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The Languages of the Indigenous Peoples of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug – Ugra: Facts and Figures


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The Languages of the Indigenous Peoples

of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug – Ugra: Facts and Figures

Table of Contents



  1. Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug – Ugra. General information.......... 3

  1. Number of indigenous peoples of the North living in Ugra………...................................................................................................3

  1. Native languages in the educational system of Ugra................................... 4

  1. Repository on folklore of indigenous minorities of Ugra ………………...5

  1. Multimedia of ancient cultures of the indigenous peoples of Ugra...............................................................................................................7

  1. Multilingualism for the children of Ugra.....................................................8

  1. Languages of the indigenous peoples of Ugra and the academic community....................................................................................................8

  1. Languages of the indigenous peoples of Ugra in the media.......................................................................................................... 10



1. Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug – Ugra. General information



  1. Number of indigenous people of the North living in Ugra

According to the 2010 national census, the total number of indigenous peoples of the North was approximately 258,000.  The number of indigenous peoples of Ugra increased in recent years from 30,268 in 2005 to 31,127 in 2013.

Population of Indigenous Peoples of the North in Ugra

Native language proficiency of the representatives of Indigenous Peoples of Ugra

(census data)



  1. Native languages in the educational system of Ugra

In Ugra, 8 ethno-cultural school subjects are included in a number of educational programs. Today, the study of native Ob Ugric languages is organized in 8 kindergartens for 246 children; in 28 schools for 1,694 students.

22 schools offer vocational guidance in traditional activities of indigenous peoples of the North. 8 schools in Ugra operate traditional craft courses.

With a goal to develop for indigenous children models of education to preserve ethnic cultures, experimental and innovative activities are supported and promoted in 5 schools and 5 kindergartens. An innovative project called Language Nest is being implemented in preschool educational institutions of Berezovo and Beloyarsky municipal districts.

School subjects with an ethno-cultural focus studied in schools of Ugra


  • native language,

  • native literature,

  • local history,

  • geography of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug – Ugra

  • hunting and fishery,

  • culture of the peoples of the North,

  • history of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug – Ugra

  • indigenous sports

Ugra has 13 ethnography camps for children. The oldest of them, Man Uskve (a Mansi name meaning “a small town”) celebrates its 20th anniversary in 2014. The camp is located in the village of Saranpaul, Berezovo municipal district, and operates all year round. In summer, it is a tent camp accommodating up to 90 children for their summer vacations. In winter, children from Man Uskve visit the historical club and the Sunday school where they study the Mansi language and traditional crafts. It is noteworthy that the camp is open to all children regardless of their ethnic background. One of the projects of the camp is Time of Signing Arrows – reconstruction of the structure of the ancient Vogul society through role-play simulation and the immersion of the children into the atmosphere of the 9th-10th century.


  1. Repository on indigenous folklore of Ugra

The preservation of intangible cultural heritage is one of the priorities for Ugra. The Ob-Ugric Institute of Applied Research and Development gathers and processes folklore of indigenous peoples of Ugra. Its collections contain over 3500 hours of audio and video records, collected all across Ugra since the 1990s. The records contain folklore and ethnographical material contributed by 279 Khantys, 74 Mansis, and 10 representatives of Nenets culture.

Creating a multimedia repository of Ugra’s indigenous folklore is aimed at setting up an inquiry and communications system to conserve folklore texts and provide the general public with access to the Khanty, Mansi and Forest Nenets intangible cultural heritage. Virtual visitors have a unique opportunity to access the Fund’s collections online, hear the sounds of ancient tales, or sacred songs from the Bear Festival in languages of the indigenous peoples of Ugra.


Access to the electronic repository can be found at http://www.оуипиир.рф

овал 16
Ob-Ugric Institute

of Research

and Development

The multimedia repository of indigenous folklore of Ugra includes a photographic archive, digital audio and video recordings. In each section a user can find information about the artist, genre classification of the material, reference to the language group and dialect, place and time the material contributed by the native speaker was recorded, and a brief annotation; play a piece of the recorded material, see the transcript of the record and the translation of the material into Russian, as well as find out whether or not this material was published and – in case it was – get information on the publication.

The collection of the digitalized audio and video records on folklore and culture of Khanty, Mansi and Forest Nenets peoples is 58% of the total archive containing 2611 units, with 99% of the audio materials already digitalized, while the digitalization of the video archive is 17%.

The format of the repository allows the user to search through any collection using a search box and sort materials by date or alphabetical listing.





  1. Multimedia of the ancient indigenous cultures of Ugra

The project Multimedia of the Ancient Cultures, which is being implemented in Ugra, has produced a number of electronic products:



Representatives of the Ob-Ugric folklore



Finno-Ugric world in dolls and toys made by A.M. Takhtueva



Kazim. The Land of Cat’s Elbow.



Schaschi pa khily (The Grandma and Her Grandson): an animation film based on a Khanty tale with subtitles in English, German and Russian.



Rovduga of Kazim: educational film on the technologies of processing rovduga (reindeer leather).

The collections of libraries in Ugra are being enriched by electronic versions of publications in the languages of indigenous peoples of the North - 28 publications have been digitalized, included among them are information materials, popular science and fictional literature.

  1. Multilingualism for the children of Ugra

Since 2012, a series of fairy tales for children was published in three languages - native language (Khanty, Mansi, Nenets), Russian and English. This series includes a Khanty tale Little Acorn, a Mansi tale Woodpecker and Thin Faceted Needle, a Nenets tale Selfish Little Mouse and Mansi Riddles.

Khanty language textbooks have been developed and published (Kazym, Surgut and Vakh dialects), as well as textbooks for the Mansi language targeting 1st through 5thgraders who do not speak their native language: ABC-books, textbooks, entertaining grammar books, workbooks, tests, books of tasks and exercises, reading books in native languages, and Khanty literature readers.





  1. Languages of the indigenous peoples of Ugra and the academic community

Research in the field of language, history and culture of Ob Ugric peoples and Samodi people is conducted by the Ob-Ugric Institute of Applied Research and Development (http://www.оуипиир.рф). Research field of the Institute is Cultural and philological aspects of genesis and transformations of historical indigenous peoples’ communities in Ugra.

The Institute’s staff is 50% Khanty, 24% Mansi, 7% Nenets, including 2 Doctors of Philology and 6 indigenous PhD candidates.

During a period of more than 20 years the team from the Institute published more than 300 monographs, collections of folklore, educational literature and catalogues.

The Institute’s web-site features a resource directory containing information about all indigenous peoples of Ugra – Khanty, Mansi, Nenets, including the history of each ethnic group’s settlement, its size, the name each of the peoples uses for itself, written language, language and folklore.

The electronic library contains publications about the language and culture of indigenous peoples of the North, living in Ugra, including the ones in native languages. This database consists of subject heading lists: periodicals, source books, monographs, folklore collections and conference proceedings, learning and teaching publications, books for children and dictionaries.

Since 2011, the science, theory, and methodology magazine Vestnik Ugrovedenia (Ugric Studies Bulletin) has been published, with information on the issues of the magazine presented in full-text format in the Scientific Electronic Library for the purpose of inclusion in the Russian Science Citation Index.






  1. Indigenous languages of Ugra in the media

The publication of newspapers in Khanty and Mansi languages, as well as television and radio programs continue to help Ugra preserve and develop its indigenous languages.

State support for national newspapers Khanty Yasang and Luima Seripos allows the newspapers to be fully accessible through to an increased circulation. Since 2012, regional periodic publications in the languages of the indigenous people of Ugra are published in a new format: A4, 16 bands, 6 of them are colored. In 2013 the joint publishing house of the two newspapers launched a website: www.khanty-yasang.ru. Residents of Ugra were thus given access to information in three languages: Khanty, Mansi and Russian.

Since 2014, the Government of Ugra has been funding the publication of printed media for indigenous peoples, including the Aykol newspaper in the Surgut dialect of the Khanty language, children's magazine Hatlye in the Khanty language and children's magazine Vitsam in the Mansi language.

The regional segments in the federal TV channel Russia 1 broadcasts include news programs in national languages, as well as cultural and educational TV shows, telling about the life, traditions and cultures of the indigenous peoples of Ugra:

- Uvas Mir Putur, a monthly news program in the Khanty and Mansi languages;

- Yomvash Schunyung Yokh, a weekly program in the Khanty language;

- Heritage of Ugra, a weekly program in Russian, Khanty and Mansi.

The regional TV channel Ugra broadcasts Ugorika shows for children - a TV project dedicated to the study of the Khanty and Mansi languages, a project with a vibrant indigenous atmosphere which does more than just having TV presenters wearing indigenous clothes and speaking native languages. An important aspect of the project is a philosophical thread running through the whole show. TV programs targeting a wide range of viewers include:

- Northern Home focusing on the history, culture, way of life, past and future of the indigenous people of the North of Ugra as a primordial territory of the ethnic group of Khanty and Mansi – two unique peoples living only in Ugra and nowhere else.

- Finnougria, TV show about peoples belonging to the Finno-Ugric language family, their arts and crafts, music and folklore, traditional clothes and cuisine.

The shows can be found on the website of the company www.ugra-tv.ru to either be watched online or retrieved from the video archive.

Information on the Khanty, Mansi, and Nenets languages is available on “Wikipedia”, the free online encyclopedia.

The Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug – Ugra has launched a website called Indigenous Peoples of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug – Ugra, covering major developments in the world of the indigenous people of Ugra, part of the information being presented in indigenous languages.

Information Resources:



www.оуипиир.рф

www.khanty-yasang.ru

www.kmns.admhmao.ru



www.ugra-tv.ru

www.okrlib.ru/

http://ugra.okrlib.ru/







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