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Title: Dream Shattered- a tentative Analysis of


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论文方向英美文学,英语语言学,英汉/汉英翻译学、英语教学 (四者选一)
开题报告(以下为内容样稿,格式请用网上下载的开题报告格式,用中文撰写)
Title: Dream Shattered-- A Tentative Analysis of Martin Eden

Thesis: This paper analyzes the characters and the theme of Martin Eden to detail the reasons for Martin Eden’s inevitable death, highlighting the role the social factors have played. It studies Martin’s long struggle for success and his disillusionment due to the gap between idealism and reality. His bewilderment in love and writing, the change in the attitudes of people around him and his failure to go back to the working class lead to his final destruction.
Introduction

Chapter One Pursuit of American Ideals

1.1 Long Struggle for Success

1.2 Changing for Love

Chapter Two The Inevitability of the Death of Martin Eden

2.1 The Bewilderment of Love

2.2 The Bewilderment of Writing

2.3 The Bewilderment of Secular People

2.4 The Failure of Going Back to Working Class

Chapter Three Disillusionment of American Dream

3.1 The Conflict between Idealism and Realism

3.2 The Determining Factor of the Social Environment

Conclusion: The idea that individuals can change the society is deceptive, which will make people go astray and lead to ultimate destruction.
Bibliography

Greenblatt, Stephen. The Norton Anthology of English Literature. (8th ed.) Volume 1. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2007.

Wells, Stanley. Shakespeare Studies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986.

艾弗 • 埃文斯:《英国文学简史》。 北京:人民文学出版社,1984年。

黄必康:《莎士比亚名篇赏析》。北京:北京大学出版社,2005年。

http://www.wwnorton.com/college/english/shakespeare/


英语本科毕业论文撰写要求


  1. 论文全文所有一级标题居中, 加粗, 小三号,与下文之间空1行。正文其余字体一律小四号,1.5倍行距。英文用Times New Roman字体,中文用宋体。




  1. 论文首页:论文题目,加粗,居中,实词首字母大写,小二号,该页其余部分四号。




  1. 所有英文标题实词首字母大写,英文书名斜体;中文书名用书名号。




  1. 英文每段首行空4格英文字符,中文每段首行空2个中文字符。全文两端对齐。




  1. 正文(从 Introduction 开始到 Conclusion 结束)不少于4200词。每章另起一页,一级标题居中,与正文之间空1行。其余标题左对齐,与上文之间空1行,与下文之间不空行。各小节之间不分页。




  1. 引文格式:

引文篇幅不得超过所在章节的三分之一

(若引文总长少于3,以斜体和双引号标示;引文后括号内注明原文作者书的出版年份引文页码。格式如下:)

Whereas, Ruth is loftiness, and she tries to use the decent words… “In fact, she is one of that upper-class society and she is as vulgar, narrow and selfish as the society she is living in” (Li Shangxin, 1991: 489). She is limited by the education she has, the manner she learns in her class makes her follow going beyond the rules.
(若引文为3行或以上,以斜体标示,无需引号另起一行,引文全文用缩进格式。格式如下:)

What Ruth said could prove that Martin extremely depicted love beautifully. What Ruth said could give a blow to him:



As father and mother have contended, we were not made for each other, and we should both be happy because it was discovered not too late. There is no use trying to see me………………… (254) (如引用小说,注明页码;其余同上。)

论文内容及排列顺序:

  1. Title page (论文首页,具体要求见所附样稿,后同。)

  2. 诚信声明

  3. Contents (目录)

  4. Acknowledgements(鸣谢)

  5. 内容提要

  6. Abstract(英文提要)

  7. (正文包括以下内容)

-- Introduction(简介:长度不超过2

-- Chapter One…(论文不少于3,各章须分小节,多极标题格式见目录页每章不少于3

-- Chapter Two…

-- Chapter Three…

-- Conclusion(结论:长度1 2

8. Bibliography(参考书目,至少5本,不包括网址。参考书可均为英文书,也可中英文均有,但不可均为中文书,格式见样稿。)


样稿(论文首页)

Dream Shattered

-- A Tentative Analysis of Martin Eden

(论文题目:加粗居中Times New Roman字体,小二号实词首字母大写,英文书名斜体。)

(以下内容:加粗居中Times New Roman字体,四号)

A Paper Presented to

College of Continuing Education

Shanghai International Studies University

In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements

For the Degree of Bachelor of Arts


By WANG Meiyuan

(自己姓名,姓大写,名首字母大写)

Under the Supervision of

Mr.(或)Ms. Xxx

(导师姓名,姓大写,名首字母大写)

1
November, 2014
(论文定稿完成年月,与诚信签名日期以及封面日期相同)
上海外国语大学继续教育学院

学士学位论文诚信声明

一级标题居中加粗 小三号字,宋体与下文之间空1
(中文每段首行空2个中文字符,宋体,小四号,全文两端对齐。

本人庄重声明:我所呈交的学士学位论文是在指导教师指导下独立完成的。本论文正文中除已标明引用出处的内容外,不包含任何其他个人或集体发表的研究成果内容。本人明白并完全承担在论文中引用他人科研成果而不注明出处的严重后果。


特此声明。

声明人签名:__________________


日期:________________

Contents



一级标题居中加粗小三号Times New Roman字体与下文之间空1
(论文标题以名词或分词短语构成,须提纲挈领。目录中标题和页码必须与正文中完全一致本页长度1,以下英文Times New Roman字体,中文宋体,均小四号章节符号及页码标识格式如下:
Acknowledgements ……………………………………………………………… i

内容提要 ………………………………………………………………………… ii

Abstract ………………………………………………………………………… iii

Introduction ……………………………………………………………………… 1

Chapter One Pursuit of American Ideals ………………………………………2

1.1 Long Struggle for Success …………………………………………… 2

1.2 Changing for Love …………………………………………………… 5

Chapter Two The Inevitability of the Death of Martin Eden …………………8

2.1 The Bewilderment of Love ………………………………………… 8

2.2 The Bewilderment of Writing ……………………………………… 10

2.3 The Bewilderment of Secular People ……………………………… 12

2.4 The Failure of Going Back to Working Class ……………………… 15

Chapter Three Disillusionment of American Dream ………………………… 17

3.1 The Conflict between Idealism and Realism ……………………… 17

3.2 The Determining Factor of the Social Environment ……………… 20

Conclusion ……………………………………………………………………… 23

Bibliography ……………………………………………………………………… 25

Acknowledgements

一级标题居中加粗小三号Times New Roman字体与下文之间空1
本页除导师姓名、性别外,其余部分请勿随意修改、添加

I would like to express my heartfelt gratitude to Mr. / Ms. Xxx, my supervisor, without whose help and guidance the completion of this present thesis would have been impossible.


内容提要

一级标题居中加粗 小三号字,宋体与下文之间空1
(以下详细说明论文的主题论点、各章节结构和内容、结论字数大于300

(中文每段首行空2个中文字符,宋体,小四号,全文两端对齐。中文书名加书名号。

《马丁·伊登》是杰克·伦敦最有影响的作品,一则因为它具有明显的自传色彩,为我们认识、研究伦敦提供了宝贵材料,二则由于它具有很高的思想和艺术价值,标志着美国现实主义文学在本世纪初的重要发展。

本文着重分析主人公马丁·伊登死亡的原因,说明社会因素在其中所起的重要作用。第一章讲述马丁如何通过长期努力获得成功。第二章从四个方面论述马丁选择死亡的必然性:由于他在爱情和创作上的困惑、周围市侩小人态度的转变、以及他本人试图回到原属于自己的那个阶级但却最终失败,他只有选择死亡向社会抗争。第三章阐述马丁梦想的破灭,说明所谓的美国梦想是以信仰为基础,而非基于理性;是以理想为基石,而非基于现实。资产阶级个人主义思想认为个人能改变整个社会,这是具有欺骗性的,这种个人主义思想的盲目性和局限性,最终让人误入歧途。

本文从一个较新的角度分析马丁·伊登死亡的必然性,重在强调导致马丁死亡的两个主要矛盾,说明个人主义与社会之间的冲突,理想主义和现实之间的冲突。


(空一行)

关键词:马丁·伊登,死亡的必然性,美国梦,梦想破灭

Abstract

一级标题居中加粗小三号Times New Roman字体与下文之间空1
(英文提要与中文对应,至少达到90%一致;长度为1

(英文每段首行空4个英文字符全文Times New Roman字体,小四号两端对齐英文书名斜体。)

Martin Eden is Jack London’s semi-autobiographical novel, which gives a very vivid and detailed portrait of the hero, from an impoverished and uneducated sailor to a successful writer, who was inspired by the elegance and knowledge of the upper class girl Ruth and thereafter kept toiling himself in learning and writing and eventually got acclamation but meanwhile lost his hope in life and drowned himself in the sea.

Martin Eden is considered to be the most remarkable work of Jack London’s representative works for two things. One is its autographic style that offers precious materials to study London of that time,the other is its great value in both mental and artistic fields.

By analyzing the characters and the theme, the paper mainly discusses the reasons for Martin Eden’s death, highlighting the role the social factors have played.Chapter One explains Martin’s long struggle for success. Chapter Two illustrates that Martin Eden’s death is inevitable. Because of his bewilderment in love and writing, the change in the attitudes of people around him and the failure of going back to the working class to which he belongs, he chooses to die. It is his only solution to the conflicts. Chapter Three focuses on Martin’s disillusionment due to the huge gap between idealism and reality. The so-called American dreams are not based on reality, but on beliefs; not on reason, but on ideals. The idea that individuals can change the society is deceptive, which will make people go astray and lead to ultimate destruction.

The present paper concerns itself with a detailed study of Martin Eden’s inevitable death. Quite different from previous researches, this paper aims to emphasize the importance of two main conflicts, highlighting the gaps between individuals and the society, between idealism and reality.
Key Words: Martin Eden, inevitability of death, American Dream, disillusionment

Introduction

(简介长度不超过2页,一级标题居中,加粗小三号Times New Roman与下文之间空1


(英文每段首行空4个英文字符全文Times New Roman字,小四号两端对齐英文书名斜体。)

Martin Eden was published in 1909, the first half of the novel with autobiography properties, on the author’s early life experiences and later fame. Jack London pioneered in literature of social protest and the pattern of his life was reflected in many of his novels, especially in Martin Eden.

The fate of Martin Eden is touching. His heart is full of passion and fortitude for its aspiration, yet his dream crumbles into dust the moment it has been realized. It is the hideous and despicable hypocrisy of society that destroys the young man’s ardent expectation, and plunges him into bewildering despair. …

The reason for my choosing this topic for my paper is that… (以下至少用半页篇幅说明自己写作本论文的原因和目的)



Chapter One Pursuit of American Ideals

(论文不少于3,每章必须分小节,每章至少3页。一级标题居中,加粗Times New Roman小三号与下文之间空1行。实词首字母大写


(英文每段首行空4个英文字符全文Times New Roman字,小四号两端对齐英文书名斜体。)

Jack London was living at the period of the turning of the 20th century, which is the so called the “Gorky of the United States”…


所有小标题加粗,小四号,左对齐,与上文之间空1行,与下文之间不空行。实词首字母大写)

1.1 Long Struggle for Success

It is obvious that the entire portrait of Martin Eden’s story is not that intricate or complicated. Martin thrives to be a famous writer at the bottom of society. …


1.2 Changing for Love

For the sake of getting affection of a young woman of middle class, Martin believes that he will make himself worthy of Ruth Morse’s love if he can educate himself and acquire the manners he has not learned as a seaman. …



Chapter Two The Inevitability of the Death of Martin Eden

(论文不少于3,每章必须分小节,每章至少3页。一级标题居中,加粗Times New Roman小三号与下文之间空1行。实词首字母大写


(英文每段首行空4个英文字符全文Times New Roman字,小四号两端对齐英文书名斜体。)(所有小标题加粗,小四号,左对齐,与上文之间空1行,与下文之间不空行。实词首字母大写)

2.1 The Bewilderment of Love

Martin Eden considered love was pure, sane, beautiful, and no other things in the world could compare with love. He loved madly; from the first sight, he fell in love with Ruth, who was noble, sane not like the secular women. In fact, he neglected the issue, Ruth heard her parents’ advice and considered all the real aspects, she kept in mind that Martin was a sailor, no money and from the inner heart she thought Martin could not become a famous writer, even though he was intelligent and diligent. She always hoped that Martin took a job for money.


2.2 …


2.3 …


2.4 The Failure of Going Back to Working Class

With the philosophy deeply planted in Martin’s heart, his class consciousness took form in his brain. He hated of bourgeois’ vulgar ideas. Martin was a victim of paradox, which had lead to his destination.


Chapter Three Disillusionment of American Dream



(论文不少于3,每章必须分小节,每章至少3页。一级标题居中,加粗Times New Roman小三号与下文之间空1行。实词首字母大写
(英文每段首行空4个英文字符全文Times New Roman字,小四号两端对齐英文书名斜体。)(所有小标题加粗,小四号,左对齐,与上文之间空1行,与下文之间不空行。实词首字母大写)

3.1 The Conflicts between Idealism and Realism

Through the analysis of the bewilderment above, it is obviously demonstrated that Martin Eden began to live for ideal, for belief. In his eyes, all things seemed to be beautiful, simple and pure. As for love, he felt Ruth was his angel; Ruth was a pure, beautiful, woman, different from those women who always show up around him. …





3.2 The Determining Factor of the Social Environment

Realism is featured by its representation of a typical character in a typical Realists tend to aesthetically generalize the typical characters in writing, even by exaggeration. Naturalists agree with the accurate writing of realism, but are opposed to any exaggeration. …




Conclusion

一级标题居中,加粗Times New Roman小三号与下文之间空1行。结论部分至少写满一页。



(英文每段首行空4个英文字符全文Times New Roman字,小四号两端对齐英文书名斜体。)

With abundant and vivid plots, Hamlet reveals an important thought: in the later of Renaissance, the central state power was stable; the system of government was charged by the King. The King abandoned the capitalist class, arbitrarily and dictatorially, and enjoyed all the benefits. In politics, he went against the progressive measure, then the feudal force had the chance to state a comeback. The whole country was filled with foul, and each trying to cheat the other. Under this background, the capital humanists were angry.



Bibliography

一级标题居中,加粗Times New Roman小三号与下文之间空1行。




  1. 所有条目按作者姓氏首字母顺序A-Z排列(中文按姓氏拼音A-Z

  2. 排版悬挂缩进(在Word文件‘格式-段落’中找)各条目之间不空行。

  3. 英文Times New Roman字体中文宋体小四号英文书名斜体中文书名用书名号

  4. 英文用英文标点符号,中文用中文标点

  5. 先列英文书,再列中文书,最后列详细网址,具体格式说明、排序、标点等举例如下


英文书作者姓书名(斜体)出版城市名出版社名出版年份。 实词首字母大写。如:

London, Jack. Martin Eden. New York: Columbia University, 1969.


英文杂志作者姓文章名(英文双引号) 杂志名(斜体)期刊号年份页码。如:

Dillon, Steve. “Victorian Interior”. Modern Language Quarterly 2 (2001): 83 – 115.


中文书作者姓名书名(书名号(如有译者名,格式如以下第一条)。出版城市名出版社名出版年份。如:

黑格尔:《美学》,朱光潜译。北京:商务印书馆,1997年。

马尔科姆·布拉德伯利:《美国现代小说论》。太原:北岳文艺出版社,1992年。
中文杂志作者姓名文章名(书名号),杂志名及期刊号。如:

黄晓晨:《文化记忆》,载《国外理论动态》2006年第6期。


网址须列详细信息如有文章或作者名,均按姓氏或文章字母顺序列出)。如:

Rampersad, Arnold. Book review about Multitudes.

http://www.vcu.edu/engweb/transcendentalism/authors/emerson/nature.html

SAMPLE / 样稿2
Disillusionment of Humanism

-- A Tentative Analysis of Hamlet
A Paper Presented to

Shanghai International Studies University

In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements

For the Degree of Bachelor of Arts

By

XXX Xxxx

Under the Supervision of

Mr. / Ms. XXX Xxx
November, 2013

Contents
Acknowledgements……………………………………………………………..…..ii

内容提要…………………………………………………………………………iii

Abstract………………………………………………………………………….….iv

Introduction……………………………………………………………….……......1

Chapter One Hamlet’s Character………………………………………………....3

1.1 The Humanity in Hamlet……………………...................................................3

1.2 The Melancholy of Hamlet…………………………………………………....5

Chapter Two Symbolism…………………………………………………………...9

2.1 Symbolism in Hamlet………………………………………...……………….9

2.2 Symbolism in the Lesser Characters……………………………….………..10

Chapter Three Failure of Humanism……………….…………………………...14

3.1 The Conflict between Humanism and Reality………………………………14

3.2 The Failure of Hamlet’s Revenge……………………………………………16

Conclusion………………………………………………………………………....18

Bibliography……………………………………………………………………….20

内容提要
莎士比亚(1564-1616)生活在封建社会和资本主义社会的转折时期。在所有英国作家中,莎士比亚是世界文学史上极少数里程碑式的人物之一。他的作品也是世界文学史上最伟大的里程碑。《哈姆雷特》是莎士比亚戏剧创作中最杰出的代表,也是其戏剧艺术成熟的标志。该剧以丰富的时代内涵、生动的人物形象、复杂的矛盾冲突以及曲折多变的故事情节,给人们留下深刻的印象,吸引着他们对其不断地进行解读.

本论文旨在从人物性格特征、象征手法、矛盾冲突等方面分析《哈姆雷特》,揭示人文主义理想破灭的必然性。论文共分五个部分阐述。第一部分简要介绍作者生平、写作背景以及故事概况。第二部分详细分析剧中主人公性格特征。第三部分通过对该剧中象征手法运用的分析,反映当时不同层次身份的人物的道德立场和人生观决定他们的最终归宿。第四部分分析代表人文主义的哈姆雷特与现实的矛盾及其复仇的失败。最后一部分是论文的结论。剧中哈姆雷特与克劳狄斯的斗争是新兴资产阶级人文主义者与日趋反动的封建王权代表之间的斗争,反映了文艺复兴时期先进人物为实现美好理想向社会恶势力进行的斗争。作为人文主义者的典型代表,哈姆雷特对人类抱有美好的看法,他相信人类的智慧、高雅和力量。然而,面对罪恶的现实,他所有的人文主义理想都彻底破灭,因而只能以生命的代价换取精神上的胜利。作为时代的缩影,《哈姆雷特》揭示了人文主义理想破灭的必然性。



Abstract
Shakespeare(1564-1616)lived in the transition of period from a feudal society to a capitalistic society. William Shakespeare belongs to one of those rare geniuses of the mankind who have become landmarks in the history of the world culture and whose works is a great landmark in the history of the world literature. Hamlet, one of the four great tragedies, is the most remarkable works of Shakespeare and also the mark of the maturity of his dramatic arts. With abundant connotation of the time, vivid characters, complicated conflicts and varied stories, Hamlet gives the reader a deep impression and impresses them to appreciate it.

By an analysis of the hero’s character, symbolism and conflicts in the play, this paper aims to reveal that it is destined to fail for humanists. There are five parts in the paper: The first part introduces the background of the author and the writing and summarizes the story. The second elaborates the hero’s characters. By the observation of the symbolism, the third part reflects that different individuals represent different moral positions and views of life, which lead to their destinies. The fourth chapter examines the conflict between Hamlet, a symbol of humanism and the reality, as well as the failure of his revenge. The last part is the conclusion. The struggle between Hamlet and Claudius represents that between the emerging capital humanists and feudal reactionary force, which reflects the conflict between the advanced people and evil force in Renaissance. Being a typical representative of humanism, Hamlet has a hope for mankind, and he believes in man’s wisdom, elegance and strength. But in the face of the reality, all of his humanism is destroyed. In the end, he has to exchange his life for the spiritual victory. As the epitome of the era, Hamlet reveals that humanism is destined to be disillusioned.




Bibliography
Chafe, William H. “Women and American Society”. Luther S. Luedtke, eds. Making America: The Society and Culture of the United State. Washington D. C.: The United States Information Agency, 1995.

Chopin, Kate. The Awakening. New York: Bantam Doubleday Dell, 1992.

Darnton, Robert. The Forbidden Best-Sellers of Pre-Revolutionary France. New York: W.W. Norton, 1996. 

Delbanco, Andrew. “The Half of Edna Pontellier”. Wendy Martin, eds. New Essays on The Awakening. Beijing: Beijing University Press, 2007.

Walker, Nancy. Feminist or Naturalist? The Awakening. New York: Norton, 1994.

Welter, Barbara. The Cult of True Womanhood 1820-1860. New York: Longman, 1999.

邓建华:《为自由而生----评〈觉醒〉中的女性意识》,载《东北大学学报》(社会科学版)2004年第8期。

弗吉尼亚·伍尔夫:《一间自己的屋子》。 上海人民出版社,2008年。

毛信德:《美国小说发展史》。杭州:浙江大学出版社,2004年。

王佩兰,马茜,黄际英:《英国文学史及作品选读》。 长春:东北师范大学出版社,2004 年。

夏寒:《欲望隐晦的罪》,载《美国文学研究》2008年第4辑。

On Life of Emily Dickinson.

http://www.writespirit.net/authors/ emily_dickinson/on_life_of_emily_dickinson.html



http://books.google.com.hk/books?id=awYRAAAAYAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=the+awkening&hl=zh-CN&ei=fYaoTPG1CYmKvgP3ueDfDA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=3&ved=0CDYQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q&f=false


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