contains raw language(粗口，脏话).
Harry has a distant goal to get to, he has enormous numbers of obstacles placed in front of his and monsters who he has to face, and challenge and overcome and bewitchments which he has to resist, and all the time, pressing onward towards his goal. In some way, Harry Potter is a modern Odysseus.
Using myths and legends from all over the world, J. K. Rowling has created a world of her own, an enchanting realm magically unites children worldwide.
J. K. 罗琳（《哈里·波特》的作者）运用全世界的神话和传说，创造出了一个自己的世界，一个将世界各地的儿童神气地联系在一起的迷人领域。
"Casablanca" has been a favorite of mine for over 30 years. It has aged well and will continue to age well. It takes time for a movie to be earning the label "timeless."
This is a modern day fairy tale demonstrating that love, dignity and perseverance conquer all. “Forrest Gump”runs the viewer through the entire spectrum of emotions as it tells the story of a slow thinking innocent kid traversing through five decades of life.
Disney began making quality family shows again in the 1980s. A quality family show is one where the parents can enjoy it as much as the kids. "Toy Story" took it one step further and added state of the art technology to provide a wonderful Disney story. We all have wondered if our toys came alive, but we never knew that there would be so much team work.
Another genre that had been unsuccessful for years was the slapstick comedy. This story, Home Alone, about a little boy protecting his home from bumbling crooks had all of the right ingredients; good vs. bad, youth vs. age, and brain vs. brawn. The Rube Goldberg like contraptions coupled with the comedic talents of Daniel Stern and Joe Pesci provide an entertainment that had almost become a lost art form.
The film, Dances With Wolves, was able to break the trend and deliver a compelling historical drama about life with the Sioux Indians. The buffalo hunt is spectacular and demonstrates the vastness and beauty of the country.
E. T. was directed by Steven Spielberg.
《E. T. 外星人》是由史蒂芬·斯皮尔伯格导演的。
E. T. was first shown in 1982.
Spielberg got to make the story of E. T., one that still over 20 years later is reaching out and touching audiences.
斯皮尔伯格拍成了《E. T. 外星人》，20多年来这部电影仍让影迷们喜爱与感动着。
The film is set in Britain at the end of the nineteenth century.
It is still too early to tell what movies will become classics and what movies will become dated.
I’ve been in my movie business almost all my life.
Chinese martial art comes together with Hollywood.
This film is rated G.
That movie had me on the edge of my seat.
That love story was too melodramatic.
A lousy movie cannot fool the audience.
I may feel different about any of these movies two years from now.
There are films revealing more social problems, such as racial or * discriminations, government corruption, the true color of so-called higher class. They make me more mature after watching them.
Those comedies, love stories and adventures are either na?ve or unrealistic.
I usually watch films through TV or VCD, DVD in my home.
Just like romance and comedy movie, a violent film relaxes and entertains millions movie fans. However uniqueness of violent movie is that it may have negative impact on people, particularly young audience.
For certain segment of audience, it may be harmful if being viewed without proper guidance and control.
There have been cases of crime in which offenders, when surveyed, revealed that they got the idea to commit a crime from violent movie.
We need to control access of violent movies to people under certain age and offer guidance to young viewers.
What's the main difference between modern films and those in the past?
Okay, I think that modern films are less serious, um, because there is more comedy in these films. I would say, uh, hmm, that modern films are more relaxed. To begin, modern films are much more expensive to make and they have famous actors in them. There is also, uh, a lot of slang and violence and other cultural attributes in these pictures. As for the more classical pictures, they are classy and the actors and actresses dress more conservatively and there spoken, uh, English is more classic and proper. Older films teach values that all humans should have whereas, hmm, the newer films are just sometimes more about making money and people famous. In my opinion, I like the newer films better because, uh, overall they are just much more entertaining and the hmm, the older films are maybe, I guess, more about art and teaching.
The Godfather·1972 教父第一集
Gone with the Wind·1939 乱世佳人；飘
The wizard of Oz·1939 绿野仙踪
The Graduate·1967 毕业生
Schindler’s List·1993 辛德勒的名单
It’s a wonderful life·1946 风云人物
Star Wars·1977 星际大战；星球大战
All About Eve·1950 彗星美人
Chinatown·1974 唐人街; 中国城
One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest·1975飞越疯人院
2001: A Space Odyssey·1968 2001太空漫游
E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial·1982 外星人
Bonne and Clyde·1967 我俩没有明天；雌雄大盗
Apocalypse Now·1979 现代启示录
The Godfather Part II·1974 教父第二集
It happened One Night·1934 一夜风流
The Best Years of Our Lives·1946 黄金时代
Doctor Zhivago·1965 日瓦格医生
King Kong·1933 大金刚
the Birth of a Nation·1915 国家的诞生
A Streetcar Named Desire·1951 欲望街车；欲望号街车
Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs·1937 白雪公主
The Philadelphia Story·1940 费城故事
All Quiet on the Westernfront·1930 西线无战事
The Sound of Music·1965 真善美; 音乐之声; 仙乐飘飘处处闻
The Silence of the Lambs·1991 沉默的羔羊
Forrest Gump·1994 阿甘正传
Wuthering Heights·1939 咆哮山庄；呼啸山庄
The Gold Rush·1925 淘金记
Dances with wolves·1990 与狼共舞
Modern Times·1936 摩登时代
The Jazz singer·1927 爵士歌手
My Fair Lady·1964 窈窕淑女
aerobics 有氧操，body-building 健美，jogging 慢跑，judo 柔道，wresting 摔跤，ball games 球类运动，football 足球，basketball 篮球，tennis 网球，squash 壁球，rugby 橄榄球，volleyball 排球，golf 高尔夫球，table tennis 乒乓球，badminton 羽毛球，baseball 棒球，cricket 板球，hockey 曲棍球，billiard 台球，softball 垒球，ice hockey 冰球，aquatic sports 水上运动，country sports 乡间户外活动(如打猎, 钓鱼, 射击, 赛马等)
a favourite sport 受人喜爱的运动项目，the school sports 学校运动会，sports extra 体育增刊，a sports meet [meeting] 运动会，a sports field 运动场，sportscast n., v.[美](播送)体育节目，sportscaster n. 体育节目广播员，sports-down n. [美]运动界，sports-minded adj. 关心体育的，sportswriting n. 体育新闻的报道或写作，sports-wear n.运动服装，sports-writer 体育运动专栏作家，sportsdom [美]体育界
amateur 业余运动员,爱好者，contestant, competitor, player 运动员，enthusiast, fan 迷,爱好者，guide 领队，instructor 教练,技术指导，linesman, touch judge (橄榄球)裁判，manager 经纪人 ，professional 职业运动员，referee, umpire (网球.棒球)裁判，trainer 助理教练，batsman 板球运动员，batter 击球运动员，men's singles 单打运动员，in the mixed doubles 混合双打
足球运动员 a football player
守门员 the goalkeeper
运动员，田径运动员 an athlete / a sportsman / a sports-woman
职业/ 业余运动员（球类运动员）a professional / amateur player
教练 the coach 他的对手 his opponents / rivals
sports stadium 露天运动场，football stadium 有看台的大型足球场，children's stadium 儿童运动场，ice stadium 冰场，swimming stadium 有看台的游泳场，football pitch足球场，rugby pitch橄榄球场，hockey pitch 曲棍球场，cricket pitch 板球场，swimming pool 游泳池，natatorium（室内游泳池），tennis court网球场，basketball court 篮球场，squash court 壁球场，volleyball court 排球场，badminton court 羽毛球场，golf course 高尔夫球场，exercise area 运动区，ice [skating] rink 溜冰场，ping pong tables 乒乓球案
奥运会 the Olympic Games
东道国 the host nation
火把点燃仪式 the flame-lighting ceremony
开幕式 / 闭幕式 the opening / closing ceremony
发奖仪式 the prize-awarding ceremony
(田径)比赛 a competition / contest
锦标赛 a championship
(球类)比赛 a match / game
badminton羽毛球, basketball篮球, baseball棒球, football足球, handball手球, hockey曲棍球, tennis 网球, volleyball排球, canoeing划艇, diving跳水, rowing划船, swimming游泳, synchronised swimming 同游表演, water polo水球, high jump跳高, hurdles 跳栏赛跑, the high [low] 高[低]栏赛跑, long jump跳远, Marathon马拉松长跑, pole vault撑杆跳, 20 km and 50 km road walk, triathlon三项全能运动, Floor Exercises自由体操, gymnastics体操, balance bars平衡杆, horizontal bar单杠, parallel bars双杠, rings吊环, archery箭术, boxing拳击, cycling骑自行车比赛, discus 掷铁饼, equestrian骑马, fencing剑术, javelin投枪, judo 柔道, Pommel Horse鞍马, shooting射击, shot put推铅球, taekwondo跆拳道(亦作T-K-D), weightlifting举重, wrestling摔跤, track and field athletics田径赛, 田径运动
favourite 可望取胜者 (美作:favorite)，outsider 无取胜希望者，championship 冠军赛,锦标赛，champion 冠军，record 纪录，record holder 纪录创造者，ace 网球赛中的一分，Olympic Games, Olympics 奥林匹克运动会，Winter Olympics 冬季奥林匹克运动会 ，stadium 运动场，track 跑道，ring 圈，ground, field 场地，pitch (足球、橄榄球)场地，court 网球场，team, side 队
skiing 滑雪，ski 滑雪板，滑雪橇，downhill race 速降滑雪赛,滑降，slalom 障碍滑雪，ski jumping competition 跳高滑雪比赛，ski jump 跳高滑雪，ice skating 滑冰，figure skating 花样滑冰，roller skating 滑旱冰，bobsleigh, bobsled 雪橇
swimming pool 游泳池，changing room 更衣室，shower 淋浴，diving platform 跳台，diving pool 跳水池，non-swimmer's pool 浅水池，swimmer's pool 深水池，swimming lane 泳道，lifesaver, lifeguard 救生员，breaststroke 蛙泳，crawl stroke 爬泳，back stroke 仰泳，side stroke 侧泳，butterfly stroke 蝶泳，surfing 冲浪，surfboard 冲浪板，water ski 滑水橇
cyclist 骑自行车者，bicycle, cycle, bike 自行车，cycle track 自行车赛车道，cycling 自行车赛，to ride a bicycle 骑自行车，hand signals 手势， tandem 双轮双座自行车，racing cycle 公路赛车，cycling stadium 自行车赛车场
health n. 健康
be in good health 健康良好
be in poor health 健康不佳
You are in great shape.你身体素质真好。
Baseball is my favorite sport. What’s your favorite?
My nephew is a baseball player. He is a catcher.
When you played football, what position did you play?
We played a game last night. The score was tired six-to-six.
I went to a boxing match last night. It was a good fight.
When I was on the track team, I used to run the quarter mile.
I like fishing and hunting, but I don't like swimming.
My favorite winter sport is skiing. I belong to a ski club.
Would you be interested in going to the horse races this afternoon?
The hardest thing to learn is to be a good loser.
Be a good sport. Play according to the rules of the game.
Our family went camping last summer. We had to buy a new tent.
This afternoon we went to the gym for a workout. We lifted weights.
My muscles are sore from playing baseball.
Jogging early in the morning has improved her health.
He was catching his breath after the 1000 meter race.
I’ve had no exercise for ages；I’m really out of condition.
Swimming is the best way to tone up your body.
He has few peers in pennies.
I like playing basketball and badminton.
Did you watch the football game between Manchester United and Arsenal last night?
The Sidney Olympics attracted more than one million new travelers into Australia.
He is a big fan of the NBA games.
African athletes are good at track and field events.
The annual school sports meet is held in March.
I’ve been cooped up in the house for the whole week.
Let’s get out for some fresh air.
I feel I have to get away from it all.
Walking up and down the stairs would beat any exercise machine.上下楼梯可比什么健身器都要好。
狂欢 painting the town red.
I've got to start working out． 我必须开始做健身运动了。
She runs everyday in order to lose weight.她每天都跑步是为了减肥。
Going swimming should be a good way of letting your hair down after a hard day’s work.
People not only keep fit or keep a good shape through doing more physical exercises, but also make many friends who have the similar interests. When I attended a basketball club, I knew my current best friends, Tom.
Let your hair down 轻松一下，忘记工作和压力
Keeping fit--or maybe getting in shape--is often high on the list of New Year's resolutions for Americans. In the past two decades, fitness has become a fad. Many Americans have joined health clubs to work out with professional equipment. Sports stores sell athletic shoes and clothing for every possible exercise situation. People can even buy weights and equipment and set up their own exercise center at home!
President Bush has always loved the game of baseball. Mister Bush says that when he was a boy he wanted to grow up to be a baseball player. He said the game taught him to develop a strong resistance against critics. He said it also taught him to rise above minor problems and work instead on long-term goals.
If our bodies are not strong, our spirit to do things will certainly be quite dull. And at the same time, we are lack of energy to study. Diseases will only attack the weak, but not the strong.
Exercise helps us (to) strengthen our bodies and avoid disease. It also teaches us cooperation, for most exercise is played by team.
China is called “table tennis kingdom”. Apparently, Ping Pang is the most popular sports.
It depends. It’s lovely for an individual to spend time on what he or she prefers to do, but if he or she is too addicted, it might lead to excessive waste of time.
In 21st century, more people concerns their physical health and when they are free, physical fitness is supposed to be their best choice. So I believe that the corresponding training like aerobics and yoga gets superheated.
Health is the best treasure (which) a man can possess. Money can do many things, but it cannot buy happiness. However, so long as man has good health, he can enjoy the pleasures of human life.
In order to insure good health we must pay attention to three things. They are—nourishing food, fresh air and proper exercise.
Physical fitness and exercise are important for good physical and mental health. Exercise helps a person develop and maintain a strong self-image and a sense of emotional balance. As a person gets older, exercise becomes more important because after age 30 the heart’s blood pumping capacity declines at a rate of about 8 percent each decade.
Exercise is also important for children. Vigorous physical activity helps a child’s overall development. Research shows that exercise can reduce the gathering of cholesterol on artery walls of children and adults. Too much cholesterol can increase the risk of heart disease. There is, however, no evidence that exercise prolongs life. Former athletes do not live longer than nonathletes, nor are they saved from heart disease. The benefits of exercise cannot be kept for more than a few months or years without continued exercise. Even Olympic-level athletes will go back rapidly to pre-training levels once they stop exercise. The amount of activity necessary for fitness varies from person to person. Age, physical structure, health, and gender are important factors.
Soccer becomes part of European culture.
To meet the fans in the stands at football games across Europe.