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Ulrich Matthias Esperanto The New Latin for the Church and for Ecumenism


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Espero Katolika 1-5/1994, p. 38.

46 who pubished his opinions under the pseudonym 'Homarano' or with the signature of Dr Alexander Naumann; see Originala Verkaro, pp. 329-338.

47 Enciklopedio de Esperanto, p. 100; La dangxera lingvo, p. 29.

48 Originala Verkaro, pp. 329, 334.

49 Ibid., pp. 335-336.

50 Ibid., p. 336.

51 Ibid., p. 336-337.

52 Letter of 6 December 1902, see Lorenzo Rosati, Pastro Emile Peltier (1870-1909), Espero Katolika 1-5/1994, p. 39. All information about Peltier and the early years of the International Catholic Esperanto Union is taken from this paper and from Nico Hoen, Historio de Internacia Katolika Unuigxo Esperantista (1903-1983), Espero Katolika 7-12/1992, pp. 114-163.

53 Op. cit., p. 125.

54 Carlo Sarandrea, Claudius Colas (1884-1914), Espero Katolika 9-10/2000, p. 177.

55 Henk A. de Hoog, Nia Historio, K.E.L.I. de 1911-1961, Hardinxfeld 1964, p. 7.

56 Ibid, p. 27.

57 Ibid., p. 29.

58 Ibid., p. 31.

59 Ibid., p. 32; an example is the letter of Zamenhof in French on the manuscript of the Old Testament (see below).

60 La dangxera lingvo, p. 60.

61 Historio de la lingvo Esperanto, 2nd part, pp. 95-96.

62 Enciklopedio de Esperanto, p. 239.

63 Walter Mudrak, Max Josef Metzger. Martiro por paco kaj unueco en Kristo, pioniro de ekumenismo, kaj esperantisto, Meßkirch 1987; Enciklopedio de Esperanto, p. 281

64 Originala Verkaro, p. 472.

65 Enciklopedio de Esperanto, p. 49.

66 Lorenzo Rosati, Juan Font Giralt, La unua esperantista martiro, Espero Katolika 1-5/1994, pp. 46-49.

67 Nia historio, p. 92-95; Espero Katolika 7-12/1992, p. 139.

68 Nia historio, p. 75.

69 Ibid., p. 78.

70 La dangxera lingvo, p. 119.

71 Ibid., p. 120.

72 Nia historio, p. 78

73 Ibid., p. 102.

74 Ibid., pp. 104-105.

75 There is an example in La dangxera lingvo, p. 131.

76 La dangxera lingvo, p. 128; see also Henk Thien, La vivo de d-ro L. L. Zamenhof en bildoj, 1984, pp. 100-119, and Marjorie Boulton, Zamenhof, Creator of Esperanto, London 21980.

77 Walter Mudrak, op. cit.

78 See Ulrich Lins, La dangxera lingvo, Gerlingen 1988, p. 394.

79 Nia historio, p. 113.

80 La dangxera lingvo, pp. 439, 490.

81 Espero Katolika 7-12/1992, p. 147.

82 Ibid., p. 155.

83 Miloslav Svacek, Kiel ni arangxis katolikajn Esperanto-Tendarojn dum totalisma sistemo, Dio Benu 1/1999 (33), p. 26; Adolf Burkhardt: Wenn die Ökumene Esperanto spricht: Die zwölf Kongresse von IKUE und KELI (1968-1996), Ökumenisches Esperanto-Forum, June 1998 (30), p. 1.

84 See the serial "Kiel ni arangxis katolikajn Esperanto-Tendarojn dum totalisma sistemo", Dio Benu 2/1998-4/1999.

85 Georgo Korytkowski, Internacia lingva komunikado en la Eklezio kaj nuntempa mondo, Warszawa 1986, p. 36.

86 Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche, Freiburg 21931, vol. III, p. 800

87 There is a detailed paper on the attitudes of the popes towards Esperanto on the internet (in Italian): Carlo Sarandrea, Discernimento dei papi da San Pio X a oggi sul carisma dei cattolici esperantisti, http://www.museosanpiox.it/piox/espsarandrea.htm.

88 Espero Katolika, special edition 1909 (August).

89 Isai Dratwer, Pri internacia lingvo dum jarcentoj, Tel-Avivo 21977, p. 196.

90 Ibid.

91 Espero Katolika 7-12/1992, p. 152 (see also Espero Katolika 6/1964).

92 Espero Katolika 9-10/1996, pp. 164-165.

93 L' Osservatore Romano 115 (15.08.1975), p. 2.

94 Georgo Korytkowski, Internacia lingva komunikado en la Eklezio kaj nuntempa mondo, Warsaw 1986, p. 36

95 As shown by a telegram reproduced in Espero Katolika 8/1991, p. 133.

96 Internacia lingva komunikado en la Eklezio kaj nuntempa mondo, p. 36.

97 The two greetings were also published in Esperanto in L' Osservatore Romano (22.08.1991); see also Espero Katolika 8/1991, pp. 131-133.

98 Esperanto 9/1993, p. 143.

99 L' Osservatore Romano, 05.-06.04.1994; see also Espero Katolika 1-5/1994, pp. 13-15, 56.

100 L' Osservatore Romano, 27.-28.12.1994; see also Espero Katolika 11-12/1994, pp. 1-3.

101 L' Osservatore Romano, 04.09.1997, p. 5; see also Espero Katolika 7-8/1997, p. 120.

102 see Jerzy Korytkowski, Internacia lingvo en Eklezio kaj mondo, Rome 1976, p. 133, who refers to letters from the Vatican with date 26.04.1966 and 16.07.1968.

103 Espero Katolika 5-6/1992, p. 51.

104 Espero Katolika 1-2/1992, p. 19-22.

105 Timm Maximilian Hirscher, Esperanto - das neue Latein in der Kirche, KNA Korrespondentenbericht (55), 02.02.1995.

106 Meslibro, Rome 1995, p. 9.

107 Nikola Raši§c, Enorme kreskas la sci-malsato, Esperanto 12/1997, p. 214 (review of André Cherpillod, Zamenhof kaj judismo, Cougenard 1997).

108 Georgo Korytkowski, Internacia lingva komunikado en la Eklezio kaj nuntempa mondo, p. 82.

109 Espero Katolika 1-10/1993, p. 29.

110 Espero Katolika 5-8/1995, p. 91-92.

111 KNA, 01.12.1991.

112 Internacia lingvo en Eklezio kaj mondo, p. 167.

113 TTT-Himnaro Cigneto, http://www.geocities.com/cigneto/pretaj.html.

114 http://www.geocities.com/kalblando/enc/.

115 http://www.geocities.com/kalblando/why.htm.

116 http://www.murialdo.it/didaskaleion/did/esper/fund00.htm.

117 http://home.t-online.de/home/b.eichkorn/kateki0.htm.

118 http://www.esperanto.nu/upsala/biblio/ or http://www.geocities.com/kalblando/enc/b/biblio.htm.

119 Japanese Buddhist Esperanto League, http://www13.u-page.so-net.ne.jp/wa2/syam-z/budhismo.indekso.html.

120 For example: "Islamaj demandoj" (Islamic questions, from Iran), http://www.geocities.com/islamajdemandoj/.

121 "There is clear evidence for greater religious activity among BEA (British Esperanto Association) members than in the population generally." - Peter G. Forster, The Esperanto Movement, The Hague 1982, p. 325.

122 Frank Stocker, Wer spricht Esperanto? Kiu parolas Esperanton? Unterschleissheim 1996, p. 27.

123 Dio Benu 1/1995, p. 1.

124 Dia Regno 5/1995, p. 8.

125 Espero Katolika 11-12/1995, p. 195.

126 Dia Regno 3/2000, p. 6.

127 Espero Katolika 7-8/1997, p. 122.

128 The Esperanto translation "Neatendita gxojo" has been published also on the web: http://home.t-online.de/home/b.eichkorn/letero.htm.

129 Dio Benu 4/1992, p. 61.

130 Dio Benu 4/1994, p. 122.

131 Georgo Korytkowski, Internacia lingva komunikado en la Eklezio kaj nuntempa mondo, Varsovio 1986, p. 41.

132 Ibid., p. 47.

133 Ibid.

134 Ibid.

135 John Deedy, Retrospect, Chicago 1990, p. 31, see http://www.sxws.com/charis/odds20.htm.

136 Die Messfeier in lateinischer Sprache wiederentdecken, Die Welt, 22.12.1999.

137 Lefebvre (1905-1991) was excommunicated by Pope John Paul II in 1988.

138 Gernot Facius, Ratzinger, die Liebe zum Latein und das verlorene Geheimnis, Die Welt, 24.12.1999.

139 Pope Pushes for Wider Use of Latin, EWTN News Brief, 22.02.2002.

140 http://www.petrusbruderschaft.de.

141 James Meek, Latin is all Greek to us, Catholic bishops admit, The Guardian, 16.10.1999, p. 5.

142 "Leb wohl, Latein" - Sprachprobleme beim Konsistorium in Rom, dpa, 24.05.2001.

143 Kardinal Meißner bedauert Verschwinden des Lateins beim Episkopat, dpa, 25.05.2001.

144 Publik-Forum 21/1999, p. 35.

145 http://tag-des-herrn.de/1997/tdha9714.htm.

146 http://steyler.de/nachrichten-99-051.html.

147 In Warschau daheim. Eindrücke von Teilnehmern, Taizé [2000], p. 10.

148 Ibid., p. 7.

149 http://www.europarl.eu.int/charter/.

150 Regulation 1/1958 of the Council, Article 1, http://www.troc.es/ciemen/mercator/UE3-GB.HTM.

151 Uwe Joachim Moritz, Europa spricht mit 100 Zungen / Euxropo parolas 100-lange, Osnabrück 1997.

152 Ingo Friedrich, Babylonische Sprachverwirrung, Die Welt, 15.03.2001.

153 http://europa.eu.int/comm/igc2000/dialogue/events/meetings/transcriptchatbarnier5-6_en.pdf.

154 http://www.europa.eu.int/comm/research/youngscientists/index2.htm.

155 Nicola Minnaja, The language problem and innovation, in Reinhard Selten (ed.), The Costs of European Linguistic (non) Communication, Rome 1997, p 44.

156 English, French and German.

157 http://europa.eu.int/comm/internal_market/en/indprop/2k-714.htm.

158 http://europa.eu.int/comm/igc2000/dialogue/events/meetings/transcriptchatbarnier5-6_en.pdf.

159 Esperanto in Baden-Württemberg 5-6/1986, p. 11.

160 dpa, 23.05.1995

161 Esperanto 4/1999, p. 78.

162 http://www.europarl.eu.int/questions/default_en.htm.

163 Personal information from Mr Pirlot.

164 Gert Raeithel, Wir wollen viel Wow, Der Spiegel, 30.10.2000, http://www.spiegel.de/spiegel/21jh/0,1518,100378,00.html.

165 Richard Herzinger, Endziel Konsum, Die Zeit 45/2000, http://www.zeit.de/2000/45/Kultur/200045_amerika.html.

166 Ibid.

167 Gert Raeithel, op. cit.

168 Esperanto aktuell 5/2000, p. 6.

169 See Lanti (Eugène Adam), founder of the Sennacia Asocio Tutmonda (SAT): "A true non-nationalist is one who uses and applies an international language as an instrument to expel and destroy national languages." (Lanti, Sennaciulo 1929, quoted in record of SAT-Youth meeting in 1988).

170 Message from Dafydd ap Fergus, internet mailinglist "Jaro-de-lingvoj", 17.11.2000

171 http://www.esperanto.se/dok/manifesto.html (in 22 languages).

172 This kind of argumentation can be found in László Gados, Brilu cxiu lingvo samrajte!, Budapest 2001, http://home.t-online.de/home/Ulrich.Matthias/brosx_eo.htm.

173 Ulrich Görtz, Kotizo für memzorgantoj gesenkt, GEJ-Gazeto 5/1992, p. 20.

174 Esperanto kaj instruado 1/2001, p. 15.

175 Mark Fettes, Europe's Babylon: Towards a single european language? http://members.it.tripod.de/gmarino/lingua3.htm; see also Esperanto 5/89, p. 98.

176 http://www.his.de/abt3/proj/684/.

177 http://www.lernzeit.de/aktuelles/meldung211200.phtml.

178 http://www.learn-line.nrw.de/angebote/2001ejs/info/db_suche.html.

179 Jerzy Korytkowski, Internacia lingvo en Eklezio kaj mondo, p. 121.

180 Martin Ebner, Keine Sprache für den Himmel, Südkurier, 12.11.1999.

181 R. kaj M. Klag in Esperanto in Baden-Württemberg 4/87; see also Helmar Frank, Thesen zur Deutschen Sprachpolitik, Paderborn 1973/74, p. 9.

182 Helmar Frank, Das Paderborner Experiment zum Spachorientierungsunterricht, in Das Kommunikations- und Sprachenproblem in der Europäischen Gemeinschaft, Brussel 1993, p. 106; English translation in Reinhard Selten (ed.), The Costs of European Linguistic (non) Communication, Rome 1997.

183 Ibid., p. 107.

184 Hans Erasmus, La lingva problemo kaj la kostoj de komunikado, in Reinhard Selten (ed.), La kostoj de la Euxropa lingva (ne-)komunikado, Rome 1997.

185 For examples, see Claude Piron, The hidden perverse effects of the current system of international communication, http://www.esperanto-konstanz.de/text/hidperv.htm.

186 Enciklopedio de Esperanto, p. 541.

187 In the German edition of this book there are three pages of excerpts from German newspapers and books. Ulrich Matthias, Esperanto - das neue Latein der Kirche, Meßkirch 1999, pp. 94-96.

188 Edmond Privat, Historio de Esperanto, vol II, Geneva 1927, p. 140.

189 It may also be mentioned that Esperanto diminishes nothing in other cultures and that - as Laszlo Gados writes in his pamphlet Brilu cxiu lingvo samrajte! - a rich culture is more important for the mother tongue than for a language whose role is that of inter-ethnic link.

190 Said in an article in the German EG-Magazin 10/1987.

191 Enciklopedio de Esperanto, p. 275.

192 This was the World Esperanto Congress in Dresden in 1908.

193 Rudolf Carnap, Mein Weg in die Philosophie, Stuttgart 1993, p. 107-108; English edition: Rudolf Carnap, Intellectual autobiography, in Paul Arthur Schilpp (ed.), The Philosophy of Rudolf Carnap, La Salle, Ill./London 1963, p. 1-84.

194 William Auld, La fenomeno Esperanto, Rotterdam 1988, p. 79-80.

195 Walter Francini, Esperanto sen antauxjugxoj, Sao Paulo 1978, p. 95.

196 Ibid., p. 33.

197 Ibid., pp. 33, 89-105.

198 Joschka Fischer, Die Zukunft der auswärtigen Kulturpolitik, Berlin, 04.07.2000.

199 Dafydd ap Fergus, Tutmondigxo: Labori angle, Esperanto 11/2000, p. 188.

200 Umberto Eco, The search for the Perfect Language, Ch. 16.

201 Fischer Weltalmanach 2001, p. 236.

202 Umberto Eco, The search for the Perfect Language, Ch. 16.

203 Sermon during German/Esperanto Mass in Paffenhofen, Germany, on 25.11. 2000

204 Carlo Sarandrea, La Papo kaj Kosovo, Espero Katolika 3-4/1999.

205 Esperanto aktuell 1/1994, p. 4.

206 Sermon during the 81st World Esperanto Congress, Prague 1996, see Dio Benu 3/1996, p. 55.

207 Une langue internationale pour le monde et pour l'église, Lille 1979.

208 La Iglesia y el problema de la lengua auxiliar internacional, Barcelona 1980.

209 Pomocniczy jezyk miedzynarodowy w kosciele i swiecie wspó$lczesnym, Pozna$n 1984. Both the Italian original and the revised Polish edition were also translated in Esperanto (Rome 1976 and Warsaw 1986, op. cit.)

210 Armin Gmeiner Verlag, Meßkirch 1999.

211 Flandra Esperanto-Ligo, Antwerpen 2001.

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