File No.: 355-02-04-10-0001
1. December, 2010
Pursuant to the Article 24 of the Act on Scientific Activity and Higher Education (Official Gazette, No 45/09) and Thematic Evaluation Procedure (Class: 003-08/10-02/0003; File No.: 355-01-10-2), as well as to the Statute of the Agency for Science and Higher Education (Article 30, paragraph 1, item 1; Article 44, paragraph 2) on its 7th session, the Accreditation Council adopted, and Director of the Agency issued
Thematic Evaluation of the Public Scientific Institutes - Self-evaluation Formi
The form shall be completed by the scientific organisation based on the data acquired from the organisational units/sub-units. Collected data shall refer to the period of the last 5 years (in part including 2010).
In the case of bigger scientific organisations, the self-evaluation form may be created for each unit individually.
Self-evaluation shall be submitted as a single document in hard copy and in electronic format (Word, CD), both in Croatian and English, respecting the given form of the document and complete in all answers and tables.
Not all questions are as relevant for all institutes.
The self-evaluation document shall be submitted to the Agency for Science and Higher Education (address: Donje Svetice 38, 10 000 Zagreb) no later than three (3) months after receiving the notice on initiating the thematic evaluation procedure.
Name of the Scientific Organisation: INSTITUTE OF OCEANOGRAPHY AND FISHERIES, SPLIT, CROATIA
Address: Šetalište I. Meštrovića 63, 21000 sPLIT
Telephone No.: 00385-(0) 21- 408-000
Fax No.: 00385-(0) 21- 358-650
Web Pages: www.izor.hr
Title, Name and Surname of the Head of the InSTITUTE:
Prof.dr.sc. Ivona Marasović
1.1. Short (historical) description of the Institute development
The Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries was founded in 1930 as the first national institution for sea research. As the first director of the Institute Prof. Hjalmar Broch, Norwegian was appointed on the basis of the international job announcement. Three main aims as the main guidelines for the Institute were established:
Pure science research
Targeted educational activities to form a new generation of young scientists and acting on public
After Prof. H. Broch left the Institute, there was already formed a group of young scientists who went to specialise abroad (France, Germany, Denmark). The Institute was run by scientific Council that consisted of several eminent scientists (Stankovic, Vouk, Djordjevic and Hadzi).
At that time there was initiated systematic research on the field (sea), within which 4 Oceanographic stations were placed in the central Adriatic. Although, with lower intensity, the Institute worked also during the Second World War. After the War, Prof. Tonko Soljan was a director of the Institute and initiated one of the most active and successful periods in the history of Institute.
The most important project realised in the Institute was the "Hvar" Expedition (1948-49) that according to its size and collected data represents even today unique accomplishment in Oceanography of the Adriatic.
At that time, also began regular monthly sampling and measurement (physical, chemical and plankton parameters) on the profile Split-Gargano, lasting continously up to date, and they can be considered the first Adriatic monitoring program .
Based on these data, scientists of the Institute gain new and very important insights into the dynamics of the Adriatic waters (so-called “Adriatic ingressions”), or insights into the connection between occasional increased inflow of Mediterranean water in the Adriatic and increased productivity of the Adriatic waters.
During the 60's the Institute expressed a special activity by participating in an international expedition MGG (expedition organized in honor of International geophysical year), within which the researches were performed on the same profiles as in the time of the expeditions NAJADA and CICLOPE (1911-1914). In the early 60’s the Institute began with monthly measurements of primary production (C-14 method) in the coastal and open sea in the middle Adriatic, being at the same time the first researches of that kind in the Adriatic.
Beginning of the 70’s was marked by a new activity, which brings the coastal area to the center of the interests. Specifically, rapid urbanization of coastal area has resulted in the appearance of pollution of certain parts of the coastal sea, which required the need of making ecological studies.Slušajte
Also, the monitoring program “ VIR-KONAVLE” was established to monitor the sea quality of Dalmatian coastal area, taking place even today.
In mid-seventies, the “Biological Institute” in Dubrovnik was attached to the Institute. It was reorganized into two dislocated institute laboratories and in this form it worked until 2006, when it was attached to the University of Dubrovnik.
At the beginning of 80's started the International Summer School entitled "Fisheries Educational Centre for Developing Countries" and as three-months course it existed from 1981 to 1990 i.e. till the beginning of the Croatian Independence War.
This period was marked by the successes of the Institute scientists in the research of various developmental stages of sea bass, which was extremely important for aquaculture at the level of the whole Mediterranean.
Within that period began the work on organizing and equipping a computer center, with intention to establish the Central Data base for the Adriatic.
In early 90’s the Institute is very actively involved in educational activities in a way that within the University of Split, it organises the Department of Marine Studies, the first program of its kind in Croatia.
Cooperation with the University of Split and University of Dubrovnik continues through the establishment of joint doctoral program in Applied Marine Sciences, and in collaboration with the University of Zagreb and Institute “Rudjer Boskovic" through establishing the PhD program in Oceanology.
The late 90’s, as well as the beginning of a new decade, are characterized by very intense international cooperation, human resource restoration, acquisition of modern research equipment and the construction of a new research vessel.
Within the National monitoring program “The Adriatic Project“ / “Projekt Jadran” there was developed the surveillance measuring system of oceanographic buoys (AMOS), and aiming to ensure the safe storage and checking of the quality of collected data, as well as to provide them more easily to end users. The Institute data bank (MEDAS) was developed and it contains today more than 80% of all the different measurements conducted in the Adriatic.Slušajte
Throughout its 80-year history the Institute has spawned a number of top experts, and we can proudly say that some of them laid the foundations not only of the Adriatic, but also the Mediterranean oceanography, unfortunately, many of them being more famous abroad than at home. A big part of the activities of the Institute was always based on the international cooperation, which is still present, because there are almost no boundaries for the sea research.
2. Short description of the financing institutions: the sources and types of income, cost structure, advantages and disadvantages of current methods of financing, management policies and additional investment income (profit)
Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries is a scientific institution, largely funded through the Ministry of Science, Education and Sports. In addition to salaries of scientists, the Ministry of Science, Education and Sports has funded a greater part of the material costs of the Institute, and through contracted research projects has also funded the fundamental scientific activities of the Institute. In addition to this funding, the Institute achieved a share of the revenue through international projects (bilateral, INTERREG, FP5, FP6 and FP7, PHARE, COAST, MEDPOL, FAO ADRIAMED, IPA), and through contractual projects related to the development of Environmental Impact Study and implementation monitoring programs in the field of marine environmental assessment and protection of fish stock.
Besides salaries, most of the costs of the Institute are associated with the Field Research, which is regularly carried out, since the majority of research in oceanography, as well as in fisheries, is based on regular data collection and analysis of the long-term data series. A large portion of the funds, especially during the last few years has been invested in the construction and equipping of a new research ship, in a new research equipment, maintenance of buildings and adapting of the laboratory space and a complete reconstruction of an experimental aquarium.
A significant portion of costs is related to the purchase of various chemicals and consumables. Part of the costs is related to the Institute's staff travel in order to participate in international and national scientific conferences and to cover the publishing activities of the Institute (Scientific Journal Acta Adriatica).
The biggest advantage of the current method of financing is reflected in a certain security of regular payments of monthly income, as well as the security in financing at least part of the costs of the Institute's scientific research activities. The rest of the costs of scientific research, as well as the costs of additional equipment are covered by the Institute from its own funds, whose amount changes from year to year, depending on additional projects and programs of the Institute. The greatest shortcoming of the current method of funding, is the fact that the funds that were intended to work on projects of the Ministry are insufficient to cover the full cost of the project, so that the missing part of funds, which is very difficult to predict and plan in advance, is covered from the Institute's own funds.
The Institute has primarily invested its additional income into buying and equipping boats for quick research, in construction and equipping of a large research vessel; in the purchase of research equipment; in reconstruction of the experimental aquarium; in arranging laboratory space and staff participation in scientific meetings. From its own funds the Institute provides salary for 20 to 25 professional staff (number of associates depends on the number of projects), which due to increased workload Institute employs on contract projects.