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15. 1 Small Business Innovation Research (sbir) Proposal Submission Instructions Revised Closing Date: February 25, 2015, at 6: 00 a m. Et

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KEYWORDS: wideband antennas; electronically steered arrays; antenna patterns; array gain; earth observation; black body radiation

N151-077 TITLE: Developing Psychological Flexibility

TECHNOLOGY AREAS: Biomedical, Human Systems
ACQUISITION PROGRAM: FNC - Accelerating the Development of Small Unit Decision Makers FY15
OBJECTIVE: To develop a psychological flexibility training and education curriculum that furthers the current body of knowledge using non-proprietary materials and information, and integrates within the curriculum physiological sensor and performance metrics to support an understanding and awareness of the impact of psychological stressors on an individual.
DESCRIPTION: There are significant consequences with the psychological stress that warfighters experience during military operations. Psychological stress permeates every aspects of the service member’s life, affecting job, health, relationships, quality of life, etc. Between 2007 and 2012, the Department of Defense (DOD) spent roughly $4.5 billion on mental health treatment for active duty service members and activated National Guard and reserve members [1]. A recent Institute of Medicine report summarizes the numerous resilience and prevention programs that were funded during this time. The report concluded that while some of these programs have demonstrated effectiveness at reducing the effects of stress, many are not evidence-based and are evaluated infrequently [2].
One area of increasing study for mitigating the effects of stress involves techniques related to the mind-body connection/awareness. A variety of methods and techniques relating to mind-body awareness have been developed to prevent and reduce stress (Examples: Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) [3-6], Integrative Body-Mind Training (IBMT) [7-12], and breathing techniques [10, 13-17]). However, it is unclear which factors/skills/components are critical and most effective at cultivating psychological flexibility when compared against a range of other techniques. Moreover, most training exercises require guidance from certified instructors. With dwindling budgets and reductions in manpower, such requirements cannot be supported. Additionally, military personnel face time constraints that limit opportunities to learn and implement the skills associated with psychological flexibility.
Integration within existing activities, such as Physical Training (PT), could prove to be a beneficial cost and time saving solution. For example, a curriculum of practical short-term meditation/mindfulness techniques could be provided before, during, or after a run or other outdoor exercises. Alternatively, a curriculum and sensor technologies (e.g. heart rate) could be leveraged by an individual at a gym, home, or training facility (e.g. Infantry Immersive Trainer) between exercises or activities. Regardless of the specific application, techniques and technologies are needed to develop cost-effective methods that are sensitive to time and workload of military personnel and able to mitigate stress effects on warfighter performance and health. The results of this effort will yield capabilities that will quantifiably reduce negative outcomes associated with stress injuries, while enhancing the performance and health of military personnel.
The capabilities (techniques and technologies) sought must be non-proprietary, open source, safe, evidence-based, and easily utilized. New components or techniques should enable administration and outcome assessment without substantial manpower or technical knowledge. The primary capability sought must build on a psychological flexibility training and education curriculum as well as integrate human performance metrics and sensor technologies that are transferable between classroom, field, and home environment.
PHASE I: Define and develop a concept for techniques and technologies that are able to mitigate stress effects on warfighter performance and health, and whose methods are cost effective and sensitive to time and workload of military personnel. Required Phase I deliverables will include a final report, Phase II plans, and a proposed psychological flexibility curriculum, human performance metrics, and initial prototype or mockup of sensor technologies. The final report will include evidence-based information, system performance information, and plans for Phase II. Phase II plans should include key components, technological milestones, and plans for at least one operational test and evaluation. Phase I should also include the processing and submission of all required human subjects use protocols, should these be required. Due to the long review times involved, human subject research is strongly discouraged during Phase I.
PHASE II: Required Phase II deliverables will include the construction, demonstration, and assessment of the curriculum and prototype, based on results from Phase I. All appropriate engineering and human research testing will be performed. A critical design/research review will be performed to finalize the design and assessment plans. Additional deliverables will include: 1) final curriculum; 2) training manual and exercises materials (e.g., video) associated with the curriculum; 3) a working sensor technologies and human performance data collection prototype; 4) drawings and specification for its construction; and 5) test data on its performance collected in one or more simulated operational settings, in accordance with the demo success criteria developed in Phase I.
PHASE III: If Phase II is successful, the company will be expected to provide support in transitioning the technology for Marine Corps or Navy use within training. The company will support the Marine Corps with certifying and qualifying the system for Marine Corps use. In addition, other commercial sectors (e.g., athletics) or federal agencies (e.g., FBI) may be interested in the use of the technology and could serve as another avenue for transition the technology.
PRIVATE SECTOR COMMERCIAL POTENTIAL/DUAL-USE APPLICATIONS: This technology will have broad applications in military as well as commercial settings where personnel are exposed to events that have a high probability of inducing stress and stress-related disorders. For the military, psychological flexibility may be integrated into: 1) entry-level training, such as Basic School; 2) pre-deployment training curricula, such as the Infantry Immersive Trainer; 3) deployment to combat zones, administered by Combat Operational Stress Control (COSC) units; and 4) as part of re-acclimation programs at the end of a tour. In commercial settings, these solutions may be similarly integrated into existing programs or as part of daily activities. Commercial applications in which these solutions are expected to be particularly effective include: disaster and crisis management, first responders, law enforcement, and humanitarian relief efforts.

1. Blakeley, K. and D.J. Jansen, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Other Mental Health Problems in the Military: Oversight Issues for Congress. 2013, Congressional Research Service: Washington, DC. p. 1-74.

2. Warner, K.E., et al., Preventing Psychological Disorders in Service Members and Their Families: An Assessment of Programs, L.A. Denning, M. Meisnere, and K.E. Warner, Editors. 2014, National Academies Press: Washington, D.C., p. 1-293.

3. Carmody, J.B., Ruth A., Relationships between mindfulness practice and levels of mindfulness, medical and psychological symptoms and well-being in a mindfulness-based stress reduction program. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 2008. 31: p. 23-33.

4. Holzel, B.K., et al., Mindfulness practice leads to increases in regional brain gray matter density. Psychiatry Res, 2011. 191(1): p. 36-43.

5. MacCoon, D.G., et al., The validation of an active control intervention for Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR). Behav Res Ther, 2012. 50(1): p. 3-12.

6. Rosenkranz, M.A., et al., A comparison of mindfulness-based stress reduction and an active control in modulation of neurogenic inflammation. Brain Behav Immun, 2013. 27(1): p. 174-84.

7. Tang, Y.Y., et al., Short-term meditation training improves attention and self-regulation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2007. 104(43): p. 17152-6.

8. Tang, Y.Y. and M.I. Posner, Training brain networks and states. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 2014. 18(7): p. 345-350.

9. Xue, S.W., et al., Short-term meditation induces changes in brain resting EEG theta networks. Brain Cogn, 2014. 87: p. 1-6.

10. Tang, Y.Y., M.I. Posner, and M.K. Rothbart, Meditation improves self-regulation over the life span. Ann N Y Acad Sci, 2014. 1307: p. 104-11.
11. Fan, Y., Y.Y. Tang, and M.I. Posner, Cortisol level modulated by integrative meditation in a dose-dependent fashion. Stress Health, 2014. 30(1): p. 65-70.

12. Tang, Y.Y., M.K. Rothbart, and M.I. Posner, Neural correlates of establishing, maintaining, and switching brain states. Trends Cogn Sci, 2012. 16(6): p. 330-7.

13. Jouper, J. and M. Johansson, Qigong and mindfulness-based mood recovery: exercise experiences from a single case. J Bodyw Mov Ther, 2013. 17(1): p. 69-76.

14. Kinser, P.A., L.E. Goehler, and A.G. Taylor, How might yoga help depression? A neurobiological perspective. Explore (NY), 2012. 8(2): p. 118-26.

15. Kim, S. and M. Burge, P02.137. Mindfulness-based stretching and deep breathing exercise reduces symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2012. 12(Suppl 1): p. P193.

16. Niemiec, R.M.R., Tayyab; Spinella, Marcello, Strong Mindfulness: Integrating Mindfulness and Character Strengths. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 2012. 34(3): p. 240-253.

17. Rakel, D., Breathing Techniques, in Integrative Medicine. 2003, W.B. Saunders: Philadelphia, PA. p. 1072.
KEYWORDS: Military health system; warrior resilience; stress inoculation; psychological flexibility; mindfulness; mental health

N151-078 TITLE: Development of a Diver Biometric Device (DBD)

TECHNOLOGY AREAS: Biomedical, Electronics, Human Systems
ACQUISITION PROGRAM: Seal Delivery Vehicle & Shallow Water Combat Submersible Program ACAT III
The technology within this topic is restricted under the International Traffic in Arms Regulation (ITAR), 22 CFR Parts 120-130, which controls the export and import of defense-related material and services, including export of sensitive technical data, or the Export Administration Regulation (EAR), 15 CFR Parts 730-774, which controls dual use items. Offerors must disclose any proposed use of foreign nationals (FNs), their country(ies) of origin, the type of visa or work permit possessed, and the statement of work (SOW) tasks intended for accomplishment by the FN(s) in accordance with section 5.4.c.(8) of the solicitation. Offerors are advised foreign nationals proposed to perform on this topic may be restricted due to the technical data under US Export Control Laws.
OBJECTIVE: This effort will develop a biometric monitoring system for use with divers in salt water and at depth. The Diver Biometric Device (DBD) will enable both operational and research health assessment and performance enhancement by the measurement of appropriate physiological signals and their associated algorithms.
DESCRIPTION: The Diver Biometric Device (DBD) will be a waterproof/depth-capable device for collecting and processing physiological data. The goal is to provide divers operating in the challenging undersea environment an indication of their health and performance status. The DBD will also provide currently unavailable metrics for undersea medical research. Metrics of interest include: heart rate, respiration (rate, end tidal carbon dioxide), blood gases (oxygenation, nitrogen and carbon dioxide level, bubble formation), blood pressure, temperature (core, skin and ambient), and electrophysiology (cardiac, encephalic). Synchronized information on the dive profile would also be useful (position, depth, time, SCUBA status).
Biomedical issues that must be addressed when diving include drowning, heart failure, barotraumas, hypo/hyperthermia, nitrogen narcosis, oxygen toxicity, decompression sickness, arterial gas embolism, high pressure nervous syndrome, fatigue, stress, sleep deprivation, underwater blasts, and diving in polluted water.
Terrestrial biometric monitoring is currently in use and providing invaluable capabilities. The key challenge here is that the DBD must provide full function and communication while immersed in salt water and exposed to increased hyperbaric pressures of 300 feet of sea water (FSW) (threshold)/1000 FSW (objective) at a temperature range of 32-95 Degrees F.
No integrated DBD capability for operational environments exists. Past Navy efforts have provided an electrocardiogram recording and analysis system for use in a research pool. The Special Operations Command has explored the transmission of biometric data in an underwater environment and has recently received a limited biometric device for safer pool training. The DBD could adapt existing technologies such as terrestrial biometric devices; hydrophobic electrodes for use in water; biometric analysis algorithms; wrist worn dive computers; underwater voice communication devices; gas sensors on the underwater breathing apparatus; diver locator devices; and/or helmet mounted displays for divers.
PHASE I: Define and develop a concept that illustrates the capabilities of the proposed DBD. Development considerations should include Seal Delivery Vehicle (SDV) Pilots, pool swimmers/divers, surface supplied divers and free swimming divers. Phase I will provide key information about the uses and limitations of the system and could include rapid prototyping and/or modeling and simulation.
PHASE II: Develop, demonstrate and validate the DBD prototype system based on the Phase I design concept. The system should be used under the expected extreme environmental conditions (as cited in the Description section) to collect and analyze data and test algorithms against the known diving biomedical issues.
PHASE III: Develop a production ready system for transition to the US Navy’s SDV program and potentially to other diving and salvage, training and research programs.
PRIVATE SECTOR COMMERCIAL POTENTIAL/DUAL-USE APPLICATIONS: This technology would be of interest to a variety of non-military divers including the commercial (underwater construction and oil companies) and recreational diving communities. Technical/cave divers and free divers, some of the more dangerous regimes, would greatly benefit. Endurance swimmers and other high level aquatic athletes would benefit from a waterproof DBD system.

1. SS800-AG-MAN-010/P-9290 System Certification Procedures and Criteria Manual for Deep Submergence Systems.

2. US Navy Diving Manual.

3. What Should Be Monitored? The Past, Present, and Future of Physiological Monitoring. W.C. Shoemaker, Clinical Chemistry, August 1990, vol. 36, no. 8, 1536-1543.

4. Wireless Sensor Network for Wearable Physiological Monitoring. P. S. Pandian, K. P. Safeer, Pragati Gupta, D. T. Shakunthala, B. S. Sundersheshu, V. C. Padaki. Journal of Networks, Vol 3, No 5 (2008), 21-29, May 2008.
5. A Survey on Wearable Sensor-Based Systems for Health Monitoring and Prognosis. A. Pantelopoulos and N.G. Bourbakis, Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Vol: 40 Iss: 1, 2010.
KEYWORDS: biomedical; biometrics; diver; hyperbaric; scuba; health; physiology; human performance; seal; waterproof; undersea; diving; swimming

N151-079 TITLE: Ultra-low Diffusivity High Temperature Capable Insulation

TECHNOLOGY AREAS: Air Platform, Materials/Processes, Weapons
ACQUISITION PROGRAM: Navy Conventional Prompt Global Strike, DARPA Tactical Boost Glide Demo
The technology within this topic is restricted under the International Traffic in Arms Regulation (ITAR), 22 CFR Parts 120-130, which controls the export and import of defense-related material and services, including export of sensitive technical data, or the Export Administration Regulation (EAR), 15 CFR Parts 730-774, which controls dual use items. Offerors must disclose any proposed use of foreign nationals (FNs), their country(ies) of origin, the type of visa or work permit possessed, and the statement of work (SOW) tasks intended for accomplishment by the FN(s) in accordance with section 5.4.c.(8) of the solicitation. Offerors are advised foreign nationals proposed to perform on this topic may be restricted due to the technical data under US Export Control Laws.
OBJECTIVE: Hypersonic flight induces severe heat loads into airframe, control surfaces and internal assemblies. Thermal insulation must be stable at temperatures up to 1000°C, be compact, must resist evaporation and erosion/oxidation, and have low thermal diffusivity to limit heat transfer to support structures and internal electronics.
DESCRIPTION: A thermal protection system (TPS) is used to maintain the aerospace vehicle’s structural temperature within acceptable limits during sustained flight of hypersonic vehicles. Thermal barrier coatings are complex, multi-layered, and multi-material systems with many variants related to composition, processing and microstructure. Reduction in required insulation volumes are needed to fit internal systems into volume-constrained hypersonic vehicles. Reduction in thermal diffusivity below 8 E-8 m2/sec is needed. Ceramic matrix composite (CMC) TPSs have been investigated and are similar to metallic TPSs, but use CMC components which have a higher temperature capability. Metallic and CMC TPSs and blankets can utilize various types of non-load bearing insulations. The use of new materials, innovative textile architectures, and/or high-temperature multilayer insulations (MLI) in either blanket, metallic or CMC TPSs are possible solutions.
Partially Yttria Stabilized Zirconia (YSZ) is the state-of-the-art material used for ceramic TPSs due to its good mechanical and thermal properties. YSZ has thermal diffusivity of 8.8 E-8 m²/sec. At temperatures higher than 1200°C, YSZ thermal barriers are affected by accelerated sintering and by phase transitions. Exposure above 1200°C results in partial decomposition of metastable zirconia and transformation to monoclinic phase during cooling. This transformation results in volume change and cracking.
PHASE I: Develop proof of concept for diffusivity achievable through combinations of current state-of-the-art insulation materials to achieve the diffusivity not currently achievable with a single material system. Similarly, define approaches for diffusivity reduction achievable through further opacification.
Develop an assessment of the reduction in diffusivity achievable through foams and gels based on high density metals and metal-oxides as well as an assessment of diffusivity reductions achievable in increasing of phonon scattering through addition of dopants. Feasibility of the best approaches will be shown through small-scale material fabrication used in small-scale proof of concept demonstrations.
In the Phase I Option, if awarded, high temperature integration options will be developed allowing attachment of the insulation to metal and Ceramic Matrix Composite materials. These options will provide compliancy sufficient for ambient to 1200°C operation without gaps or tears caused by differences in thermal expansion between the insulation and the parent structure.
PHASE II: Using the best alternative identified in Phase I, produce lots of small-scale insulation bats from which thermal and mechanical properties will be measured. Testing at elevated temperatures will be conducted to determine extent of outgassing and particulate formation. Measure the extent of hydrophilic absorption of moisture. Investigate coating and processing alternatives to reduce water absorption. Develop a plan for accelerated aging testing. Identify fabrication methods for both prototype development of 10 to 50 5lb bats and small scale production of 1000 bats per year. Develop a safety assessment of fabrication methods. Using labor intensive fabrication methods, an initial lot of 10 5lb bats will be fabricated for quality assessment and small sample statistics of performance will be provided. Conduct thermal and mechanical property measurements on the 10 bats. Bat size and shape will be optimized for ease of missile installation. Key cost, size and performance attributes will be developed for commercial application. Designs for commercial application be will be developed and demonstrated.
PHASE III: Using the missile specific design, non-recurring and recurring unit costs will be developed. A lot of 20 bats will be produced of the missile optimized insulation bats. Combined thermal and mechanical property measurements will be conducted on the missile optimized bats. The remaining bats will be provided to the DARPA Tactical Boost Glide demonstration program for evaluation and for incorporation into the Tactical Boost Glide demonstration vehicles. Identify large scale production alternatives. Develop a cost model of expected large scale production to provide estimates of non-recurring and recurring unit production costs. A production concept for commercial application will be developed addressing commercial cost and quality targets.
PRIVATE SECTOR COMMERCIAL POTENTIAL/DUAL-USE APPLICATIONS: Improvements to reduce diffusivity of insulation allows reduction of insulation size in space-limited applications such as commercial satellites, rockets for space launch, and long duration capable airplane engines.

1. Hu, et. al, Journal of Materials Science Volume 45 2010 pp. 3242-3246. "Porous yttria-stabilized zirconia ceramics with ultra-low therma conductivity."

2. Schlichting, et al,Journal of Materials Science, 36 (2001) pp. 3003-30101. “Thermal conductivity of dense and porous yttria-stabilized zirconia.”
3. Kim, et al, Applied Energy, 94 (2012) pp. 295-302. “Combined heat transfer in multi-layered radiation shields for vacuum insulation panels: Theoretical/numerical analysis and experiments.”

4. Gomez, et el, Journal of Materials Science, 44 (2009) pp. 3466-3471. “ZrO2 foams for porous radiant burners.”

5. Quadbeck, et al, CellMat 2010 Conference. “Open Cell Metal Foams – Application-oriented Structure and Material Selection.”
KEYWORDS: Insulation; Diffusivity; Ultra High Temperature Ceramic Composites (UHTC); Metal Foams; Aerogel; Microporous Gel; Ceramic Foams; Foil Multi-Layer Insulation

N151-080 TITLE: Counter Intelligence Surveillance and Reconnaissance and Targeting (C-ISRT),

Assessment for Electromagnetic Maneuver Warfare (EMW) and Integrated Fires (IF)
TECHNOLOGY AREAS: Information Systems, Battlespace
The technology within this topic is restricted under the International Traffic in Arms Regulation (ITAR), 22 CFR Parts 120-130, which controls the export and import of defense-related material and services, including export of sensitive technical data, or the Export Administration Regulation (EAR), 15 CFR Parts 730-774, which controls dual use items. Offerors must disclose any proposed use of foreign nationals (FNs), their country(ies) of origin, the type of visa or work permit possessed, and the statement of work (SOW) tasks intended for accomplishment by the FN(s) in accordance with section 5.4.c.(8) of the solicitation. Offerors are advised foreign nationals proposed to perform on this topic may be restricted due to the technical data under US Export Control Laws.
OBJECTIVE: Develop algorithms and methods to measure the effectiveness of Counter Intelligence Surveillance and Reconnaissance and Targeting (C-ISRT), Cyber and Electronic Warfare effects in near real time in support of Electromagnetic Maneuver Warfare (EMW) and Integrated Fires (IF). The use of game theory or other modeling methods are also needed to quantify the contribution of various C-ISRT and information related capabilities, e.g., Military Deception/Operational Deception (MILDEC/OPDEC), Computer Network Attack (CNA), Computer Network Exploitation (CNE), and active/passive Electronic Attack (EA), to the mission plan and warfighting outcome. The model should enable comparative analysis between various C-ISRT and information related capabilities during mission planning and execution and enable rapid plan modification based on the measured effectiveness.
DESCRIPTION: The U.S. Navy Information Dominance Roadmap 2013-2028 Executive Summary states:
"Integrated Fires will require new capabilities to fully employ integrated information in warfare by expanding the use of advanced electronic warfare and offensive cyber effects to complement existing and planned air, surface and subsurface kinetic weapons within the battlespace. Future information effects will be designed to impact and change adversary behavior, or when necessary, to control, manipulate, deny, degrade or destroy his warfighting capabilities."
Navy IF capabilities are primarily being pursued to: 1) coordinate and synchronize the use of both kinetic and non-kinetic capabilities to achieve desired lethal and non-lethal effects; 2) support all missions and target sets; 3) be applicable in and across all domains (sea, air, land, space and cyberspace); and, 4) be effective across all warfare environments, to include Anti-Access/Area Denial (A2/AD) scenarios.

Future Naval operations will take place in an environment filled with a broad array of friendly, neutral and hostile networked surveillance and targeting systems. The systems will include space-based, air, maritime and land-based sensors that cover the entire electromagnetic spectrum. To be effective in this complex battlespace, the Navy, at all echelons, will be required to leverage technology to minimize possibility of detection and targeting, and create a collaborative EMW environment to coordinate maritime and airborne non-kinetic capabilities, and to be synchronized with traditional fires. To adequately integrate these fires across the entire engagement timeline, metrics are required to make trade-offs between Cyber/EW systems and air and ship weapons systems. The purpose of this research is to develop a methodology to measure and quantify the effectiveness of various C-ISRT, OPDEC/MILDEC, EW and CNA/CNE effects in near real time based on game theoretical models to quantify the value of C-ISRT and information effects within the context of relevant mission threads to rapidly inform planning and engagement decisions to be made by the warfighter. Proposals should reflect an understanding of the notional Naval Tactical Cloud (NTC) environment. At a high level, that would consist of a utility computing component, a Big Data analytic component (e.g., Hadoop Distributed Files System, Accumulo, MapReduce, and Storm), Semantic Web technologies, and a Data Storage component (e.g., Content Zone). Amazon Web Services and Commercial Cloud Services (C2S) are cloud environments that are equivalent to the NTC. Proposers should ensure that any proposed work under this SBIR is not based on unique or proprietary platforms or systems.

PHASE I: Phase I will result in a design concept for gathering relevant data, including from open sources and ingested sensor data, and demonstrating the feasibility of assessing the effectiveness of various C-ISRT, OPDEC/MILDEC, EW and CNA/CNE effects. The design concept will include a basic model, analytics and metrics to quantify the value of the effects. This work will be at the UNCLASS level.

Required Phase I deliverables will include:

- Design concept

- Block diagram of proposed solution

- Proposed model, analytics, metrics and measurement methodologies identified

- Phase II work plan that describes tasks, schedule and risks

- Phase I Final Report
PHASE II: Based on Phase I efforts and any direction from the program office, Phase II will develop, demonstrate and validate a prototype solution that is hosted in the NTC or equivalent environment. Required Phase II deliverables will include:

- Design architecture, algorithms and data analytics

- Test and validation plan

- Software executables, source code, and software development documentation

- Demonstration of solution effectiveness and relevance in a laboratory environment

- Phase II Final report

This work will be classified at the SECRET//NOFORN level.
PHASE III: Phase III will consist of transitioning the solution to DCGS-N Increment 2, or other appropriate program of record as determined by the program office. Additional development, testing and validation may be required. Source code and software development documentation will be provided in a format compatible with current Navy repositories. This work may be classified at the TS//SCI level. If the selected contractor does not have the required clearances and certification for TS//SCI classified work, the PMW-120 program office will work with the contractor to facilitate clearances of required personnel and facilities. Integration and testing of developed software may need to be performed at a government facility or lab.
PRIVATE SECTOR COMMERCIAL POTENTIAL/DUAL-USE APPLICATIONS: The methodologies developed in this SBIR topic may have applicability to gaming and other applications within a cloud architecture. The private sector is quickly moving towards the usage of cloud architectures for numerous commercial applications.

1. Joint Publication 3-13.4 (26 January 2012) Military Deception.

2. Amerland, D., (2013) Google Semantic Search: Search Engine Optimization (SEO) Techniques That Get Your Company More Traffic, Increase Brand Impact, and Amplify Your Online Presence, Que Publishing.

3. Dean, J., Ghemawat, S. (2008) MapReduce: Simplified Data Processing on Large Clusters, Communications of the ACM (CACM), January 2008/Vol 51, No 1.

4. Schramm, H., Alderson, D., Carlyle, M., and Dimitrov, N. (2012) A Game Theoretic Model of Strategic Conflict in Cyberspace, Naval Postgraduate School.
KEYWORDS: Integrated Fires; Game Theory; Cyber; Electronic Warfare; Cloud Architectures; Modeling


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