Upper Paraná Atlantic Forest
Ecoregion Action Plan
WWF Target Driven Programs
The Upper Paraná Atlantic Forest ecoregion Biodiversity Vision (Biodiversity Landscape Design and Conservation Targets) prioritizes actions that will contribute significantly to the achievement of targets for two WWF Global Target Driven Programs (TDPs) – Forests for Life and the Living Waters Campaign. The following is a list of the relevant TDP targets with explanations of how the Upper Paraná Atlantic Forest Ecoregion Action Plan relates to them.
Forests for Life
Target 1: (Protect)
The establishment and maintenance of viable representative networks of protected areas in the world’s threatened and most biologically significant forest regions, by 2010
The completion of a gap and threat analyses for all focal forest ecoregions by 2002
Gap and threat analyses were conducted as part of the development of the Biodiversity Vision for this ecoregion.
Identification and mapping of target Protected Area sites to enhance representation of Protected Area systems in focal forest ecoregions by 2004
The Biodiversity Vision includes a Biodiversity Conservation Landscape designed to increase the representation of biodiversity under protection as well as to protect forest blocks large enough to be resilient and capable of maintaining viable populations of umbrella species and healthy ecological processes. The Ecoregion Action Plan targets the fine-scale landscape design of Core Areas and corridors to identify specific sites for the creation of new protected areas.
Management improved in 50 million ha of existing forest Protected Areas by 2005
The Ecoregion Action Plan targets:
Improved management of 791,775 ha of existing strictly protected areas (IUCN Categories I-III) by 2010.
Improved management of 1,413,991 ha of existing Sustainable Use Areas (IUCN Categories IV-VI) by 2010.
50 million ha of new forest Protected Areas created in focal forest ecoregions by 2005
The Ecoregion Action Plan targets:
Creation of 728,025 ha of new strictly protected areas (in Core Areas and Potential Core Areas) by 2010.
Creation of 2,589,309 ha of new Sustainable Use Areas by 2050.
Target 2: (Manage)
100 million ha of certified forests by 2005, distributed in a balanced manner among regions, forest types, and land tenure regimes.
New working groups or national standards recognized by FSC in at least 20 countries by 2004.
The Ecoregion Action Plan targets viability studies and initiatives developed for forest certification under FSC as an alternative economic activity targeting critical areas of the Biodiversity Conservation Landscape by 2010. Brazil already has a national working group, viability studies are currently underway for Paraguay, and a national FSC working group was recently established in Argentina.
High Conservation Value Forests national protocols in place in at least 20 countries by 2005
Argentina has established a commission to develop standards for the Atlantic Forest and Brazil has recently established standards for the Atlantic Forest. Our Ecoregion Action Plan targets this for Paraguay, aiming to reduce the rate of Atlantic Forest conversion to soybean cultivation.
Community forest management protocols in place in at least 20 countries that can lead to, or maintain, community forest certification by 2005
We are evaluating the economic and biological viability of community forest management for Sustainable Use Areas in Paraguay.
Target 3: (Restore)
By 2005, at least 20 forest landscape restoration initiatives underway in the world’s threatened, deforested or degraded forest regions to enhance ecological integrity and human well-being.
A gap and threat analysis of priority conservation landscapes in all focal forest ecoregions by 2002.
The Biodiversity Vision includes gap and threat analyses.
Socioeconomic and ecological criteria and indicators for tracking progress with forest landscape restoration developed by 2002
We are developing ecological indicators as a part of the process to develop a monitoring mechanism for the Biodiversity Vision.
At least 10 forest landscape restoration initiatives underway in the world’s threatened, deforested or degraded forest regions by 2003
Over the next 50 years, the Biodiversity Conservation Landscape identifies 2,606,678 ha requiring native forest restoration. We plan to have a Forest Landscape Restoration Plot Project underway in the Capanema-Andresito area of the Iguaçu/Iguazú River Basin and Main Corridor by 2005. Funding proposals have already been developed in 2003. The project could begin as soon as funding is obtained.
The elimination of at least one economic, financial and/or policy incentive that contributes to forest loss and/or degradation by 2004
We are working to establish effective enforcement of the forest law in Paraguay by 2005. In addition, we are working to establish economic incentives to soy producers in Paraguay and Brazil and wood producers in Argentina to reduce the rate of native forest conversion and to encourage native forest restoration according to our Biodiversity Landscape Design.
Target 1: (Water Infrastructure Development)
Ecological processes are maintained or restored in at least 50 large catchment areas of high biodiversity importance by 2010
1. Sustainable water or river basin management initiatives that promote conservation and restoration of ecological processes of high priority freshwater ecosystems are adopted by 2004 in at least 10 countries or international processes.
Our Ecoregion Action Plan includes the development of a conservation strategy to maintain ecological processes (watershed; catchment) for three watersheds: the Iguassu River Basin (Brazil and Argentina), the Jejui River Basin (Paraguay), and the Ilhas & Varzeas do Rio Paraná APA portion of the Upper Paraná River Basin (Brazil and Paraguay). These river basins are included in the Upper Paraná Global 200 Freshwater Ecoregion as well as the terrestrial Upper Paraná Atlantic Forest ecoregion.
The Conservation Landscape Design calls for the fine-scale design and implementation of biological forest corridors along rivers and streams in these watersheds to connect Core Areas both surrounded by Sustainable Use Areas to maintain a minimum forest cover of 20% to maintain ecological processes (watersheds; catchments). To achieve these fine-scale landscape designs, we will need to develop and implement social and legal mechanisms to ensure effective participatory management.
By 2004 work is underway at key locations that results in cessation or reorientation to of at least 10 water infrastructure developments that threaten high priority freshwater ecosystems by 2007.
Although systematic data on hydroelectric initiatives planned for the Upper Paraná Atlantic Forest ecoregion was not available for our Biodiversity Vision analysis, we know that there are a significant number of dam projects under consideration for all three countries, mainly to supply electricity to the heavily-populated Rio de Janeiro - São Paulo region. We intend to monitor the plans for and construction of these new dams to minimize the threat they pose to both terrestrial and freshwater biodiversity. We view the existing dams in the region as potential opportunities to join watershed and biodiversity conservation efforts. The Itaipú Binational Dam (Paraguay and Brazil) is the largest in the world. We are establishing a technical partnership with Itaipú for implementation of the Biodiversity Vision in the dam’s area of influence—right in the heart of the Biodiversity Conservation Landscape.