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2.2 Fashion Development in Uzbekistan
Today Uzbekistan is emerging as a leading and internationally oriented fashion destination. The country itself, the heart of the historical Silk Road, is a must-visit destination as it is a treasure trove if oriental beauty seen in its cities, rich history and traditions.

Speaking about clothing in Uzbekistan, every region of the state owns its traditional costumes. They are demonstrated during national holidays like “Navruz.”

Uzbek national clothes are very bright, beautiful and cozy and are part of a rich cultural traditions, lifestyle of Uzbek people. In urban places, it is uncommon to meet people in traditional Uzbek clothes, now it is mostly worn on traditional festivals and holidays, as we mentioned above. In rural places, it is a part of everyday and holiday garments.

Clothes of local nations has always been determined by climatic, social traditions. In 19th century, clothing (gowns, dresses and shirts) went on keeping the archaic features like wide, long, whole-cut, it freely fell down hiding the shapes of human body.

During the holiday, national costume differs from the everyday one by its beauty of used fabrics, embroidery, etc.

Well-known Uzbek embroidery and embroidered clothes, metal works and precious stones, traditional head dresses and carpets are still considered to be more popular that any kind of foreign innovations.

Traditional Uzbek woman’s suit consists of plain khan-atlas tunic-dress and wide trousers. Holiday garments were made of atlas fabric and richy embroidered with golden thread. Woman’s headdress consists of three elements: a cap, headscarf and turban. An indispensable part of traditional holiday garments of Uzbek woman are gold and silver jewelry: earrings, bracelets, necklaces.

The traditional national men’ costume consists of a warm quitted robe-chapan bid with a scarf and scarves, headgear tyubiteika and boots made of fine leather.

Historically, there is high influence of Great Silk Road in introducing traditions of Uzbek culture in the world.

Many centuries ago, Great Silk Road that connected Europe with Asia, contributed to the development of Central Asia, and in particular, Samarkand, Bukhara, Khiva and Shash (modern Tashkent).

For centuries, Great Silk Road united countries by such peaceful acts as trading exchange of cultural and spiritual values that are unique for the whole mankind. Caravans passed by those roads, and each of the caravans was filled with exotic clothes, oriental goods and spices.

In ancient times, different kind of precious stones, luxury things, skins and many kind of other things were carried from East to West. Even judging by the road’s name, silk was the main fact that shows what things had been carried.

Besides, various woolen goods, carpets, curtains, blankets and tugs came to China from Central Asia and East Mediterranean. The glass, made in Samarkand, was valued for its high quality. It was considered as luxury goods. Other goods, as it was stated, were skins, wool, cotton fabrics, gold embroidery, exotic fruits – water-melons, melons and peaches.

So, Silk Road played a considerable role in history, having a great influence on binding the nations of the world by exchanging several goods of high value.

It helped the nations to make acquaintance with each other, sharing different traditions and customs.

Even some cities and states were built by this Road.

It is worth noting about textile manufacturing when speaking about fashion in Uzbekistan.

The Republic of Uzbekistan occupies vast territories in the very middle of Central Asia and in the "heart" of the Great Silk Road. The population of Central Asia exceeds 57 mln. over 28 mln. of which reside in Uzbekistan, the biggest consumer market in the region.

Light industry of Uzbekistan, particularly textile manufacturing sector is being considered one of the most strategically important and rapidly growing sectors of the national economy. Being the country with its own substantial raw cotton stocks, Uzbekistan launches dozens of joint projects in spinning, knitting, weaving and garment manufacturing annually. Nevertheless, local producers cannot satisfy the essential needs of the market and population, especially in part of textile products and their components, items of fashion and design. Special demand is observed for high quality shirtings, suitings, prints, silks, woollen and linen fabrics, technical textiles, textile haberdashery and accessories, trimmings and supplies, fastening products, garments and fashion accessories, lingerie and underwear, home textiles and other textile products, not produced domestically, in terms of increasing population and its improving and diversifying preferences.

There are a number of privileges and preferences to import such products. Thus, chemicals, dyes, trimmings and supplies as well as many other components of textile manufacturing, not produced domestically are exempted from import customs duties until January 1, 2016 according to the special Government Decree.

At the same time domestic fashion industry is being formed, strengthening Uzbekistan’s role and position as one of the leading global cultural centers. Uzbekistan annually hosts Tashkent Fashion Week, numerous domestic modeling and design schools are being successfully developed, and collections of local designers attract the great attention and interest of the professionals and amateurs of the world of fashion. At the same time numerous famous world fashion brands and fashion houses open their representative offices and boutiques in the capital of Uzbekistan.

Foreign companies – producers and traders of textile products, garments and apparel, fashion accessories, are willing to enter and strengthen their position in the market of Uzbekistan and Central Asia. Furthermore, enterprises of the Central Asian region, including Uzbekistan, intending to display their best products and discover new export markets.

In its place, it is good to highlight some facts relating to Textile Industry of Uzbekistan.

Cotton producers such as Uzbekistan, Brazil, India and China possess huge potential for further development of their textile industry.

Great Silk Road from Japan to Europe which passed through the region played its important role for development cotton and silk traditions in Uzbekistan.

As long as we analyze the textile industry in Uzbekistan, it is worth noting that Uzbekistan hosts textile and fashion exhibitions under the title “Textile Expo Uzbekistan” which is the only specialized trade exhibition for textiles and fashion in Uzbekistan with international professional participants and visitors.

It is proposed to attract professional visitors that are wholesale and retails buyers and customers willing to purchase Uzbek textile products and place orders in Uzbekistan and the Central Asian International Exhibition is regularly held by I.T.E. Exhibitions & Conferences Ltd has been held since 2011.And its partners in Europe and the CIS countries, including such professional industrial exhibitions as MODA UK (the UK), Bubble London (the UK), SibFair / Siberian Fashion Week (Russian Federation) and others.

Actually, the exhibition is designed for foreign companies which are producers and traders of textile products, garments and apparel, fashion accessories, willing to enter and strengthen their position in the market of Uzbekistan and Central Asia, as well as enterprises of the Central Asian region, including Uzbekistan, intending to display their best products and discover new export markets.

As for Fund Forum, the official title of it is “Forum of Culture and Arts of Uzbekistan Foundation”. Actually, it is a nongovernmental organization pursuing the goal of supporting domestic science, culture, education and sports.

Furthermore, the Fund set up the goal of reviving the spiritual legacy and the national traditions of the Uzbek nation, boosting the creative potential of prominent public figures and culture professionals, providing support for young talents and crafts dynasties. The Foundation works to disseminate objective information about Uzbekistan’s unique culture, rich historical legacy and diversity of its contemporary arts throughout the world.

Similarly, it informs the Uzbek public of trends in world culture. The Fund accords significant attention to the uniting of efforts by diplomatic and public bodies to set up socio-humanitarian and universal ties among countries and diverse national entities.

In fact, there were over forty entries and a great range of work by talented young fashion illustrations demonstrated their collections through the shows of Art Week

It is honorable that in May 2011, some young Uzbek designers visited the London College of Fashion to give a master class on a subject “Combining National Tradition and Modern Trends in Fashion”. The workshop used traditional Uzbek fabrics to create contemporary designs, and it was suggested that the class be added to the curriculum at the university due to the quality of the work produced. Even there was a special exhibit by various fashion figures, including Uzbek designers called Underground. In fact, there were collection shows, including work by graduates of Kamoliddin Bekzod National Institute of Arts and Design and the Tashkent Institute of Textile and Light Industry. Underground show provides a platform for the young Uzbek designers to introduce themselves to the national industry. It is a high achievement that the local designers could integrate Uzbek traditions into contemporary design. One of a good example would be the designer Da-Shik, using Uzbek fabrics in a western style of dress with millinery referencing the shape of traditional Uzbek traditions. It gives the feeling of honor for every citizen of Uzbekistan to see Uzbek youth introducing Uzbek traditions through their collections in one of the leading fashion centers of the world. It shows of how Uzbekistan is opening new trends and giving opportunities by awarding their work. Fashion designer’s visiting another countries not only to show their work means not only performing their collections, but also to become aware of the works of world fashion designers and share the opinions so that they could open new areas of fashion in Uzbekistan.

The youth of Uzbekistan has become one of active participants in public young life generation of the country.

Education of the harmoniously developed young generation in the spirit of loyalty to national and public values is one of the prioritized directions of the State policy of the country. All conditions for protection of interests of youth, its education according to high standards and revealing of their art potential are created. For today the youth of Uzbekistan actively participants in all spheres of the public life of the country. It is the essential factor of development of the Republic as a whole. Youth is the basic part of the population of our state, it is therefore important that it would be a high-grade participant in construction of civil society.

Thus, President of the Republic of Uzbekistan I.A. Karimov, concerning the national model of social development, noticed that “Only that country, that nation can achieve great future, prosperity and successfulness which can bring up competent, professional educated and energetic persons, true patriots of their country, enrich them with enormous, spiritual legacy of great national culture, give the mass access to treasures of the world nation and culture”.10

Through the major programs of Fund Forum, we could state youth and education, health care and social welfare, children’s projects, grant programs, international sports activity, conferences, science research and publishing activity, it is obviously seen that the principal purposes of the project is settled for further development of the youth.

One of the partner organizations is “Kelajak Ovozi Youth Initiatives Center”. It was founded by winners of various projects of the Fund Forum in March, 2006 and became one of the leading youth organizations. The projects of which are created and implemented by participants themselves.

Moreover, there is a project which is annually organized by the Fund Forum jointly with Dom Stilya (House of Style) since 2006 under the title Art Week

Style.Uz Art Week is the most high-profile cultural event in Central Asia, which is aimed at helping develop modern and traditional Uzbek fashion and art. Now, in its seventh year, the project brings together a large number of guests from across the world to Tashkent, a city where the past blends with the present. The major week-long event is held annually in October and presents both art and high fashion.

Besides, it is a kind of project that gives unique opportunity for young talented people with limited financial resources to struct their stuff by demonstrating their collections alongside world-famous fashion brands. Each year offers a rich schedule of catwalk shows, charity concerts, trade fairs, cocktail parties, master classes by famous fashion professionals, photographers, make-up artists and culture and art professionals.

The Art Week also honors a number of young talents and masters engaged in restoring ancient fabric leaving techniques by providing them with grants. It is also opportunity for the youth to attend catwalk shows by world-famous fashion labels, exhibitions and concerts held as part of the Art Week of charge. All told, around 2000 young people benefit from the major event.

The project has drawn increasing international attention and is annually attended by around 100 internationally known people – fashion designers, artists, musicians, owners of jewelry and fashion labels, influential culture and art professionals, representatives of the media and show business stars form Austria, China, France, Germany, India, Japan, Russia, Spain, Switzerland, the USA, the UK and other countries.

It is worth noting that Style.Uz events are attended by up to 60,000 visitors, including students, art aficionados as well as culture and art professionals.

One of the grand projects of the Fund Forum is «Asrlar Sadosi» Festival of Traditional Culture that presents all the diversity of the national traditions and customs, handicrafts and cuisine, unique oral and intangible heritage. The festival has been organized annually since 2008 in cooperation with the UNESCO Tashkent Office. Every year the Festival is held in different regions of Uzbekistan in historical or cultural centers as an out-door fete. Each of these places has its unique heritage and centuries-old traditions passing from generations to generations.

It is obvious that Fund Forum is a kind of foundation aimed at discovering and supporting the youth in giving new opportunities on establishing plans for their future life so that they can take further steps in their life.

Besides, Fund Forum gives a good opportunity even to children in developing their fashion with organizing Children’s Fashion Festival under the title “Bolajonlar-Shirintoylar” (Sweet children). Festival is held annually by the Fund Forum in cooperation with the «Osiyo Ramzi» (Symbol of Asia) Designers Association of Uzbekistan. Fashion show of children clothing, exhibition of national toys, graphical works, school dress, the best designer, the best catwalk, and the best creative stage in performance of very young boys and girls contests are conducted within the framework of the Festival. Entry-level specialists take part in the Festival along with professional designers. The project is considered to be so effective that it comprises variety of fields in which presents diverse art-menu of catwalk, presentations, master-classes from arts and culture professionals, applied art, design and fashion exhibition, rarities expositions, auctions, contests of young designers, National Dress Festival, concerts of world music stars, and social events. Even, famous designers from all over the world, jewelry and fashion brand owners, showbiz celebrities, vogue magazines’ editors, public figures, representatives of mass media from many countries take part in the Tashkent Art Week. It gives a real opportunity to the state in introducing its national clothes and putting further steps to a high fashion. And it is a crossroad of arts, traditions and modernity.

Actually, the Week impresses with its scale and dynamics, versatility of its events and attracts more and more attention of the world most famous figures. Being also directed to international cooperation in different arts spheres development and creative personalities support, the Art Week Style.Uz is organized with the support from significant local and international institutions, public organizations including UNESCO, the British Council, Goethe Institute in Tashkent, French Institute.

On the other hand, there are a series of fashion magazines in Uzbekistan that shows cultural life of Uzbekistan in many fields which are L’Officiel, Bella Terra, Jannat Makon that provide with fresh news of fashion figures, events, collections, photographs of models.

It is a good chance for those, who want to be aware of news of fashion, not only in Uzbekistan, but also on international scale. Every fashionable figure tries to be on trend and not to be alike to one another. For them, fashion magazines provide with full information of what would be trendy in this or that season. It is one of the tools of becoming aware of world and local news in the field of fashion.

Moreover, there are many boutiques and representative boutiques of world boutiques like Podium Italia, Luisa Spagnoli, Glamour and so on. They could provide with clothes of fashion leading designers worldwide. They are of high quality that people get used to wear them so fast. Sometimes those boutiques give a good chance for the people to purchase their production with announcing high sales in its season. Boutiques can put on sale both women’s and men’s clothes, bags, scarves, shoes, bags and different kind of accessories of latest fashion.

It is a great honor that Uzbekistan presents its fashion shows in leading countries of the world introducing the clothes made of national fabrics. At the same, the clothes are a unique combination of Eastern and Western culture. Surely, it requires a hard work of Uzbek fashion designers. However, it gives a chance of taking one step higher for the world fashion. As an example, we could state about Guli showroom presented at Volvo Fashion Week Moscow.

Once Guli corner was launched at Russian fashion designer Lena Lenskaya’s Fashion Studio multibrand boutique in Smolensky Passage trading center.

Moreover, Guli showroom presented clothes and accessories as well as the Collection of Wellbeing for Soul and Body from Guli, a line of natural beauty care products. The Uzbek brand boasts a masterful combination of fashion trends and traditional motifs, as well as an ability to update national fabrics, cuts and ornaments while creating unexpected collections that are in sync with seasonal trends.

Collections of the brand GULI present poetic images of the 21st century, but at the same time, a rational preservation of traditions absorbed by centuries and gravitating to true beauty.

It is worth noting that modern rhythms of Europe, the glamour of the West, spicy combinations of Asia and grace of different cultures have found reflection in numerous collections of the young brand GULI, in accordance with the world standards.

One of the distinctive features of clothes collections created by designers, is the use of 100% natural fabrics of handcraft weaving created using unique technologies with the mixture of colors of recreated compounding of ecological dyes; with impregnation of knitting elements of national embroidery restored using the sketches and photos of clothes architecture of last centuries, courageous use of curves and cut of techniques of traditional Uzbek clothes in modern view.

As we know that Uzbekistan sets many kind of cooperates in different fields, including fashion, with other countries of the world.

For example, Uzbek silk presentation took place in London. An exhibition titled “Silk after century” was opened in 2012. The event was organized by British – Uzbek Society, Social Initiatives Support Fund, Tashkent Institute of Textile and Light Industry at the support of Fund Forum.

The exhibition is a logic continuation of cooperation in design and fashion between Uzbekistan and Great Britain within the Art Week

The exhibition in London presented historic costumes from Uzbekistan, photos on production process and samples of ikats. The exhibition told about legends of Uzbek textile.

About 150 people, including designers, diplomats and business circles, representatives of British museum, politicians, and textile experts participated at the opening ceremony.

Furthermore, fashion has a huge influence in connecting the nations of the world. For instance, there had been hold an event which is important in putting further relations with fashion designers of other countries. Floral design workshop held on May 7-12 in Samarkand. Famous award-winning floral designers Annette von Einem of Denmark and Sergey Karpunin of Russia taught floral arranging techniques and design skills. The workshop culminated in a stunning art show, with models clad in national outfits flaunting floral creations and wearing floral accessories created during the workshop, the first of its kind in Central Asia. The rich assortment of flowers and shapes, once in the hands of the florists, transformed into works of art, original structures, exquisite bouquets and one-of-a-kind decorations. In creating their masterpieces the designers relied not only on the flowers but also their stems – which they wove into patterns, stars and other shapes – as well as leaves, colorful feathers and other items. The intensive workshop days concluded with a spectacular night show along with an exhibition of works by the participants in Ulugbek Madrasah located in Registan Square, the heart of Samarkand. In all, the show presented 19 floral exhibits and 49 bouquets and decorations that were demonstrated by models wearing national dresses, with the floral necklaces and accessories blending perfectly with the national outfits. It was a good opportunity for Uzbek models to show the oriental art by wearing national clothes, accessories and other kind of things holding the flowers. According to the workshop organizers, events of this kind are held in countries like Germany, Switzerland, Denmark and Japan, where floral design is a trendy activity. Thanks to support from Fund Forum, it’s in the cards that Uzbekistan will join the ranks of ‘floral design countries’.

Also in Uzbekistan, the ancient cities celebrate Asrlar Sadosi, a cultural affair that means “Echoes of the Centuries.” It is one of the grand projects of the Forum Foundation, which presents all the diversity of the national traditions and customs, handicrafts and cuisine, unique oral and non-material heritage. Every year, «Asrlar sadosi» is held in different regions of Uzbekistan in historical or cultural centers as an outdoor fete with the participation of various experts, scientists and international guests. The National Dress Festival presented 15 collections by designers from Samarkand, Bukhara, Tashkent, Ferghana and Andijan.

1.3. Comparative analysis of fashion terms through the films of

different periods
We would like to make some analysis of fashion terms used in films that were produced in different periods. Surely, every period has its particular clothing style. As time passes, clothing in everything faces to change. It might be influenced by some events like the 1st World War, the 2nd World War, Revolutions change in the lifestyle of people.

Every girl tries to look fashionable, wearing more trendy clothes. So, these films that we are going to analyze shows fashion in different period of society through two fashionable ladies.

Generally speaking, fashion reflects the society of which it is a part. It has been influenced by wars, as we mentioned above, conquests, laws, religion and the arts. Individual personalities have also had an impact on fashion. Royalty and heads of state have set fashion, and in the 20th century media stars have emerged as leaders of fashion. Fashion also has its critics, who have at times denounced fashion as irrational, frivolous, tyrannical and immoral. Fashion designers accelerate fashion change to create new business. Yet new fashion succeeds until people are ready to accept it. The final decision about what to buy, or whether to buy anything at all, belongs to the consumer. Ultimately, fashion changes because many people like new and different styles. We would like to analyze two films produced in different centuries. One of them is “Roman Holiday” and the other one is “Devil Wears Prada”.

A few words about the films itself. “Roman Holiday” is a 1953 romantic comedy directed and produced by William Wyler. It stars Gregory Peck as a reporter and Audrey Hepburn as a royal princess, who wanted to see Rome on her own. Actually, Audrey Hepburn played a role of a crown princess of an unspecified country. She is on a widely publicized tour of several European capitals. In Rome, she becomes frustrated by her tightly scheduled life. Then she secretly leaves her country’s embassy to experience Rome on her own.

Hepburn’s costumes designed by Edith Head who won the black and white costume Oscar for her efforts. Head used flat shoes, gathered cotton skirts and plain blouses with the sleeves rolled up to try and make Audrey look dowdy.

Looking upon the clothing style of that period, by late 1940s and 1950s, designers had quickly grown tired of the utilitarian, minimalist clothing of the wartime era. Longings for elegance and luxury that had been suppressed during the war years began to creep out again with the “New Look” of fashion in the late 1940s in which clothing styles emphasized rounded shoulders, full skirts, and narrow waists. The garments were often lined with luxurious, expensive fabrics, and ornate accessories became necessary items. Although critics complained about the extravagance of the clothing while rationing was still mandated, women throughout the country clamored for the revitalized femininity of the New Look. And it would prove to be popular enough to last well into the affluent decade of the 1950s.

In Roman Holiday, the success of Head’s costume design lies in its simplicity. Speaking about the opening and clothing scenes of the film, the costumes are vintage Head – in the first Hepburn wears a formal floor-length, off-the-shoulder evening gown and accessorized with a diamond-encrusted tiara, a drop necklace, discreet earrings, over-the-elbow gloves and satin court shoes. In the closing scene, Head opted for a white, fit-and-flare lace, dress with a shawl collar, wrap over bodice and fitted waist, styled with a pearl choker and earrings and short white gloves. The tiara is replaced by an unusual hat, which frames Hepburn’s face, emphasizing her girlish femininity, and high lighting her “royal” status. In the escape scene Hepburn wears a simple white skirt with a detachable jabot, elegant pin tuck pleats and gently voluminous sleeves with wide cuffs. It is paired with a full skirt and a waist cinching belt, enhancing the actresses famously petite frame.

Audrey spends most of the film in this outfit, but some subtle but important styling changes disguise the “princess” as an ordinary girl. Her haled pumps are replaced with relaxed leather sandals, the shirt sleeves are rolled up the collar is opened and the jabot removed. And even her impulsive haircut completes the natural transformation. Although the ending to Rome Holiday may be regrettable romance, but there are some moments that remain forever in every viewer of the film.

Below are the translation of some fashion terms used in film.

Floor-length evening gown – etagi polni o’puvchi oqshom libosi

Wrap over bodice – tanani qoplovchi korsaj

Off-the-shoulder evening gown – ochiq yelkali oqshom libosi

Simple white skirt with a detachable jabot – olinadigan jaboli oq rangli oddiy yubka

Diamond-encrusted tiara – olmos bilan bezatilgan tiara

Leather sandals – charm shippak

Dress with a shawl collar – sholro’mol yoqali libos

Gathered cotton skirts – yig’ilgan ip gazlamali yubka

Over-the-elbow gloves – tirsakdan teparoq turuvchi qo’lqop

Plain blouse – oddiy bluzka

Another film, chosen for analysis is the “Devil Wears Prada”. The film is a 2006 comedy-drama film, a loose screen adaptation of Lauren Weisberger. It stars Anne Hathaway as Andrea Sacks, a college graduate who goes to New York City and gets a job as a co-assistant to powerful Streep. Many designers allow their clothes and accessories to be used in the film. According to the film, Andrea “Andy” Sacks lands the job “a million girls would kill for”: junior personal assistant to Miranda Priestly, the icy editor-in-chief of Runway fashion magazine. Costuming of the film was carried out by Patricia Field by help from friends from throughout fashion industry. Although Field avoids making Streep look like Wintour, she dresses her in generous helping of Prada.

In general, at least $1mln worth of clothing was used in the film, making it one of the most expensively costumed movies in cinema history.

Chanel asked to dress Hathaway for the film, and Dolce & Gobbana and Calvin Klein helped Field as well, including some contributions from Lebanese designer Georges Chakra. Field said she avoided prevailing fashion trends for Miranda during production in favor of a more timeless look based on Donna Karan archives and pieces by Michaele Vollbracht for Bill Blass a look she describes as rich-lady-clothes. Truly speaking, she did not want people to easily recognize what Miranda was wearing. Actually, Field gave Andrea a “textbook” sense of style. Much of her high-fashion wardrobe is Chanel, with some Calvin Klein. For Emily Blunt, Miranda’s senior assistant, Field chose pieces by Vivienne Westwood and Rick Owens . In the last scene, Andy dressed casually but with a bit more style, sees Miranda getting into her car across the street. They exchange looks and Miranda gives a soft smile once inside the car.

High-fashion wardrobe – yuqori sifatli kiyimlar garderobi

Jeans – jinsi

Trench coat – trench palto

Casual – oddiy, norasmiy

T-shirt – yengi kalta mayka

Sneakers - shippak

Obviously, the clothing style of the period was considered to be ushered in a mood of sleek, slender elegance combined with a famine quality, at once young and sophisticated. Hemlines, waistlines and hairlines all grew shorter. Many dresses were belt less, although wide sashes and draped cummerbunds were popular. “Italian” haircut was trendy that time while the daytime silhouette was predominantly slender. The full skirt remained in fashion for festive clothes and for light summer dresses made of cotton or silk. Young women continued to affect crinoline petticoats under extra-full skirts and clasped their waist with wide leather belts or cummerbund. The form-fitting sheath dress was softened by distinct bulk at the top by a back-flaring profile line, and by necklines opened wide in a cuff or fold around the throat and bosom. These wide-open necklines were filled in with multiple strands of pearls or soft scarves.

Narrow jacket – tor kalta kamzul

Crinoline petticoats – Krinolin matoli ichki yubka

Form fitting sheath dress - qomatiga yarashgan ayollar ko’ylagi

Extra full skirts – juda keng yubka

Wide sash – enli belbog’

Trimmed and jeweled sweaters –qimmatbaho toshlar bilan bezalgan to’r ko’ylak

Draped cummerbund – qoplangan kamar

Very bare shoes with jeweled heels – qimmatbaho toshlar bilan bezalgan poshnali ochiq tufli

The short evening dress remained an established fashion, although an equal number of long dresses were worn. Hats, legging the crown or back of the head, were draped or modeled like abstract sculptures and, except for jewels or embroidery, enjoyed a minimum of decoration. Moreover, the mood of elegance and ultra –femininity was reflected in sporty clothes. Long shorts (just above the knee) were precisely tailored of fine flannel, linen or raw silk and were accompanied by softly colorful shirts or blouses. The vague for separate skirts and sweaters or neat tailored blouses were establishing a major and thriving branch of fashion. Cotton, silk, satin and tweed skirts with simple or elaborately trimmed and jeweled sweaters were sold in de luxe boutiques (little ready-to-wear). Petticoats were flounced to be wide at the hems but close-fitting at the hipline.

Furthermore, cotton achieved top rank in fashion when the secretary at agriculture presented the first annual Cotton Fashion Award in Washington, D.C., to Adele Simpson, well-known dress designer.

As every year has its color to be trend in clothes, that period of time also presented its color of the year. The return of brilliant color in the style palette was traceable to the popular pageantry of the English Coronation. The all-black costume in dramatic siren lines was a favorite for cocktail and theatre wear. Charcoal grey replaced beige as the popular daytime neutral. Accessories also experienced some changes time by time. They were sumptuous, frivolous and alluring. Very bare shoes with jeweled heels, toes or instep bands were a colorful addition to evening clothes. The most typical and universal accessory was the stole which was worn with suits, cotton or fur. Scarves and stoles of bulky furs, such as fox and lynx, began to reappear.

Every woman knows that makeup decorates them and adds some special look to their beauty. Woman of every age tries to look more charming, despite which style of clothing they prefer. It shows some specific characters in woman as self-confidence. The natural look of make up had one important exception in the vague for doe-eye. As fine paneled line edging the entire eye and extending in a slant at the corner, the elongated eye enjoyed great popularity among sophisticated women in European and American cities.

Clothing styles and popular apparel fashions are in flux, and the fashion world is continuously inundated with runway innovations and fly-by-night fads. Over the last century fashion in the Western world in particular has experienced continual upheavals and major changes. From 1900 to 2007, popular fads have included such fashion statements as rear-enhancing bustles, short flapper dresses, wide-leg bell bottoms, and deliberately ripped jeans. These and other major trends make up the fascinating history of twentieth-century women’s clothing.

The costume designer, Patricia Field put some additional opinions about 2006 year trends. According to her, the season marked a return of real American looks. “American style is simple, a little utilitarian, strong and outspoken without being too theatrical. We are the ones who wear jeans, T-shirts, trench coats and sneakers. It is not only a little casual but also clean and classic”, Field said. “We are not from aristocrats, we are from the cowboys and settlers, and that shows in our style.

Some hot items including flats, wedge heels, longer skirts, empire-waist dresses and tops as well as soft, unstructured hobo bags made a come back for the ladies. Must have menswear looks range form fitted shirts with shorter, tighter sleeves to leather sneaks.

As we mentioned above, every period has its peculiarity in style of clothing. The year reveals some pieces of clothing for boys and girls.

The list of clothing for guys compromise the “Safarmi” jacket (safari army), V-neck sweater with a retro knit pattern over a white shirt, T-shirt or polo with tight, short-sleeves, dressy perforated sneaker with dress pants at work, Button-down shirts with detail, French cuffs, Lighter-was denim, velvet blazer.

As clothing for girls are smaller frames for sunglasses, red lipstick, belts, hobo bags with minimal detail, long shorts cut just above the knee, dresses and tops with an empire waist, flats and wedge heels, higher waist jeans.

Smaller frames for sunglasse – kichik ramkali ko’zoynak

Hobo bags with minimal detail – juda kam detalli daydi rusumdagi sumka

Dresses and tops with an empire waist – imperial uslubdagi libos va tepa qismga kiyiladigan kiyimlar

Red lipstick – qizil tusdagi labga suriladigan pomada

Long shorts cut just above the knee – tizzadan ustki qismi kesilgan shortik

Higher waist jeans – bel qismdan teparoq turuvchi jinsi

Obviously, there are a lot of different clothing features of different periods.

When we mentioned about some designers of each time, we found on their differences. Each of the time has its specific leading designers.

As for the clothes, form fitting sheath dress is replaced by empire waist dress while extra full skirts changed to longer skirts, trimmed and jeweled sweaters turned to the sweater with a retro knit, very bare shoes with jeweled heels were replaced by flat and wedge heels, instead of narrow jacket, there is a “Safarmi” jacket.

Moreover, classic style became more casual.

And the season’s red brightens appeared in red shoe and red lipsticks. Leggings were also back of the year. One should pair them with narrowed tunic or sweater and ankle boots or flats, or layer under a mini. It is interesting to note that there is some similarity with nowadays fashion style especially in a little detail. The prints – Leopard prints are meant. According to some facts, style of clothing comes back in some period of time. It could be style in shoes, bags, scarves, wallets, dresses, jeans and even hairstyle and makeup, but not only in fabrics or prints and more would add a touch of animal magnetism. While taking a walk on the wild side, the sophisticated leopard-look has classic staying power when used as an accent knits, especially chunky knits had its peculiarity in the list of trends. It could appear in the form of sweater coats, sweaters, turtlenecks, vests and capes.

Unlike nowadays, jeans were worn higher waist. So, skinny jeans were the freshest silhouette of the season.

Another blast-from-the-part, the vest is back. Fitted or knitted leather velvet, rich deep color, pattern, and fabrics. It could be paired with a tank top or tee or lace and ruffles, the vest is where the colors shine.

All in all, we state that style might differ from one season to another in everything that is worn. It might seem a little strange for the youth of a modern age who tend to wear what is more trendy, comfortable.

We would like to mention about the color trends, there are some special institutes that deal with color trends for every season. And it plays a big role for every designer who would produce the trends of the year, taking it into consideration. For example, one year is more active in beige, while the other one in red.

Through the comparison, we could state that both of the periods are active in setting fashion no matter to what age they do belong. So, it might be a single similarity between the periods.

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