197. The latest archeological, historical and linguistic researches very clearly show that the Europeans (Eastern and Western) were originally the migrants from the Land of the Aryans (Iran). So were the ruling classes of Egypt (the Pharaohs), and India (the Brahmans), as well as the ancient Greeks and the Romans. (see “Insights Guide” India,APA,2001 New Delhi, p.22). In other words, all those leading cultures of the ancient world were the children of the migrant Iranians of the olden days. But what about the White Americans of today? Well, the White Americans are actually the Children of the European migrants, or the “grandchildren” of the Persians or the Iranians!
198. History also tells us that the “ruling classes of Arabia and its business people” were originally the descendants of the Persian royal families, going back some 5000-6000 years ago, who migrated and settled in the Arabian Peninsula/Arabia Felix, Yemen, etc.
In the Persian history, those “Arabs” are known as “Tazi” (Horse-riders, which are related to the Tajiks of Tajikistan) versus the Bedouin Arabs. (See Deh-khoda Lexicon, under “Tazi”, Tehran, Iran, 1985).
Now it is even possible that the word “Quraish” or “Koraish” (the most prominent and noble tribe of Arabia, from which the Prophet Mohammad [P.B.U.H.] was also descended) is actually an adaptation from the name of the Persian Patriarch “Kurush”(=Cyrus) or some other ancient Persian figure in history. (Note: One of the ancestors of Prophet Mohammad was Quraish bin Malik, after whom this tribe has been named. He lived in 200 A.D. See “The Muslim and Parsi Names” P.354). The Indian authors Maneka Gandhi and Prof. Ozair Husain in their book titled “Parsi and Muslim Names” describe the Tazi and Tazik this way: “Tazik, a Pahlawi word that means pertaining to the Tajik family (living among the Arab) who had descended from Taj, the brother of Hushang, the ancient Persian King”. See p 454 of the same book.
199. Persian civilization being the first great human civilization to emerge, was also the first to abolish the old caste system (though India and some others are still at it!) Persians eliminated even the masculine-feminine distinctions from the language itself, whereas the rest of the world practices them until today.
For example, while all other ancient cultures (Indian, Chinese, Hebrew, Greek, Roman, Arab, Slavic, Russian and even the modern European and American languages) have some sort of masculine-feminine gender discriminations in them (although officially it is illegal to discriminate between the two sexes) the only ancient culture and civilization that does not discriminate between the masculine and feminine genders at all (i.e. he/she/his/her/il/el/la/etc.) is the Persian language.
200. The first people, who accepted and believed in Jesus Christ, were the Persians. See the story of the three Magi/Wise men/Kings, (the Zoroastrian Priests and Nobilities) that came from Persia to see baby Jesus (Ref. Mathew II, Verse 1-12 The Bible).
201. According to Herodotus, the Greek, who is called the father of History writing: “The Persians excelled in horse-riding, archery and telling only the truth” (“The Zoroastrian teaching of right word, right thought, and right deed”).
202. In Political and Economic Fronts, the first revolution in the Middle East, even ahead of the 1917 Russian Revolution was the Mashruta (Constitutional) Revolution of Iran, in 1906. It changed the country from an absolute Monarchy to a Constitutional Monarchy.
203. The first religious revolution in the world that led to the establishment of an Islamic Republic took place in Iran in 1979. Ahmad Ben Bella, the revolutionary president of Algeria called it the “Miracle of our Age”. (Ettelaat, Tehran, January 1980).
That Islamic Revolution caused the Revival of the Islamic aspirations all over the Muslim world, which is visible everywhere, even today. (See “The Time Magazine”, New York, April 16, 1979. Also The International Herald Tribune, September 4, 2002)
204. The first nationalization of oil and other natural resources in the Middle East was lead by Dr. Mohammad Mosaddeq of Iran, in 1940s and 1950s.
205. The first oil well in the world was found and drilled in the Persian City of Baku (or Baad Kubeh = the Windy City, now the capital of Azerbaijan) in the year 1394, A.D. (“The New World,” Siemens Magazine, Germany Sept. 2001). It was in this same region that the first Fire Temple was built by the followers of Zoroaster the Persian Prophet some 5, 000 years ago), which is alight even today).
206. The first oil pipeline was also built in Baku, from the woods of the Caspian region. This oil enterprise was run by Alfred Nobel (of the Nobel Prize) of Sweden (“The Int’l Herald Tribune,” May 16, 2006)
207. The first oil tanker in the world was built in Baku, and it was named after the Persian Prophet the Zoroaster. (Source: “The New World,” Siemens Magazine, Germany, Sep. 2001).
208. The largest inland body of water in the world is located in Northern Persia. It’s the Caspian Sea, with the best Caviar in the world, plus oil, gas and a lot of flora and fauna.
209. In Poetry and Literature:
One Thousand and one Night (The “Arabian Nights” or corrected The Persian Nights, written in the
10th century A.D.) Examples: Sinbad the Sailor, Ali Baba, the Thief of Baghdad, Scheherazade, etc.
B. “The original Ten Commandments” by the Priest-king Jamshid “Dasatir” and “Zand Avesta”, the oldest Holy Scriptures in the world.
C. “Gathas” the oldest religous songs, and hymns in the world
D. The Epic of Gilgemesh, etc.
E. Undoubtedly the best poetry that was ever created by man, both in quality and quantity (with over 1000 Divans or books of poetry and thousands of world renowned poets, stretching from India, to Central Asia and up to the Balkans in Europe!) Here are some of them, very briefly:
1. The Rubaiyyat of Omar Khayyam (The second best-selling poetry in the world, next to Rumi, the other Persian poet, who is the number 1 best selling poet in history) After the Bible, the Rubaiyyat, is the most translated, the most published book in the world, according to the Chinese translator of the Rubaiyyat Professor Zhang Hongnian (see “Lotus” magazine, Beijing Nov.20/2003).
2. The Shah Namah of Firdausi (The “Paradise Man”) the story of Rostum and Sohrab God and Evil and others.
3. The Math-nawi, the ultimate light of mysticism and Sufism by Jalalud Din Rumi. (The best seller in the US today,some 800 years after its creation. Actually Rumi is the best-selling poet in the history of poetry in the world. (See “The Christian Science Monitor” Nov.25/1997). Some great literary works in the world were inspired by Rumi’s poetry like “The Alchemist” best-seller by Paulo Coehlo of Brazil, etc).
4. The best Love Songs in the Odes of Hafez of Shiraz, who is considered as the “Greatest Poet ever who walked this earth”! (See: The Gift, Collection of Hafiz’s Poems, by Daniel Ladinsky, 1998, N.Y., USA). Hafez is also adored and “worshipped” by J.W. Goethe, the greatest poet of Germany and Europe). Some scholars say that the three great poets of all time are Hafiz (of Persia), Dante (of Italy) and Shakespeare (of England). “The Persian Letters”, Summer 2000. Fredrich Nietsche, the great German Philosopher believes that the “Diwan of Hafiz “is the “True miracle of the human arts, which enchanted even a great Philosopher-Poet like Goethe (Ibid).
5. The classical Persian Romanticism by Nezami of Ganjeh, whose “Romeo and Juliet” (Shirin-Farhad) was composed some 500 years ahead of Shakespeare’s! (A True Pioneer in the Tragic Love genre)
6. The Purest Sufi Expressions in the “Ruba’iyyat”of Baba Tahir “The Oryan”.
7. The Sweetest language in poetry and prose in the Rose Gardens (Bustan and later Gulestan) of Sheikh Sa’di.
It’s no wonder that the Persian language has rightfully been called “the language of poetry” because no other language in the world could match Persian language in poetry, both in quality as well as in quantity.
That’s why Professor Akhtar Mahdi, of the Jawaher La’l Nehru University in India said: “Persian language has the richest poetry in the world”. See “The Persian Letters,” Summer 2002, p.133
And Professor Ian Richard of France says: I dare to say: “Persian poetry is unparalleled in the world”. See “The Persian Letters,” summer 2002, P.189
Another western scholar called Persian poetry and literature at par with the best of Greek and Roman masterpieces if not even better. (Ibid).
There are literally hundreds of other great Persian poets like Attar, Jami, Sanai, Salman Sawajee, Rudaki, Asjodi, Simin, Lady Foroogh, Farrokhi, Onsori, Nasser Khosro, Amir Khosro, Zakani, Saa-ib of Tabriz, Lady Parvin, Lady Rabia, Lady Mahasti, Lady Fatima Khatoon, Shahriar, Bahar, Amir Shir Ali, Sohaili, Nima, Iraj, Eshqi, etc. Even many non-Persians, like hundred of poets from the Indian Subcontinent (including Bangladesh and Pakistan) preferred to compose their poems in Persian rather in their own native language (Hindi or Urdu) because they believed that “Persian is poetry!”
Dr. Mohammad Iqbal (1875-1938 A.D.) the national poet of Pakistan (and India) also known as “the Poet of the East”, with his great Divan in Persian, is the prince of them all! (Note: 70% of this Neat Indian Poets-Poems are composed in Persian, and only 30% in his own mother tongue, Urdu/Hindi, because he said: “I get this inspirations only in Persian; in fact my sole is Persian; And while Indian is a sweet language, persian is even sweeter!) see “Dr. Igbal, Persian Letters” 2002/p.81
In the western borders, from Central Asia up to China and from Turkey to Albania in Europe, many Muslim poets of the Balkan region (including several Turkish Emperors of the Othoman Empire) used to compose poems, both in their own native language, as well as in Persian!
For example the national poet of Albania, Mr.Naim Frashery (1846-1905 A.D.) as well as the national poet of Bangladesh, Qazi Nazarul Islam (1899-1977 A.D.)also used to compose some of their poems in Persian! While the national poet of Azirbaijan, Nezami is the greatest poet of Persian literature of the Romanticism genre, in the history of the Persian Poetry.
210. The top two greatest poets of the world (=the best read and the best sellers) are Persian, i.e. No.1, Rumi and No. 2 Omar Khayyam; the third place goes to the English poet- playwrite, William Shakespeare. (Although the BBC research shows that “The Shakespeare works” are written by many people and not by William Shakespeare alone. See BBC Report, Dec. 15, 2004)
211. The scholar, who collected, edited and preserved the most famous poems in the Arabic literature, “The classic Al-Muallaqat, the seven” was an Iranian researcher, by the name of Hammad Bin Sabur Al-Rawiyah (775 A.D.) See “The Parsi Names” by Maneka Gandhi, India, 1994, p.159.
In Islamic Sciences and Islamic Civilization:
The Persians also played the greatest role in the development of the Islamic Sciences and Islamic Civilization, as well as in the preservation and spreading of it, in the world, as follows:
212. Salman Al-Farsi of Persia was the first person to translate the Holy Quran into a foreign language (i.e. Persian).
213. The first time the Holy Qur’an was printed in a Muslim country (by modern machines) was in Persia, in 1866 A.D. (Ref. “Ettelaat International,” Tehran, Jan. 20, 1996).
214. The first melodious English translation of the Holy Qur’an (as the original Arabic is also melodious) for a better reading and an easier memorization of its verses, was done by the Persian scholar, Dr. Fazlollah Nikayin - - in the USA (1998).
This translation which is titled, “Qur’an: A Poetic Translation from the Original” is first of its kind, not only in English language, but also in any other translation of the Holy Qur’an, in 1,400 year history of Islam. (Reference: The Ultimate Book 2000, Skokie Publications (Illinois) U.S.A.)
215. The most translated language of the entire Holy Qur’an in the world is Persian---some one thousand
translations (Ref. “Ettalaat International,” Tehran, Jan.20, 1996)
216. Incidentally, the first translation of the Holy Qur’an into Turkish language also was accomplished by a Persian scholar, by the name of Mohammad Daulat-Shah Shirazi, in 1310 A.D. during the early years of the Turkish Othoman Empire. A copy of this translation is on display in the Museum of the Islamic Arts, in Islambul, Turkey, under Catalog No.73. (See “Tarjuman Wahy Magazine,” Iran, Feb. 1999. No wonder that during the seize of the Constantinople (now Istanbul in Turkey) in 1391 A.D., while the Armies of Islam laid the seige around the city, inside it, the intellectual debate between Islam and Christianity was also going on between the Byzantine emperor, Manuel II Paleologos and a “Learned Persian” Muslim, who represented the intellectual side of Islam (see “The International Herald Tribune” Sep.14/2006 p.1, the lecture of Pope Benedict XVI, at the Resemberg University, Germany, Sept.12/2006))
217. The first woman in history of Islam and the world, who translated the Holy Qur’an into the English language, was the Iranian- American lady, Dr. Lalch Bakhtiar. This translation of Ms. Bakhtiar is one of the only 20 other English translations of the Holy Qur’an into English. Her English translation that took more than seven years to complete is published by the Kazi Publications in Chicago, USA. (See ‘the NewYork Times” Apr.7/2007). Now, considering that the first ever translation of the Holy Qur’an into a foreign language (i.e. Persian) was done by Salman the Persian, during the time of the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H.) himself (630A.D.), and also the fact that the first translation of the Holy Qur’an into Turkish language, too, was accomplished by another Iranian, by the name of Mohhamad Daulat- Shah Shirazi, in 1310A.D,,then the real role of the Persian Muslims in the propagation of Islam and the Holy Qur’an, around the world and throughout the history, becomes even more clear.
218. The youngest person, who ever memorized the entire Holy Qur’an, was a 5-year-old Persian boy by the name of M.H. Taba-Tabai. (He received a Ph.D. from the Hijaz Islamic College of England, as the youngest scholar of the Holy Qur’an in 1996).
219. The most well known master of the Qur’an Recitation (Qari) in the history of Islam is a Persian Qari, by the name Al – Kasai (Ali Bin Bahman who passed away in 805 A.D.) (Ref. “The Parsi Names” p.237)
The greatest interpreter of the Holy Quran in Islam is Tabari, also a Persian
220. The greatest Imam among the majority of Muslims---Imam Abu Hanifah was a Persian.(from Kufa or Kuppah, now in Iraq. It used to be one of the border towns of the Persian Empire. Kuppah in Persian means, “hillside”).
221. The greatest master of SUFISM (Islamic Mysticism) was Al-Ghazzali, another Persian teacher, (Some orientalists consider him as the most qualified scholar in Islam, aside from the Prophet Mohammad himself).
A British scholar says:” If Descart could read Arabic, I would definitely say that he got his ideas from Al-Ghazzali”. (See “Iqbaliyyat” Lahore, Pakistan 1989- p.239).
222. The first person in the history of Islam, who was called a “Sufi” was a Persian Mystic from Kufah (=Kuppah= “hill,” which is now part of Iraq) by the name of Abu Hisham, who died at 777 A.D. (See “Parsi Names” Maneka Gandhi, p.7).
223. The first Master of the Theosophical Verse, in the Islamic Civilization was Abu Saeed Abul Khair (1360 – 1391 A.D.) the great Persian Sufi – Poet. (Ref. “The Complet Book of Muslim and Parsi Names” India, 1994, p.8).
With regards to Sufism in Persia, Mr. Souren Melekian of the Herald Tribune International has a beautiful expression that explains it all. He says, and we quote, “Islamic mysticism, particularly in Iran where “the soul of the world” was the object of much meditation”. (Ref. “International Herald Tribune” Dec.10/2006 p.11).
224. The longest epic Poem in the history of the world literature (and probably the best ever) is the Shahnamah of Ferdausi - - the Epic of Persian – Turanian wars. (Ibid)
225. The first Urdu language newspaper that was published in the Indian Subcontinent (1882 A.D.) when India was still under the British Rule, was given a Persian name, i.e. “Jami – Jahan Nema” (= the crystal ball of the legendary Persian king Jamshid). Some say it was another Newspaper, called Fauji Akhbar (also a Persian name meaning the Soldiers News) Ref. “Muslim and Parsi Names”, India, 1994, p.128
226. All the earliest collectors and writers of the traditions of Prophet Mohammad (P.B.U.H.) who preserved and spread his words were Persians--Bukhari, Muslim, Tirmidi, Ibni Maja, Nasai and Abu Dawoud.
227. The most prominent Muslim Officers and Warriors in the Middle Ages, that almost conquered Europe, were the “Saracens / Sarassins” (the Khorasanis) who were the Persian Muslims of the Khorasan region of Iran (A.H. Noori, “The Persian Civilization,” Tehran, 1994, P.581). Also take note of the “Saracenic Architecture”, “Saracenic Domes”, etc. (Note: today there are many Europeans, especially Italians with the surname “Saracini” which shows their Saracin ancestors).
228. The first Muslim leader, who conquered Europe (Spain) and established the Islamic Caliphate in Andalusia (711 A.D.), was a Persian Muslim General by the name of Tariq Bin Ziad. He was from the ancient Persian Capital of Hamadan in western Iran.
The straight of Gibraltar (Jabal At-Tariq or the Mountain of Tariq) is named after that historic conqistador. (See “The Persian Letters”, Vol 8/ 2003, P.125)
229. Also the first scholar, who chronicled the well arranged history of Andalusia (Spain), was a Persian Historian, by the name of Ahmad Al-Razi (1580-1650) A.D.) Ibid.
230. The man, who finally defeated the western crusaders, liberated Jerusalem from the invaders and saved the Muslims from a total annihilation, was a Kurdish (Persian) man by the name of Salahud Din (Saladin the Magnificent). Salahuddin’s grandfather was “Shadi” whose name is pure Persian, meaning “Happy” or “Happiness”.
231.One of the earliest fashion designers in Europe was Ali Zaryab, the best artist-musician of the Moorish/ Islamic Caliphate of Spain, in 9th century A.D.
He was from the city of Musul (the Krudish-Persian region, which is now part of Iraq). His name “Zaryab” is a Persian name which means “Gold-miner, Gold-finder or Gold-smith. (Ref. “The Universal Message” Manila, March 2007/p.5)
232. Also the first man who introduced the “Concept of three course meal” into Europe (they used to have two course meals, since the time of the Romans) was Ali Zaryab, the Persian Artist-musician and fashion designer of the 9th century Moonish Spain (ibid)
233. The man who invented/perfected the world-renowned “Saber of Damascus” also known as Damascus Blade (the special steel word, that defeated the European Crusaders, at the hands of the Muslims was a man named Assad-Ullah, an Iranian sword maker/inventor (a “Nanotechnologists” of the 17th century.) (Ref. The New York Times” Dec.16/2006, p.7). now, considering that the man who lead the Islamic forces against the western Crusaders/invaders was also another Iranian Kurdish leader by the neme of Salahud Sin (Saladin the magnificent) then the great role of the Persians in the victory of the Islamic forces against the western Armios, becomes even more clear.
234. The first scholar, who started the systematic study of Geography during the Islamic Era, was another Persian researcher, by the name of Ibn Khordad Beh. (Ibid)
235. The founder of Ayyubi Dynasty of Yemen, King Turanshah (1174 – 1254 A.D.) was a Persian, so were the Ayyubis of Eygpt (Saladdin, who defeated the Crusaders (1138 – 1193 A.D.) as well the Mamluk Dynasty of Eygpt, and several other dynasties in Syria and some North African countries. (Ref. Maneka Gandhi, “Parsi Names” India, 1994 P460).
236. The greatest grammarian of Arabic language was a Persian--the Sibwaih of Shiraz.
237. The first Nawwab of the Indian region of Awadh (from the Persian word “AW” = water, meaning “watershed”) and the founder of the Awadh Dynasty in India, was an Iranian Minister, by the name of Sa’adat Ali Khan (1772 – 1739 A.D.) See “Parsi Names” P.378.
238. The first compiler of an Arabic Dictionary was a Persian by the name of Khalil Bin Ahmad who created (Incidentially, the first complier of the Arabic and Persian dictionaries, in the Philippine educationed system, in 1980’s was another Persian, by the name of Prof. M.S. TAJAR). “Kitabul Ayn” (See “Parsi Names” P. 223). It was written in the Khorasan province of Iran (Ibid).
239. The first scholar who organized, formulated and established the Science of Rhetoric, Elocution and Prosody in Arabic language was a Persian master by the name of Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jorjani (Gorgani).
300. The greatest poet of the Arabic language, in the post-Islamic era, is Abu-Nuas or Abu Nawaz (=Hasan bin Hani), a half Persian from Ahvaz (Persia). Note: “Nawaz” is a Persian word meaning ‘singing”, “song, love, care, etc.”
301. The greatest Philosophical mind after Aristotle, who preserved the philosophy from destruction during the Dark Ages (of Europe), was Al-Farabi the Persian. He was also a linguist and a music virtuoso. He is known as the Second Master. (After Aristotle).
302. The greatest intellectual during the middle Ages was Abu Ali Sina (Avicena) the Persian Physician-Philosopher (see International Herald Tribune, Oct. 11, 2001).
According to Professor Osler, the book of Al Qanoon by Avicenna “Has remained a medical Bible, longer than any other book in the History of Medicine” (Ansar Ali “Indo-Iranian Thought” Renaissance Publishing, Delhi, India, 1995, p.184)
Avicenna’s medicinal and philosophical thoughts dominated the West for over 600 years (Ibid).
303. Also the first scientific book that was printed in the world, after the invention of the printing machine, was the Cannon of Abu Ali Sina (or Avicena, the Persian Physician-Philosopher). His medical masterpiece was the most popular textbook of Medicine, in the European Colleges and Universities, during the Middle Ages and up to the 18th Century A.D. (By the way, the earliest College of Medicine, recorded in the History of Iran was “Gundishapur Medical School”, 500 A.D. Also take note that the terms, Medica, Medicine, Medici, etc. came from the name Medes=Medeo-Persian Men).