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James B. Murphy Dartmouth College

Professor Silsby Hall

Department of Government Hanover, NH 03755 (603) 646-2862

Dartmouth College, Department of Government: Professor (2005–present); Associate Professor (1996–2005); Assistant Professor (1990–1996).
Dartmouth College, Master of Arts in Liberal Studies, Adjunct Professor, 1995–present.
Faculty Director, the Daniel Webster Program at Dartmouth College, Inaugurated April 4, 2008:

For conferences, see:
For curricular initiatives, see:
Yale University: Ph.D. in Philosophy and Political Science, May 1990.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology: M.C.P. (Master of City Planning), May 1983.
Yale University: B.A. in Philosophy and Political Science, May 1980.

Teagle Foundation Grant, Winter 2015.

Alexander Hamilton Institute Grant, Fall 2014.

Rockefeller Conference Grant, Fall 2014.

Dartmouth-Teagle Fellow, Fall 2011 to Summer 2012.

Dartmouth College Conference Grant, Fall 2010 to Spring 2011.

Manhattan Institute Veritas Fund Grant, Winter to Spring 2008.

Hopkins Institute Grant, Winter to Spring 2008.

Dickey Center Summer Research Grant, Summer 2006

Ethics Institute Summer Research Grant, Summer 2006

Rockefeller Center Reiss Senior Faculty Grant, Summer 2003.

Dartmouth Senior Faculty Research Grant, Fall 2003 to Winter 2004.

Dartmouth Humanities Research Fellowship, Fall 2002.

Earhart Foundation Fellowship Research Grant, Fall 1999.

Fellow, Dartmouth Humanities Institute on Privacy, Summer 1999.

Pew Charitable Trusts Fellowship, 1999–2000.

Part-time Fellow, Dartmouth Humanities Institute on Moral Knowledge, Fall 1994.

A.C.L.S. Fellowship, 1993–1994.

N.E.H. Summer Stipend, 1993.

Dartmouth College Faculty Fellowship, Winter 1994.

Fellow, Dartmouth Humanities Institute in Constitutional Interpretation, Fall 1991.

Burke Award, Faculty Research Grant, Dartmouth College, 1990–1993.

Robert M. Leylan Fellowship, Yale University, 1989–1990.

H.B. Earhart Fellowship, Earhart Foundation, 1989–1990 (Declined).
Reading knowledge of Attic Greek, Latin, French, and German.
The Philosophy of Customary Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014).
Aquinas and Modern Law, eds. Richard O. Brooks and James B. Murphy, in series “Philosophers and Law”, ed. Tom Campbell (Surrey, U.K.: Ashgate Publishing, 2013).
Augustine and Modern Law, eds. Richard O. Brooks and James B. Murphy, in series “Philosophers and Law” ed Tom Campbell (Surrey, U.K.: Ashgate Publishing, 2011).
The Nature of Customary Law edited by Amanda Perreau-Saussine and James Bernard Murphy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007).
The Philosophy of Positive Law: Foundations of Jurisprudence (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2005).
Aristotle and Modern Law, eds. Richard O. Brooks and James B. Murphy, in series “Philosophers and Law,” ed. Tom Campbell (Dartmouth, U.K.: Ashgate Publishing, 2003).
The Moral Economy of Labor: Aristotelian Themes in Economic Theory (Yale University Press, 1993).

"Free Market Morals" in Critical Review 26, nos. 3-4 (Summer-Fall 2014). (Special Issue on John Tomasi's Free Market Fairness), pp. 348-361.

“Does Habit Interference Explain Moral Failure?” in Review of Philosophy and Psychology published online, Jan. 25, 2015:

“Religious Violence: Myth or Reality? A Symposium on William T. Cavanaugh’s The Myth of Religious Violence.” In Political Theology 15/6 (November 2014): 479-485. Special Issue of Political Theology edited by James Bernard Murphy.

“The Morality of Bargaining” in The Journal of Business Ethics 100/1: 79-88 (Feb. 2012).
“Perspectives on Power” in The Journal of Political Power 4 (1), April 2011: 79-95.
“Opus Dei: Prayer or Labor” in Sophia 2 (2): December 2010: 246-263.
From Aristotle to Hobbes: William Galston on Civic Virtue” in Social Theory and Practice 33/ 4 (Oct. 2007): pp. 637-644.
"Against Civic Education in Public Schools" in International Journal of Public Administration 30 (2007), pp. 1-19.
"Ethical Ideals in Journalism: Civic Uplift or Telling the Truth" (with Stephan Ward and Aine Donovan: lead author: James B. Murphy) in Journal of Mass Media Ethics" 21/4 (2006), pp. 322-337.
“Why a Core?” Academic Questions 19 (3): Summer 2006, pp. 85-94.
“The Lawyer and the Layman: Two Perspectives on the Rule of Law” Review of Politics 68 (Winter 2006), pp 101-131.
“Against Civic Schooling” in Social Philosophy and Policy 21/ 1 (Winter 2004), pp. 221-265 and in Morality and Politics ed. Ellen Frankel Paul, et al. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004), pp. 221-265.
“Against Civic Education in Public Schools” in Constructing Civic Virtue: A Symposium on the State of American Citizenship (Maxwell School of Syracuse University: Campbell Public Affairs Institute, 2003), pp. 71-94.
“Equality in Exchange” in The American Journal of Jurisprudence 47 (2002), pp. 85-121.

“Nature, Custom and Reason as the Explanatory and Practical Principles of Aristotelian Political Science” The Review of Politics 64 (Summer 2002): pp. 469-495.

“Practical Reason and Moral Psychology in Aristotle and Kant.” In Social Philosophy and Policy 18 (Summer 2001): 257-299.
“Virtue and the Good of Friendship” in The American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly Supplement: Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 71 (1997), pp. 189-201.

"A Natural Law of Human Labor," The American Journal of Jurisprudence 39 (1994), pp. 71-95.
"Language, Communication, and Representation in the Semiotic of John Poinsot," The Thomist 58, 4 (October 1994), pp. 569-598.
"Aristotle, Feminism, and Biology," International Political Science Review 15 (1994), pp. 417-426.
"The Workmanship Ideal: A Theologico-Political Chimera?," Political Theory 20 (May 1992), pp. 319-326.
"Nature, Custom, and Stipulation in the Semiotic of John Poinsot," Semiotica 83 (1991), pp. 33-68.
"Nature, Custom, and Stipulation in Law and Jurisprudence," The Review of Metaphysics 43 (June 1990), pp. 751-790.
Book Chapters:
“Opus Dei: Prayer or Labor?” in The Charismatic Principle in Social Life, ed, Luigino Bruni and Barbara Sena (Oxford: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 2013), pp. 94-111.
“Introduction” in Aquinas and Modern Law, eds. Richard O. Brooks and James B. Murphy, pp. ix – xviii.
“Law’s Positivity in the Natural Law Jurisprudence of Thomas Aquinas” in Aquinas and Modern Law, pp. 255-324.
“Suarez, Aquinas, and the Just War: Self-Defense or Punishment?” in From Just War to Modern Peace Ethics, eds. Heinz-Gerhard Justenhoven and William A. Barbieri (Berlin: De Gruyter, 2012), pp. 175-196.
“Positive Divine Law in Austin” in The Legacy of John Austin’s Jurisprudence, eds. Michael Freeman and Patricia Mindus (Dordrecht: Springer, 2013), pp. 169-184.
“Introduction” (with Richard O. Brooks) in Augustine and Modern Law (Surrey, U.K.: Ashgate Publishers, 2011), pp. xiii – xxiv.

“Against Civic Education in Schools” in Debating Moral Education, eds. Elizabeth Kiss and J. Peter Euben (Durham and London: Duke University Press, 2010), pp. 162-185.

“Positive Language and Positive Law in Plato’s Cratylus” in Plato and Modern Law, ed. Richard O. Brooks (Ashgate Publishing: 2007), pp. 97-123.
“Habit and Convention at the Foundation of Custom” in The Nature of Customary Law, eds. Amanda Perreau-Saussine and James Bernard Murphy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007), pp. 106-155.
“The Character of Customary Law: an Introduction” (with Amanda Perreau-Saussine) in The Nature of Customary Law eds. Amanda Perreau-Saussine and James Bernard Murphy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007), pp. x-xxviii.
“Aristotelian Political Science: Bildungspolitik and the End of Sovereignty” in Rethinking the State in the Age of Globalisation, eds. Heinz-Gerhard Justenhoven and James Turner. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 2003, pp. 73-116.
“The Quest for a Balanced Appraisal of Work in Catholic Social Thought.” In Labor, Solidarity, and the Common Good, ed. S.A. Cortright (Durham: Carolina Academic Press, 2000).
"The Kinds of Order in Society," in Natural Images in Economic Thought, edited by Philip Mirowski (Cambridge University Press, 1994), pp. 536-582.
"Rational Choice Theory as Social Physics," in The Rational Choice Controversy: Economic Models of Politics Reconsidered, edited by Jeffrey Friedman (Yale University Press, 1996), pp. 155-174; originally in Critical Review 9/1-2 (Special issue on rational choice theory, Winter-Spring 1995), pp. 155-174.
"Humane Work and the Challenges of Job Design" (with David Pyke) in Rethinking the Purpose of Business: Interdisciplinary Essays from the Catholic Social Tradition. Editors S.A. Cortright and Michael J. Naughton (Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 2002).

Review of Rethinking Rights: Historical, Political, and Philosophical Perspectives, eds. Bruce Frohnen and Kenneth Grasso for Perspectives on Politics 8 (4) 2010: 1191-1192.
Review of Aristide Tessitore, Aristotle and Modern Politics for Perspectives on Politics 1 (Sept. 2003), pp. 595-596.
Review of Pamela Hall’s Narrative and the Natural Law for Ethics 107 (April 1997), p. 543.
Review of William James Booth's Households: On the Moral Architecture of the Economy for The Review of Politics 56 (Fall 1994), pp. 781-785.
Review of Bernard Yack's Problems of a Political Animal: Community, Justice, and Conflict in Aristotelian Political Thought for The American Political Science Review 88 (June 1994), pp. 460-461.
Review of James Q. Wilson's The Moral Sense for Perspectives on Political Science 23 (Spring 1994), pp. 104-105.
Review of Robyn Eckersley's Environmentalism and Political Theory: Toward an Ecocentric Approach for Politics and the Life Sciences 12/2 (August 1993), pp. 281-283.
Review of John Deely's Basics of Semiotics for The Review of Metaphysics 44 (June 1991), pp. 836-837.

“Aristotle on Childhood” at Boarbank Hall, Cumbria, Colloquium on “Catholic and Secular”, Feb. 11-13, 2015.
“Bargaining and Gift-Giving” at the University of Navarre, Pamplona Spain, May 8-9, 2013.
“Liberty and the Kinds of Order in Society” at the Conference “Friedrich Hayek’s Cold War Liberalism,” hosted by the Asan Institute for Policy Studies in Seoul, Korea between February 1 and February 2, 2013.
“The Tyranny of the Prime of Life” at the ESADE University, Buenos Aires, Nov. 29th, 2012.
“Aristotle and Kant on Practical Reason” at the Yale University Colloquium on Religion and Politics”, Nov. 15th, 2012.
“Capabilities and Happiness Or Why No Child is Happy” at the conference “Market and Happiness,” University of Milan, June 8-9, 2011.
“The Tyranny of the Prime of Life in Aristotle’s Economics” at the Faculty Seminar: “Aristotle on Economics,” University of Navarre, Pamplona Spain: May 26th, 2011.
“Opus Dei: Work or Prayer” at the Conference “The Charismatic Principle in Economic Life and Civil Life: History, Theory and Good Practice”. Sophia University, Loppiano Italy: May 26-28, 2010.
“Positive Divine Law in John Austin” at the 150th Anniversary Conference for the Death of Austin, University College, London, December 18-19, 2009.
“Suárez, Aquinas, and the Just War: Self-Defense or Punishment?” at the Institute for Theology and Peace, Hamburg Germany, January 4th to 6th, 2009.
"On the Relation between Human and Civic Virtue" at conference on "Civic Virtue and Diversity", Florida State University, Tallahassee, March 2-4, 2007.
“Power Reconsidered” at the Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association: Philadelphia PA: August 30 to September 3, 2006.
"Aristotelian Jurisprudence" at the Annual Meeting of the New England Political Science Association: Portsmouth NH: May 1, 2006.
Presented my book chapter "Why Legal Voluntarism Collapses into Natural Law: the Case of Francisco Suarez" at Quentin Skinner's Seminar on the History of Political Thought: Christ's College, Cambridge University Oct. 30, 2006.
Presented my book chapter "Habit and Convention at the Foundation of Custom" in Matthew Kramer's Seminar on Legal Philosophy: Churchill College, Cambridge University Oct. 31, 2006.
“The Significance of Customary Law in the Philosophy of Francisco Suarez” at Franciscan University of Steubenville, Steubenville OH, March 24-26, 2006.
“Habit and Convention at the Foundation of Custom” at Newnham College, Cambridge University, Sept. 14-16, 2005. Conference: “The Nature of Customary Law: Philosophical, Historical, and Legal Perspectives”.
“Against Civic Schooling” at the Yale Political Theory Workshop, Oct. 19th, 2004.
The Philosophical History of Strengths and Virtues Conference, The University of Pennsylvania, Sept. 2-4, 2004: “The Journey Toward Virtue.”
Debating Moral Education Conference, Duke University, March 5-7, 2004: “Intellectual Virtue as the Academic and Moral Aim of Schooling.”
Law and Philosophy Seminar at Newnham College, Cambridge University, Nov. 14, 2003: “Positive Law in the Analytical Positivism of John Austin”.
History and Politics Seminar at Trinity College, Cambridge University, Nov. 11, 2003: “Positive Language and Positive Law in Thomas Hobbes”.
Fifth International Symposium on Catholic Social Thought and Management Education: Business as a Calling, the Calling of Business at the Universidad de Deusto, Bilbao, Spain, July 15-18, 2003.
New England Political Science Association Annual Meeting, Providence R.I. May 1-3 (2003): Panel on Civic Education: “Against Civic Schooling.”
Symposium “Constructing Civic Virtue” at the Campbell Public Affairs Institute, The Maxwell School of Syracuse University, Nov. 1, 2002.
International School of the Ius Commune: 22nd Course: “The Transformation of a Legal Profession.” Erice, Sicily, Oct. 3-10, 2002.
Conference “Morality and Politics” at the Social Philosophy and Policy Center of Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green OH, Sept. 19-22, 2002.
International School of the Ius Commune: 21st Course “The Origin of Law: De origine iuris et omnium legum.” Erice, Sicily, Oct. 4-11, 2001.
“Intellectual Virtue as the Academic and Moral Aim of Education” at St. Mary’s College, Moraga, CA. Jan. 10-11, 2001.
Harvard University Department of Government Political Theory Workshop: Nov. 16, 2000.
University of Notre Dame Department of Government Political Theory Colloquium: October 24, 2000.
Annual Meeting of the Maritain Society, University of Notre Dame: October 20, 2000.
Conference “Rethinking the State” sponsored by the Erasmus Institute of Notre Dame and the Institute für Theologie und Frieden of Hamburg, at Berlin, Germany Sept. 21-23, 2000.
Conference “Natural Law and Modern Moral Philosophy” at the Social Philosophy and Policy Center at Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH. Oct. 7-19, 1999.
3rd Annual John F. Henning Conference on “Catholic Social Thought and the Academy: Engaging the Disciplines” at St. Mary’s College, Moraga CA, March 1999.
Rev. John A. Ryan Institute, University of St. Thomas, St. Paul, MN; Conference on The Nature and Purpose of the Business Organization within Catholic Social Thought. August 1998.
American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, panel on Aristotle and Xenophon, Washington, D.C., August 1997.
American Catholic Philosophical Association Meeting, Buffalo, NY, March 1997.
Political Theory Workshop, University of Chicago, March. 1997.
Political Theory Workshop, Yale University, February 1997.
Inaugural Conference of the John F. Henning Institute for Catholic Social Thought at St. Mary’s College, Moraga, California, January 1997.
Conference on Natural Law and Contemporary Public Policy, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law, April 1996.
Colloquium on Communities and the Common Good, Vermont Law School, February, 1996
Bradley Symposium in Politics and Theology at Boston College, November 1993.
American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, panel on "The Politics of Production," September 1992 (I organized and chaired this panel).
American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, panel on "Ecology and Political Theory," September 1992.
Bradley Symposium in Politics and Theology at Boston College, January 1992.
Inaugural Conference for Carl E. Koch Chair in Economics, University of Notre Dame, September 1991.
American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, panel on "Scripture and Philosophy in Early Modern Political Thought," August 1991.
Yale University Faculty Workshop in Political Theory, March 1991.

Government 6: Political Ideas.

Government 7: Utopia and Its Critics.

Government 7: Love, Friendship, and Marriage.

Government 7: Apocalypse Now: Sex and Violence in the Bible.

Government 7: The Virtues of Teaching and Learning.

Government 61: Jurisprudence.

Government 63: Origins of Political Thought.

Government 80: Civic Virtue Through Literature.

Government 81.21: Democracy in America: Tocqueville and his Critics.

Government 86.23: The Bible as Political Theory.

Government 86.25: Great Trials in History.

Government 83: Political Theory in International Relations.

Government 98 and 99: Honors Thesis Program.

College Course 10: The Philosopher and the Sage: Virtue Literature East and West.

Masters of Arts in Liberal Studies: Ethics, East and West; The Challenge of Democratic Ideals.

Department of Government:

Political Theory Search Committee, Fall 2013.

Clements Chair Search Committee, 2004 to 2006.

Political Theory Recruitment Committee, 2000-2001.

Political Theory Recruitment Committee, 1998-99.

Chair, Visitors Recruitment Committee, 1997-2000.

Chair, Prize Committee, 1996-97.

Chair, Political Theory Recruitment Committee, 1995-96.

External Review Committee, 1994-95.

Prize Committee, 1994-95.

Japanese Politics Recruitment Committee, 1994-95.

Rockefeller Committee, 1992-93.

Public Law Recruitment Committee, 1992-93.

American Politics Recruitment Committee, 1991-92.
Dartmouth College:
Tucker Council (2011-2014).

Committee on Instruction (2004 to 2008).

University Press of New England Faculty Advisory Board, 2002-2007.

Ethics Institute's Faculty Advisory Board, 1995-2008.

Benefits Council, 1992-93.

Committee on the Faculty, 1992-93.

Committee on the Economic Status of the Faculty, 1991-92.
John T. Noonan, United States Circuit Judge, United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, 7th at Mission St., P.O. Box 193939, San Francisco, CA 94119-3939.
Rogers M. Smith, Professor of Political Science, University of Pennsylvania:
Brian Tierney, Professor of History, Cornell University, 450 McGraw Hall, Ithaca NY 14853-4601. Tel: (607) 255-8862.
James Gordley, Professor of Law, Tulane University:
Frederick Schauer, Professor of Law, University of Virginia:
Richard Tuck, Professor of Government, Harvard University, 17 Hilliard St., Cambridge, MA 02138. Tel: (617) 496-0967.
Gerald Postema, Professor of Philosophy, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Department of Philosophy, CB# 3125, Caldwell Hall, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3125. Tel: (919) 962-3310.
Kent Greenawalt, University Professor, Columbia Law School, 435 W. 116th Street

New York, NY 10027. Tel: (212) 854-2637.

Steven B. Smith, Professor of Political Science, Yale University, P.O. Box 208301, New Haven CT 06520-8301. Tel: (203) 432-5230.
Louis Dupre, Riggs Professor in the Philosophy of Religion, Yale University, 67 North Racebrook Road, Woodbridge CT 06525-1407. Tel: (203) 397-0181.

William James Booth, Professor of Political Science, Vanderbilt University, Station B, Box 8261, Nashville, TN 37240. Tel: (615) 343-2491.

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