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Review of the species of New World Erythroneurini


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Type locality: Holotype *, USA, Kansas, Cherokee Co., 1927, (Beamer), (KSEM).

Distribution: Central and southeastern USA.

Host plants: Quercus stellata, Q. myrtifolia, Q. chapmanii.
110. Eratoneura robusta (Knull, 1955) (Fig. 110, Plate 7g)

Erythroneura robusta Knull, 1955a:245

Erythroneura sadleri Hepner, 1969a:132, syn.n.

Eratoneura robusta Dietrich & Dmitriev, 2006a:138
Description: Length 2.6–2.7 mm. Forewing outer apical cell elongate, more than 2X as long as wide. 2S abdominal apodemes large, broad, reaching 3S posterior margin. Pygofer lobe angulate; appendage simple, extended to pygofer apex, slightly curved in dorsal view, curved downward in lateral view, widest at base. Second point of style apex longer than third; third point short toothlike. Aedeagus with preatrium about as long as shaft; shaft curved ventrad, slender in lateral view, round in crossection, denticulate distally, with lateral lobes at base, without processes; apex blunt in ventral view. Coloration usual for genus.

Type locality: Holotype *, USA, Texas, Walker Co., Huntsville State Park, on Ulmus sp., 2 IV 1954 (Knull), (OSU).

Distribution: South central USA.

Host plants: Ulmus sp.
111. Eratoneura metopia (Ross, 1957) (Fig. 111, Plate 7h)

Erythroneura metopia Ross, 1957a:185

Eratoneura metopia Dietrich & Dmitriev, 2006a:137
Description: Length 2.9–3.1 mm. Forewing outer apical cell elongate, more than 2X as long as wide. 2S abdominal apodemes large, broad, extended beyond 3S posterior margin. Pygofer lobe angulate; appendage simple, extended beyond pygofer apex, distinctly sinuate in dorsal view, curved downward in lateral view, widest at base. Second and third points of style apex very short, toothlike. Aedeagus with preatrium longer than shaft; shaft straight and slender in lateral view, compressed, denticulate distally, without lateral lobes or processes; apex acuminate in ventral view. Coloration usual for genus.

Type locality: Holotype *, USA, Illinois, Gallatin Co., Shawneetown, on Quercus imbricaria, 14 VII 1948 (Mills & Ross), (INHS).

Distribution: Illinois.

Host plants: Quercus imbricaria, Q. velutina, and other species of Quercus.
112. Eratoneura patris (Ross & DeLong, 1953) (Fig. 112, Plate 7i)

Erythroneura patris Ross & DeLong, 1953a:89

Erythroneura chehawensis Hepner, 1966b:100, syn.n.



Eratoneura patris Dietrich & Dmitriev, 2006a:137
Description: Length 2.9–3.1 mm. Forewing outer apical cell about 2X as long as wide. 2S abdominal apodemes small, narrow, extended dorsomesad. Pygofer lobe angulate; appendage simple, extended beyond pygofer apex, straight in dorsal view, curved downward in lateral view, widest at base. Second and third points of style apex very short, toothlike. Aedeagus with preatrium about as long as shaft; shaft straight and slender in lateral view, compressed, denticulate distally; without lateral lobes or processes; apex acuminate in ventral view. Coloration usual for genus.

Type locality: Holotype *, USA, Illinois, Jackson Co., Grand Tower, on Quercus stellata, 7 X 1947 (Ross), (INHS).

Distribution: Central and eastern USA, southeastern Canada.

Host plants: Quercus pagoda, Q. stellata, Q. nigra, Q. falcata, Q. palustris, and other species of Quercus.

Notes: The holotype of E. chehawensis Hepner is an abberant specimen.
113. Eratoneura econa (Ross, 1957) (Fig. 113, Plate 7j)

Erythroneura econa Ross, 1957a:184

Eratoneura econa Dietrich & Dmitriev, 2006a:135
Description: Length 2.8 mm. Forewing outer apical cell elongate, more than 2X as long as wide. 2S abdominal apodemes large, broad, reaching 3S posterior margin. Pygofer lobe angulate; appendage simple, depressed in basal half and compressed in distal half, extended to pygofer apex, straight in dorsal and lateral view, widest at base. Second and third points of style apex very short, toothlike. Aedeagus with preatrium longer than shaft; shaft curved ventrad, slender in lateral view, compressed, denticulate distally, without lateral lobes or processes; apex acuminate in ventral view. Coloration usual for genus.

Type locality: Holotype *, USA, Illinois, Cumberland Co., Neoga, on Quercus imbricaria, 2 IX 1955 (Ross & Sanderson), (INHS).

Distribution: Illinois.

Host plants: Quercus imbricaria.
114. Eratoneura alicia (Ross, 1957) (Fig. 114, Plate 7k)

Erythroneura alicia Ross, 1957a:185

Eratoneura alicia Dietrich & Dmitriev, 2006a:134
Description: Length 2.9–3.2 mm. Forewing outer apical cell elongate, more than 2X as long as wide. 2S abdominal apodemes large, broad, reaching 3S posterior margin. Pygofer lobe angulate; appendage simple, extended beyond pygofer apex, distinctly sinuate in dorsal view, curved downward in lateral view, widest at base. Second point of style apex longer than third; third point short, toothlike. Aedeagus with preatrium about as long as shaft; shaft curved ventrad, slender in lateral view, round in crossection, denticulate distally, with lateral lobes at base, without processes; apex blunt in ventral view. Mesonotum red; forewing with three red narrow crossbands.

Type locality: Holotype *, USA, Illinois, Cumberland Co., Neoga, on Quercus imbricaria, 2 IX 1955 (Ross & Stannard), (INHS).

Distribution: Illinois.

Host plants: Quercus imbricaria.
115. Eratoneura zioni (Beamer, 1932) (Fig. 115, Plate 7l)

Erythroneura zioni Beamer, 1932d:71

Erythroneura (Eratoneura) zioni Young, 1952b:88

Eratoneura zioni Dietrich & Dmitriev, 2006a:139
Description: Length 3–3.2 mm. Forewing outer apical cell about 2X as long as wide. Pygofer lobe angulate; appendage simple, extended beyond pygofer apex, straight or very slightly curved in dorsal view, straight in lateral view, widest at base. Second and third points of style apex very short, toothlike. Aedeagus with preatrium about as long as shaft; shaft straight and slender in lateral view, denticulate distally, with narrow lateral lobes at base, without processes; apex blunt in ventral view. Forewings with oblique vittae usually forming continuous zigzag pattern, without crossbands.

Type locality: Holotype *, USA, Utah, Washington Co., Zion National Park, on Quercus sp., 13 VIII 1929 (Beamer), (KSEM).

Distribution: Utah.

Host plants: Quercus sp.
116. Eratoneura greeni (Hepner, 1969) (Fig. 116, Plate 7m)

Erythroneura greeni Hepner, 1969a:127

Eratoneura greeni Dietrich & Dmitriev, 2006a:136
Description: Length 2.6–2.7 mm. Forewing outer apical cell elongate, more than 2X as long as wide. 2S abdominal apodemes large, broad, extended beyond 3S posterior margin. Pygofer lobe angulate; appendage simple, extended beyond pygofer apex, distinctly sinuate in dorsal view, curved upward in lateral view, widest at base. Second and third points of style apex very short, toothlike. Aedeagus with preatrium about as long as shaft; shaft straight and broad in lateral view, round in crossection, denticulate distally, with lateral lobes at base, without processes; apex blunt in ventral view. Coloration usual for genus.

Type locality: Holotype *, USA, Florida, Highlands Co., Sebring, on Quercus sp., 28 XII 1960 (Hepner), (INHS).

Distribution: The species is known only from the type locality in Florida.

Host plants: Quercus sp.
117. Eratoneura lenta (Beamer, 1932) (Fig. 117, Plate 7n)

Erythroneura lenta Beamer, 1932e:82

Erythroneura (Eratoneura) lenta Young, 1952b:87

Eratoneura lenta Dietrich & Dmitriev, 2006a:136
Description: Length 2.8–3 mm. Forewing outer apical cell elongate, more than 2X as long as wide. 2S abdominal apodemes large, broad, reaching 3S posterior margin. Pygofer lobe angulate; appendage simple, extended beyond pygofer apex, distinctly sinuate in dorsal view, straight in lateral view, widest at base. Second and third points of style apex very short, toothlike. Aedeagus with preatrium about as long as shaft; shaft curved dorsad, broad in lateral view, compressed, denticulate distally, with large lateral lobes, without processes; apex blunt in ventral view. Coloration usual for genus.

Type locality: Holotype *, USA, Kansas, Anderson Co., 26 XI 1927 (Beamer), (KSEM).

Distribution: Central and eastern USA.

Host plants: Quercus phellos, Q. laurifolia, Q. rubra, Q. imbricaria, Q. nigra, Q. pagoda, and other species of Quercus.
118. Eratoneura gilesi (Hepner, 1966) (Fig. 118, Plate 7o)

Erythroneura gilesi Hepner, 1966b:97

Erythroneura colvardi Hepner, 1966b:95, syn.n.

Erythroneura wisei Hepner, 1966b:97, syn.n.

Erythroneura hamneri Hepner, 1969a:127, syn.n.

Erythroneura maxwelli Hepner, 1972b:218, syn.n.

Eratoneura gilesi Dietrich & Dmitriev, 2006a:136
Description: Length 2.8–3.1 mm. Forewing outer apical cell elongate, more than 2X as long as wide. 2S abdominal apodemes large, broad, reaching 3S posterior margin. Pygofer lobe angulate; appendage simple, extended to or beyond pygofer apex, distinctly sinuate in dorsal view, straight or curved upward in lateral view, widest at base. Second and third points of style apex very short, toothlike. Aedeagus with preatrium about as long as shaft; shaft straight and slender in lateral view, compressed, denticulate distally, with lateral lobes at base, without processes; apex blunt in ventral view. Coloration usual for genus.

Type locality: Holotype *, USA, Mississippi, Oktibbeha Co., State College, on Quercus pagoda, 8 VII 1964 (Hepner), (INHS).

Distribution: Central and southeastern USA.

Host plants: Quercus pagoda, Q. falcata, and other species of Quercus.

Notes: The holotype was collected in the State College, not in Noxubee Co. as stated in the original publication. The holotypes of E. colvardi Hepner and E. maxwelli Hepner are variants with the pygofer appendage short.
119. Eratoneura maga (Knull, 1951) (Fig. 119, Plate 7p)

Erythroneura maga Knull, 1951b:170

Erythroneura (Eratoneura) maga Young, 1952b:120

Eratoneura maga Dietrich & Dmitriev, 2006a:137
Description: Length 2.8–3.1 mm. Forewing outer apical cell about 2X as long as wide. 2S abdominal apodemes large, broad, reaching 3S posterior margin. Pygofer lobe angulate; appendage simple, extended to pygofer apex, slightly curved in dorsal view, straight in lateral view, widest at base. Second point of style apex very short, toothlike; third point with wide base, elongate, longer than distance between other two points; angle between basal and third points about 90°. Aedeagus with preatrium about as long as shaft; shaft straight and slender in lateral view, compressed, denticulate distally, with lateral lobes at base, without processes; apex blunt in ventral view. Coloration usual for genus.

Type locality: Holotype *, USA, Ohio, Scioto Co., 9 VI 1943 (Knull), (OSU).

Distribution: Central and eastern USA.

Host plants: Quercus pagoda, Q. lyrata, Q. falcata, Q. stellata, and other species of Quercus.
120. Eratoneura igella (Ross & DeLong, 1950) (Fig. 120, Plate 7q)

Erythroneura igella Ross & DeLong, 1950a:295

Erythroneura (Eratoneura) igella Young, 1952b:120

Erythroneura albiquera Hepner, 1967b:62, syn.n.

Eratoneura igella Dietrich & Dmitriev, 2006a:136
Description: Length 2.7–2.9 mm. Forewing outer apical cell elongate, more than 2X as long as wide. 2S abdominal apodemes large, broad, reaching 3S posterior margin. Pygofer lobe angulate; appendage simple, extended to pygofer apex, straight in dorsal and lateral view, widest at base. Second point of style apex very short, toothlike; third point elongate, longer than distance between other two points; angle between basal and third points less than 90°. Aedeagus with preatrium about as long as shaft; shaft straight and slender in lateral view, compressed, denticulate distally, with lateral lobes at base, without processes; apex acuminate in ventral view. Coloration usual for genus.

Type locality: Holotype *, USA, Illinois, Pope Co., Bell Smith Springs, on Quercus sp., 16 VII 1948 (Mills & Ross), (INHS).

Distribution: Central and eastern USA.

Host plants: Quercus stellata, Q. falcata, Q. pagoda, and other species of Quercus.
121. Eratoneura stannardi (Hepner, 1967) (Fig. 121, Plate 7r)

Erythroneura stannardi Hepner, 1967b:66

Eratoneura stannardi Dietrich & Dmitriev, 2006a:138
Description: Length 2.8–2.9 mm. Forewing outer apical cell elongate, more than 2X as long as wide. Pygofer lobe angulate; appendage simple, extended beyond pygofer apex, straight in dorsal and lateral view, widest at base. Second point of style apex very short, toothlike; third point elongate, longer than distance between other two points; angle between basal and third points less than 90°. Aedeagus with preatrium longer than shaft; shaft straight and broad in lateral view, compressed, denticulate distally, with dorsal carina, without lateral lobes or processes; apex blunt in ventral view. Coloration usual for genus.

Type locality: Holotype *, USA, Mississippi, Oktibbeha Co., State College, on Quercus palustris, 6 IX 1962 (Hepner), (INHS).

Distribution: Central USA.

Host plants: Quercus coccinea, Q. palustris, Q. rubra, and other species of Quercus.
122. Eratoneura trautmanae (Knull, 1945) (Fig. 122, Plate 7s)

Erythroneura trautmanae Knull, 1945b:104

Erythroneura (Eratoneura) trautmanae Young, 1952b:88

Eratoneura trautmanae Dietrich & Dmitriev, 2006a:139
Description: Length 2.9–3.1 mm. Forewing outer apical cell elongate, more than 2X as long as wide. 2S abdominal apodemes large, broad, reaching 3S posterior margin. Pygofer lobe rounded; appendage simple, extended beyond pygofer apex, distinctly sinuate in dorsal view, apex curved upward in lateral view, widest at base, denticulate distally. Second point of style apex very short, toothlike; third point elongate, longer than distance between other two points; angle between basal and third points less than 90°. Aedeagus with preatrium shorter than shaft; shaft straight and broad in lateral view, compressed, denticulate distally, with dorsal carina with lateral lobes at base, without processes; apex acuminate in ventral view. Coloration usual for genus.

Type locality: Holotype *, USA, Michigan, Crawford Co., Hartwick Pines State Park, 17 VII, (Auten), (OSU).

Distribution: Central and eastern USA, southeastern Canada.

Host plants: Acer spicatum, A. pensylvanicum, and other species of Acer.
123. Eratoneura knighti (Beamer, 1932) (Fig. 123, Plate 7t)

Erythroneura knighti Beamer, 1932e:87

Erythroneura (Eratoneura) knighti Young, 1952b:87

Eratoneura knighti Dietrich & Dmitriev, 2006a:136
Description: Length 2.7–2.9 mm. Forewing outer apical cell about 2X as long as wide. 2S abdominal apodemes small, narrow, extended dorsomesad. Pygofer lobe rounded; appendage simple, extended beyond pygofer apex, distinctly sinuate in dorsal view, straight in lateral view, widest at base, denticulate. Second point of style apex very short, toothlike; third point elongate, longer than distance between other two points; angle between basal and third points less than 90°. Aedeagus with preatrium about as long as shaft; aedeagal shaft straight and broad in lateral view, compressed, denticulate distally, with lateral lobes at base, without processes; apex acuminate in ventral view. Coloration usual for genus.

Type locality: Holotype *, USA, Iowa, Story Co., Ames, 18 IV 1930 (Beamer), (KSEM).

Distribution: Central and eastern USA.

Host plants: Acer saccharum, and other species of Acer.
124. Eratoneura triangulata (Beamer, 1931) (Fig. 124, Plate 7u)

Erythroneura triangulata Beamer, 1931b:240

Erythroneura (Eratoneura) triangulata Young, 1952b:88

Eratoneura triangulata Dietrich & Dmitriev, 2006a:139
Description: Length 2.5–2.7 mm. Forewing outer apical cell about 2X as long as wide. 2S abdominal apodemes small, narrow, extended dorsomesad. Pygofer lobe rounded; appendage simple, compressed, extended beyond pygofer apex, distinctly sinuate in dorsal view, straight in lateral view, widest at base, denticulate. Second point of style apex very short, toothlike; third point with broad base, elongate, about as long as distance between other two points; angle between basal and third points less than 90°. Aedeagus with preatrium longer than shaft; shaft straight and slender in lateral view, depressed, round in ventral view, denticulate distally, without lateral lobes or processes; apex blunt in ventral view. Coloration usual for genus.

Type locality: Holotype *, USA, Illinois, Gallatin Co., 31 III 1929 (Oman), (KSEM).

Distribution: Central and eastern USA.

Host plants: Carpinus caroliniana.
125. Eratoneura corylorubra (Knull, 1945) (Fig. 125, Plate 7v)

Erythroneura corylorubra Knull, 1945b:108

Erythroneura (Eratoneura) corylorubra Young, 1952b:86

Eratoneura corylorubra Dietrich & Dmitriev, 2006a:135
Description: Length 2.4–2.6 mm. Forewing outer apical cell about 2X as long as wide. 2S abdominal apodemes small, narrow, extended dorsomesad. Pygofer lobe rounded; appendage simple, extended beyond pygofer apex, straight or very slightly curved in dorsal view, straight in lateral view, widest at base. Second point of style apex very short, toothlike; third point elongate, longer than distance between other two points; angle between basal and third points less than 90°. Aedeagus with preatrium about as long as shaft; shaft straight and broad in lateral view, round in crossection, denticulate distally, with broadened depressed apex sharply bent dorsad, without lateral lobes or processes. Forewing with oblique broad vitta forming zigzag pattern.

Type locality: Holotype *, USA, Ohio, Hocking Co., 28 VI, 17 IV 1938 (Knull), (OSU).

Distribution: North central USA.

Host plants: Corylus americana.
126. Eratoneura fulleri (Hepner, 1967) (Fig. 126, Plates 1g, 8a)

Erythroneura fulleri Hepner, 1967a:19

Erythroneura patei Hepner, 1967a:19, syn.n. (Plate 8a2)

Erythroneura weemsi Hepner, 1967a:19, syn.n.

Eratoneura fulleri Dietrich & Dmitriev, 2006a:135
Description: Length 2.9–3 mm. Forewing outer apical cell elongate, more than 2X as long as wide. 2S abdominal apodemes small, narrow, extended dorsomesad. Pygofer lobe rounded; appendage simple, extended to pygofer apex, straight in dorsal view, curved downward in lateral view, widest at base. Second point of style apex very short, toothlike; third point elongate, longer than distance between other two points; angle between basal and third points less than 90°. Aedeagus with preatrium longer than shaft; aedeagal shaft curved ventrad, broad in lateral view, depressed, triangular in ventral view, denticulate distally, without lateral lobes or processes; apex truncate in ventral view. Forewing usually with broad red crossband in basal half not reaching costal margin.

Type locality: Holotype *, USA, Illinois, Hardin Co., Elizabethtown, on Acer saccharum, 2 IX 1963 (Hepner), (INHS).

Distribution: Central USA.

Host plants: Aesculus glabra.

Notes: The holotype was collected on a non host plant species.
127. Eratoneura rubranotata (Beamer, 1927) (Fig. 127, Plate 8b)

Erythroneura rubranotata Beamer, 1927a:30

Erythroneura (Eratoneura) rubranotata Young, 1952b:87

Eratoneura rubranotata Dietrich & Dmitriev, 2006a:138
Description: Length 2.9–3.1 mm. Forewing outer apical cell elongate, more than 2X as long as wide. 2S abdominal apodemes small, narrow, extended dorsomesad. Pygofer lobe rounded; appendage simple, extended beyond pygofer apex, distinctly sinuate in dorsal view, straight in lateral view, widest at base. Second point of style apex very short, toothlike; third point elongate, longer than distance between other two points; angle between basal and third points less than 90°. Aedeagus with preatrium longer than shaft; shaft curved ventrad, broad in lateral view, depressed, denticulate distally, without lateral lobes or processes; apex blunt in ventral view. Pronotum with bright red Y-shaped medial vitta; forewings without oblique vittae, with 2 narrow red crossbands not reaching lateral margins.

Type locality: Holotype *, USA, Kansas, Atchison Co., 16 VII 1924 (Beamer), (KSEM).

Distribution: Central USA.

Host plants: Aesculus glabra.
128. Eratoneura citrosa (Ross, 1956) (Fig. 128, Plate 8c)

Erythroneura citrosa Ross, 1956a:86

Eratoneura citrosa Dietrich & Dmitriev, 2006a:134
Description: Length 2.6–2.9 mm. Forewing outer apical cell elongate, more than 2X as long as wide. 2S abdominal apodemes small, narrow, extended dorsomesad. Pygofer lobe rounded; appendage simple, slightly compressed basally, extended beyond pygofer apex, distinctly sinuate in dorsal view, straight in lateral view, widest at base. Second point of style apex very short, toothlike; third point elongate, longer than distance between other two points; angle between basal and third points less than 90°. Aedeagus with preatrium longer than shaft; shaft straight and slender in lateral view, depressed, denticulate distally, without lateral lobes or processes; apex blunt in ventral view. Coloration usual for genus.

Type locality: Holotype *, USA, Illinois, Marion Co., Salem, on Corylus americana, 22 IX 1948 (Ross & Stannard), (INHS).

Distribution: Central USA.

Host plants: Corylus americana.
129. Eratoneura clara (Beamer, 1932) (Fig. 129, Plate 8d)

Erythroneura clara Beamer, 1932g:161

Erythroneura (Eratoneura) clara Young, 1952b:86

Eratoneura clara Dietrich & Dmitriev, 2006a:134
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