|ORGANISATION EUROPEENNE ET MEDITERRANEENNE POUR LA PROTECTION DES PLANTES
EUROPEAN AND MEDITERRANEAN PLANT PROTECTION ORGANIZATION
EPPO COLLECTION OF PHYTOSANITARY REGULATIONS
RECUEIL OEPP DE REGLEMENTATION PHYTOSANITAIRE
Regulation on Agricultural Quarantine
1 rue le Nôtre
Regulation on Amendment in the Agricultural Quarantine Regulation
Publication: 23 January 2007 -26412
Regulation on Amendment in the Agricultural Quarantine Regulation
Publication: 12 October 2003-25257
Regulation on Amendment in the Agricultural Quarantine Regulation
Publication: 16 October 2003-25261
Regulation on Agricultural Quarantine
Objective, Scope, Basis and Definitions
Objective and Scope
Article 1 – This Regulation covers matters related to importation and transit movement of plants, plant products and other substances and harmful organisms prohibiting importation, in order to protect Turkey from the harmful organisms in plants and plant products, in accordance with the provisions of the Law on Plant Protection and Agricultural Quarantine, No 6968, dated 15/5/1957 and the legislation based on such Law.
(Article 1- Annex I Harmful Organisms Prohibiting Import, Annex II In Case of Finding the Harmful Organisms in the plant and Plant Products Prohibiting Import, Annex III Special Requirements asked for Plant and Plant Products Import, that are in the annex of Agricultural Quarantine Regulation which is published in the official paper dated 6/7/2003 and No. 25160, amended as in Annex. Publication: 20 June 2006-26204)
Article 2 – This regulation has been prepared based on the Law on Plant Protection and Agricultural Quarantine, No 6968, dated 15/5/1957 and the Regulation on Agricultural Quarantine put into force by Cabinet Decree, No 6/3346, dated 6/8/1964.
Article 3 – The following terms used in this Regulation have the specified meanings hereon:
a. The Ministry: is the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs,
b. The Directorate: are the Agricultural Quarantine Directorate and the Provincial Agriculture Directorate of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs,
c. Inspector: is the technical personnel trained and authorized in accordance with the current Regulation on Agricultural Quarantine Inspectors, in order to control, perform the necessary procedures and issue the required documents for plants and plant products imported, exported and transited through Turkey,
ç. Plant: means all kinds of plants and seeds, seedlings, cuttings, grafts, scions, tubers, bulbs, fruits, flowers, leaves and tissues that are products of plants and all other parts thereof,
d. Plant product: is the unprocessed material of plant origin, including grain, and the processed product that carries risk with respect to introduction and spread of harmful organisms due its nature and method of processing.
e. Fruits and vegetables: are edible, raw or unprocessed parts of plants, intended as food and used for consumption or processing.
f. Plant intended for planting: plants that are imported as planted or imported to be planted,
g. Seed: is generative plant parts, intended for production and having matured embryo covered with the nutritive tissue necessary for germination, other than the seeds that are not intended for production,
h. Tuber: is underground plant part intended for planting and having the capability of generating new plants under favourable conditions,
ı. Rhizome: is underground stem which grows partially or wholly under the ground, which generally looks like a thickened root, which generates root at the bottom and shoot at the top parts,
i. Bulb: is underground plant part which has thick, fleshy leaves that are ordered over each other in layers and roots at the bottom and which maintains its vegetative properties under unfavourable climatic conditions,
j. Tissue culture: growth of a live piece taken from a tissue of a plant in a liquid or solid sterile medium placed in a closed and transparent vessel,
k. Stolon: is the creeping body along the ground that gives new plants rooting from the nodes,
l. Rootstock: is the strong plant used in grafting and constitutes the root part,
m.Chip: is the wood which is cut by mechanical methods into small chips or pieces and used in producing cellulose pulp through mechanical, chemical methods or methods that combine both or in production of fibreboard and chipboard,
n. Wood: is all kinds of wood, with bark or not, including fire wood and industrial wood,
o. Industrial wood: is wood for logs, wire posts, mine posts, traverses, fibre, chips, posts for hedgerows, paper and packaging,
p. Fuel wood: is round or cracked wood that does not carry the characteristics desired in industrial wood standards with respect to size and appearance and that is used for heating or for energy production in another way,
q. Live wood: is the light coloured part of round wood, with or without bark, between the bark layer and the heartwood
r. Beneficial organism: is parasitoids, parasites, predators and pathogens that completes any period of its biological stages on a harmful organism and can limit the population of this harmful organism.
s. Harmful organism: means all animals, living organisms of the plant kingdom, fungi, bacteria, viruses, phytoplasms and other pathogens in all biological stages that damage plants and plant products,
ş. Soil: the uppermost layer of the earth, which changes upon contact with air, in which plants can grow and which consists of minerals, organic substances and plant material,
t. Turf: means material of organic origin, which is formed by decomposition of particularly algae of the Sphagnum genus and some plants in water, which consists of plant tissues carbonised to some extent, which is used as fertiliser or nutrition medium, whichever is applicable.
u. Fumigation: is the process of destroying, by using pesticides in solid, liquid or gaseous states, of any biological stage of harmful organisms found in empty buildings and in places where plants and plant products are found or grown,
ü. Transit: means the passage process of plants and plant products arriving from another country, to depart to a third country using Turkish land and customs,
v. Importation permit: is the document of permission, a sample of which is given in Annex VII of this Regulation and which should be taken by those who will import plants from foreign countries to be used in planting, sowing and propagation, prior to importation,
y. Phytosanitary certificate: is the document, a sample of which is given in Annex V of this Regulation and which has been prepared according to the form accepted in the 1951 Rome Convention on International Plant Protection;
z. Phytosanitary certificate for Re-export: the phytosanitary certificate, a sample of which is given in Annex VI of this Regulation and which has been prepared according to the form accepted internationally and issued by the country which re-exports the plants and plant products imported from the country of origin.
Prohibited Plants and Substances
Plants and Substances the Importation of which are Prohibited
Article 4 – The importation of all kinds of soil, weed, natural fertiliser, leaves, stems and hay is prohibited, other than plant in soil, the culture medium perlite and turf specified in the
“Special Requirements” given in Annex III of this Regulation.
The beddings and roughage coming in with live animals are burnt by the inspectors at the customs entrance.
Plants and Substances the Importation of which are Conditional
Article 5 – Plants and plant products desired to be imported shall be free from harmful organisms specified in Annex I and II of this Regulation and shall comply with the requirements specified in Annex III of this Regulation. In addition, such plants and plant products may not bear any harmful organism at levels that although not specified in this Regulation will prevent the development of the plant and lower the market value of the plant or the plant product.
Importation with the Purpose of Research
Article 6 – The importation of plant propagation materials aiming research, trials and improvement of varieties are conducted in compliance with the principles identified by the Ministry.
Importation of Beneficial Organisms
Article 7 – Importation of live beneficial organisms aiming research is subject to the permission of the Ministry.
Importation of Harmful Organisms
Article 8 – Harmful organisms that are prohibited but are required as comparison material for research purposes are imported by the Ministry’s permission.
Cultures of harmful organisms imported in specially prepared packages that shall not be broken apart during transportation and that shall not be easily opened.
The packages containing the cultures shall bear the scientific name of the organism.
Packages of such cultures are received by the responsible personnel of the research institution at the plant importation gates. Such cultures can not be taken out to the field, but can only be used closed environments that can be controlled.
The Ministry can enforce additional stipulations in importation of harmful organisms to be used for research purposes when deemed necessary.
Plants and Other Materials to Transit
Article 9 – Transfer, landing, retaining for some time and passage to free zones of all kinds of plants and plant products that are brought from abroad and that will go abroad through Turkey are subject to the transit procedure.
Plants and plant products transit upon the permission of the Directorate, provided that the doors of the transportation vehicles are sealed and that all precautions to prevent harmful organisms contaminating the external surroundings.
Control and Inspection
Article 10 – The inspectors, when they deem necessary, shall open the transportation vehicles transiting together with the customs officers and control and inspect them.
Plant Importation Gates
Article 11 – Plants and plant products are imported through importation entrance gates specified in Annex III to this Regulation. When necessary, new importation gates are opened.
Importation by Mail
Article 12 – Of the plants coming in by post, those intended for propagation, are inspected in compliance with the provisions of this Regulation and are imported by the Phytosanitary Certificate and upon the permission of the Ministry.
Plants and plant products that are delivered by mail and weigh one kilogram at most and that are not to be used for planting, sowing or propagation are examined by the inspectors without any need for Plant Importation Permit or Phytosanitary Certificate, and then allowed for importation by the Directorate.
The packages containing plants or plant products shall bear the word “PLANT” in uppercase in Turkish, and in addition in English, French or German.
Phytosanitary Certificate and Phytosanitary Certificate for Re-Export
Article 13 – In importation of plants, the Phytosanitary Certificate which is issued by the official plant protection service of the country of origin and an example of which is given in Annex V of this Regulation or another Phytosanitary Certificate that covers the same particulars in it but is designed in another format shall be written in Turkish, English, French or German. To Phytosanitary Certificates issued in another language, a Turkish translation endorsed by the competent authority shall be added.
All Phytosanitary Certificates should contain the stamp of the concerned service of the exporter country and the name, surname and signature of the competent authority.
In importation of plants and plant products, the “Special Requirements” given in Annex III of this Regulation shall be stated in the remarks section of the Phytosanitary Certificate.
The Phytosanitary Certificate should be issued maximum 20 days before the date of shipment and it shall not contain any deletions or any scraping.
In case plants and plant products are brought without original copy of Phytosanitary Certificate, all of the goods are returned back to the relevant country or destroyed unless the owner of the goods brings this document within the period indicated.
If the propagation material imported has not been produced in the country of exportation, the original Phytosanitary Certificate issued by the country of origin or an approved copy, and the Phytosanitary Certificate for Re-Exportation of the last exporting country that is in compliance with the sample given in Annex VI of this Regulation shall be attached.
Situations for which the Phytosanitary Certificate is not Necessary
Article 14 – Fresh or dried fruits or vegetables that a passenger brings with him/her for consumption during the journey and that weigh not more than three kilograms do not need a Phytosanitary Certificate. These are examined at the entrance gates and the clean ones are allowed to get in.
For importation of manufactured and semi-manufactured materials of plant origin that are conserved or processed until they lose plant characteristic and that have no risk of carrying harmful organisms, and of manufactured and semi-manufactured materials that have no risk of carrying harmful organisms, apart from plants and plant products, Phytosanitary Certificate is not necessary.
Such substances shall be examined by the inspectors and if a negatory condition is not observed, their entrance is permitted.
For flower bouquets and garlands of non-commercial purposes, Phytosanitary Certificate is not necessary. Nevertheless, these are inspected at the entrance. In case harmful organisms are identified, technical cleaning is carried out to render them free from such organisms, provided that the expenses are met by the related person; those bouquets and garlands that can not be cleaned are destroyed.
In entrance of plants and plant products intended for consumption and brought by and accompanying those who own land abroad and travel by a special permit are inspected; plants which are determined to be clean are permitted to enter; otherwise they are destroyed.
Application for Plant Importation Permit
Article 15 – To import plants intended for production, application is made with “Plant Importation Permit Application Form”, an example of which is given in Annex VIII of this Regulation and a “Plant Importation Permit” in compliance with the example given in Annex VII of this Regulation by the Ministry or the related Directorate.
Control at the Entrance and Importation Gates
Article 16 – If the plants or plant products that are allowed to enter up to the importation gate as a result of the preliminary agricultural quarantine inspections made by the inspectors at the entrance gate are observed at the importation gate, where the actual importation takes place, not to carry harmful organisms specified in Annex I and II, they are allowed to be imported, provided that the special requirements in Annex III are present in the Phytosanitary Certificate. If deemed necessary, laboratory tests are made.
The laboratory tests of the imported material are conducted according to their properties by the Agricultural Quarantine Directorates, Provincial Control Laboratory Directorates of the Ministry, Plant Protection Research Institutes or other Research Institutes appointed by the Ministry.
As a result of the controls, if the plants or plant products desired to be imported do not comply with the provisions of this Regulation, they are destroyed or returned back to the consignor country. Within 2 days following a decision to interception, the official phytosanitary service of the consignor country is informed by the notification of interception form given in Annex IX of this Regulation.
Plants not Covered by the Regulation
Article 17 – Importation of new plants that are not covered by this regulation are permitted under the control of the related research institutes, on the condition that a permit is granted by the Ministry prior to importation.
Article 18 – Annexes and Amendments to this Regulation have been abrogated by the “Plant
Quarantine Regulation”, published in the Official Gazette of 3/7/2002 with No. 24804
Provisional Article 1: It is requested for the requirements of this Regulation specified in
Annex III to accompany with Phytosanitary Certificate after 3 months.
Article 19 – This Regulation is put into force on the date of publication.
Article 20 – The provisions of this Regulation is executed by the Minister of Agriculture and
HARMFUL ORGANISMS THAT CONSTITUTE A BARRIER FOR IMPORTATION
HARMFUL ORGANISMS THAT ARE KNOWN NOT TO OCCUR IN TURKEY AND CONSTITUTES A BARRIER FOR IMPORTATION
Ceratitis rosa (=Pterandrus rosa)
7Scaphytopius acutus delongi
1Vector of Xylella fastidiosa
2Also the vector of Liberobacter africanum and L. asiaticum (Citrus greening bacterium)
3Vector of Bursaphelenchus xylophilus
4Also the vector of Ceratocystis fagacearum
5Vector of Elm Phloem necrosis
6Vector of Grapevine flavescence dorée
7Vırus and virus like and phytoplasma vector
8Also virus vector
Prokaryotes (Bacteria and Phytoplasma)
Apple proliferation phytoplasma
Apricot chlorotic leafroll phytoplasma
Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus
Elm phloem necrosis phytoplasma
Peach rosette phytoplasma
Peach X- disease phytoplasma