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Acf fall 2008: The Physical Impossibility of Joris-Karl Huysmans in the Mind of Someone Living

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ACF Fall 2008: The Physical Impossibility of Joris-Karl Huysmans in the Mind of Someone Living

Packet by Eden Prairie High School (Gaurav Kandlikar, Neil Fitzgerald, and Sam Daub)

Edited by Andrew Hart, Rob Carson, Trevor Davis, Ted Gioia, and Gautam Kandlikar
1. Margaret Atherton wrote about “How [this man] Can Maintain that Snow is White,” and in one work he argued against belief in fluxions while another discusses a “visual language.” In addition to writing The Analyst and Alciphron, he notably argued against abstraction of ideas and presented the likeness principle, while his “master argument” claimed that it is impossible to conceive a non-conceived object. The author of Treatise Concerning the Principles of Human Knowledge, he believed that “to be is to be perceived.” For 10 points, name this Irish philosopher, the author of Three Dialogues Between Hylas and Philonus.

ANSWER: George Berkeley

2. He wrote about Una Golden who marries Edward Schwirtz instead of Walter Babson in The Job, and a man discovers he is the descendent of Xavier Pic in Kingsblood Royal. In one work, Doremus Jessup tries to stop the political career of Buzz Windrip, while another of his characters survives a fire that destroys the “Waters of Jordan Tabernacle” and Sharon Falconer, after he seduces Lulu Baines at the Mizpah Seminary. This author of It Can’t Happen Here and Elmer Gantry, also wrote about Erik Valborg’s affair with Carol Kennicott, who fails to reform Gopher Prairie. For 10 points, name this author of Babbitt and Main Street.

ANSWER: Sinclair Lewis

3. This composer depicted a peasant dreaming of summer while dying in a blizzard in the “trepak” section of his cycle Song and Dances of Death, and his vocal works include Sunless and The Destruction of Sennacherib. The title character of one opera has visions of a child he thought was executed at Uglich and is eventually overthrown by the monk Grigori, who becomes the False Dmitri. Another work features sections titled “The Market at Limoges” and “The Old Castle” that are connected by the “Promenade” theme. For 10 points, name this Russian composer of Boris Godunov and Pictures at an Exhibition.

ANSWER: Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky

4. A beta-sheet sandwich structure is common to all types of these whose Fab and Fc regions can be separated by papain based on their crystallizability. Their effector functions are increased through CSR, while somatic hypermutation occurs in their variable regions and renders a higher affinity for binding sites. They are used in the ELISA process, and Kohler and Milstein got the Nobel in Medicine for producing the monoclonal varieties of these. They can easily change isotypes, of which humans have five, and they attach to epitope of their targets by induced fit. For 10 points, name these y- shaped proteins produced by B Cells, that target and attack foreign antigens.

ANSWER: antibodies [or immunoglobulins]

5. He defended Say’s law by arguing against the possibility of general gluts, and he called for a stable monetary policy in Proposals for an Economic and Secure Currency. A concept developed by Robert Barro which states that equilibrium consumption is invariant if the government is financed by tax increases or deficit spending is known as his “equivalence,” and he also introduced diminishing marginal returns. In another work, he criticized Malthus’ theory of rent, and that work also introduced the theory of comparative advantage. For 10 points, identify this economist who wrote Principles of Political Economy and Taxation and advanced the “iron law of wages.”

ANSWER: David Ricardo

6. In one his stories a man eats a bewitched pellet that he stole from a museum, which allows him to understand animals. He wrote about Hans Giebenrath, who mysteriously drowns after he is sent home from the Maulbronn seminary in Beneath the Wheel, and in another work Pistorius Pistorius introduces the occult god Abraxas to Emil Sinclair, who later goes to live with Max Demian. The protagonist of another novel is taught to dance by Hermine and is induced by the saxophonist Pablo to enter the Magic Theater. For 10 points, name this man, who wrote about Harry Haller in Steppenwolf, and also penned Siddhartha.

ANSWER: Herman Hesse

7. He fled to Hispania after his father committed suicide, and he later commanded the right wing of the Sullan forces at the Battle of the Colline Gate. He refused the help of the king of Armenia on a notable campaign, which culminated when his testudo, or tortoise formation, was decimated by the enemy’s horse archers. That campaign, which he undertook after his defeat of Spartacus and appointment as governor of Syria, was his invasion of Parthia, during which he was killed after his defeat at Carrhae. For 10 points, name this Roman politician known for his wealth and association with Pompey and Caesar in the first triumvirate.

ANSWER: Marcus Licinius Crassus

8. One version of this man was known as Enrique and served as the Grand Inquistor of Earth-311.  His Earth-9997 incarnation ruled a city in the Savage Land before being depowered by the removal of the Earth’s vibranium.  He placed the Red Skull in “the long dark” with only ten gallons of water, and one version of him led the last resistance against the infected superheroes of the Marvel Zombies universe. His most well-known incarnation was presumed dead after Cassandra Nova attacked Genosha with a fleet of Sentinels.  For 10 points, name this alter-ego of Erik Lensherr, leader of the Brotherhood of Evil Mutants, master of magnetism, and frequent enemy of the X-Men?

ANSWER: Magneto [accept Erik Lensherr before stated; or Erik Magnus]

9. James Alexander Walker ran on the American Party ticket in this election, while the Prohibition Party nominated Green Clay Smith. The running mate of the Democratic Party nominee later served as Cleveland’s first vice president; that was Thomas Hendricks. The Republic convention saw Roscoe Conkling withdraw from the running in order to prevent James G. Blaine from getting the nomination. The governor of Oregon declared one of his electors ineligible, and several electors refused to vote for a certain New Yorker. For 10 points, name this election which saw an Electoral Commission decide the defeat of Samuel Tilden by Rutherford B. Hayes.

ANSWER: United States Presidential Election of 1876

10. A Mayan example of these ate the heads of the men that Hurakan destroyed and was known as Camulatz. A three-legged one in Asian myths was variously known as Samjoko or Yatagarasu. One of these was the counterpart of Behemoth and Leviathan called Ziz. An Egyptian example of them rested on the benben pillar, and another assisted Prince Zal with the birth of Rostam. In addition to the Bennu and the Simurgh, other examples include the elephant-eating Roc and a group of part-brass ones that were the target of Heracles’ sixth labor, the Stymphalian ones. For 10 points, name these creatures whose other mythical exemplars include the phoenix and Raven.

ANSWER: birds

11. This work discusses a “high and urgent purpose in my soul” that inspires Frank Drummer to attempt to memorize the entire Encyclopedia Britannica, and another section centers on a woman, who declares that “no mother would let her baby suck / diseased milk” after being dismayed by the advice of Reverend Wiley and Judge Somers. Several sections refer to the industrialist Thomas Rhodes, and Lucinda Matlock concludes that “It takes life to love Life” after reflecting on her existence from her grave. For 10 points, name this poetry collection about the residents of a Midwestern town by Edger Lee Masters.

ANSWER: Spoon River Anthology

12. He is the namesake of reaction where a sugar reacts with an alcohol in the presence of a Lewis acid catalyst to yield a glycoside. During his time at Strasboug, he discovered the similarity between hydrazobenzene and phenyl-hydrazine, and the latter compound and a ketone are used to synthesize indole in a reaction named for him. He also names a reaction where a tetrahedral intermediate is formed upon the nucleophilic attack of an alcohol group which is followed by elimination of a hydroxyl group, and 2-dimensional structures used to represent sugars are this man’s namesake “projections.” For 10 points, identify this German chemist who lends his name to an esterification.

ANSWER: Hermann Emil Fischer

13. Ira Gitler first coined the term “sheets of sound” to describe the style of this jazz musician, who ended one album with the “musical narration” of a poem that begins “I will do all I can to be worthy of Thee, Oh Lord.” He collaborated with McCoy Tyner and Elvin Jones in his namesake quartet on albums such as First Meditations and Gleanings, and his famous chord substitutions based on major third cycles known as his namesake “changes” are first seen in the track “Lazy Bird” on Blue Train and later seen in “Countdown” and “Naima.” For 10 points, name this saxophonist, whose albums include Giant Steps and A Love Supreme.

ANSWER: John William Coltrane

14. This religion’s scriptures include the four books of Athlyi, which form the Holy Piby, as well as The Promise Key. Its members reject "-isms" and use words such as livification, overstanding, and upfulness. Ingesting shellfish, pork, or alcohol is prohibited because they turn the temple of the body into a cemetery, according to its diet, called I-tal. Its holidays include “reasonings,” and adherents are taught to reject “Babylon” and that corruption can be burned out of the heart by smoking ganja, or cannabis. For 10 points, name this religion whose prophets include Marcus Garvey, which believes that Jah, or God, took the form of Haile Selassie.

ANSWER: Rastafari movement or Rastafarianism

15. This event sees the non proteolytic dissociation of a majority of cohesins from chromosomes by Polo-like kinase in Xenopus. Plant cells sometimes also need a phragmosome to split large vacuoles during it, and this stage sees the use of Gamma Tubulin to drive the centrosomes apart. The nuclear membrane and nucleolus disappear during this stage, which also sees the connection of two sister chromatids at a centromere. The chromatin material condenses into chromosomes in, for 10 points, which first stage of mitosis, which is followed by metaphase?

ANSWER: prophase [accept “prometaphase” until “plant cells;” do not accept “prophase I” or “prophase II”]

16. One ruler with this given name defeated Arduin of Ivrea to end the brief separation of Italy and Germany, and was succeeded by Conrad II, the first Salian king, and became the only German king to be canonized. Another ruler by this name succeeded Conrad I as ruler of East Francia and established a line of Saxon kings of Germany through his son Otto the Great. A third ruler by this name started a conflict ended by the Concordat of Worms, the investiture controversy. For 10 points, give the shared name of the unifier of the German tribes known as "the Fowler" and the Holy Roman Emperor who went to Canossa to beg forgiveness from Pope Gregory VII.

ANSWER: Henry [accept Henry II before “Conrad I” is read]

17. This person and Charles Tomlinson built sonnet sequences upon each other’s lines in Airborn. One of his works describes the government of his country as “The Philanthropic Ogre”, and he examined contemporary poetry in The Pears of the Elm and The Bow and the Lyre. His best-known prose work has chapters entitled “From Independence to the Revolution” and “The Day of the Dead,” and a trip to Galta in India inspired a work about Hanuman, The Monkey Grammarian. His most famous long poem consists of 584 lines, matching with the 584 days of the Aztec calendar. For 10 points, name this Mexican author of Sunstone and The Labyrinth of Solitude.

ANSWER: Octavio Paz Lozano

18. His last work, based on Réne Thom's catastrophe theory, depicts three integral signs and is titled The Swallow's Tail. An optical illusion transforms the first of the titular animals seated on a lake into larger mammals in his Swans Reflecting Elephants. One of his paintings depicts an elephant in the background and two tigers over a naked woman in the foreground. This creator of Lobster Telephone also painted The Hallucinogenic Toreador and a “disintegration” of his most famous work which depicted the Cadaques and three melting clocks. For 10 points, name this surrealist artist of The Persistence of Memory.

ANSWER: Salvador Dali [or Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech]

19. The edge named for this phenomenon describes the feature of a spectograph caused by it, and its namesake suppression counteracts that edge. Dense galactic clusters perturb the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation through an inverse form of this, the Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect. Plank's constant divided by a particle’s rest mass times the speed of light gives its namesake wavelength, and the derivative of its cross-section is given by the Klein-Nishina formula. For 10 points, name this effect which describes a decrease in the wavelength of a photon when it collides with an electron, an American physicist’s namesake scattering.

ANSWER: Compton Scattering, Effect, etc.

20. The Frenchman Robert Hubert falsely confessed to causing it on behalf of the pope, and it sparked anti-Dutch violence since it occurred during the Second Anglo-Dutch War. Thomas Bloodworth failed to take action against it, but gunpowder was ordered to be used by Charles II. A column called the Monument stands at Thomas Farriner’s bakery on Pudding Lane, where it began shortly after midnight. Samuel Pepys recorded it in his diary, which also covered the plague that occurred in the same year. For 10 points, name this disaster that began on September 2, 1666 and burned down St. Paul’s Cathedral.

ANSWER: The Great Fire of London

TB. Lesser known cities in this state include Jalandhar, which is notable for producing surgical products. Its largest city, Ludhiana, is notable for having many manufacturing plants, and is thus called “the Manchester” of this state, while other cities in this state include Barnala and Patiala. An open hand serves as the official logo of the capitol city of this state, and Le Corbusier served as the architect of that city, Chandigarh. Bordering the states of Haryana and Rajasthan, much of this state gets water for agriculture from the “five rivers”, and its city of Amritsar contains the Golden Temple. For 10 points, identify this Indian state, the birthplace of Sikhism.

ANSWER: Punjab

ACF Fall 2008: The Physical Impossibility of Joris-Karl Huysmans in the Mind of Someone Living

Packet by Eden Prairie High School (Gaurav Kandlikar, Neil Fitzgerald, and Sam Daub)

Edited by Andrew Hart, Rob Carson, Trevor Davis, Ted Gioia, and Gautam Kandlikar
1. It sits on the Nervion River in the Basque region of Spain, and its only permanent exhibit is a Richard Serra sculpture collection called Matter of Time. For 10 points each:

[10] Identify this art museum, designed to look like a ship, which shares part of its name with a Frank Lloyd Wright-designed museum in New York.

ANSWER: The Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao [or Museo Guggenheim Bilbao]

[10] This architect, whose other projects include the Dancing House in Prague, the Walt Disney Concert Hall, and the Weisman Museum of Art in Minneapolis, designed the Guggenheim Bilbao.

ANSWER: Frank Owen Gehry [accept Ephraim Owen Goldberg]

[10] Gehry was recently sued by this organization for negligence in designing its Ray and Maria Stata Center, which contains its Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory and splits into the Gates and Dreyfoos Towers.

ANSWER: MIT [or the Massachusetts Institute of Technology]
2. The Gattermann-Koch reaction is used to produce the aldehyde of this molecule. For 10 points each:

[10] Name this arene, with molecular formula C6H6.

ANSWER: benzene

[10] The Gattermann-Koch synthesis is a special case of this class of doubly eponymous reactions which can both alkylate and acylate benzene derivatives.

ANSWER: Friedel-Crafts reaction

[10] In this reaction, a benzene reacts with ammonia and alcohol in the presence of sodium or lithium to produce 1,4 - cyclohexadiene. It is named for an Australian Chemist.

ANSWER: Birch Reduction
3. The narrator becomes uncomfortable in a lecture hall and then leaves it to go into the “moist night-air.” For 10 points each:

[10] Name this poem, in which the narrator prefers to look “up in perfect silence at the stars” rather than pay attention to the charts and diagrams of the title scientist.

ANSWER: “When I Heard the Learn’d Astronomer

[10] This poet of “When I Heard the Learn’d Astronomer” also wrote about the death of Abraham Lincoln in “O Captain! My Captain!”

ANSWER: Walt Whitman

[10] The titular flowers stand “near the white-wash’d palings” of an old farm house in this elegy for Lincoln that laments, “the great star early droop’d in the western sky in the night.”

ANSWER: “When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom’d
4. It bifurcates near Mossdale, and its tributaries include the Tuolumne and Merced rivers. For 10 points each:

[10] Name this Californian river, which originates in the Sierra Nevada Mountains, and which flows through Stockton to form a pretty big delta.

ANSWER: San Joaquin River

[10] This other Californian river shares its name with California’s capital, meets the San Joaquin River near the delta.

ANSWER: Sacramento River

[10] The Sacramento River meets this lake in its namesake county which also houses Mt. Lassen. It shares its name with a beverage company which claims to have introduced metal cans and diet drinks into to the “pop” industry.

ANSWER: Lake Shasta
5. Answer the following about Horatio Nelson, for 10 points each.

[10] In 1784, Nelson was sent to the area near Antigua to enforce these acts, which restricted foreign vessels from trading with England or its colonies.

ANSWER: Navigation Acts

[10] Despite disobeying Admiral Hyde Parker’s order to withdraw, Nelson won a victory over the Danish fleet at this 1801 battle.

ANSWER: Battle of Copenhagen

[10] Nelson was awarded a barony for this battle at which he defeated Napoleon’s fleet in Aboukir Bay off the coast of Egypt.

ANSWER: Battle of the Nile
6. He offered a chapter by chapter rebuttal of John Locke in his work, A New Essay on Human Understanding. For 10 points each:

[10] Name this philosopher who wrote about monads and was the basis for Dr. Pangloss in Candide.

ANSWER: Gottfried Leibniz

[10] In Candide, Voltaire parodied this theory of Leibniz, which declares that there is always an explanation for occurrences, truths, and the existence of things.

ANSWER: Principal of Sufficient Reason 

[10] Leibniz was the first major European philosopher to study this Chinese text about divination notable for its hexagrams.

ANSWER: I Ching [Book of Changes or Classic of Changes or I Jing or Yi Ching or Yi King or Yi Jing]
7. A beam of silver atoms was fired through an inhomogeneous magnetic field in this experiment. For 10 points each:

[10] Name this doubly eponymous experiment.

ANSWER: Stern-Gerlach Experiment

[10] In the Stern-Gerlach experiment, the beam of silver atoms were split into two after passing through the inhomogeneous magnetic field, suggesting that the silver atoms have a value of one-half for this quantity.

ANSWER: spin [accept particle spin]

[10] This physicist used a modification of the Stern-Gerlach experiment to demonstrate his namesake oscillations, which are used in MRIs.

ANSWER: Isidor Isaac Rabi
8. It ended when Raul Alfonsin came to power. For 10 points each:

[10] Identify this conflict lasting from 1976 to 1983 during the reign of Jorge Videla which resulted in several desaparecidos.

ANSWER: Dirty war [or La Guerra sucia]

[10] The Dirty war was a reaction against people who supported this Argentine’s rule. Supported by the descamisados, he was succeeded by his wife Isabel after his death in 1974.

ANSWER: Juan Peron

[10] One of the major causes for the downfall of the Videla regime was this short 1982 conflict against the British where Argentina sought to regain the namesake island group. It was a disaster for the Argentines.

ANSWER: Falklands War [or Malvinas War; or La Guerra de las Malvinas]
9. Identify the following about a Shakespeare comedy, for 10 points each.

[10] This play begins with a shipwreck near the coast of Illyria, and centers on the twins Viola and Sebastian.

ANSWER: Twelfth Night

[10] This uptight Puritan steward is locked in a dark room to cure his phony insanity after he is tricked into wearing yellow stockings by Andrew Aguecheek and Maria.

ANSWER: Malvolio

[10] This friend of Andrew Aguecheek organizes the plan to trick Malvolio after Malvolio chastises him for his drunken late night antics.

ANSWER: Sir Toby Belch [accept either]
10. Its "Four Affirmations" include love of nature, tradition and the family, physical cleanliness, and matsuri, or festivals. For 10 points each:

[10] Identify this primary Japanese religion, whose adherents worship such kami as Izanami, Izanagi, and Raijin.

ANSWER: Shintoism

[10] Common features of Shinto shrines include these gates, whose names may derive from the Japanese for “bird perch.” They mark the boundary between the sacred temple and the profane outside world.

ANSWER: torii gates

[10] The most holy shrine in Shintoism, the Grand Shrine at Ise, is dedicated to this daughter of Izanagi, the Shinto sun goddess.

ANSWER: Amaterasu-omikami [accept Ohiru-menomuchi-no-kami]
11. This former lawyer was executed on July 28, 1794. For 10 points each:

[10] Name this orator of the French Revolution and member of the Committee of Public Safety commonly associated with the Reign of Terror.

ANSWER: Maximilien François Marie Isidore de Robespierre

[10] Robespierre was killed and the Committee of Public Safety was disbanded during this cooling off of the Reign of Terror, named for the month in which it occurred.

ANSWER: Thermidorian Reaction or Convention

[10] This man was executed a few months earlier, on March 24, 1794. He was even more radical than Robespierre, and is noted for his opposition to Robespierre's Cult of the Supreme Being and support of the Cult of Reason.

ANSWER: Jacques René Hébert
12. This figure received a cow with a half-moon on its flank from Pelagon, and the Delphic Oracle told him to follow the cow and found a city where it became tired. For 10 points each:

[10] Name this mythological figure, the son of Agenor and Telephassa and husband of Harmonia who founded that city, Thebes, after slaying a dragon and burying its teeth in the ground.

ANSWER: Cadmus [or Kadmos]

[10] Cadmus and his brothers Cilix and Phoenix were sent to search for this woman, their sister, who Zeus had abducted in the form of a bull.

ANSWER: Europa

[10] Cadmus’s children included Semele, Autonoe, Ino, and this woman, who gored to death her own son Pentheus during a Dionysian festival.

ANSWER: Agave [or Agaue]
13. It can be used to find the area of any triangle with known side lengths a, b, and c. For 10 points each:

[10] Name this formula which states that the area is equal to the square root of s times s minus a times s minus b times s minus c, where is the semiperimeter of the triangle.

ANSWER: Hero’s formula [or Heron’s formula]

[10] When extended to cyclic quadrilaterals, this modification of Hero’s formula include s minus d, where d is the length of the fourth side of the quadrilateral. It is named for an ancient Indian mathematician.

ANSWER: Brahmagupta’s formula

[10] Brahmagupta and this man name a theorem which states that the product of two numbers which are sums of two squares is itself the sums of two squares. He is better known for a sequence beginning 1,1,2,3,5.

ANSWER: Fibonacci [or Leonardo of Pisa]
14. This man wrote about the youngest of the three Fates in alexandrine rhyming pairs in “La Jeune Parque.” For 10 points each:

[10] Name this French poet who hopes the waves will “break up with your rejoicing surges / This quiet roof where sails like doves were pecking” in his poem “The Graveyard by the Sea.”

ANSWER: Paul Valery

[10] Valery stop publishing for nineteen years in a period he called “The Great Silence” after the death of this Symbolist poet, who wrote “Afternoon of the Fawn.”

ANSWER: Stephen Mallarme

[10] Valery based his notebooks called Cahiers on the diaries of this man, who created The Virtuvian Man and the Mona Lisa.

ANSWER: Leonardo da Vinci [accept either]

15. He composed the Domestic and Alpine Symphonies. For 10 points each:

[10] Name this composer of the operas Ariadne auf Naxos and Die Frau ohne Schatten, who had a clarinet represent a trickster disruptively riding a horse through a market in Till Eulenspiegel’s Merry Pranks.

ANSWER: Richard Strauss [Prompt on Strauss]

[10] This tone poem by Strauss contains the World Rhythm Theme and was inspired by Friedrich Nietzche's work of the same name. It was notably used in the movie 2001: A Space Oddesy.

ANSWER: Also Sprach Zarathustra [or Thus Spake Zarathustra; or Thus Spoke Zarathustra]

[10] Title character of this opera, Octavian, falls in love with Sophie while giving her a silver flower signifying her engagement with Baron Ochs.

ANSWER: Der Rosenkavalier [accept The Knight of the Rose]

16. In this novel, Daniel helps the title character learn to drive a truck, and in one scene Bamford shoots a pair of warthogs. For 10 points each:

[10] Identify this novel set during a fictional Apartheid-ending civil war which ends with Maureen running towards a helicopter in which the titular servant takes the Smales family to his village for protection.

ANSWER: July’s People

[10] This 1991 Nobel Laureate wrote July’s People. She also wrote about a Mehring, a wealthy South African, in her novel The Conservationist.

ANSWER: Nadine Gordimer

[10] The title character of this other Gordimer novel, Rosa, has affairs with Bernard Chabilier and Conrad and tries to deal with the legacy of her communist revolutionary father.

ANSWER: Burger’s Daughter
17. On his album Strategic Grill Locations, he noted that he was against picketing, but didn’t know how to show it. For 10 points each:

[10] Identify this stand-up comedian who died of a drug overdose in 2005. Other famous lines of his include “An escalator can never break; it can only become stairs.”

ANSWER: Mitchell Lee Hedberg

[10] Mitch Hedberg voiced such characters as “Dr. Fizzel” in his appearances on this Adult Swim show about the filmmaking aspirations of eight-year-old Brendon Small.

ANSWER: Home Movies

[10] Home Movies’ creator Brendon Small also created this show about the fictional band Dethklok, for which he voices such characters as Nathan Explosion and Skwisgaar Skwigelf.

ANSWER: Metalocalypse
18. It consumes 6 molecules of ATP and 9 of NADPH to yield a puny one molecule of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate. For 10 points each:

[10] This so called “dark reaction” takes place in the stroma of chloroplasts, and converts carbon dioxide and water into organic compounds.

ANSWER: Calvin-Benson-Bassham cycle

[10] This most abundant protein on earth is required in the Calvin Cycle to catalyze the first step of Carbon Fixation.

ANSWER: RuBisCo [or RuBP carboxylase/oxygenase or ribulose-1,5-biphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase]

[10] The addition of Carbon dioxide to Phosphoenolpyruvate is catalyzed by PEPC in this type of photosynthesis, often contrasted with CAM. Plants which perform it have cells which display Kranz anatomy.

ANSWER: C4 fixation [accept anything that involves “four” and “carbon”]
19. A small man on a horse to the right of this painting oversees his workers. For 10 points each:

[10] Name this painting which depicts three peasant women gathering the leftovers of the wheat harvest.

ANSWER: The Gleaners [or Des Galneuses]

[10] This realist painter of The Gleaners also painted Women Baking Bread.

ANSWER: Jean-Francois Millet

[10] In Millet’s L’Angelus, a farmer and his can be seen praying next to a small wheelbarrow containing this crop. A family of five is gathered for dinner under a lamp in a Vincent van Gogh painting where it is being consumed.

ANSWER: potato
20. He impressed Oda Nobunaga by building a castle at Sunomata. For 10 points each:

[10] Identify this man who came to power after Oda Nobunaga, who twice attempted to invade Korea but failed in that endeavor.

ANSWER: Hideyoshi Toyotomi [or Toyotomi Hideyoshi]

[10] This man lent was the founder of the shogunate that ruled from 1603-1868 that is sometimes called the Edo shogunate.

ANSWER: Tokugawa Ieyasu

[10] Tokugawa won a decisive victory over the Western Japanese clans loyal to the Toyotomi clan at this 1600 battle.

ANSWER: Battle of Sekigahara
21. Some of her lesser known works include And Keep Your Powder Dry. For 10 points each:

[10] Identify this anthropologist who studied about 600 individuals on the island of Ta'u, and also wrote a work called Growing up in New Guinea and Sex and Temperament in Three Primitive Societies.

ANSWER: Margaret Mead

[10] This work, perhaps Mead’s best-known, deals with adolescents in the namesake culture, and tells of how they get around the pesky taupau system of testing virginity by using chicken blood.

ANSWER: Coming of Age in Samoa

[10] This anthropologist from New Zealand himself spent time on Samoa, and later declared that Mead had been extremely misled. He went on to criticize Mead in his books like The Fateful Hoaxing of Margaret Mead.

ANSWER: Derek Freeman

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