Native to United States. Distinguishing Characteristics: Green cucumber-shaped fruit with red-orange fruit. Yellow flowers borne on end of branches and close at night . Leaves are simple, alternate, elliptical to ovate, deciduous, and pubescent. Buds are tomentose. Major uses: Ornamental. Seeds eaten by birds and rodents. Wood used for crates, furniture, interior trim, venetian blinds, and plywood. Sold as yellow-poplar wood . Has not been sold as cucumber wood since 1928. Is an endangered tree species in Florida and Indiana. There are no important diseases, but is very susceptible to ground fires and frost. Information provided by Kelly Munaretto, 2002.
Malus coronaria (Pyrus coronaria)
Native to the United States and is especially prominent is Ohio as it grows wild in probably every county . Distinguishing Characteristics: Flowers have pink blossoms. Leaf margins irregularly toothed, and leaves are ovate to oblong and simple. Black, thread-like glands on upper midrib of leaves. Spines on twigs and/or trunk. Fruit is a round, reddish pome about 1 in. in diameter . Major Uses: Ornamental. Mammals (deer, raccoons) eat fruit and squirrels eat seeds. Fruit also consumed by humans. Less hardy varieties of apple trees are grafted onto M. coronaria . Also hardy in urban environments. Fruit can be made into crabapple jelly. Creates problem when fallen fruit attracts bees and wasps . Information provided by Kelly Munaretto. 2002.
Introduced species to this country probably before 1800 . Native to Central and Southern Europe and Western Asia. Distinguishing Characteristics: Can be multi- or single-trunked, and grown as either a small tree or shrub. Small, yellow inflorescences. Leaves are simple, opposite, broad elliptic, with undulating leaf margins and approximately 3 in. long. Arcuate vein pattern. Fruits are drupes that are green and then ripen to a bright red . Major Uses: Ornamental and urban tolerant. Fruit eaten by birds and squirrels . Fruit utilized in France to make an alcoholic beverage, vin de courneille, and is also used in preserves . It is suggested that C. Mas be planted in front of a red brick wall or near an evergreen tree to provide contrast with the yellow inflorescences . Information provided by Kelly Munaretto, 2002.