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Managing Risk, Meeting Need Resource Directory Template

AGENCY: Programmes Approach Team COMPLETED BY: Mark Inglis


(To include assessment tool, programme of work, guidance document, protocol or procedure etc)






  1. YLS / CMI – Youth level of Service – Case Management Inventory

  1. SAVRY – Structured Assessment of Violent Risk Youth

  1. ASSET (Not an acronym)

  1. JSOAP

Juvenile Sex Offender Assessment Protocol II

5. Young persons Drugs worker

5.a) Drug Use Screening Tool (DUST)

5.b) Substance Use Assessment

Scoring tool for 12-17 year olds males which provides an assessment of future risk of re-offending, and need reflected case management inventory/ plan

Assessment of violent risk in adolescents

12 – 18 years old.

Assessment of future risk of re-offending, and case management inventory/ plan, ASSET takes into consideration a comprehensive range of factors

JSOAP is a Checklist to aid the systematic review of risk factors associated with Sexual and criminal offending. Designed for 12 – 18 males who have been charged for sexual offences as well as for those who have a history of sexually coercive behaviours.

Drugs/ and Alcohol workers providing a specialist role in assessment and delivering interventions to “high risk” young people 12 – 18 years old

Screening Tool used to identify the need for further assessment/intervention regarding substance use

Assessment of current/recent (as well as historical) drug and/or alcohol use

Across NAC – when a young person is referred to the reporter on offence grounds.

Guides interventions, and care plans.

Where there is either an offence of a violent nature, or there are concerns about the potential of violence.

As an additional assessment/ not as a replacement to the YLS/ CMI. Where there is a need for further information.

Designed for 12 – 18 who have been charged for sexual offences as well as for those for who have a history of sexually coercive behaviours. Should be used as part of a comprehensive risk - assessment

All young people referred to YPST, PAT or Rosemount will be assessed by appropriately qualified staff. Assessing their substance misuse and its impact upon subsequent behaviours, many of which will be high-risk behaviours.

When a young person has been identified as potentially being adversely affected by their own substance misuse

When young people have been screened via DUST as in need of full assessment

Completed by Social workers when an offence referral is received by the children’s reporter and a report is requested. Should be re-tested when there are changes in circumstances and/or every 6 months

The tool is to assist in structuring assessment of Violent risk. To be completed by trained staff, at the point where is a significant concern regarding the (violent) behaviour being currently presented or the potential risk of future violent behaviour.

ASSET is, an Aid to the development of practice, aid to case management, aid to developing knowledge, aid to managing resources

Should be used as part of a comprehensive assessment, not in isolation. For adolescents boys 12 – 18. Who have been adjudicated for sexual offences, as well as nonadjudicated youths with a history of sexually coercive behaviour

The service can be accessed through the ARG.

Completed by Drugs Workers within Youth Strategy Services. Young person would be referred via Area Resource Group forum. Upon completion of screening a decision regarding a need for further assessment would be made.

Completed by Drugs Workers within Youth Strategy Services in collaboration with the caseholder where applicable following the completion of DUST. The young person would have been referred via ARG forum and will be reviewed there if complex need identified.

Should be re-tested when there are changes in circumstances and every 6 months

At the point where there is a concern regarding the presence of violent behaviours or the likelihood of it.

Should be re-tested when there are changes in circumstances and every 12 months

Strongly recommended that the JSOAP be revised every six months. Should be revised more frequently when there are risk relevant changes that have occurred in the young mans life.

Young people’s substance misuse will be assessed as part of other on going comprehensive assessments and re-assessed as appropriate or where there are significant changes to young peoples circumstances.

This would be particularly the case where young people are returning to their community following a period in Jail or secure and for whom there will likely be a significant alteration In their tolerance to substances.

If the screening result shows no need for further assessment then they could be screened upon re-referral. If screened as needing further assessment then no need to review screening.

With drug and alcohol use being a particularly dynamic activity assessment is always ongoing though a formal assessment could be conducted every 12 weeks which could identify patterns or changes.

The YLS / CMI identifies domains which make it more likely that a young person will re-offend. These should then become a target for interventions. It also identifies strength factors, which are naturally there for the young person; these should be enhanced by interventions, as their presence will reduce the risk of re-offending. The YLS / CMI should be re-tested every 6 months or when circumstances change.

The SAVRY identifies domains which increase the likelihood of future violent behaviours. These should then become a target for interventions. It also identifies strength factors, which are naturally there for the young person; these should be enhanced by interventions, as their presence will reduce the risk of re-offending. The SAVRY should be re-tested when circumstances change. It can also be used at any point to assess if there has been change in the level of future violent risk.

The thorough and accurate completion of individual assessments will contribute to the development of the knowledge base. This will feed into strategic planning and decisions about resources allocation and improvements in services for young people

JSOAP is designed to facilitate risk assessment and risk management. It can also be used for informing and guiding treatment and risk management decisions.

That all young people referred to high level services will have an assessment of their substance misuse as standard. Thus informing interventions and care plans.

The thorough and accurate completion of individual assessments will contribute to the development of the knowledge base. This will feed into strategic planning and decisions about resources allocation and improvements in services for young people

The DUST identifies areas of risk which would inform the decision to assess fully. It looks at three domains in identifying risk and strength. The main conclusion to be reached by the tool is regarding the requirement for further intervention.

The assessment will have identified the areas of concern and in turn informed the level and direction of intervention. Strengths and supports will also be identified which should be built upon. Support could be offered by specialist workers directly and/or indirectly via advice/guidance to allocated worker.

Type of Programme / Support
What’s Involved
Outcome, Description

ROSS 1 & 2

For young people 13-16 years of age who are moderate risk of re-offending according to the Youth Level Service (Y.L.S.) tool. It is a cognitive behavioural programme teaching skills and values required for pro-social competence, which can be run either individually or as a groupwork programme.
This is a 12-session programme, lasting ninety minutes per session, excluding preparation and weekly evaluations.

The young people were from different areas within North Ayrshire and did not know one another before starting the programme.
The programme took place weekly within the Rosemount Project building.
There was a reduction in offending behaviour by all involved in the programmes of between 50 – 100% when comparing the three months previous to referral with the three months that the programmes were undertaken.

Ross 1 & 2 for Females

Same as above, however, very specifically for young females to enable them to engage in their own pro-social development.

This programme has been run in conjunction with Rosemount project and childcare residential staff.
All three group participants are female and lived within N.A.C. children’s unit and were known to display problematic offending behaviours.
There is evidence that it was very worthwhile programmes for these young people girls. However it would also seem to be a challenge to work with girls in a groupwork setting and to achieve the desired outcome of impacting offending behaviour.

Programme / Support
What’s Involved
Outcome, Description







For young people aged 15-17 years old, who are moderate to high risk of re-offending using the Y.L.S. tool. The Programme is specifically for those for whom offending is problematic. The programme focuses on pro-criminal patterns and pro-criminal thinking and how to counter them. Skills are taught, reviewed and applied.
This is a 24-session programme, each session lasts between 60 – 90 minutes.
It is most effective as a groupwork programme but can be used individually

The outcomes in regards to offending were mixed depending on the young person, however all reported and evidenced a development in their problem solving skills and in consequential thinking.

General Offence Focused Work

This is undertaken during the first 6 sessions of Programmes Approach Team assessment, initial contact period.
The approach draws from a number of sources including; The Ross programme, Time to Grow, and other materials. This programme delivers a general over view of the individuals offending also utilises local media articles; young persons personal offending history and psychometric testing. Strengths will be encouraged and developed by reducing risks and needs using artwork, sports and outdoor pursuits and pro-social modelling.
This programme is most effective undertaken on an individual basis, however, it can also be used as a groupwork programme.

All young people who are referred to the Programmes Approach Team undergo a period of assessment and initial contact drawing from the theory and materials contained in these packages.
General offending assessment and Initial contact enables team members to design specifically tailored programmes to meet these needs and address deeds of young people.

Programme / Support
What’s Involved
Outcome, Description

Individual Work

Individualised programme as outlined specifically designed for the young person’s needs/risks and supporting strengths.

As noted in general offence focused work.

Gangs Work

Developed for young people who are involved in or on the periphery of “collective violence”. This programme developed by the “Leap” charity uses cognitive and behavioural approaches.
The programme is offered as part of a partnership but led by the Programmes Approach Team and will include the use of sporting activities and a team building residential component to consolidate learning.

Young people from targeted towards the Bourtreehill and Broomlands and outlying areas. Research base of what works has been established for this approach. There is also a strong partnership with Police, Community Learning and Development and Community Warden Service who will be active in ensuring the success of this venture. 10 young people were appropriately identified for this and although it was initially hoped that we would bring two distinct gangs together for this work only one engaged in the programme. There were 7 young people who attended almost 100% for the 12 weeks on a Friday night.
See Evaluation: Appendix 1

Fire setting programmes

Through the use of specialist external staff and referring to materials provided in relation to the offence of fire setting. Basic fire safety and awareness course drawing from victim awareness materials and diversionary activities is offered.

There have been four young people for whom this type of programme has been appropriate.
All have engaged in the programme successfully and have not continued to be involved in Fire setting offending behaviours.

Programme / Support
What’s Involved
Outcome, Description



Violence for




COVAID is a cognitive-behavioural treatment programme aimed at drinkers who are aggressive or violent when intoxicated. It is particularly relevant for young people who have repeatedly become aggressive or violent after drinking.
The programme is primarily designed for young men who are binge drinkers and who may have difficulties with the criminal justice or hearing system as a result.

The programme and training have been purchased using A.D.A.T. monies. Staff from Social Services Y.P.S.T. Drugs Workers, Addiction Workers, Programmes Approach Team workers have all been training in the use of this programme. I believe we are the first Local authority in Scotland using this among young people.
There have been two programmes run over the 08/09 period. The first being an all girls programme which proved to be a challenge. The programme is very prescription and sequential not allowing for some of the nurturing and therapeutic work that these girls were requiring.
Due to issues raised within the group there was a need to provide further individual support and support some of the girls to have more professional support to meet their needs.
There was a more positive boys group completed. One of the referrals came from Kilmarnock Sheriff court as a Structured Deferred Sentence, which he completed successfully. This was a more successful group and led to a recorded reduction in alcohol-related violence as well as a general reduction in alcohol consumption.

ESCAPE Family Problem Solving Course

For all of the interventions outlined, there exists the option of parents working through a 12-week programme, while their child receives supports in another context.
This programme uses a problem solving approach with parents and is most effective when used as a groupwork programme.

This programme is delivered in partnership with Rosemount Project staff. Five parents have completed this programme to date. Evaluation from parents has been positive. There is a programme on going at present.

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