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Curriculum Guide

Sixth Grade Grammar and Writing 7

Sixth Grade Bible: New Testament Survey 13

Review Skill Objectives

Students will practice and reinforce the primary skill objectives and vocabulary from the previous grade.

Primary Skill Objectives (mastered by grade completion)

The student will continue to demonstrate mastery of concepts taught in previous grade, and will be able to understand and master the following new skills and concepts:

1. Read and write whole numbers through the trillions

2. Use a number line with integers

3. Add, subtract, multiply and divide integers

4. Add, subtract, multiply and divide decimals

5. Divide decimals when the divisor is a decimal

6. Understand multiplication and division notations

7. Understand divisibility and perform divisibility tests for 2,3,5,9,10

8. Use positive exponents with whole, numbers, decimal numbers and fractions

9. Find and estimate squares and square roots

10. Follow the order of operations

11. Estimate and solve application problems involving percents and work with percents greater than 100%

12. Solve proportions with an unknown term and apply proportional relationships such as similarity, scaling and rate

13. Find the reciprocal of a number

14. Convert between fractions, terminating decimals, and percents

15. Use describe and extend arithmetic sequences with a constant rate of change

16. Formulate and solve an equation with an unknown variable in problem situation

17. Identify complementary and supplementary angles

18. Calculate to find unknown angle measures

19. Identify and describe interior and exterior angles of polygons

20. Name and graph ordered pairs

21. Identify reflections, translations, rotations and symmetry

22. Find the area of complex figures

23. Find the surface area of geometric solids

24. Find the volume of geometric solids

25. Solve problems involving scale

26. Collect and display data in the appropriate graph

27. Calculate experimental, simple, and complex probability

Secondary Skill Objectives

The student will be introduced to and will practice:

1. Accurately using a compass and a protractor

2. Representing three dimensional figures in two dimensional world using nets

3. Drawing three dimensional figures

Primary Texts and Materials:

1. Saxon Course 1– teacher manual, student textbooks, student workbook, overheads, and reinforcement worksheets

2. Math fact worksheets

3. Various manipulatives to aid conceptual understanding

Primary Teaching Methods:

1. Large group instruction with students working on white boards and holding up answers

2. Group work

3. Competitions and games

4. Problem solving

5. Exercises out of student textbook and reinforcement worksheets

6. Timed tests on math facts

Approximate Time per Week: 5 hours
Primary Objectives

The student will be able to:

1. Learn that God created the land animals of the sixth day for His own glory.

2. Learn the beginnings of the classification system.

3. Explain the meaning of habituation.

4. Recall the relationship between predator and prey.

5. Define zoonotic disease.

6. Create and maintain a Zoology notebook with a variety of animals, their taxonomy and their characteristics, habitat and food.

7. Describe the characteristics of mammals.

8. Differentiate between carnivorous mammals and non carnivorous mammals.

9. Describe the characteristics of the family Canidae.

10. Describe the characteristics of the family Ursidae.

11. Describe the characteristics of the family Mustilidae.

12. Describe the characteristics of the family Mephitidae.

13. Describe the characteristics of the family Procyonidae.

14. Describe the characteristics of the family Felidae and its subfamilies Felinae and Pantherinae.

15. Describe the characteristics of the family Hyaenidae.

16. Describe the characteristics of the family Viverridae.

17. Describe the characteristics of the family Herpestidae.

18. Describe the characteristics of the order Diprotodontia and its suborders Macropodiformes, Vombatiformes, and Phalangeriformes.

19. Describe the characteristics of the orders Peramelemorphia, Notoyctemorphia, Dasyuromorphia, Microbiotheria, and Didelphimorphia.

20. Describe the characteristics of Primates and understand the basics of primate classification.

21. Recall the characteristics of the primate suborders Strepsirrhini and Haplorrhini.

22. Describe the characteristics of the order Rodentia.

23. Describe the characteristics of the order Insectivora.

24. Describe the characteristics of the order Lagomorpha.

25. Describe the characteristics of the order Dermoptera.

26. Describe the characteristics of the order Monotremata.

27. Describe the characteristics of the order Edentata.

28. Describe the characteristics of the order Tubulidentata.

29. Recall the characteristics of Ungulates and name the most common orders within the Ungulate Class.

30. Describe the characteristics of the common orders of Ungulates.

31. Recall the basic care of a horse.

32. Name the four natural gaits of the horse.

33. Recall the characteristics of the class Reptilia and name the four orders reptiles.

34. Describe the characteristics of the four orders of reptiles.

35. Recall the origin of the term “dinosaur”.

36. Describe skeletal characteristics of dinosaurs.

37. Describe the work of a paleontologist.

38. Name the commonly known groups of dinosaurs: Sauropod, Theropod, Ornithischia.

39. Define vertebrate and invertebrate and classify an animal into the proper group.

40. Describe the characteristics of arthropods: arachnids, centipedes, millipedes, isopods.

41. Describe the characteristics of gastropods and worms.

Primary Teaching Methods

1. Group reading and discussion of the text

2. Students participate in teacher-led class discussion based on readings

3. Student perform experiments presented in text

4. Students complete drawings of animals studied in the text with labeling.

Primary Texts and Materials

Exploring Creation With Zoology 3: Land Animals of the Sixth Day Apologia
Approximate Time per Week: 3 hours

Primary Grammar Objectives—The student will be able to:

1. Define and identify nouns, pronouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, prepositional phrases, and common conjunctions.

2. Diagram single and compound subjects and predicates, including adjectives, adverbs and prepositional phrases, in sentence skeletons.

3. Diagram compound sentences.

4. Diagram sentences with direct and indirect objects, predicate adjectives and predicate nouns.

5. Understand the difference between a sentence, fragment, and run-on sentence.

6. Form the plurals of nouns with regular and irregular forms.

7. Form the possessive of singular nouns and regular and irregular plural nouns.

8. Memorize the principle parts of irregular verbs.

9. Identify linking verbs in sentences and distinguish from action and helping verbs.

10. Correctly use troublesome verbs such as sit/set, let/leave, lie/lay, and raise/rise.

11. Identify and use active and passive voice correctly.

12. Differentiate between subject, object, and possessive pronouns.

13. Identify and use demonstrative, indefinite, and interrogative pronouns correctly.

14. Use this, that, these, and those properly.

16. Categorize adjectives as limiting or descriptive.

17. Identify the correct usage of adverb forms of comparison.

18. Correctly punctuate beginning, ending, and split direct quotations.

19. Use commas properly in series, interjections, direct address, and dates and addresses.

21. Capitalize names and titles with correct usage.

22. Capitalize proper adjectives with correct usage.

23. Differentiate between synonyms, antonyms, and homophones.

24. Correctly use reference materials including a thesaurus, dictionary, Bible concordance and rhyming dictionary.

Primary Writing Objectives – The student will be able to:

1. Retell a fable or narrative in their own words

2. Outline the key ideas, with appropriate words and phrases in their proper sequence, of the fable or narrative

3. Correctly narrate the fable or narrative from their outlines

4. Identify points of recognition and reversal in the fable

5. Change words, phrases, and ideas within specific sentences

6. Vary sentence structure through inversion of order and the inclusion of adjectives, adverbs, and prepositional phrases

7. Define, give examples of, and create 18 figures of description within own fables and narratives

8. Invert the sequence of events in the fable

9. Reduce a fable or narrative to its key events through précis or reduction

10. Paraphrase a fable or narrative by beginning in the middle of the events

11. Invert the sequence of events in a fable or narrative

12. Write a narrative from the point of view of different characters in the story

13. Scan a work of poetry and determine its meter.

14. Memorize the syllable pattern for iambic, trochaic, dactylic and anapestic meter.

Primary Teaching Methods

1. Large group instruction and assignments

2. Imitation of well-written works through narration and writing

3. Review of all basic grammar instruction

4. Integration with other subjects in writing and oral presentations

5. Practice diagramming simple and compound sentences and sentences with compound parts

6. Chant and drill definitions and songs

#### Primary Texts and Materials

1. Building Christian English 6: Building with Diligence, Grade 4-teacher’s manual, student textbooks, and student workbooks

2. Classical Composition I: Fable Stage, teacher manual and student texts

3. Classical Composition II: Narrative Stage, teacher manual and student texts

4. The Grammar of Poetry

5. Thesauruses

6. Dictionaries

Approximate Time per Week: 5 hours

Overview

The sixth grade year is a time to broaden and refine the skills introduced in the fifth grade. The literature curriculum at the sixth grade level seeks to increase a student’s ability to read independently with solid comprehension of more complex works and to develop a student’s character by practicing discernment of virtue through evaluating literary characters’ choices and actions. It also seeks to reinforce the History and Bible curriculum through integration of settings and cultures and vital themes of Christ’s teachings.

Primary Skill Objectives

Upon leaving sixth grade, the student will be able to accomplish the following:

I. Word Analysis

1. Use context clues and the dictionary to determine meaning of new words

II. Fluency

1. Read aloud at a pace that does not inhibit his or her comprehension

2. Handle dialogue appropriately when reading aloud by reflecting mood and meaning as well as giving proper attention to punctuation

III. Comprehension

1. Summarize important events in a story through oral or written narration

2. Identify problems or conflicts in a story and explain how they are resolved

3. Describe the setting of a story in terms of location and time

4. List and describe an individual character’s attitude and actions in a verbal or written format

5. Defend an opinion on whether a character’s actions and attitudes demonstrate truth, goodness, and beauty

6. Compare and contrast specific actions and virtues of characters within a particular work verbally, in writing, and through the use of diagrams

7. Compare and contrast the attitude, actions, and virtue of characters in separate works of literature verbally, in writing, and through the use of diagrams

IV. Oral Language/Poetry

1. Memorize and dramatically recite provided poems and passages of literature

2. Give a clearly articulated oral presentation before an audience of peers

3. Exhibit poise by utilizing appropriate eye contact, hand gestures, and body placement during recitations

4. Determine meaning in poetry through the identification of figurative language.

Secondary Skill Objectives

Upon leaving sixth grade, the student will have practiced the following skills:

1. Provide a basic explanation for the actions of a character

2. Identify common human emotions and conditions in characters

3. Distinguish historical facts from fictional embellishments in a work of historical fiction

4. Postulate questions about a work of literature using who, what, when, where, why, and how prompts, and then provide the subsequent answers

5. Distinguish between first, second, and third person narration

6. Describe how events in a particular story contribute to the movement of the plotline

7. Evaluate and compare/contrast the truth, goodness, and beauty of a character’s words or actions

8. Describe the mood of the work and how it is set

Vocabulary

Students should be exposed to the following literary terms and provided with examples of the terms in the works read in class.

setting

characterization

falling action

antagonist

protagonist

hero

point of view

mood

dialogue

conflict

climax

resolution

parallelism

alliteration

simile

metaphor

personification

onomatopoeia

iamb

trochee

dactyl

anapest

Primary Texts

• Tales of Shakespeare by Charles and Mary Lamb

• The Fellowship of the Ring by J R R Tolkien

• The Door in the Wall by Marguerite D’Angeli

• Prince Caspian by C S Lewis

• A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens

• Tales of King Arthur and His Knights of the Round Table by Roger Lancelyn Green

• Tuck Everlasting by Natalie Babbitt

• 100 Cupboards by Nate Wilson

• Redwall by Brian Jacques

• Beowulf (Excerpts from Seamus Heaney translation)

• The Shining Company by Rosemary Sutcliff

• Pilgrims Progress by John Bunyan

• Selected Poetry

Approximate Time per Week: 5 hours

Primary History Objectives

The student will be able to:

1. See God’s sovereignty in history in the events studied.

2. Recite the reasons given for the importance of significant dates, people, and events covered in the study of history from the Fall of Rome to the 16th century.

3. Recall basic facts related to each event studied.

4. Make connections between events identifying cause and effect.

5. Locate on a map of the world the key places where historical events studied occurred.

Primary Geography Objectives

The student will be able to:

1. Identify and locate the major mountain ranges in Europe.

2. Identify major bodies of water in the Europe.
3. #### Locate and identify countries in Europe.

4. Identify and use latitude and longitude

5. Identify and use scale on a map

Primary Teaching Methods

1. Oral and written narration of the text.

2. Outlining main and explanatory points with a Roman numeral outline.

3. Make observations from the text and compare and contrast with facts and ideas from other chapters.

4. Mapwork that identifies primary locations and movement

5. Study, drill, and review chronological timeline

6. Oral questioning to review primary people and concepts

7. Research work by small groups and individuals on specific projects

8. Integration with art and music

9. Build models, make drawings, write stories, play games, and make displays

10. Memorization of poetry, speeches, and historical documents

11. Field trips to historically appropriate sites

12. Large group instruction using atlases and student-made maps

13. Give oral presentations on a variety of history topics.

Primary Texts and Materials

1. Streams of Civilization Volume I by Christian Liberty Press

2. The Kingfisher Encyclopedia of History

Approximate time per week: 4 hours
Sixth Grade Bible: New Testament Survey
Primary Objectives

The student will be able to:

1. Recall that Scripture is the infallible Word of God.

2. Recall that God made all things for His glory.

3. Recall that God is sovereign over all things that happen in this world.

4. Be familiar with key events in the New Testament: the ministry of Christ, the early church, and the initial spread of the Gospel throughout Israel, Asia Minor and Europe.

5. Identify the author and audience of each of the four Gospels.

6. Describe the ministries of Paul and Peter.

7. Map the three missionary journeys of Paul.

8. Recite the books of the Old and New Testament from memory.

9. Identify books of the Bible according to their genre: history, poetry, wisdom, and prophecy. (review)

10. Recite the Ten Commandments from memory. (review)

11. Locate in his Bible the biblical events studied.

12. Memorize key passages of scripture from the New Testament that reinforce the above goals.

Primary Teaching Methods

1. Large group instruction and Bible reading

2. Large group participation – prayer, singing, drama, and recitation

3. Completion of worksheets and tests from teacher

4. Individual recitation of memory work

5. Research work by small groups and individuals on specific projects

6. Build models, make drawings, write stories, play games, and make displays

7. Study, drill, and review of flash cards

8. Integration with art, geography, history, and music

Primary Texts and Materials

1. The Holy Bible (ESV)

2. The Victor Journey Through the Bible by V. Gilbert Veers

3. Student Bible Atlas

Approximate Time per Week: 4 hours
Overview

Students build on the work completed and learned in First Form Latin, building their formal Latin grammar and translation skills as well as adding to their vocabulary.

Primary Objectives

The student will be able to:

1. Pronounce Latin words correctly, using the classical pronunciation

2. Know the meanings of 180 Latin words and be able to identify verbs, nouns, and adjectives from their endings. Know their corresponding English derivatives

3. Understand grammar terminology

Reinforce understanding of English grammar being taught at this level

1. Know all active and passive tenses of all four verb conjugations

2. Know 1st, 2nd, 3rd 4th and 5th declension nouns including exceptions

and i-noun of the 3rd declension

1. Know 1st and 2nd and 3rd adjective declensions and agreement of noun/adjective

2. Know personal pronouns

3. Know prepositions and cases they introduce

Primary Teaching Methods

1. Explain grammar forms and repeat as a class

2. Chant, sing, and write Latin paradigms, and vocabulary

3. Complete workbook exercises, correct as a class as review

4. Play Last Man Standing to test vocabulary and verb/noun/adjective forms

5. Regular test review and testing

Primary Texts and Materials

1. Second Form Latin (Student Text) by Cheryl Lowe

2. Second Form Latin (Student Workbook) by Cheryl Lowe

3. Greek Myths by Olivia Coolidge

4. Vulgate

5. Teacher-created materials

Approximate Time per Week: 2 ½ hours

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