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Marshal’s Office of the Lodz Region




January 2010
Regional Investor Assistance Centre - PAIiIZ Partner

Investment offer – The Lodz Region

Table of content:

  1. Poland – Facts & Figures ... [p.2]

  2. Lodz Region – Facts &Figures ... [p.3]

  3. Investment offer ... [p.6]

    1. Business infrastructure ... [p.6]

    2. Finance ... [p.8]

    3. Human resources ... [p.12]

  4. Our offer ... [p.13]

Poland – Facts & Figures

Polish economy is developing much faster than the Euro zone (2.6%) and higher than the average of all EU members (2.8%). Poland’s growth has been driven to a significant extent by export growth, industrial production and investments1.

Poland - Macroeconomic Data
Size (sq. km): 312 685

Population (million): 38.1

Real GDP Growth Rate (%): 0,8 (I 2009)

Unemployment Rate (%):10,8 (May 2009

Inflation (%): (%): 2,3 (I półrocze 2009)

Value of Polish export (mln ): 399353,3 PLN 2008

Source: Central Statistical Office (GUS), National Bank of Poland, BZ WBK, EIU

Poland’s EU membership creates new opportunities for investors planning to invest in the country2:

  • access to the single market of 490 million customers (EU including new member states, Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein);

  • the single largest beneficiary of EU aid among the acceding countries;

  • EU membership guarantees stability and a dynamic development.

Other reasons for investors to enter Poland are:

  • costs (incl. labour costs and costs of living) and the possibility of decreasing them.

  • costs of conducting business in Poland are significantly lower than in Western Europe

  • size of Polish market;

  • human capital – availability of labour, qualified workforce;

  • economic growth prospects: solid macroeconomic foundations and monetary policy set by an independent Central Bank;

  • political and economic environment favourable to foreign investment, ongoing corporate restructuring, deregulation and further privatization; beneficial tax rates – Corporate Income Tax rate of 19% of taxable base; low inflation and falling interest rates; strong orientation towards joining the Euro zone; mature financial

The biggest investors in Poland

  • Citigroup

  • Bridgestone

  • Dell

  • Gillette

  • LG Electronics

  • Fiat

  • France Telecom

  • LG Philips LCD

  • Google

  • Reuters

  • Whirpool

  • Unicredito Italiano

The Lodz Region – Facts & Figures

  • Location: in the centre of Poland

  • Total area: 18,200

  • Population: 2,6 mln

  • Joint Purchasing Power in the Region: 16 bln USD

  • Structure of employment: 39,3 % Agriculture, 30, 6% services, 30,1% Industry,

  • Unemployment: 10.6 %

  • Administrative structure: 24 districts, 177 communes

  • Capital of the Region: Lodz – one of the largest cities in Poland with nearly one million inhabitants

Aged structure of population in the region of Lodz:

Population in the voivodship


in pre-working age


in working age


in post-working age

% of population

in pre-working age

% of population

in working age

% of population

in post-working age








state as of… 31 December 2008

Major investors:

  • Bosch-Siemens Hausgeraete GmbH

  • Merloni Elektrodomestic

  • Indesit

  • Amcor

  • DELL

  • ECE Projektmanagement

  • Gillette Poland International Ltd

  • AIG Lincoln

  • ABB

  • Fuji Seal Group

  • Coko Kunststoffwerk

  • Corning Cable System

  • Hutchinson

  • Metro AG

According to the report (“Investment attractiveness of Poland’s voivodships and subregions in 2009”)of Institute for Market Economics The Lodz subregion is on the first place as for investment attractiveness for services, on the second place – for advanced technologies and on the third place for industry activity,. We have great human resources, graduates high level of economic and public activity, great number of foreign companies

Transport - all roads lead to Lodz
The beneficial potential of the voivodeship is a consequence of the geographical location and the already achieved social and economic development. Main transport corridors such as Berlin – Warsaw - Moscow and Gdańsk - Warsaw – Vienna run through the region connecting it with Europe and the rest of Poland. The construction of A2 (east - west) highway is highly developed, while the course of A1 (north – south) highway is now established. The crossing of A-1 and A-2 and a system of domestic roads make this voivodeship into a European traffic centre. Already today the logistic centers are operating around Lodz, Tomaszów Mazowiecki, Piotrkow Trybunalski, Kutno, Strykow, Zgierz. They belong amongst others to Raben, IKEA, KERAKOLL, Graveleau, Casino, LEK. The city of Lodz has its own Lublinek passenger airport, which is on the gradual development, handling international flights. The future of Lodz is also closely related to intermodal transport, which shall also utilize the Lodz - Olechów container terminal and the planned in the neighborhood A-1 highway. The city of Kutno is also getting ready to open a container terminal joining the road and railway transport. The planned construction of a fast railway line to Warsaw shall provide Lodz with a better link to the international fast rail transport.

Economy – we are dynamic
The economy of the region is agricultural and industrial in character. The most important areas of industry are energy, food processing and beverages as well as: medical equipment, clothing and textiles, pharmaceuticals and production of household appliances. 70% of the domestic production of ceramic tiles and terracotta is manufactured in the voivodeship. Bełchatów has the biggest in Europe fuel and energy complex, producing electricity from brown coal. Other multibillion investments shall further increase the output of the complex. The region is characterized by high level of the inhabitants’ entrepreneurship. There are approximately 245.000 economic entities out of which over 97% belong to a private sector. The sectors of SMEs and services are on rapid development. Lodz agglomeration is also a seat for the biggest telecommunication companies in Poland such as: Telekomunikacja Polska and GSM, which have their call centres here.
Entrepreneurship support and promotion
Self-governmental bodies plays causal role in supporting local and regional entrepreneurs. On regional level, the Department of Entrepreneurship in Marshal Office of Lodzkie Region coordinates the policy on entrepreneurship development within the voivodeship. To make the region guarantee unconstrained economic progress, be attractive for investors and inspire to pick up the gauntlets, all of this constitutes Department’s mission. Projects conducted are focused on five strategic fields: investments, business infrastructure, funds, human capital and business climate. Activities taken include, i.a.: clustering policy, tripartite cooperation among business, research & development and administration, technology transfer, foreign investments, international business cooperation, minimizing legal and practical barriers. Officers put great emphasis on wide promotion of region as a whole, as well as strategic branches and particular enterprises.
Science and education – high-level offer
A factor guaranteeing long-term development of the voivodeship is the fact that the capital of the region is a strong academic and cultural centre. There are such state universities as the University of Łódź, the Technical University of Łódź, the Medical University, the Academy of Fine Art, the Music Academy, the National Film, Television and Theatre School, as well as numerous private universities. During the academic year 2003/2004 the universities in Łódź had as many as 120.000 students. Scientific and research facilities of the universities as well as independent research units and institutes such as European Institute, Centre of Molecular and Macromolecular Studies of the Polish Academy of Sciences, the Institute of Occupational Medicine, Institute for Nuclear Studies, the Institute of Technical Textiles "MORATEX", are partners for the industry in implementing modern technology, innovation and training of personnel.
State and private universities as well as their branches operate in many bigger cities of the region. Well known is the Institute of Pomology and Floriculture in Skierniewice. The Department of English of Łódź University and its graduates promote the English culture and science. British library is a place where the English speakers and the inhabitants of Łódź - the anglophiles meet. English language is one of the most frequently heard foreign languages on the streets of Łódź and one of the most popular languages amongst young people.

The culture - a variety of possibilities
Every lover of contemporary art should go to the Modern Art Museum in Łódź. When visiting Łódź the tourist should also drop in to see a performance at the Grand Theatre or in one of the dramatic theatres: St. Jaracza Theatre, Teatr Nowy, Teatr Powszechny. The connoisseurs of classical music know that Artur Rubinstein was born and grew up in Łódź. Many famous artists were and still are connected with this city. One might mention such personalities as: Katarzyna Kobro, Kazimierz Dejmek, Roman Polański, Waldemar Zawodziński, Jerzy Kosiński, Andrzej Sapkowski, Andrzej Wajda and many others. Many cultural events are very special in character, and became renowned. Those are the Camerimage Festival, the ballet meetings or the year-by-year more popular Festival of the Dialog of the Four Cultures reflecting the multi - national roots of city.
The numerous cinemas, community centers, art exhibitions, galleries and clubs further supplement the range of amusement and cultural services. A street which is a phenomenon on a national scale is the Piotrkowska street with its unique climate. Its pubs, cafes and restaurants are a meeting point for the inhabitants of the city and the visitors.
Recreation - an inexpensive offer for all
The attractiveness of the voivodeship is also created by the tourist offer. Łódź with its eclectic architecture, post-industrial palaces and numerous pubs close to Piotrkowska street is an ideal place for weekend repose. The large forest complexes in neighbourhoods of Tomaszów Mazowiecki, Bełchatów, the landscape parks - the Pilica Landscape Park, Załęczański Landscape Park, Warta and Widawka Landscape Park, Przedborski Landscape Park, Bolimowski Landscape Park, Łódź Uplands Landscape Park, the water reservoirs of Sulejów and Jeziorsko as well as high standard agro - tourism farms favour the development of tourism and outdoor recreation. In Łódź voivodeship there are also golf fields, stud farms, biking and hiking routs leading through the most beautiful sites of the region. The lovers of active tourism through the visits to historical locations shall find in the region also interesting relics of Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance, baroque, art nouveau architecture. In the past Łódź was called the "Polish Manchester" there are still many buildings resembling the nineteen century English factory architecture.
Branches with the biggest chances of development in the Lodz Region

  • industry

  • building

  • Mechatronics

  • ICT

  • trade and services

  • industrial processing

  • production of the electric energy

  • agriculture

  • food processing

  • biotechnology

Investment offer

Business infrastructure

Regional Investor Assistance Centre in the Lodz Region Marshal’s Office
Basic tasks (free of charge):

  • searching for the best investment sites, selected on the basis of the investors’ requirements,

  • assistance for investors in the first period of business activity,

  • supporting negotiations concerning the locations considered for investments, preparation of the encouragement package, support and further attention

  • increasing the inflow of foreign direct investments (FDI) into the region

Lodz Regional Park of Science & Technology Ltd.3
This is a special place where scientific achievement can find their market usage.
Łódź Technopark's mission is:

  • to use optimally economic and intellectual resources of the Region,

  • to increase innovativeness and competitiveness of enterprises of the Region,

  • to increase the amount of workplaces and to decrease unemployment in the Region,

  • to increase competitiveness of the Łódź region economy,

  • to transfer modern technologies from science to industry,

  • to keep and employ the best educated graduates of higher schools in the Region.

Łódź Technopark is dedicated especially for such branches as:

  • Computer science

  • Production of modern therapeutic equipment

  • Production of medicaments, beauty products, pharmaceutical components

  • New and renewable energy sources

  • Production of new materials for the needs of medicine and textile industry

  • Environment protection

  • Biotechnology

  • Nanotechnology

  • Health food

Boruta Zgierz Industrial Park 4
The Boruta Zgierz Industrial Park was created to increase the attractiveness of industrial areas and to reduce unemployment in industry. The main objective of the Park is to obtain external investments funds for the city, through:

  • Developing SME`s

  • Increasing competitivness of Zgierz Town

  • Boosting economic activity of industrial areas located on the territory

  • Developing modern infrastructure system (natural gas, water, electricity) on the territory of the Industrial Park

  • Obtain funds necessary for the restoration of derelict industrial land

  • Reducing the costs related to business activity, through:

  • negotiating prices of energy, heating, natural gas and fuels on behalf of companies operating in the Park

  • negotiating process of external services for investors of Industrial Park, such as: water, sewage, telecommunications services, insurance, transport services, others.

Advantages of Boruta Zgierz Industrial Park investment:

  • Possibility of receiving a subsidy from the European Union up to 65% of the new investment value

  • Possibility of receiving up to 100% Real Estate Tax exemption

  • Low price of energy

  • Combined heating and power plant, industrial steam installations and large transformer stations

  • Supply of water, natural gas, energy

  • Promotion of the Industrial Park and its ivestors

  • Visual information for new investors

  • Ongoing construction and renovation of roads and infrastructure on the territory of the Park

Industry and Technology Park Bełchatów – Kleszczów 5
The Industry and Technology Park Bełchatów - Kleszczów is an instrument of reviving the economy of Bełchatów. The main goal is to create advantageous conditions for setting up innovative businesses and encourage entrepreneurs to start business activities, so contributing to the creation of new jobs.

Łódź Special Economic Zone 6
The Special Economic Zone is a separate, uninhabited part of the territory of the Republic of Poland where business activities can be conducted on special, preferential terms defined in the Law on Special Economic Zones and other legal acts, in particular in the Ordinance of the Council of Ministers on the Łódź Special Economic Zone. The Łódź SEZ offers for investors both attractive areas without any buildings for the purpose of "greenfield" investments and buildings to be upgraded.

Running business in our Zone, the investor is able to use the public aid, allowing for reimbursement of even 70% of the investment outlays. The aid is granted on conditions harmonised with the regulations of the European Union regarding competition.

There are 6 main clusters in the Lodz Region:

  • biotechnology

  • media

  • textile

  • bioenergy

  • mechatronic

  • fruit and vegetable

The main objective of the cluster is to support sustainable development of those six sectors in the Region. This goal will be achieved by establishing a durable partnership between producers, suppliers and consumers. In order to provide a advantageous business climate for investors, clusters affect local market in three ways: by increasing the productivity of the companies, by driving innovation in the field and by stimulating new businesses. Legal steps, supported by local government, have been already taken to formalize set up of regional clusters.


  1. Regional aid

Regional aid can be granted within the limits specified in the new map of regional aid for the years 2007–2013 approved by the European Commission. It is granted in order to compensate the differences in the development of individual regions within the whole EU, on the basis of the document entitled Guidelines for the national regional aid for the years 2007-2013. Regional aid is divided into:

– investment aid,

– aid for newly-established small enterprises.

Investment aid -  is aid for new investments or for creating new jobs connected with new investments. This category includes also large investment projects.

The condition for granting regional aid is a 25% own contribution of an entrepreneur in an investment. In the Łódź region 50% of the total value of an investment can be financed in the form of public aid. Aid calculated on the basis of investment expenses – the condition for granting such aid is conducting a new initial investment, which should be understood as: establishing an enterprise, extension of an enterprise, fundamental changes in the manufacturing process, • introdution of new additional products, • acquisition of an enterprise in the process of liquidation or an enterprise that would be liquidated unless acquired, however, such enterprise should be acquired by an independent investor.

Eligible expenses include the material value of lands, buildings, structures, equipment of premises, which should be understood as machines and devices, as well as intangible fixed assets, i.e. patents, licenses, know-how, unpatented technical knowledge.

It is important that an investment must stay in the region for at least 5 years following the day of finishing the investment. In case of the SME sector7 an investment must stay there for 3 years.

Creating new jobs connected with new investments is aid calculated on the basis of employment expenses. The condition for granting such aid is the net growth of employment in a given enterprise, as compared with the average in the previous 12 months. Concerning the period in which the newly-created jobs must be maintained, the same principle applies as in the case of aid for new investments – i.e. 5 years after the day of creating them and in case of SME - 3 years, by supporting the initial stage of their development.

Newly-established enterprises should be understood as enterprises of micro-entrepreneurs and small entrepreneurs, if they were established no earlier than 5 years ago.

Within this aid instrument, aid can be granted for the following expenses: legal services, consultancy, administrative expenses, interests on loans, rental fees (for lease of machines, manufacturing devices, consumption of energy, water, heating), taxes (except for the VAT tax and the corporate income tax), remunerations, together with social insurance premiums.

The expenses must be expenses really incurred by an entrepreneur within the first 5 years following the establishment of an enterprise.

Aid for newly-established small enterprises constitutes a new aid instrument, which is to serve as an incentive for creating new companies by supporting the initial stage of their development.

Newly-established enterprises should be understood as enterprises of micro-entrepreneurs and small entrepreneurs, if they were established no earlier than 5 years ago.

Within this aid instrument, aid can be granted for the following expenses: legal services, consultancy, administrative expenses, interests on loans, rental fees (for lease of machines, manufacturing devices, consumption of energy, water, heating, taxes (except for the VAT tax and the corporate income tax), remunerations together with social insurance premiums.

The expenses must be expenses really incurred by an entrepreneur within the first 5 years following the establishment of an enterprise.

For large investment projects (that is new investments in which the eligible expenses exceed the equivalent of EUR 50 million) the maximum value of aid is established according to the formula below.

Value of maximum aid for large investment projects: I = R (EUR 50 mln + 0,5 x B + 0,34 x C), where:

 I – maximum amount of regional aid for a large investment project,

R - maximum intensity of regional aid for the subregion in which the investment is to be located,

B: amount of eligible expenses from over EUR 50 mln to EUR 100 mln,

C: amount of eligible expenses over EUR 100 mln.

Forms of regional aid:
In Poland new investments can be supported by:

  • cash grants;

  • tax exemptions for companies

  • special economic zones);

  • long-term support programmes

  • technological credits;

  • exemptions from property taxes

B. EU Funds
Structural Funds

In the years 2007-2013, entrepreneurs can obtain support under the following Operational Programmes (OP):

  • 5 national Operational Programmes;

  • 16 Regional Operational Programmes;

  • European Territorial Co-operation Programmes.

Human resources

Lodz is an important research and academic centre in Poland. The large number of universities, research institutes and departments offer young people a possibility to gain professional qualifications and a chance for development of scientific personnel.

We are competitive in terms of wages compare to other regions in Poland and Western Europe countries.


Number of Graduates a year

Specialty (-ies)

University of Lodz


administration, archeology, biology, chemistry, economy, philology, philosophy, physics, banking, geography,

history, science of computers, mathematics, environmental protection,

pedagogic, psychology, law, sociology, international attitudes,

tourism, management and marketing

Technical University of Lodz


architecture and town-planning, automation,

biotechnology, building, chemistry,

electronics and telecommunications, energy, electrical engineering, physics technical, science of computers, chemical engineering, material engineering, engineering of environment, mathematics, mechanics and heavy machine, environmental protection, papermaking and printing, chemical technology, transport, textile industry, management and marketing

University of Medical


pharmacy, physiotherapy, doctor’s, laboratory medicine, nursing, obstetrics, dentistry, military -medical

Academy of Music


artistic education, science about instruments, science about singing,

Academy of Art


artistic education, graphic artist, painting, pattern-designing,

Film School of Lodz


stage-playing, film production, realization of film image, direction,

Except above mentioned state universities, there are private universities in the Region, with about 120.000 graduates per year.

The most significant private universities are: Clark University, High School of Public Administration, Academy of Health Education, Academy of Humanities and Economics, The College of Computer Science, High School Mercantile, High School of Marketing and Business, High School of Tourism and Hotel Industry, Academy of International Studies.
Total number of university graduates per year in the following subjects:


Number of graduates

Computer sciences




Electrical engineering


Microelectronics engineering


Number of graduates in percents in the Lodz Region, declaring acquaintance foreign language fluently:

Our offer

We offer about 360 plots:

Regional Investor Assistance Centre
The main task of the Investor Assistance Centre is economic promotion of the Lodz Region and increasing the inflow of foreign direct investment (FDI) into region. We offer professional service of international investors interested in locate an investment in our Region. Strict co-operation with Polish Information and Foreign Investment Agency assure the high level of service.

There is Regional Export Centre in our structure. We gather and make accessible to Polish entrepreneurs the offers of co-operation with foreign companies.


90-051 Lodz,

25 Traugutta Street , Poland

Marcin Nowacki – Director of Department of Entrepreneurship

Contact person:
Janusz Baranowski, Head of the Unit - Regional Investor Assistance Centre, phone number: +48 42 291 98 50, Russian language
Izabela Kozłowska, inspector,, , phone number +48 42 291 98 49, English language
Michał Tomczyk, inspector,, , phone number +48 42 291 98 51, German language

1 Polish Information and Foreign Investment Agency

2 Doing business in Poland, Ernst & Young 2007

3 Source:

4 Industrial and Technology Parks in Poland. PAIiIZ, Warsaw 2005

5 Industrial and Technology Parks in Poland. PAIiIZ, Warsaw 2005

6 Source:

7 small enterprises (10-49 employees), medium-sized enterprises (50-249 employees).

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