Ana səhifə

Final policy review: Alternative risk management measures to import Lilium spp cut flowers from Taiwan

Yüklə 2.77 Mb.
ölçüsü2.77 Mb.
1   ...   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15

Kakimoto K, Inoue H, Hinomoto N, Noda T, Hirano K, Kashio T, Kusigemati K, Okajima S (2006) Potential of Haplothrips brevitubus (Karny) (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae) as a predator of mulberry thrips Pseudodendrothrips mori (Niwa) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). Biological Control 37: 314–319.

Kenis M, Haye T, Casagrande RA, Gold MS, Tewksbury LA (2003) Selection and importation of European parasitoids for the biological control of the lily leaf beetle in North America, and prospects for control in Europe. In Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium on Biological Control of Arthropods, Honolulu, 14–18 January 2002.

Khangura R, Aberra M (2009) First report of charcoal rot on canola caused by Macrophomina phaseolina in Western Australia. Plant Disease 93: 666.

Khramov P, Feoktistov V, Komarov E, Pozhogin D, Zhakov A et al. (2011) Butterflies and Moths (Lepidoptera). (accessed January 2012).

Kim SH, Niedziela CE Jr, Nelson PV, De Hertogh AA, Swallow WH, Mingis C (2007) Growth and development of Lilium longiflorum ‘Nellie White’ during bulb production under controlled environment II. Effects of shifting day/night temperature regimes on scale bulblets. Scientia Horticulturae 112: 95–98.

Klimov PB, Tolstikov AV (2011) Acaroids mites of Northern and Eastern Asia (Acari: Acaroidea). Acarina 19: 252–264.

Koch RL (2003) The multicolored Asian lady beetle, Harmonia axyridis: a review of its biology, uses in biological control, and non-target impacts. Journal of Insect Science 3: 1–16.

Komatsu K, Yamaji Y, Ozeki J, Hashimoto M, Kagiwada S, Takahashi S, Namba S (2008) Nucleotide sequence analysis of seven Japanese isolates of Plantago asiatica mosaic virus (PlAMV): a unique potexvirus with significantly high genomic and biological variability within the species. Archives of Virology 153: 193–198.

Kroon H (2009) Biology of Lilioceris lilii (Coleoptera:Chrysomelidae) and the occurrence of their parasitoids in Sweden. Master project in the Horticultural Science Programme, Department of Plant Protection Biology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. (accessed November 2011).

Kudo I (1977) Observations on relative abundance, phenology and flower preference of Thysanoptera in Sapporo and the vicinity. Journal of the Faculty of Science Hokkaido University, series VI- zoology. 610–627.

Kuo B-J (2005) The investigation and control of pest of cultivated and storage Chinese medical herb. Yearbook of Chinese Medicine and Pharmacy 23: 219-256. (in Chinese) (accessed April 2012).

Landry J-F (2007) Taxonomic review of the leek moth genus Acrolepiopsis (Lepidoptera: Acrolepiidae) in North America. Canadian Entomologist 139: 319–353.

Latham LJ, Jones RAC (1997) Occurrence of tomato spotted wilt tospovirus in native flora, weeds, and horticultural crops. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 48: 359–369.

Latta R (1939) Observations on the nature of bulb mite attack on Easter lilies. Journal of Economic Entomology 32: 125–128.

Lee HS (1988) The ecology and control of the insect pests of mango. Chinese Journal of Entomology, Special Publication No. 2, 71–79.

Lenné JM (1990) World list of fungal diseases of tropical pasture species. Phytopathological Paper 31: 1–162.

Lewis T (1997) Thrips as crop pests. CAB International, Oxfordshire.

Lim KB, Barba-Gonzalez R, Zhou S, Ramanna MS, Van Tuyl JM (2008) Interspecific hybridization in lily (I): taxonomic and commercial aspects of using species hybrids in breeding. In Teixeira da Silva J (ed) Floriculture, Ornamental and Plant Biotechnology Advances and Topical Issues Volume V 146–151. Global Science Books, UK.

Lim KB, Van Tuyl JM (2007) Chapter 19 Lily- Lilium hybrids. In Anderson NO (ed) Flower Breeding and Genetics: Issues, Challenges and Opportunities for the 21st century 517–538. Springer, The Netherlands.

Linderman RG (1981) Fusarium diseases of flowering bulb crops. In: Fusarium: diseases, biology and taxonomy. Nelson PE, Toussoun TA and Cook RJ (eds) The Pennsylvania State University Press, University Park and London: 129–141.

Liu L, Chen B, Zhang H, Li Z, Yang S, Lu J, Zhu W (2010) Species and population dynamics of thrips on pomegranate in Yunnan (In Chinese) Plant Protection 36: 130–133 (abstract only).

Liu T (1998) Insect pests of gladiolus and lily plants. Special Publication Taichung District Agricultural Improvement Station 24: 139–150.

Lo PK (1986) Recognition and control of insect pests in stored grains. In Post-harvest prevention of paddy/rice loss 171-186. Taiwan Council of Agriculture, Asian Productivity Organization,Taipei (abstract only).

Lovisolo O, Acotto GP, Masenga V, Colariccio A (2003) An isolate of Apple stem grooving virus associated with Cleopatra mandarin fruit intumescence. Fitopatologia Brasileira 28: 54–58.

Lu Y-Y, Chen C-Y (2005) Molecular analysis of lily leaves in response to salicylic acid effective towards protection against Botrytis elliptica. Plant Science 169: 1–9.

Luo W B, Liu A (罗文斌, 刘爱华) (1993) Lily propagation new method — cutting and planting (百合繁殖新方法—扦插). Bulletin of Agricultural Science and Technology 1993 Vol 7 (农业科技通讯).

Lyal CHC (2011) Dryophthoridae. In Lobl I, Smetana A (eds) Catalogue of Palaearctic Coleoptera 7: 185–192. Apollo Books Stenstrup, Denmark.

Maddison PA (1993) UNDP/FAO-SPEC Survey of agricultural pests and diseases in the South Pacific- Technical report Vol. 3. Pests and other fauna associated with plants, with botanical accounts of plants. Auckland : Manaaki Whenua B Landcare Research. (accessed January 2012).

Malipatil MB, Mound LA, Finlay KJ, Semeraro L (2002) First record of lily thrips, Liothrips vaneeckei Priesner, in Australia (Thysanoptera: Phlaeothripidae). Australian Journal of Entomology 41: 159–160.

Malipatil MB, Ridland P (2008) Polyphagous agromyzid leafminers. Identifying polyphagous agromyzid leafminers (Diptera: Agromyzidae) threatening Australian primary industry. (accessed June 2012).

Mau RFL, Kessing JL (1992) Eumerus figurans (Walker). (accessed March 2012).

McLeod R, Reay F, Smyth J (1994) Plant Nematodes of Australia Listed by Plant and by Genus. NSW Agriculture and RIRDC, Australia.

McRae EA (1998) Lilies: a guide for growers and collectors. Timber press. Portland, Oregon.

Memelink J, van der Vlugt CIM, Linthorst HJM, Derks AFLM, Asjes CJ, Bol JF (1990) Homologies between the genomes of a carlavirus (lily symptomless virus) and a potexvirus (lily virus X) from lily plants. Journal of General Virology 71: 917–924.

Mikolajski A (2004) Lilies. Anness Publishing, London.

Miller D, Davidson JA (2005) Armored scale insect pests of trees and shrubs (Hemiptera : Diaspididae). Cornell University Press, Cornell.

Minkenberg OPJM (1988) Dispersal of Liriomyza trifolii. OEPP/EPPO Bulletin 18: 173–182.

Mound LA (2005) Thysanoptera: diversity and interactions. Annual Review of Entomology 50: 247–269.

Nasu Y, Arita Y, Kimura M, Ogata A (2004) Some lepidopterous pests of eucalyptus trees from Japan. Japanese Journal of Applied Entomology and Zoology 48: 123–133.

Navalinskienė M, Samuitienė M (2001) Viruses affecting some bulb and corm flower crops. Biologija 4: 40–42.

Nedvěd O, Háva J, Kulíková D (2011) Record of the invasive alien ladybird Harmonia axyridis (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae) from Kenya. ZooKeys 106: 77–81.

Ni HF, Cheng YH, Chen RS, Tsay TT, Chen DY (2003) Discrimination of Xiphinema species from Taiwan by rDNA-RFLP analysis. Plant Pathology Bulletin 12: 235–241.

NICT (2009) The geography of Taiwan, Chapter 5: Climate. Understanding Taiwan series. National Institute for Compilation and Translation. (accessed July 2009).

Nielsen ES, Edwards ED, Rangsi TV (eds) (1996) Checklist of the Lepidoptera of Australia. Monographs on Australian Lepidoptera 4. CSIRO Publishing, Canberra, Australia.

Oguro M, Sakai S (2009) Floral herbivory at different stages of flower development changes reproduction in Iris gracilipes (Iridaceae). Plant Ecology 202: 221–234.

Ozeki J, Takahashi S, Komatsu K, Kagiwada S, Yamashita K, Mori T, Hirata H, Yamaji Y, Ugaki M, Namba S (2006) A single amino acid in the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase of Plantago asiatica mosaic virus contributes to systemic necrosis. Archives of Virology 151: 2067–2075.

Pearson MN, Cohen D, Cowell SJ, Jones D, Blouin A, Lebas BSM, Shiller JB, Clover GRG (2009) A survey of viruses of flower bulbs in New Zealand. Australasian Plant Pathology 38: 305–309.

Pitt JI, Spotts RA, Holmes RJ, Cruickshank RH (1991) Penicillium solitum revived, and its role as a pathogen of pomaceous Fruit. Phytopathology 81: 1108–1112.

PPSN (2010) Pest report- Plantago asiatica mosaic virus on Lilium spp. Plant Protection Services of the Netherlands. Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality, The Netherlands.

PQS (1983) Circular Memorandum 83/117 on Lilium cut flowers. Plant Quarantine Service, Department of Health, Canberra, Australia.

Qin Y, Xia C, Li C, Zhang H (2010) The study on species, occurrence and controlling of thrips in the citrus orchards (In Chinese) Chinese Bulletin of Entomology 47: 1212–1216 (abstract only).

Randles JW, Francki RIB (1965) Some properties of a tobacco ringspot virus isolate from South Australia. Australian Journal of Biological Science 18: 979–986.

Reitz SR, Yu-lin G, Zhong-ren L (2011) Thrips: Pests of Concern to China and the United States. Agricultural Sciences in China 10(6): 867–892.

Robinson GS, Ackery PR, Kitching IJ, Beccaloni GW, Hernández LM (2012) HOSTS - A Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants. Natural History Museum, London. (accessed March 2012).

Roh MS (1992) Method for producing Lilium elegans. United States Patent No. 5,138,794.

Roh MS (2011) Controlled flowering in the genus Lilium - review of the past achievements and the future direction of research. Acta Horticulturae 900: 189–204.

Roh MS, Griesbach RJ, Lawson RH (1996) Evaluation of interspecific hybrids of Lilium longiflorum and L. x elegans. Acta Horticulturae 414: 101–110.

Roh MS, Joung YH, Suh JK, Lee A-K (2008) Production of Quality Woody and Floral Crops Using Innovative Production Techniques. Acta Horticulturae 766: 29–44.

Ruffoni B, Mascarello C, Savona M (2011) Strategies for Lilium propagation: tradition vs. biotech. Acta Horticulturae 900: 347–356.

Ryczkowski A (2012) The propagation of Lilium. (accessed October 2012).

Saddler GS (1994) Burkholderia gladioli pv. gladioli CMI Descriptions of Fungi and Bacteria No. 1218. CAB International, Wallingford UK.

Salisbury A (2008) The biology of the lily beetle, Lilioceris lilii (scopoli) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). An extract from ‘Impact, host range and chemical ecology of the lily beetle, Lilioceris lilii, a thesis submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy of Imperial College, London. (accessed November 2011).

Sampson PJ, Walker J (1982) An Annotated List of Plant Diseases in Tasmania. Department of Agriculture, Tasmania.

Sauer A (1997) Thrips in rose flowers hold still much of a secret. TASPO Gartenbaumagazin 6: 61-63.

Sawada K (1959) Descriptive catalogue of Taiwan (Formosan) fungi. Special Publication of the College of Agriculture Taipei, Taiwan 59: 1–268.

Shiao S-F (2004) Morphological diagnosis of six Liriomyza species (Diptera: Agromyzidae) of quarantine importance in Taiwan. Applied Entomology and Zoology 39: 27–39.

Shivas RG (1989) Fungal and bacterial diseases of plants in Western Australia. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 72: 1–62.

Shukla DD, KH Gough (1983) Tobacco streak, broad bean wilt, cucumber mosaic, and alfalfa mosaic viruses associated with ring spot of Ajuga reptans in Australia. Plant Disease 67: 221–223.

Simmonds JH (1966) Host index of plant diseases in Queensland. Queensland Department of Primary Industries, Brisbane: 111.

Smith IM, Dunez J, Lilliott RA, Phillips DH, Archer SA (1988) European handbook of plant diseases. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford.

Spencer K A (1973) Agromyzidae (Diptera) of economic importance. Series Entomologica 9. Dr W Junk, The Hague, Netherlands.

Stace-Smith R (1985) Tobacco ringspot virus. AAB Descriptions of Plant Viruses, no. 309. (accessed May 2012).

Stirling G, Stanton J (1997) Nematode diseases and their control. In Brown JF & Ogle HJ (eds) Plant Pathogens and plant diseases 505­518. APPS, Armidale, Australia. (accessed July 2012).

Stone OM (1980) Two new potexviruses from monocotyledons. Acta Horticulturae 110: 59–63.

Summerell BA, Rugg CA, Burgess LW (1993) Mycogeography of Fusarium: survey of Fusarium species associated with forest and woodland communities in north Queensland, Australia. Mycological Research 97: 1015–1019.

TaiBNET (2012) Taiwan Biodiversity Information Network. (accessed September 2011 onwards).

Takagi S (1969) Diaspididae of Taiwan based on material collected in connection with the Japan-U.S. cooperative science programme, 1965 (Homoptera: Coccoidea) Part I. Insecta Matsumurana, 32: 1–110.

Takashi H, Jun S, Motomi M (2000) Lily virus X isolated from necrosis of the edible lily, Lilium leichtlinii var. Maximowiczii Baker. Annual report of the society of plant protection of north Japan 51: 98–103.

Talekar, NS, Lee HR, Suharsono (1988) Resistance of Soybean to Four Defoliator Species in Taiwan. Journal of Economic Entomology 81: 1469–1473.

Tang CC (1976) Ecological studies on green asparagus thrip, Frankliniella intonsa Trybom in Taiwan. Journal of Agricultural Research of China 25: 299–309.

Tesoriero LA, Fahy PC, Gunn LV (1982) First record of bacterial rot of onion in Australia caused by Pseudomonas gladioli pv. alliicola and association with internal browning caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Australasian Plant Pathology 11: 56–57.

TFEA (1997) The major exportation of Taiwan’s flowers. Taiwan Floriculture Exports Association. (accessed July 2011).

Thompson FC, Vockeroth JR (1989) 51. Family Syrphidae. In Evenhuis NL (ed) Catalog of the Diptera of the Australasian and Oceanian Regions 437–458. Online version available at (accessed May 2012).

Toth IK, Avrova AO, Hyman LJ (2001) Rapid identification and differentiation of the soft rot Erwinias by 16S-23S intergenic transcribed spacer-PCR and restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 67: 4070–4076.

Tzanetakis IE, Postman JD, Gergerich RC, Martin RR (2006) A virus between families: nucleotide sequence and evolution of Strawberry latent ringspot virus. Virus Research 121: 199–204.

Tzean SS, Hsieh WH, Chang TT, Wu SS (2009) Fungal flora of Taiwan (II). National Science Council, Taiwan (R.O.C).

Tzeng KC, Lin YC, Hsu ST (1994) Foliar fluorescent pseudomonads from crops in Taiwan and their antagonism to phytopathogenic bacteria. Plant Pathology Bulletin 3: 24–33.

UC IPM (2008) How to manage pests. Pests in gardens and landscapes. Leafminers — Liriomyza spp. Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program, Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California. (accessed July 2012).

UC IPM (2009) Floriculture and Ornamental Nurseries. Easter Lily (Lilium longiflorum). Disease Control Outlines. Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program, Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of California. (accessed July 2012).

Walker J (2001) Smuts of Liliales in Australia. Australasian Mycologist 20: 61–70.

Wang C-L, Lin F-C (1997) Pests of ornamental plants in Taiwan. Harvest Farm Magazine, Taiwan.

Warchalowski A (2011) An attempt on a review of Lilioceris Reitter, 1913 - species from continental part of south-eastern Asia (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Criocerinae) Genus 22: 95–122.

Wei J, Kuang R, He L (2000) Influence of leaf tissue structure on host feeding selection by pea leaf miner (Liriomyza huidobrensis) [Diptera: Agromyzidae]. Zoological studies 39: 295–300.

Wimalajeewa DLS, Price PV (1985) Head rot of broccoli in Victoria, Australia, caused by Pseudomonas marginalis. Plant Disease 69: 177.

Woo KS (1988) Thrips as crop pests in Korea. Acta Pathologica et Entomologica Hungarica 23: 369–372.

Wrocław A (2011) An attempt on a review of Lilioceris Reitter, 1913 - species from continental part of south-eastern Asia (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Criocerinae). Genus 22: 95–122.

WTO (1995) Agreement on the application of sanitary and phytosanitary measures. World Trade Organization, Switzerland.

WTO (2012) Draft of the ‘Quarantine Requirements for the Importation of Flower Bulbs’. Committee on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures. Notification G/SPS/N/TPKM/268, 30 August 2012, and included attachments. (accessed April 2013).

WTO (2013) New quarantine requirements for host plants or plant products of Plantago asiatica mosaic virus (Potexvirus) from infected areas. Committee on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures. Notification G/SPS/N/TPKM/292, 9 July 2013, and included attachments. (accessed July 2013).

Wu RS, Huang JW, Chung WC, Shiau FL, Wu RY (1998) Chemical and biological control of lily seedling blight caused by Fusarium proliferatum. Plant Protection Bulletin 40: 209–226.

Wu WS (1985) An inattentive important disease of soybean. Memoirs of the College of Agriculture, National Taiwan University 24: 27–32.

Wu Z-B, Zheng Y-X, Su C-C, Chang C-J, Jan F-J (2010) Identification and characterization of Apple stem grooving virus causing leaf distortion on pear (Pyrus pyrifolia) in Taiwan. European Journal of Plant Pathology 128: 71–79.

Wurst E, Frank B (1999) Contributions to a Revision of the Genus Schwiebea (Acari: Acaridae). II. Redescription of Schwiebea koerneri. Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde A(500): 1–28.

Zhu JH, Zhang FP (2004) The kind of poison moth for tropical fruit crops and their control. South China Fruits 33: 37–40.

1 A pest is any species, strain or biotype of plant, animal, or pathogenic agent injurious to plants or plant products (FAO 2012).

2 The requirement for identifying hybrids is superseded by the condition for freedom of lily cut flower stems from propagable bulbils at inspection (as described in section 2.1).

3 In earlier qualitative IRAs, the scale for the impact scores went from A to F and did not explicitly allow for the rating ‘indiscernible’ at all four levels. This combination might be applicable for some criteria. In this report, the impact scale of A-F has changed to become B-G and a new lowest category A (‘indiscernible’ at all four levels) was added. The rules for combining impacts in Table 2.4 were adjusted accordingly.

4 The decision rules for determining the consequence impact score are presented in a simpler form in Table 2.3 from earlier IRAs, to make the table easier to use. The outcome of the decision rules is the same as the previous table and makes no difference to the final impact score.

5 In this pest categorisation the potential for economic consequences is assessed in relation to the pest’s likelihood to meet the ISPM 5 definition of a quarantine pest. Namely, that the pest is potentially economically important. Consequently, any pest which is considered a minor pest or is not known to be economically important and which is not considered to be an emerging pest problem does not meet the definition of a quarantine pest.

6 Taiwan’s NPPO, BAPHIQ, has indicated this pest does not occur in Taiwan (BAPHIQ 2011b, 2012). Other references state it is present in Taiwan (Fan and Zhang 2003, 2004, Fan et al. 2010, Klimov and Tolstikov 2011).

7 The following references indicate this species is present in Australia (Fan and Zhang 2003, 2004).

8 Taiwan’s NPPO, BAPHIQ, has indicated this pest does not occur in Taiwan (BAPHIQ 2012). Other references state it is present as indicated.

9 These thrips species are known virus vectors (Reitz et al. 2011).

10 Additional inspection requirements under Interstate Certification Assurance apply to this pest for Western Australia (ICA-38 2013, ICA-WI-05 2013); regulated quarantine pest for South Australia (Biosecurity SA 2013).

11 Taiwan’s NPPO, BAPHIQ, has indicated this pest does not occur in Taiwan (BAPHIQ 2012). Other references state it is present.
1   ...   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15

Verilənlər bazası müəlliflik hüququ ilə müdafiə olunur © 2016
rəhbərliyinə müraciət