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Global environment facility governments of colombia, ecuador, peru and venezuela

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annex 8: map of Paramo areas

ANNEX 9: Main outcomes of PDF-B

During the PDF-B phase of the project, studies were undertaken to identify the present situation of the different themes related to Paramo in which the project will intervene. The project executing agencies, in collaboration with local and national organizations and independent consultants analyzed the state of knowledge, the present offer and demand for policies, training, communication and investigation. An inventory and analysis was undertaken to productive activities with low impact. In all project intervention sites, participatory plans of action were designed by the executing agencies in collaboration with local NGOs. All these documents form the basis for the design of the full size project proposal and the activities to be executed during its life span.

Policy development and advocacy

  • International and Andean policies that impact the Paramo ecosystem (Eugenia Ponce de León).

  • Integration of national and international policies on Paramo and a proposal for the execution phase of the project (Eugenia Ponce de León).

  • Analysis of policy and legal instruments that impact the Paramo ecosystem in Colombia (Henry Salazar, IAvH).

  • Document on the analysis of policies on Paramo in Ecuador (Carla Cárdenas, CEDA).

  • Strategy for the policy component in Perú (Ludgerio Abanto, Cedepas).

  • Policies for the conservation and sustainable development of the Venezuelan Paramo (Eliézer Arias, Freddy Matos,Luis Llambi; IVIC).

Training and Capacity Building

  • Proposal for capacity building, Proyecto Paramo Andino (Eloisa Trellez).

  • Bases for an interdisciplinary training program directed to people that work in the Paramos of Colombia (María José Durán).

  • Analysis of demand and offer of training in Paramos of Venezuela (GISAGA, ULA).

  • Analysis of demand and offer of training in Paramos of Ecuador (Rodrigo Chontasi, Eloy Alfaro; CAMAREN).

  • Evaluation of the training demand in Peruvian Paramos (Ricardo Pineda, CEPESER).

Education y comunication

  • Regional strategy for environmental education and communication on the biodiversity of the Andean Paramo (Eloisa Trellez).

  • Strategy for education and environmental communication for the conservation of the Colombian Paramos (Pedro Quijano).

  • Proposal of Ecuador for the program of environmental education and awareness rising (Patricio Crespo).

  • Strategy for environmental education and consciousness building at the level of Peruvian Paramos (Baudilio Valladolid Catpo, Oscar Infante Reque, CEPESER)

  • Proposal for environmental education and public dissemination for the conservation of the Paramos of Venezuela (Bioparques-Tierra Viva).


  • Proposal for investigation of the Proyecto Paramo Andino (Esteban Suarez).

  • Memories of the workshop on gaps and necessities for investigation in Andean Paramo (Cali-Colombia; Esteban Suarez).

Low-impact land-use practices in Paramos

  • Evaluation of best practices in water management in the Paramos of the Andes (PROMAS).

  • Catalogue of practices in mining with low impact for the conservation of Paramo (Fundación Ambiente y Sociedad).

  • Catalogue of forestry experiences with less impact on Andean Paramos (Ecopar-ECODES).

  • Evaluation of best practices in biodiversity use in the Paramos of the Andes (Fundación Humedales).

  • Practices in agriculture and animal husbandry of low impact with low impact for the conservation of Paramo (Fundación Semillas de Agua).

Sustainable Management of the Paramo and its Areas of Influence.

Participatory plans of action for Gavidia, Tuñame (Venezuela); Rabanal, Belmira, El Duende (Colombia), Chiles (Colombia-Ecuador border), Zuleta-Mojanda, Llangahua (Ecuador) Loja-Piura (Ecuador-Perú border); Cajamarca, Perú. (local communities, site coordination organizations and national executing agencies)

Full Size Project Brief for presentation to GEFSEC and UNEP/DGEF.

1 “Jalca” and “Puna” are high Andean regions in Peru, connected to Paramo.

2 A case in question is the critical importance of Paramo as a source of water for farming and communities located in areas below it.

3 No trans-boundary site between Venezuela and Colombia was selected, due to the difficult public order situation.

4 "Policy" is understood as a designation for the objectives and programs of public and private authorities.

5 We understand as 'formal' options those that are sustained by legislation and/or official regulation and documentation; 'informal' options include voluntary agreements and bi- or multilateral cooperation at most sustained by a Memorandum of Understanding

6 Batallón de Alta Montaña: “High Mountain Battalion

7 Rondas Campesinas: “Peasant Vigilante Patrols”

8 Proyectos Educativos sobre Páramo: “Education Projects about Páramo”

9 In Chiles, Zuleta-Mojanda, Tungurahua and Cajamarca, the local farmer population is principally consisting of Indigenous people.

10 In Belmira, Rabanal and Chiles (Colombian side) the plan of action was coordinated by local governmental agencies (CARs) and not by NGOs.

11 In Perú the protected area management is under authority of INRENA, a division of the Ministry of Agriculture (not the GEF focal point) and special attention will be given to the direct involvement of this institution in the planning of the project.

12 World Bank: Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity in the Andes Region, executed by the IAvH; and UNDP: Conservation of Montane Forest and Paramo in the Colombian Massif, executed by the National Parks Unit of MAVDT

13 World Bank: National Protected Areas System, executed by MAE)

14 World Bank: Participatory Management of Protected Areas; executed by PROFONAPE

15 World bank. Strengthening biodiversity conservation through the National Protected Areas Program in Peru.

16 UNDP: Biodiversity Conservation in the Productive Landscape of the Venezuelan Andes. executed by Programa Andes Tropicales and Inparques

17 Half time indicator: area without human impact stabilized.

18 Half time indicator: activities in execution in one third of PIS.

19 Half time indicator: conservation agreements initiated in one site

20 Half time indicator: 5% of production units in PIS test sustainable management practices.

21 Half time indicator: Initiatives are identified

22 Half time indicator: International plan of action designed

23 Half time indicator: 10% of participants included experiences.

24 Half time indicator: 10 education centres.

25 Half time indicator: 10% of population.

26 No trans-boundary site between Venezuela and Colombia was selected, due to the difficult public order situation here.

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