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SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL

Journal of Mammalian Evolution



Intraguild predation and interspecific killing as structuring forces of carnivoran communities in South America

Tadeu G. de Oliveira and Javier A. Pereira



Corresponding author:

Tadeu G. de Oliveira

Depto. Biologia, Universidade Estadual do Maranhão

Cidade Universitária Paulo VI, CP 09, São Luís-MA, Brasil 65055-150

E-mail: tadeu4@yahoo.com

Phone/fax: +55(98) 3235-2219



Table S2. Sociality and activity of South American carnivorans. See Methods for data sources. References: +++ = main; ++ = moderate; + = occasional; 0 = none.

Species

Sociality

Activity




Solitary

Pairs

Group

Diurnal

Crepuscular

Nocturnal

CANIDAE



















Atelocynus microtisShort-eared dog

++

0

0

0

++

++

Cerdocyon thous – Crab-eating fox

++

++

++

0

++

++

Chrysocyon brachyurusManed wolf

++

0

0

0

++

++

Lycalopex culpaeus – Culpeo

++

0

0

++

++

++

Lycalopex fulvipes – Darwin’s fox

++

++

+

++

++

++

Lycalopex griseus – Chilla fox

++

+

+

++

++

++

Lycalopex gymnocercus Pampas fox

++

+

0

+

++

++

Lycalopex sechurae – Sechura fox

++

+

+

+

+

++

Lycalopex vetulusHoary fox

++

+

0

0

++

++

Speothos venaticus – Bush dog

+

++

++

+++

0

0

Urocyon cinereoargenteus Grey fox

+

+++

++

+

++

++

URSIDAE



















Tremarctos ornatus – Spectacled bear

++

+

+

+++

+

0

PROCYONIDAE



















Bassaricyon spp. – Olingos

++

0

0

0

0

++

Nasua nasuaSouth American coati

++

0

++

++

++

0

Nasuella olivacea – Mountain coati

++

0

++

+++

0

0

Potos flavus – Kinkajou

++

++

0

0

0

++

Procyon cancrivorusCrab-eating raccoon

++

0

0

0

++

++

MUSTELIDAE



















Eira barbara – Tayra

++

+

0

++

++

++

Galictis cuja – Lesser grison

++

++

++

++

++

++

Galictis vittata – Greater grison

++

++

++

++

++

++

Lyncodon patagonicus – Patagonian weasel

?

?

?

0

++

++

Mustela spp. – Weasels

?

?

?

?

?

?

MEPHITIDAE



















Conepatus chinga – Molina’s hog-nosed skunk

++

0

0

0

++

++

Conepatus humboldtii – Humboldt’s hog-nosed skunk

++

0

0

0

++

++

Conepatus semistriatusStriped hog-nosed skunk

++

0

0

0

++

++

FELIDAE



















Leopardus colocolo – Pampas cat

+++

0

0

+

++

++

Leopardus geoffroyi – Geoffroy´s cat

+++

0

0

0

++

++

Leopardus guigna – Guiña

+++

0

0

++

++

++

Leopardus jacobitaAndean cat

+++

0

0

+

++

++

Leopardus pardalis – Ocelot

+++

0

0

+

++

++

Leopardus tigrinus – Oncilla

+++

0

0

+

++

++

Leopardus wiedii – Margay

+++

0

0

0

++

++

Panthera onca – Jaguar

+++

0

0

+

++

++

Puma concolor – Puma

+++

0

0

+

++

++

Puma yagouaroundi – Jaguarundi

+++

0

0

++

++

++


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