Kangaroo Management Plan
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1. INTRODUCTION 5
2. LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK 6
3. GOAL AND AIMS 7
4. MANAGEMENT ACTIONS AND PERFORMANCE INDICATORS 8
Appendix 1: Biology, Ecology and Conservation of Kangaroos 18
Appendix 2. Permit types and detail 25
Appendix 3: Setting and applying harvest thresholds 27
Figure 1: Current South Australian Kangaroo Commercial Harvest Management Regions (CHMR) 13
Figure 2: Distribution of red kangaroo (Macropus rufus) determined from aerial survey (Pople & Grigg 1999). 19
Figure 3: Distribution of western grey kangaroo (Macropus fuliginosus) determined from aerial survey (Pople & Grigg 1999). 20
Figure 4: Distribution of euro (Macropus robustus) (Pople & Grigg 1999). Note that distribution is patchy within the range, based on the availability of suitable habitat. 20
Figure 5: Histogram of a theoretical population of kangaroos. 28
Figure 6: A theoretical distribution after z-score transformation. 29
Figure 7: Example of setting harvest thresholds for red kangaroos in NSW’s Zone 2. 30
Figure 8: 10,000 simulations for a population fluctuating over 20 years. 31
Figure 9: Simulated population as described for Figure 8. 31
Carcass – the entire body (including the skin) of the kangaroo, excluding the head and entrails.
National Code of Practice for the Humane Shooting of Kangaroos and Wallabies for Commercial Purposes (Commercial Code) and National Code of Practice for the Humane Shooting of Kangaroos and Wallabies for Non-Commercial Purposes(Non-Commercial Code) – the current nationally-endorsed codes, endorsed by the Natural Resource Management Ministerial Council in 2008. A reference to these codes will also apply to any subsequently nationally-endorsed codes.
Kangaroo Field Processor – a person permitted under section 60J of the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1972 to harvest kangaroos for commercial purposes.
Field Chiller – a refrigerated facility used for the temporary storage of kangaroo carcasses until collection and transport to a processing works. This facility may be mobile.
Landholder – owner or occupier of specified lands.
Kangaroo – the kangaroo species that can be utilised in accordance with this management plan: the red kangaroo (Macropus rufus), western grey kangaroo (M. fuliginosus) and euro (M. robustus).
Commercial Harvest Management Region (CHMR) – A designated area of the State at which commercial quota is determined. May be broken into sub-regions. At the time of writing, sub-regions are defined by Soil Conservation District boundaries, and compiled into four CHMRs (Eastern Agricultural, Western Agricultural, Eastern Pastoral and Western Pastoral). See Figure 1.
Note: All other definitions have the meaning prescribed in the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1972.
NPW Act – the South Australian National Parks and Wildlife Act 1972
EPBC Act – the Commonwealth Environmental Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999
KFP – Kangaroo Field Processor
DEWNR – the South Australian Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources
CHMR – Commercial Harvest Management Region
This management plan has been developed to guide the sustainable management of commercially harvested macropods in South Australia. The plan satisfies the requirements of the Commonwealth's Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act) as a Wildlife Trade Management Plan and meets the legislative and other requirements of the South Australian Government.
This management plan relates only to the following kangaroo species within South Australia:
red kangaroo (Macropus rufus)
western grey kangaroo (Macropus fuliginosus)
euro (Macropus robustus)
other species as per relevant legislative amendment.
Where the term kangaroo is used within this document it refers to all of the aforementioned macropod species.
This management plan is current for a maximum five-year period from 1 January 2013 to 31 December 2017.
In Australia the export of kangaroo products requires Commonwealth Government approval under the EPBC Act.
Under the South Australian National Parks and Wildlife Act 1972 (NPW Act), kangaroos are protected fauna and the South Australian Department of Environment, Water and Natural Resources (DEWNR) is responsible for their protection. The utilisation of kangaroos in South Australia is regulated under the NPW Act and South Australian National Parks and Wildlife (Kangaroo Harvesting) Regulations 2003 (the Regulations) through the issue of various permits and tags.
This management plan does not provide the framework for the management of kangaroos within land dedicated or declared under Part 3 of the NPW Act and managed by DEWNR e.g. national parks and conservation parks. Management of kangaroos on reserves occurs in line with DEWNR’s Kangaroos on Reserves (population control) Policy. The NPW Act allows for commercial harvest to be undertaken on parks and reserves.
The primary goal of the management plan is to ensure conservation of kangaroos, to mitigate damage caused by kangaroos through commercial harvest, and to ensure that the harvest is ecologically sustainable. This will be achieved through the application of the best available scientific knowledge, best practice management and monitoring of outcomes to ensure that the viability of kangaroo populations is not compromised by any action undertaken in accordance with this plan. This management plan incorporates an adaptive approach to management, by collecting and applying reliable information to improve management over time.
This plan will set the framework for the commercial harvest of kangaroos to provide for the management of kangaroo populations in accordance with the principles of ecologically sustainable development. Management in this context assists in balancing environmental, social and economic interests through management of a renewable resource. This management also provides for the sustainable harvesting of kangaroos for products such as meat and leather to supply the Australian and international markets. This plan prohibits the taking of kangaroos in South Australia for skins only.
This plan adopts the ethic that the mitigation of the impacts of kangaroos should be allowed, provided it takes place in a manner that is humane and does not pose a risk to the long-term conservation of kangaroos.