|Intro to film, Film 2, Musical Theater
Reading- TITANIC Day 5
Titanic Odds and Ends
A collection of interesting facts and legends about the world's most famous ship
How long after the iceberg was first spotted did it take for Titanic to collide with it?
About 37 seconds.
How fast was the Titanic going when it hit the iceberg?
Titanic was proceeding at her normal cruising speed (approx. 21 knots)
What happened to Captain Smith, the Titanic's skipper?
There are several stories about Captain Smith and the sinking.
One "eyewitness" said he was last seen standing on the bridge as the ship went under. Another said they saw him commit suicide with a gun. Yet another claims he swam up to a lifeboat holding a child which he safely put on board. He then reportedly said, "I'm going to follow the ship."
But perhaps the most intriguing story is that of Captain Peter Pryal, who sailed under Smith's command when he was commander of the Majestic. In July 1912, Pryal claimed that he saw Smith at the corner of Baltimore and St. Paul Streets in Baltimore and had a conversation with him.
Pryal says he asked Smith how he was and that the man replied, "Very well, Pryal, but please don't detain me; I am on business." He says he followed the man, saw him buy a ticket for Washington, and as he passed through the gate of the railroad station he turned and remarked, "Be good, shipmate, until we meet again."
"There is no possibility of my being mistaken," Captain Pryal said. "I have known Captain Smith too long. I would know him even without his beard. I firmly believe that he was saved and in some mysterious manner brought to this country. I am willing to swear to my statement. A doctor who later examined Pryal declared he was perfectly sane.
Did Captain Smith believe the Titanic was unsinkable?
Although there was never any official claim that the Titanic couldn't be sunk, Captain Smith apparently thought it was true. On more than one occasion he was heard to say that the ship's design would keep her afloat through any conceivable damage. In fact, just hours before the disaster Smith was having coffee in the Reception Room with some passengers when he was overheard by survivor Elmer Taylor. Taylor says the Captain told those he was entertaining that "the ship could be cut crosswise in three places and each piece would float."
Did a man really dress as a woman so he could escape in a lifeboat?
Not just one, but three.
The first was Daniel Buckley, a young Irishman who was traveling to America in the Titanic's steerage section. After the collision Buckley went up to the boat deck and stood near several of the ship's lifeboats while they were loaded with passengers and lowered away.
Buckley jumped in with several other men, but they were spotted by two officers who ordered them out to make room for several women who had arrived. Most complied with the order, but some didn't and Buckley remained with them, hiding in the lower part of the lifeboat. He later testified at a U.S. Senate inquiry that a woman threw her shawl over him as a disguise. The officers, believing Buckley was a woman lowered the boat into the water and it rowed away from the sinking ship.
The next was an unidentified Italian man who was discovered by Fifth Officer Lowe. Lowe was in charge of lifeboat #14 and wanted to row back to save others in the water. First, he decided to transfer some of his people to another boat. That's when he discovered the impostor. Lowe told the Senate inquiry the man was dressed as a woman and had a shawl over his head. The officer said he picked the man up and "pitched" him into the other boat "because he was not worth of being handled better."
Lastly, another young Irishman also owed his survival to being mistaken as a woman. Edward Ryan wrote his parents that he threw a towel over his head and walked without hesitation past officers who were loading a lifeboat. They had declared they'd shoot any man who tried to get in, but apparently thought Ryan was a woman. He grabbed the hand of nearby girl who was "standing by in despair" and together they jumped into the lifeboat as it was being lowered.
What happened to the rescue ship Carpathia?
The Carpathia was sunk during World War One by a German U-boat. Also sunk during the war was the Californian, the ship that ignored the Titanic's distress signals, although she was just a few miles away.
What was the Titanic's actual size?
882 feet 8 inches long, 92 feet wide.
How big was the Titanic's engines?
The total horsepower was 51,000
How much coal did it take to run them?
Coal consumption on normal service was 825 tons per day
How fast did the engines run?
The two reciprocating engines (which were connected to the two outside wing propellers) ran at revolutions were 77 per min. The turbine (which drove the center propeller and used "waste steam" from the reciprocating engines) turned at 127 revolutions per min.
How many boilers were used to produce steam?
Titanic had 24 double ended boilers and 5 single ended boilers. The boilers had 159 furnaces in total. Steam pressure was 215 psi.
How big was the Titanic's propellers?
The two outer propellers had a diameter of 23' 6" while the center propeller was 17' 0" in diameter.
How thick were the steel plates on the Titanic?
The hull shell plating on Titanic was 1" thick
How heavy were its anchors and rudder?
The anchors weighed a total of 31 tons. The rudder weighed 101 tons and was made from six separate parts.
What life saving equipment was on board the Titanic?
Twenty lifeboats were fitted in total as follows: 14 wood lifeboats each 30’0" long by 9’1" by 4’0" deep with a capacity of 65 persons each. Two wood cutters 25’2" long by 7’2" by 3’0" deep with a capacity of 40 persons each. Four Englehardt collapsible boats 27’5" by 8’0" by 3’0" deep with a capacity of 47 persons each. All lifeboats were fitted with Murray’s disengaging gear to simultaneously free both ends. The lifeboats were stowed on hinged wood chocks on the Boat Deck. In addition to the lifeboats, Titanic carried 3,560 life belts (Jackets) and 49 life buoys.
Is it true the Titanic had the first swimming pool ever built into a ship.
When was the Titanic's name painted on it?
Not until after it was launched. There are pictures of the Titanic under construction showing its name painted on the hull, but these pictures have been doctored to include the name even though it wasn't there yet.
What does the RMS in "RMS Titanic" stand for?
RMS is short for Royal Mail Steamship. It is also correct to refer to the vessel as SS Titanic. In fact, the lifeboats said SS Titanic on them.
How much was a third class ticket from England to New York?
$36.25. However, a top stateroom in first-class went for over $4,000 (the equivalent of about $50,000 today).
Why were some passengers moved to the Titanic from other White Star ships they had been booked on?
Due to serious coal strike, other White Star ships were forced to transfer all their coal stocks to Titanic. Many of their passengers were also transferred.
How many people were on the Titanic when it sunk?
2228 passengers and crew departed Queenstown the last port of call before New York. This figure comprised 1343 passengers and 885 crew. The SS Carpathia rescued 705 persons. Titanic was designed to carry up to 3,547 passengers and crew when fully loaded.
How many children were saved from the sinking?
Except for two year old Helen Allison, who was traveling in First Class, all of the children in First and Second class were saved (5 in first and 24 in second class, per Board of Trade report). But, of the 73 children in Third Class, only 23 were saved. Allison's parents refused to leave the ship after they could not find her brother, unaware he had left the Titanic with a nursemaid. He survived, but Allison and her parents were lost and her body was never found.
How big was Titanic's crew?
Titanic had a crew of 898 of which only 210 were saved.
What steps were taken to protect other ships after the Titanic hit the iceberg?
Among other things, the disaster resulted in the formation of the International Ice Patrol to track icebergs and warn ships of their locations.
When was the wreck of the Titanic found?
Dr. Robert Ballard of Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute found the wreck in September 1985. The ship is resting in primarily two sections about one mile apart.
Where would the Titanic have docked if it had made it to New York?
White Star ships docked at Pier 59 in New York. It's still there today, although it's rotting away.
TITANIC MOVIE TRIVIA PAGE
Trivia, FAQ's, goofs, nitpicks, and things to look out for when you go watch the movie again. Ordered more or less according to how events took place in the movie.
(+) New or changed.
The fictional characters include Jack, Rose and family, Cal, Lovejoy, Fabrizio, Tommy, Helga, many third class passengers (Sven, Cora, Bjorn, etc.), Lovett and group. The diamond was fictional as well.
(+) Anatoly Milkailavich (the Russian pilot of the Mir submarine), however, is based on (and played by) the real scientist Dr. Anatoly Sagalevitch, the program director at the Shirshov Institute of Oceanology (owner of the Keldysh and the two Mir submarines).
(+) Cast members who appeared in other films directed by James Cameron: Bill Paxton (Brock Lovette): Aliens (Hudson); Jenette Goldstein (Irish Mommy): Aliens (Vasquez), Terminator 2 (Janelle); Van Ling (Chinese Man): Terminator 2 (Cyberdyne tech). Van Ling also worked with Cameron as film crew in The Abyss and Terminator 2.
There really was a "J. Dawson" (James, not Jack) on the Titanic. Dawson was a trimmer (engineering crew). He did not survive the sinking and was buried at Halifax, Nova Scotia.
Most of the underwater shots of the sunken Titanic were real. The ones that weren't were shots in which two submarines can be seen at the same time. The piano was a prop. The eyeglasses and porcelain doll face were real. CG fish and debris were added to some scenes.
Real explorers would treat the retrieved safe as a priceless artifact and would never take a circular saw to cut it open, then just reach in with bare hands to grope for treasures. :-)
If the Heart of the Ocean has not been seen since 1792, where did the photograph come from?
Unlike ink, carbon and other organic materials can survive for many years underwater. So a drawing like Rose's sketch could have survived.
The Titanic set was not 90% to scale, it was 100% to scale, but only 90% of the whole length was built.
The set was single-sided though, so scenes at Southampton were flipped on film. During filming, actors had to wear reversed costumes and look at reversed signs.
(+) The actors had to wear reversed clothes (with buttons on the other side), but if you look at the stills carefully, you'll see their pants aren't reversed. This isn't noticeable in the movie since everyone was moving so fast.
(+) Only three of the four smokestacks were functional on the Titanic. In the movie it looked like smoke was coming out from all four of them, but this was only due to the camera angle and wind. The first three had black smoke coming out, and the last one only had white steam. This is historically accurate, as the last smokestack was used for ventilation for the kitchen and other areas of the ship. During those flyby scenes, you can see the last smokestack looked different from the top (capped).
Kate Winslet (young Rose) and Gloria Stuart (old Rose) have different eye colors. A friend told me that Stuart's eye color in the movie was digitally altered to match Winslet's. Other people say that their eye colors don't match in the movie. (Confirm?)
Several scenes in the movie were constructed from actual photographs of the Titanic, including the boarding scene; the waving scene where a little girl wearing a hat, white gloves, and striped dress waves at the crowd at the Southampton dock; and the scene where Jack steals the jacket. (More?)
James Cameron is the man whose beard was being combed for lice at the Southampton Dock.
The suite of rooms occupied by Cal and Rose were B-52, 54, and 56, which were occupied by Bruce Ismay during the actual sailing. The opposite rooms (B-51, 53, 55) were occupied by Mrs. Charlotte Cardeza and son Mr. Thomas Cardeza.
Molly Brown was not called Molly when she sailed on the Titanic. Old Rose: "We all called her Molly." Jack: "Thanks Molly."
(+) The luggage that Molly Brown was carrying was Louis Vuitton brand. Supposedly a lot of Louis Vuitton bags went down with the Titanic. (In case you're wondering, Louis Vuitton was founded in 1854.)
The bow railings looked different depending whether the set, the CG model, or the scaled model were used for the scene. Shots from the side, below, and with Jack alone have the top rail connected from the prow to the end of the forecastle. The flyby shots do not.
The first class lounge had yellow wallpaper, not wood paneling.
Jack's quote about a thousand knives is based on Lightoller's account of how cold the freezing water was after being rescued.
Lake Wissota, where Jack said he fell into, is an artificial lake and was not created until 1917. Jack is a time traveler.
Colonel Archibald Gracie was an American. The movie casts an Englishman.
The scene with the boy playing a top, and Jack stealing the jacket in the background, was based on a real photograph taken aboard the Titanic. Titanic historian and movie consultant Don Lynch had a cameo as the boy's father in that scene.
Molly Brown did have a son a few years older than Jack, hence her remark about Jack and her son about being almost the same size.
Windows in the grand staircase boat deck entrance were smoked, not clear.
(+) A nickelodeon is a movie theater that costs a nickel to enter, hence the name. Jack wasn't talking about the cable channel.
The song that Jack and Rose sings at various parts of the movie is "Come, Josephine, in my Flying Machine". It was written in 1910 and was a #1 hit in the pop charts at the time.
The angle of Rose’s neck in the sketch looks different from when she's posing. This is because we're looking at her from a different angle than Jack. (Jack got to see all of her.) Also when Rose was posing she kept talking to Jack and looking at Jack, Jack had to tell her to stay still.
(+) The dime that Rose hands to Jack is historically accurate. More coins can be seen at the gambling scene near the beginning of the movie, but it's too fast to see clearly. But if you look in the Titanic book or the liner notes of the soundtrack, you can see the coins clearly.
Cameron did all of Jack's sketches used in the movie. The hands seen doing Rose's sketching were Cameron's.
(+) The scanned image of Rose's sketch commonly available on the Net looks like she's lying at a completely different angle. If you have James Cameron's Titanic book, you'll see that the sketch is printed at an angle in the book, and whoever scanned it didn't rotate the image.
(+) The pillow looks different between the sketch and the pose though. In the sketch her right hand rests on the pillow, but when she posed, her hand is on the couch next to the pillow. The necklace also looks slightly different.
(+) The cut from young Rose to old Rose (close-up eye shot) was done really nicely. Notice there was three reflections in their eyes that stay the same throughout. She also blinked during the morph sequence, making it completely natural looking.
Lovejoy's pistol is a Colt, probably a nickel-plated M1911. (It can't be an M1911A1, a version of the M1911 that did not come out until 1925. The M1911 can be distinguished from the M1911A1 by a small pad at the bottom rear of the grip and two arrow-shaped markings on the side of the grip.) The M1911 was apparently not offered for commercial sale before May 1912 (first manufactured in 1905). But there's no reason to think Cal couldn't pull strings to have one made for his manservant.
It's not possible to get from Boiler Room 6 into the cargo hold as shown in the movie. Besides a watertight compartment between these two areas, they're also on different levels. (Confirm?)
The Renault 25 hp (the car) belonged to first class passenger William E. Carter, who survived along with his wife and two children (in different lifeboats, he scrambled into Collapsible C along with Ismay.) He later claimed $5,000 for the car, and $300 for his two dogs. However, the car was actually disassembled and shipped in freight boxes.
Lookout Fleet banged on the warning bell three times after spotting the iceberg, this is historically accurate. If you're looking at the movie trailer though, depending on which one you're looking at, he banged the bell four or five times.
There is some debate to whether the wheel was turned in the correct direction. Generally consensus is that the movie is correct. I.e. Murdoch called out "Hard-a-starboard", the wheel was turned to the left (counterclockwise), the ship goes to port (left), and the iceberg struck the starboard (right) side.
A Night to Remember and Titanic differ in their orientation of the watertight door panel. Which one is correct?
According to ANTR, Titanic was the first ship in history to send SOS, but this isn't portrayed in the movie. In the movie only CQD was sent.
The Master-at-Arms' office is shown on the starboard outboard side of the ship, but is in fact inboard, near the centerline of the ship (no portholes), and one deck higher than shown in the movie. (D Deck instead of E.)
When Rose breaks the glass with the hose to get the axe, almost all the glass was gone. But when she reaches in the get the axe in the next frame, most of the glass was still there.
Marks on the pipe are presumably made by Jack banging on the pipe with the handcuffs to attract attention. They're not axe marks, and they don't change between cuts.
The scene with Jack and Rose running toward the camera and water rushing in behind them were done with stunt doubles, with Disapprove and Winslet's faces digitally placed onto the stunt doubles faces. Winslet's face drifts around a bit, kind like Facies. :-)
Lifeboats have words "S.S. Titanic" on them. This is historically accurate.
(+) Much attention to detail is paid to lifeboat loading and who went in which boats, you can see Fleet and Hichens in Lifeboat 6 with Molly Brown. (Others?)
There were twice as many lights on the top decks as in the original ship. Cameron needed the extra lights.
In the movie, the last song the band played was "Nearer, my God, to Thee". It's open to debate what the real band played for the last song.
During the sinking, as the stern is beginning to lift, the camera pulls back to show the whole ship. The aft starboard gangway (a big door in the side of the ship) is open. On the real Titanic, Listless ordered some men to go and open this door so they could load more people into the lifeboats from this lower, safer vantage point. It isn't known if the door was ever opened, since none of those crewmen survived.
It's unknown whether Murdoch or any officers on the Titanic really committed suicide or not. But in the movie, Murdoch shot himself after shooting and killing Tommy, a fictional character.
The old couple in bed was Isidor Straus, an owner of Macy's department store, and his wife Ida Straus. They didn't have any speaking scenes and they weren't pointed out as the Strauses, but were listed in the credits.
Lovejoy showed up out of nowhere with his head covered in blood before falling down the splitting Titanic. In the movie trailers you can see Jack punching someone, presumably Lovejoy. Lovejoy did not appear in the final scene.
The drinking man next to Jack and Rose while they were hanging off the stern was Chief Baker Charles Joughin, who stepped off the stern when the ship sank "without getting his head wet", and was rescued.
The scenes after the ship sank were filmed in cold water, but not freezing water. The fog from actors’ mouths was digitally added. Personally I feel it would have been way too cold for Jack and Rose to have been able to hold an intelligible conversation, but maybe they were really desperate to talk.
A few of the boats did have flashlights, probably from the ship, not issued to the boats. A couple of the boats had oil lamps in them. Flashlights have been around many years prior to 1912.
There was no moon on the night of April 14, 1912 (new moon on 17th). After the ship's electricity went out, the surroundings should've been much darker than what was shown in the movie. (Of course, we wouldn't have been able to see anything.)
(+) I didn't recognize any constellations in the stars. I think the stars are placed randomly. (Confirm?)
The lifeboat that returned to look for survivors was lead by Fifth Officer Lowe. The frozen guy with the whistle was Chief Officer Wilde. (Not Lightoller.)
Jack sank because he wasn't wearing a lifebelt. Rose got hers from Andrews.
Just before the end when old Rose was in bed, you see pictures of her in front of an airplane, posing as an actress, and riding a horse in front of a roller coaster. Which was what she and Jack promised they would do. The airplane picture is supposed to be one of Cameron's dads, digitally replaced with Winslet.
Whether old Rose died or was dreaming at the very end is open to debate. Personally I think she was sleeping and dreaming. If you look really carefully you can see her breathing. So there. :-)
At the very end, the clock on the grand staircase read 2:20, the time of Titanic's sinking.
Intro to film, Film 2, Musical Theater
Reading- TITANIC Day 5
NAME PERIOD _____________
BASED ON INFORMATION FROM THE TEXT:
1. LIST FOUR POSSIBLE SCENARIOS TO THE FATE OF THE CAPTAIN OF THE TITANIC?
2. WHAT WAS CAPTAIN SMITH OVERHEARD TO SAY TO SOME OF THE PASSENGERS ON THE TITANIC REGARDING THE SHIP’S STABILITY?
3. WHAT DID OFFICER LOWE SAY ABOUT THE IMPOSTER IN HIS LIFEBOAT?
4. WHAT TWO OTHER SHIPS INVOLVED WITH THE TITANIC WERE SUNK IN WORLD WAR II?
OKAY, HERE IS YOUR ONE AND ONLY MATH F-CAT QUESTION IN MR. MURRAY’S DRAMA CLASS: HOW MANY PASSENGERS COULD THE LIFEBOATS ON THE TITANIC CARRY?
6. WHAT WAS DOCTORED IN THE EARLY PHOTOS OF THE TITANIC?
7. WHAT DID THE LIFEBOATS HAVE PRINTED ON THEM?
8. WHY WERE SOME EXTRA PASSENGERS MOVE TO THE TITANIC BY THE WHITE STAR LINE?
9. WHAT WAS FORMED TO PROTECT OTHER SHIPS AFTER THE TITANIC DISASTER?
10. WAS THERE REALLY A HEART OF THE OCEAN?
11. WHERE WAS J. DAWSON BURIED?
12. WHAT TWO THINGS IN THE UNDERWATER SHOTS WERE REAL?
13. NAME A SCENE IN THE MOVIE THAT WAS CONSTRUCTED FROM A PHOTOGRAPH.
WHEN WAS LOUIS VUITTON LUGGAGE FOUNDED?
WHAT WAS JACK’S QUOTE ABOUT 1000 KNIVES BASED ON?
16. WHAT IS THE NAME OF THE SONG THAT JACK AND ROSE SING?
17. WHICH PASSENGER OWNED THE RENAULT?
18. DESCRIBE HOW THE SCENE WITH ROSE AND JACK RUNNING TOWARD THE CAMERA FROM THE WATER WAS FILMED.
19. HOW WAS THE FOG CREATED THAT CAME FROM THE ACTOR’S MOUTHS?
20. WHAT TIME IS IT ON THE CLOCK ON THE GRAND STAIRCASE?