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Umdnj robert wood johnson medical school point of care testing program


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UMDNJ – ROBERT WOOD JOHNSON MEDICAL SCHOOL

POINT OF CARE TESTING PROGRAM



STREP A
Principle

The QuickVue In-Line Strep A test uses color immunochromatographic technology with rabbit antibodies coated on the nitrocellulose membrane. In the test procedure, a throat swab is subjected to a chemical extraction of a carbohydrate antigen unique to Group A Streptococcus. The Lab Strip is then placed in the extraction mixture and the mixture migrates along the membrane. If Group A Strep is present in the sample, it will form a complex with the anti-Group A streptococcus antibody conjugated color particles. The complex will then be bound by the anti-Group A Streptococcus capture antibody and a visible pink-to-purple Test line will appear to indicate a positive result.



Clinical Significance:


Group A streptococcus is one of the most important causes of acute upper respiratory tract infection. Early diagnosis and treatment of Group A streptococcal pharyngitis has been shown to reduce the complications such as rheumatic fever and glomerulonephritis.

Reagents And Materials


The QuickVue In-Line Test Kit includes:

25 Individually packaged Test Cassettes

25 Extraction Solution bottles

25 Individually packaged Sterile Rayon-Tipped Swabs

1 Positive control Swab (Heat-inactivated Group A streptococcus)

1 Negative control Swab (Heat-inactivated Group C streptococcus)

Store LabStrips and reagents tightly capped at room temperature (59-86F)

1 Extraction Kit (For use with Proficiency Testing Samples only)



Quality Control

The QuickVue In-Line Strep A test contains built-in control features. There is a two-color result format that provides clear-cut readout for positive and negative results. The appearance of a blue Control Line next to the letter “C” ensures the functional activity of the cassette. If the blue line does not appear within five minutes, the test result is invalid.


Positive and Negative Quality Controls

Each kit contains positive and negative control swabs. These controls are used ensure that the extraction reagents and the testing strips are functioning properly and to insure that the procedure is being performed correctly by testing personnel.



Controls should be tested when each new kit of test materials is opened, or whenever there is any question about kit storage, operator technique, or other aspect of system performance. If the controls do not perform as expected, repeat the test or contact your POCT site supervisor, the UMDNJ - Robert Wood Johnson Medical School POCT coordinator. Correct control results must be obtained before testing patient samples.


Quality Control Test Procedure (Gloves should be worn)


  1. Remove the Positive or Negative Control Swab from its container and insert it completely into the QuickVue In-Line Strep A Test Cassette Swab Chamber.

  2. Squeeze ONCE to break the glass ampule inside the extraction solution bottle.

  3. Vigorously shake the Bottle five times to mix the solutions. Solution should turn green after the ampule is broken. Solution should be used immediately.

  4. Remove the cap. Quickly fill the chamber to the rim (approximately 10 drops). Begin timing. If liquid has not moved across the Result Window in one minute, completely remove the swab and re-insert. If liquid still does not move across, retest with a new control, Test Cassette and Extraction Bottle. The Test Cassette should not be moved until the assay is complete.

  5. Read results at five minutes.

Positive Results: The appearance of any pink-to-purple line next to the letter”T” in the Results Window, along with a blue Control line next to the letter”C”, means that the test is positive for Group A Streptococcus.

Negative Results: The appearance of only the blule line next to the letter”C” in the Results Window, means that the test is negative for Group A Streptococcus.

Invalid Results: If the blue Control Line does not appear next to the letter “C” at five minutes, the test is considered INVALID, and the test result cannot be used. If this occurs retest using a fresh swab and a new QuickVue Test Cassette or contact Technical Support.

Proficiency Testing
The UMDNJ - Robert Wood Johnson Medical School participates in external proficiency testing as a means to assure consistent interlaboratory performance. Periodic proficiency testing samples are to be tested by the POCT site testing staff as patient or quality control specimens are handled, with results logged in the Result Log.
The following procedure must be followed to ensure accuracy:

  1. Place a clean tube from the Extraction Kit in a test tube rack.

  2. Squeeze to crush the glass ampule inside the Extraction Solution Bottle as described above (#2).

  3. Dispense eight (8) drops from the Extraction Solution Bottle into the tube. Place the proficiency swab into the tube. Hold the bottom of the tube so that the swab head is slightly compressed. Rotate the swab three times.

  4. WAIT ONE MINUTE.

  5. Express ALL liquid from the swab head in the tube by rolling the swab against the inside of the tube and pressing slightly as it is withdrawn from the tube. Discard the swab.

  6. Fill the Disposable Dropper to the fill line with solution from the tube and add the contents into the Test Cassette Swab Chamber.

  7. Read the results at five (5) minutes. See above (#5 of Quality Control section) to read the results.



Specimen Collection And Handling

  • Gloves should be worn when handling specimens.

  • Collect specimens only with the sterile rayon-tipped swab supplied in the kit, from the tonsil and /or back of the throat. Take care to avoid the teeth, gums, and tongue or cheek surfaces.

  • Process the swab as soon as possible after collecting the specimen.

  • The swabs and the test kit must be at room temperature before starting the test.


Patient Test Procedure

  1. Remove the Test Cassette from foil pouch and place on a clean, dry, level surface.

  2. Using the notch at the back of the chamber as a guide, insert the Rayon-Tipped Swab completely into the Swab Chamber.

  3. Squeeze ONCE to break the glass ampule inside the extraction solution bottle.

  4. Vigorously shake the Bottle five times to mix the solutions. Solution should turn green after the ampule is broken. Solution should be used immediately.

  5. Remove the cap. Quickly fill the chamber to the rim (approximately 10 drops). Begin timing. If liquid has not moved across the Result Window in one minute, completely remove the swab and re-insert. If liquid still does not move across, retest with a new control, Test Cassette and Extraction Bottle. The Test Cassette should not be moved until the assay is complete.

  6. Read results at five minutes. Some positive results may be seen earlier.


Positive Results: The appearance of any pink-to-purple line next to the letter”T” in the Results Window, along with a blue Control line next to the letter”C”, means that the test is positive for Group A Streptococcus.

Negative Results: The appearance of only the blule line next to the letter”C” in the Results Window, means that the test is negative for Group A Streptococcus.

Invalid Results: If the blue Control Line does not appear next to the letter “C” at five minutes, the test is considered INVALID, and the test result cannot be used. If this occurs retest using a fresh swab and a new QuickVue Test Cassette or contact Technical Support.
Limitations

  • The results obtained with this kit yield data that must be used only as an adjunct to other information available to the physician.

  • The quality of the test depends on the quality of the sample; proper throat swab specimens must be obtained.

  • This test does not differentiate between carriers and acute infections. Pharyngitis may be the result of infection with organisms other than streptococcus.

  • A negative result may be obtained if the specimen is inadequate or the antigen concentration is below the sensitivity of the test.

  • A negative Signify Strep A test result should be followed up by a culture and sent to the laboratory.

Note: If results are not as expected, send a specimen to the laboratory. Report to POCT coordinator any significant differences in POCT vs. laboratory results.
Assistance

If you require assistance, please contact your POCT site supervisor, the UMDNJ - Robert Wood Johnson Medical School POCT coordinator, or the UDL central administrative office.



References


Product Insert, Quidel®, January, 2006.

Written by: ______ UMG POCT Committee. Date: _____01/15/02____


Approved by:_____Evan Cadoff, M.D. ________ Date: _____01/15/02____
Updated By: Claudia E. Carron, MSN,RN,CNA Date: 01/10/07_____
Reviewed by:_____Evan Cadoff, M.D.________ Date: _____________



SECTION 3.7


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