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Pakenham north ridge

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Shown on the planning scheme map as ESO4.




.0 Statement of environmental significance

The Pakenham ridge has regional significance for biodiversity. It makes a substantial contribution to biodiversity in the Gippsland Plain Bioregion as well as the Pakenham area. The area has remnants of Grassy Forest, an ecosystem that is vulnerable in the area. The Cobra Greenhood Orchid (Pterostylis grandiflora) which is of state significance, and the Green Scentbark (Eucalytptus fulgens) which is of state/national significance, are found in the area The area is characterised by a geology of Devonian Granitic and Silurian Sediment origin, moderate to steep slopes, and areas of remnant vegetation. These characteristics contribute to environmental values including landscape quality, water quality, and habitat of botanical and zoological significance. These characteristics are also a significant factor contributing to environmental hazards such as erosion, salinity and fire risk, and susceptibility to visual intrusion from buildings and works.



.0 Environmental objective to be achieved

  • To protect and enhance the significant environmental and landscape values of the Pakenham North ridge.

  • To ensure that the siting and design of buildings and works does not adversely impact on environmental and landscape values including the ridge landform, the diverse and interesting landscape, the natural skyline of ridge areas, areas of remnant vegetation, and habitat of botanical and zoological significance.

  • To ensure that the siting and design of buildings and works responds to environmental and landscape values, and addresses environmental hazards of erosion, salinity and fire.

  • To maintain, manage and promote replanting of native vegetation as an important element of the Pakenham North ridge landscape and natural systems.

  • To ensure long term protection of areas of high conservation value and promote the protection and enhancement of wildlife habitat and corridors.



.0 Permit requirement

A permit is required to construct a fence.

A permit is not required to remove, destroy or lop any vegetation if:

  • The vegetation is a tree overhanging the roof of a building used for Accommodation. This exemption only allows the removal, destruction or lopping of that part of the tree which is overhanging the building and which is necessary for fire protection.

  • The vegetation is dead as a result of natural circumstances or as a result of the spread of noxious weeds and which has been assessed as being suitable for removal by an authorised officer of the responsible authority. This exemption does not apply to standing dead trees with a trunk diameter of 40 centimetres or more at a height of 1.3 metres above ground level.

  • It is the minimum extent necessary to maintain utility services for the transmission of water, sewage, gas, electricity, electronic communications or the like, provided that the removal, destruction or lopping is with the written consent of the responsible authority.

  • It is necessary for maintenance by the Cardinia Shire Council of works including any road, drain, essential service or public facility.

  • It is the removal of any vegetation from an existing dam wall where the vegetation may impact on the structural stability of the dam wall.

  • The vegetation is required to be pruned or lopped (but not removed or destroyed) as part of normal domestic or horticultural practice for the species.

  • The vegetation is an environmental weed contained in the table below; that is not listed under the Schedule to Clause 43.01 (Heritage Overlay) and there is no condition listed in the table:

Botanical name

Common name


Acacia baileyana

Cootamundra Wattle

Acacia decurrens

Early Black Wattle

Acacia elata

Cedar Wattle

Acacia floribunda

White Sallow Wattle

Acacia longifolia

Coast / Sallow Wattle

Acacia saligna

Golden Wreath Wattle

Acacia sophorae

Coastal Wattle

Acer spp.


Diameter at 1.3 metres above natural ground level must not exceed 40 centimetres

Agapanthus praecox orientalis

African Lily

Allium triquetrum

Angled Onion

Alstromeria aurea

Peruvian Lily

Amaryllis belladonna

Belladonna Lily

Anredera cordifolia

Madeira vine

Anthoxanthum odoratum

Sweet Vernal Grass

Arbutus unedo

Strawberry Tree

Diameter at 1.3 metres above natural ground level must not exceed 40 centimetres

Arctotheca calendula

Cape Weed

Asparagus asparagoides

Bridal Creeper

Asparagus scandens

Asparagus Fern

Berberis darwinii

Darwin’s Berberry

Betula spp.


Diameter at 1.3 metres above natural ground level must not exceed 40 centimetres

Briza minor

Shivery Grass

Briza maxima

Quaking Grass

Buddleia variabilis

Butterfly Bush

Calicotome spinosa

Spiny broom

Castanea spp.


Diameter at 1.3 metres above natural ground level must not exceed 40 centimetres

Cestrum elegans

Red Cestrum

Chamaecytisus palmensis

Tree Lucerne

Chrysanthemoides monilifera


Chrysanthemum maximum

Shasta Daisy

Cirsium vulgare

Spear thistle

Conium maculatum


Convolvulus spp.


Conyza bonariensis

Tall Fleabane

Coprosma repens

Mirror Bush

Coprosma repens


Coprosma robusta


Cornus capitata

Evergreen Dogwood

Cortaderia selloana

Pampas Grass

Corymbia maculata

Spotted Gum

Diameter at 1.3 metres above natural ground level must not exceed 40 centimetres

Cotoneaster spp.


Crataegus monogyna


Crocosmia x crocosmiifolia


Cytisus palmensis

Tree Lucerne

Cytisus scoparius

English Broom

Cynodon dactylon

Couch grass

Cyperus erogrostis

Drain Flat Sedge

Delairea odorata

Cape Ivy

Dipogon lignosus

Common Dipogon (Dolichos)

Dodonea viscose

Sticky Hop Bush

Echium plantagineum

Paterson’s Curse

Ehrharta erecta

Panic Veldt Grass

Ehrharta longiflora

Annual Veldt grass

Erica baccans

Berry-flower Heath

Erica lusitanica

Spanish Heath

Eucalyptus botryoides

Southern Mahogany Gum

Diameter at 1.3 metres above natural ground level must not exceed 40 centimetres

Euryops abrotanifolius


Foeniculum vulgare


Fraxinus angustifolia

Narrow-leafed Ash

Diameter at 1.3 metres above natural ground level must not exceed 40 centimetres

Fraxinus ornus

Manna Ash

Fraxinus oxycarpa

Caucasian Ash

Galium aparine


Genista linifolia

Flax Leaf Broom

Genista monspessulana

Cape/Montpellier Broom

Hakea salicifolia

Willow Hakea

Hakea sauveolens

Sweet Hakea

Hedra helix

English Ivy

Holcus lanatus

Yorkshire Fog

Hypericum androsaemum


Hypericum perforatum

St.John’s Wort

Hypericum tetrapterum

St. Peter’s Wort

Ilex aquifolium


Ipomoea indica

Morning Glory

Lathyrus latifolius

Sweet Pea

Leptospermum laevigatum

Coast Tea Tree

Leycesteria formosa

Himilayan Honeysuckle

Ligustrum lucidum

Broad-Leaved Privet

Ligustrum vulgare


Lonicera japonica

Japanese Honeysuckle

Malus spp


Melaleuca armillaris

Giant Honey Myrtle

Melaleuca hypericifolia

Honey Myrtle

Myosotis sylvatica

Common Forget-me-not

Myrsiphyillum scandens

Asparagus Fern

Myrsiphyllum asparagoides

Bridal Creeper

Myrsiphyllum asparagoides


Oenothera stricta

Common Evening Primrose

Opuntia aurantiaca

Prickly Pear

Oxalis pes-caprae


Portulaca oleracea

Common Purslane

Paraserianthis lopantha

Cape Wattle

Passiflora sp. aff. mollissima

Banana Passionfruit

Pentaglottis serpvirens


Phalaris aquatica

Toowoomba Canary Grass

Pennisetum clandestinum


Phytolacca octandra


Pinus radiate

Montery Pine

Diameter at 1.3 metres above natural ground level must not exceed 40 centimetres

Pittosporum crassifolium


Pittosporum undulatum

Sweet Pittosporum

Polygalia myrtifolia

Myrtle Leaf Milkwort

Populus tremuloides

American Aspen

Prunus cerasifera

Cherry Plum

Diameter at 1.3 metres above natural ground level must not exceed 40 centimetres

Prunus laurocerasus

Cherry Laurel

Prunus lusitanica

Portugal Laurel

Prunus spp.


Except Prunus cerasifera (Cherry Plum)

Psoralea pinnata

Bloukeur (Pinnate Scurf-Pea)

Pyracantha spp.


Quercus spp.


Diameter at 1.3 metres above natural ground level must not exceed 40 centimetres

Ranunculus repens

Creeping Buttercup

Rhamnus alaternus

Italian Buckthorn

Ricinus communis

Castor Oil Plant

Robinia pseudacacia

Black Locust

Romulea rosea var australis

Onion Grass

Rosa rubiginosa

Sweet Briar

Rubus fruticosus spp. agg.


Salix babylonica

Weeping willow

Diameter at 1.3 metres above natural ground level must not exceed 40 centimetres

Salix spp.


Diameter at 1.3 metres above natural ground level must not exceed 40 centimetres

Salpichroa origanifolia

Pampas Lily of the Valley

Senecio jacobaea


See Cape Wattle

False Wattle

Solanum linnaeanum

Apple of Sodom

Solanum mauritianum

Tree Tobacco

Solanum nigrum

Black Nightshade

Solanum pseudocapsicum

Madeira Winter Cherry

Sollya heterophylla

Blue-bell Creeper

Spartina anglica

Common Cord-grass

Tradescantia fluminensis

Wandering Jew/Trad

Trapaeolum majus


Ulex europaeus


Verbascum thapsus

Great Mullein

Vibernum timus


Vinca major

Blue Periwinkle

Viola odorata

Fragrant Violet

Viola riviniana

Wood Violet

Watsonia borbonica

Rosy Watsonia

Watsonia meriana var. bulbillifera

Bulbil Watsonia

Zantedeschia aethiopica

White Arum Lily

Information requirements

An application must be accompanied by the following information. These requirements may be waived or reduced if in the opinion of the Responsible Authority, an information requirement is not relevant to the assessment of an application:

Buildings and works:

  • The location of any existing buildings and works.

  • Details of elevations, including external colours, materials and finishes.

  • The location of any existing vegetation and any vegetation proposed to be removed.

  • Details of the location and extent of any earthworks.

To remove, destroy or lop native vegetation:

  • A photograph or site plan (drawn to scale) showing the boundaries of the site, existing vegetation and the vegetation to be removed.

  • A description of the vegetation including understory to be removed, including the species, extent, number and size (diameter at 1.3 metres above natural ground level) of any trees to be removed and the Ecological Vegetation Class of native vegetation.

  • Location of any hollow bearing trees.

  • Topographic information, highlighting ridges, crests and hilltops, streams and waterways, slopes of more than 20 percent, drainage lines, low lying areas, saline discharge areas, and areas of existing erosion.

  • A written explanation of the steps that have been taken to:

  • Avoid the removal of vegetation, where possible.

  • Minimise the removal of vegetation.

  • Appropriately replace and/or compensate the loss of vegetation, if required.

  • A copy of any property vegetation plan that applies to the site.

  • Where the removal, destruction or lopping of vegetation is to create defendable space, a statement explaining why removal, destruction or lopping of vegetation is required having regard to other available bushfire risk mitigation measures. This does not apply to the creation of defendable space in conjunction with an application under the Bushfire Management Overlay.



.0 Decision guidelines

Before deciding on an application, the responsible authority must consider:


  • The Land Capability Study for the Cardinia Shire (February 1997).

  • The need for an environmental and landscape impact assessment report, prepared by a properly qualified person and to the satisfaction of the responsible authority, that includes:

  • An appropriate consideration of alternative subdivision layouts and alternative sites for buildings

  • Possible design responses and design guidelines

  • Consideration of appropriate environmental management practices, including replanting of native vegetation and ongoing protection and management of vegetation and habitat areas.

  • The protection and enhancement of environmental significance having regard to:

  • Protecting habitat areas, landscape areas and vantage points of high quality

  • Protecting and enhancing areas of native vegetation

  • Setting development back from the ridgeline to allow appreciation of the ridge landform and topography, and to maintain the natural skyline of the ridge

  • The visual prominence of land above the 60-metre contour as a defining landscape feature

  • The integration of buildings and works with environmental and landscape features

  • Appropriate environmental management practices.

  • Measures to address environmental hazards or constraints including erosion, drainage and fire.

Buildings and works

  • The impact of any buildings and works on areas of remnant vegetation, and habitat of botanical and zoological significance.

  • The impact of proposed buildings and works on the landscape character of the area, including prominent ridgelines and significant views.

  • The control of the density of buildings and subdivision necessary to meet environmental objectives.

  • The establishment of appropriate building envelopes and the benefits of requiring building envelopes to be shown on plans of subdivision.

  • Whether the siting, height, scale, materials, colours and form of proposed buildings and works, including roads and infrastructure service lines, have been designed to have least visual effect on the ridge environment and landscape.

  • Whether approval of any proposed buildings and works is compatible with maintaining the visual, natural and cultural significance of the ridge landscape.

  • The benefit of permit conditions requiring all building materials to be non-reflective and of colours that are complementary to those of the natural landscape.

  • The benefit of conditions requiring the landscaping of buildings and works, while also having regard to the maintenance of existing viewlines.

Vegetation and habitat

  • The retention of remnant vegetation and wildlife habitat, and the need to plant vegetation along waterways, gullies, ridgelines and property boundaries.

  • The conservation and enhancement of the area’s native vegetation and habitat values, including allowing for natural regeneration of native vegetation

  • Providing linked open space and local habitat corridors.

  • Maintaining vegetation as a key element of the landscape, and maintaining and enhancing the continuity of vegetation.

  • The significance of any vegetation proposed to be removed, including its rarity and habitat value.

  • The need to revegetate or landscape the site with native species and dispersing buildings to allow trees to be planted between them.

Response to slope

  • The availability of other alternative sites, alternative building designs or alternative construction practices for proposed buildings and works that minimise cut and fill and would better meet the environmental objectives of this schedule, having regard to the size and topography of the land, retention of vegetation, and the form and nature of the proposed buildings and works.

  • The availability of reasonable alternative routes, alternative designs or alternative forms of installation for roads, access driveways and infrastructure service lines that would avoid impact on vegetation and habitat areas, follow the contours of the land, minimise cut and fill and better meet the environmental objectives of this schedule.

  • Locating buildings and works in low lying positions on a site.

  • Slope stability and the need for a geotechnical report, particularly where slopes are greater than 20%.


  • The protection of waterways and water quality through the appropriate management of stormwater, effluent disposal, erosion, sediment pollution and the provision and protection of vegetation especially along watercourses.


  • Whether vegetation retention and revegetation is occurring and whether appropriate management techniques are being put in place to address water table and salinity issues.

28/05/2015 C184
.0 Reference Documents

Ecological Assessment of Pakenham Ridge, Biosis Research, August 2006

Indigenous Vegetation Survey – an inventory of sites of biodiversity significance in the Pakenham Growth Corridor and adjoining area Volume 2, Ecology Australia, January 2004.

Pakenham North Ridge Precinct Assessment of Landscape Value, LandDesign Partnership, June 2007

Land Capability Study for the Cardinia Shire (February 1997)

Environmental Significance Overlay – Schedule 4 Page of

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