55 A discount factor of 7% is used for present value calculations in this RIS, as recommended by OBPR.

56 Criterion III includes benefits arising from reduction in regulatory burden and uncertainty and the reduction in costs are reflected here.

57 Based on advice from the Australian Animal Welfare Standards - Exhibited Animals

Expert Consultation Forum (ECF).

58 Based on advice from the Australian Animal Welfare Standards - Exhibited Animals

Expert Consultation Forum (ECF).

59 Recommended by the ECF.

60 It is already a requirement of the base case not to hold an animal continuously for 90 days in these jurisdictions.

61 Based on advice from the Australian Animal Welfare Standards - Exhibited Animals

Expert Consultation Forum (ECF).

62 5% of enclosures.

63 Such plans and procedures are already developed maintained and implemented by large facilities.

64All ratites, particularly cassowaries and emus, like to swim or wallow in water.

65 Based on ECF advice.

66 See Part A3.9 of Appendix 3 for a detailed discussion.

67 See Part A3.13.1 of Appendix 3 for a detailed discussion.

68 See Part A3.13.3 of Appendix 3 for a detailed discussion.

69 See Part A3.13.5 of Appendix 3 for a detailed discussion.

70 See Part A3.13.6 of Appendix 3 for a detailed discussion.

71 There is also the potential to reduce regulatory burden by removing unnecessary existing standards and while none have yet been identified, this is a question that those making submissions during the public consultation period may wish to comment upon.

72 Except for NSW.

73 Except for NSW.

74 Except for NSW.

75 See Part A4.9 of Appendix 4 for a detailed discussion.

76 See Part A4.21 of Appendix 4 for a detailed discussion.

77 See Part A4.23 of Appendix 4 for a detailed discussion.

78 See Part A4.23 of Appendix 4 for a detailed discussion.

79 See Part A4.25 of Appendix 4 for a detailed discussion.

80 See Part A4.25 of Appendix 4 for a detailed discussion.

81 Compliance is not relevant as guidelines are not binding or enforceable.

82See Part 2.1 of this RIS for a more detailed discussion of the risks of exhibiting animals.

83 Biosecurity Queensland, 2008.

84See Part 2.1 of this RIS for a more detailed discussion of the risks of exhibiting animals.

85 Except for NSW.

86 Except for NSW.

87 Except for NSW.

88 Biosecurity Queensland, 2008.

89See Part 2.1 of this RIS for a more detailed discussion of the risks of exhibiting animals.

90 See Part A4.2 of Appendix 4 for source of estimate.

91 See Part A4.1 of Appendix 4 for source of estimate.

92 0.81 + 0.18 - 0.08 = $0.91m.

93 Over 10 years.

94 This multiplier 3.79 is calculated as the ratio of the total number of taxon animals exhibited in NSW by ZAA and non-ZAA members, as shown in Table A2.6 (2,252) - to the total number of taxon animals exhibited in NSW by ZAA members only, as shown in Table A2.5 (594).

95 See Tables A3.28, A3.29 and A3.30 for costs of general standards for small, medium and large facilities, respectively

100 Estimate only based on conservative daily admissions of 50 persons with source of data points not provided due to commercial in confidence requirements.

101 Source of data points not provided due to commercial in confidence requirements

102 Source of data points not provided due to commercial in confidence requirements

103 See Tables A4.49, S4.50 and A4.51 for costs of taxon standards for small, medium and large facilities, respectively

104 Over 10 years.

105In Western Australia, specialist animal welfare advisory committees are established from time to time as the need arises.

106 Regulations are not needed in NT to adopt standards. Standards can be adopted by the Minister by notice in the gazette.

123ABS(2003) – Labour Costs, Australia 2002-03, Table 1a. Major Labour Costs, State/Territory, Cat. 6348.0.55.001

124 Victorian Competition and Efficiency Commission, 2006.

125 Victorian Competition and Efficiency Commission, 2006.

126 ABS (2011)a – Employee Earnings, Benefits and Trade Union Membership, Cat. 6310.0

127 ABS (2011)b – Average Weekly Earnings, Australia, Cat. 6302.0

128 Based on advice from the Australian Animal Welfare Standards - Exhibited Animals

Expert Consultation Forum (ECF).

129 Based on advice from ECF.

130 See http://www.bhtafe.edu.au/courses/local/Pages/CAZ32_OC.aspx. Viewed 29 April 2013.

131 All values for number of keepers requiring training have been rounded to the nearest whole number for presentation purposes and contain rounding error.

132 Maximum number of keepers working across non-exotic animals in large facilities in SA (see Table A2.18 column (f1) in Appendix 2).

133 Maximum number of keepers working across non-exotic animals in medium facilities in SA (see Table A2.18 column (f1) in Appendix 2)

134 Maximum number of keepers working across non-exotic animals in small facilities in SA (see Table A2.18 column (f1) in Appendix 2)

135 Maximum number of small facilities working across non-exotic animals in SA (see Table A2.17 column (a1) in Appendix 2)

136 See Part 2.9 of Appendix 2 for source of estimate.

137 See Table A2.2 of Appendix 2 for source of estimate.

138 See Table A2.2 of Appendix 2 for source of estimate.

139 Based on advice from the Australian Animal Welfare Standards - Exhibited Animals

Expert Consultation Forum (ECF).

140 Based on advice from the Australian Animal Welfare Standards - Exhibited Animals Expert Consultation Forum (ECF).

141 See Viewed 29 April 2013.

142 See Table A2.2 of Appendix 2 for source of estimate.

143 See Table A2.2 of Appendix 2 for source of estimate.

145 See Table A2.12 of Appendix 2 for source of estimates for walk through and non-walk through enclosures only and for medium and small facilities

146 Recommended by the ECF.

147 See Table A2.12 of Appendix 2 for source of estimates for non-walk through enclosures and for mammals only.

148 S3.27 relates to taxon standards and is discussed in particular taxon contexts in Appendix 4.

149 See Table A2.13 in Appendix 2 for source of estimates.

150 See Table A2.12 of Appendix 2 for source of estimates for holding enclosures.

151 See Table A2.2 for source of estimates on number of medium and small facilities.

152 Based on industry estimates of an average 20 minutes to inspect 10 enclosures

153 See Table A2.14 of Appendix 2 for source of estimates for holding enclosures.

154 See Table A2.13 of Appendix 2 for source of estimates for the sum holding and non-walkthrough enclosures for macropods.

155 NSW Department of Primary Industries (2004), FOX001 Ground Baiting of Foxes with 1080.

156 See Table A2.13 of Appendix 2 for source of estimates for the sum holding and non-walkthrough enclosures for macropods.

157 See Table A2.13 of Appendix 2 for source of estimates for the sum holding and non-walkthrough enclosures for macropods.

158 See Table A2.13 of Appendix 2 for source of estimates for walk through enclosures for macropods.

159 Sign Post Base-Alum Base 8.13 Lbs (See Viewed 29 April 2013).

160 See Table A2.13 of Appendix 2 for source of estimates for holding enclosures for macropods.

161 See Table A2.13 of Appendix 2 for source of estimates which are the sum of non-walk through and walk through display enclosures and holding enclosures for macropods.

162 Assumed proportion of rock wallaby enclosures to total macropod enclosures.

163 See Table A2.13 of Appendix 2 for source of estimates which are the sum of non-walk through and walk through display enclosures for macropods.

164 See Table A2.13 of Appendix 2 for source of estimates for the sum of walk and non walk through display enclosures for macropods.

165 See Table A2.13 of Appendix 2 for source of estimates for the sum of walk and non walk through display enclosures for macropods.

166 See Table A2.17 column (a1) in Appendix 2 for source of these estimates.

167 Victorian applicants for wildlife displayer licences are required to submit an animal collection management plan with their applications.

168 See Table A2.17 column (a1) in Appendix 2 for source of these estimates.

169 See Table A2.17 column (a1) in Appendix 2 for source of these estimates.

170 See Table A2.17 column (e1) in Appendix 2 for source of these estimates.

171 See Table A2.17 column (e1) in Appendix 2 for source of these estimates.

172 Estimated cost of an enclosure for a salt water crocodile - See http://www.cooberriepark.com.au/ Viewed 29 April 2003.

173 See Table A2.13 of Appendix 2 for source of estimates for non walk through display enclosures for crocodilians.

174 See Table A2.13 of Appendix 2 for source of estimates for holding enclosures for crocodilians.

175 Confirmed by ZAA that there would be very few dedicated walk-through ratite enclosures and instead walk-through enclosures would have a bush theme with a variety of species and taxa.

176 Estimate to be confirmed.

177 See column (s) in Table A2.13 of Appendix 2 for source of estimates which are the sum of non-walk through and walk through display enclosures and holding enclosures for ratites.

178All ratites, particularly cassowaries and emus, like to swim or wallow in water.

179 Due to lack of data on the cost of ratite ponds.

180 See column (s) in Table A2.13 of Appendix 2 for source of estimates which are the sum of non-walk through and walk through display enclosures for ratites.

181 See Table A2.17 column (d1) in Appendix 2 for source of these estimates.

182 See Table A2.17 column (d1) in Appendix 2 for source of these estimates.

183$1500 buys materials needed for a Koala enclosure (see ). Viewed 29 April 2003.

184 Based on data collected from the enclosure survey - small facilities did not have any koala enclosures.

185 See column (t) in Table A2.13 of Appendix 2 for source of estimates for non-walk through display enclosures for koalas.

186 See column (t) in Table A2.13 of Appendix 2 for source of estimates for holding enclosures for koalas.

187 Estimate to be confirmed.

188 Some parks could comply by repositioning forks rather than adding new fencing.

189 Based on data from ZAA census survey 2011.

190 Based on data collected from the enclosure survey - small facilities did not have any koala enclosures.

191 See column (t) in Table A2.13 of Appendix 2 for source of estimates for non-walk through display and holding enclosures for koalas.

192 Non-compliance rate agreed to be 12.5% by the ECF.

193 Taking the square root of the area and multiplying by 4.

194 Based on data collected from the enclosure survey - small facilities did not have any koala enclosures.

195 See column (t) in Table A2.15 of Appendix 2 for source of estimates for non-walk through display enclosures for koalas.

196 Apart from koalas in enclosures that enable them to reach heights inaccessible to humans and koalas that are not dependent on cut browse for survival.

197 Based on data collected from the enclosure survey - small facilities did not have any koala enclosures.

198 See column (t) in Table A2.13 of Appendix 2 for source of estimates for non-walk through display enclosures for koalas.

199 Based on data collected from the enclosure survey - small facilities did not have any koala enclosures.

200 See Table A2.15 column (c1) in Appendix 2 for source of these estimates.

201 See column (c1) in Table A2.15 of Appendix 2 for source of estimates for facilities operating across koalas.

202 Cost of mulch at around $3 a bag (about a 100 bags) + $200 (i.e. 4 hrs of labour).

203 Fauna first aid, A Guide to the Care of Bare-nosed wombats (See ). Viewed 1 May 2013.

204 See column (u) in Table A2.13 of Appendix 2 for source of estimates for non-walkthrough display and holding enclosures for wombats.

205 Except for NSW.

206 Except for NSW.

207 Except for NSW.

208 Except for NSW.

209 Except for NSW.

210 Except for NSW.

PROPOSED AUSTRALIAN ANIMAL WELFARE STANDARDS AND GUIDELINES – EXHIBITED ANIMALS

Consultation Regulation Impact Statement Edition One, Version 1.0, 1 March 2014 for public consultation