Ana səhifə

Plant family Plant species


Yüklə 99.21 Kb.
tarix26.06.2016
ölçüsü99.21 Kb.
ESM S1. Hummingbird and insect visitation to 49 hummingbird-pollinated plant species in the West Indies arranged alphabetically by family name. For each plant species in each study plot, we calculated the average biometry (body mass and bill length) of visiting hummingbird species (using morphological data from Brown and Bowers (1985) and Kodric-Brown et al. (1984)), hummingbird and insect pollinator species richness. All visiting insects were included in Insect orders and Insect species, but only the three main insect orders in our study - Hymenoptera, Lepidoptera and Diptera - were analyzed separately. Since insect species richness varied greatly among plant species, we also calculated the proportion of Hymenoptera, Lepidoptera and Diptera of the total number of insect species visiting each plant, enabling us to detect insect composition trends unrelated to absolute insect species richness. Insect sampling effort (min) is indicated in brackets in the Insect orders column.

Plant family

Plant species

Study sitea

Hummingbird

Insect

Hymenoptera

Lepidoptera

Diptera










body mass

(g)

bill length

(mm)

species

(#)

orders

(#)

species

(#)


(#)


(%)


(#)


(%)


(#)


(%)

Acanthaceae

Justicia

secunda

Gre-high 1

4.77

21.49

2

0

(280)


0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Apocynaceae

Pentalinon

luteum

PtR-low

5.66

24.13

1

1

(70)


1

0

0

0

0

0

0

Balsaminaceae

Impatiens

wallerana

PtR-high

2.93

13.62

1

1

(120)


1

0

0

1

1

0

0

Bignoniaceae

Tabebuia

heterophylla

Dom-low

5.60

22.74

1

3

(100)


5

3

0.60

0

0

0

0




Tabebuia

heterophylla

PtR-low

5.66

24.13

1

3

(120)


8

4

0.50

0

0

0

0




Tecoma

stans

Dom-low

5.60

22.74

1

2

(70)


2

1

0.50

0

0

1

0.50

Boraginaceae

Bourreria

succulenta

Gre-low

2.71

10.72

1

2

(70)


4

1

0.25

3

0.75

0

0




Cordia

globosa

Dom-low

2.71

10.72

1

3

(80)


23

6

0.26

14

0.61

3

0.13

Bromeliaceae

Guzmania

berteroniana

PtR-high

4.77

19.01

2

1

(80)


2

2

1.00

0

0

0

0

Cactaceae

Melocactus

intortus

PtR-low

5.66

24.13

1

0

(120)


0

0

0

0

0

0

0




Opuntia

rubescens

PtR-low

4.30

18.88

2

0

(100)


0

0

0

0

0

0

0




Pilosocereus

royenii

PtR-low

5.66

24.13

1

3

(110)


4

2

0.50

0

0

1

0.25

Campanulaceae

Centropogon

cornutus

Gre-high 1

6.82

32.25

1

0

(280)


0

0

0

0

0

0

0



Lobelia

cirsiifolia

Gre-high 2

2.71

10.72


1


1

(240)


1

1

1.00

0

0

0

0




Lobelia

stricta

Dom-high

6.61

20.00

2

1

(70)


2

2

1.00

0

0

0

0

Clusiaceae

Clusia

mangle

Dom-high

6.61

20.00

2

1

(70)


1

0

0

0

0

1

1.00

Convolvulaceae

Ipomoea

batatas

Gre-low

2.71

10.72

1

2

(230)


5

4

0.80

1

0.20

0

0

Costaceae

Costus

scaber

Gre-high 1

5.04

21.90

3

1

(280)


1

1

1.00

0

0

0

0

Ericaceae

Symphysia

racemosa

Dom-high

3.63

13.57

2

1

(60)


3

1

0.33

0

0

2

0.67

Fabaceae

Bauhinia

aculeata

Gre-low

2.71

10.72

1

2

(80)


5

2

0.40

3

0.60

0

0




Lonchocarpus benthamianus

Dom-low

4.16

16.73

2

2

(60)


6

5

0.83

1

0.17

0

0




Neorudolphia

volubilis

PtR-high

6.60

24.40

1

1

(40)


1

1

1.00

0

0

0

0




Tephrosia

noctiflora

Dom-low

2.71

10.72

1

5

(60)


8

2

0.25

2

0.25

2

0.25

Gesneriaceae

Besleria

petiolaris

Dom-high

4.55

16.41

1

1

(70)


1

1

1.00

0

0

0

0

Heliconiaceae

Heliconia

bihai

Dom-high

8.67

23.59

1

0

(70)


0

0

0

0

0

0

0




Heliconia

bihai

Gre-high 1

5.04

21.90

3

0

(260)


0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Lamiaceae

Hyptis

atrorubens

Dom-high

2.71

10.71

1

4

(110)


5

2

0.40

1

0.20

1

0.20




Leonotis

nepetifolia

Dom-low

4.16

16.73

2

0

(70)


0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Malvaceae

Urena

lobata

PtR-high

2.93

13.62

1

2

(120)


2

1

0.50

0

0

0

0

Melastomataceae

Charianthus

grenadensis

Gre-high 2

4.16

16.73

2

0

(160)


0

0

0

0

0

0

0




Charianthus

purpureus x corosus

Dom-high

3.63

13.57

2

0

(60)


0

0

0

0

0

0

0




Miconia

sintenissi

PtR-high

2.93

13.62

1

1

(40)


1

1

1.00

0

0

0

0

Myrtaceae

Syzygium

jambos

Gre-high 1

4.16

16.73

2

1

(190)


1

1

1.00

0

0

0

0

Rubiaceae

Erithalis

fruticosa

Dom-low

2.71

10.72

1

3

(60)


8

3

0.38

2

0.25

3

0.38




Gonzalagunia

hirsuta

Gre-high 1

2.71

10.72

1

2

(300)


5

1

0.20

4

0.80

0

0




Gonzalagunia

hirsuta

Gre-high 2

2.71

10.72

1

3

(160)


4

2

0.50

1

0.25

1

0.25




Manettia

dominicensis

Dom-high

4.55

16.41

1

0

(70)


0

0

0

0

0

0

0




Morinda

citrifolia

Dom-low

4.16

16.73

2

2

(100)


11

5

0.45

6

0.55

0

0




Palicourea

crocea

Gre-high 1

4.77

21.49

2

1

(100)


1

1

1.00

0

0

0

0




Palicourea

crocea

PtR-high

4.77

19.01

2

3

(120)


4

1

0.25

2

0.50

1

0.25




Psychotria

berteroana

PtR-high

2.93

13.62

1

3

(120)


4

1

0.25

2

0.50

1

0.25




Psychotria

capitata

Gre-high 2

2.71

10.72

1

3

(110)


4

1

0.25

2

0.50

1

0.25




Psychotria

urbaniana

Dom-high

3.63

13.57

2

1

(70)


1

1

1.00

0

0

0

0




Schradera

exotica

Dom-high

3.63

13.57

2

1

(70)


2

0

0

0

0

2

1.00




Schradera

exotica

Gre-high 2

2.71

10.72

1

1

(190)


1

0

0

1

1.00

0

0




Schradera

exotica

PtR-high

2.93

13.62

1

1

(70)


1

1

1.00

0

0

0

0

Scrophulariaceae

Schlegelia

brachyantha

PtR-high

2.93

13.62

1

0

(60)


0

0

0

0

0

0

0




Scrophulariaceae

sp.


Gre-high 2

4.16

16.73

2

2

(260)


4

3

0.75

0

0

1

0.25

Solanaceae

Cestrum

macrophyllum

PtR-high

2.93

13.62

1

0

(30)


0

0

0

0

0

0

0

Turneraceae

Turnera

ulmifolia

Dom-low

2.71

10.72

1

4

(80)


12

4

0.33

5

0.42

2

0.17

Verbenaceae

Citharexylum

spinosum

Dom-low

2.71

10.72

1

2

(70)


6

2

0.33

4

0.67

0

0




Stachytarpheta

jamaicensis

Dom-low

2.71

10.72

1

3

(40)


5

1

0.20

3

0.60

1

0.20




Stachytarpheta

urticifolia

Dom-high

2.71

10.72

1

1

(80)


1

1

1.00

0

0

0

0




Stachytarpheta

urticifolia

Gre-high 2

2.71

10.72

1

2

(350)


9

3

0.33

6

0.67

0

0

Zingiberaceae

Renealmia

alpina

PtR-high

2.93

13.62

1

0

(70)


0

0

0

0

0

0

0




Renealmia

pyramidalis

Dom-high

3.63

13.57

2

1

(80)


1

1

1.00

0

0

0

0

aStudy site abbreviations: Dom-high: Dominica highland; Dom-low: Dominica lowland; Gre-low: Grenada lowland; Gre-high 1: Grenada highland 1; Gre-high 2: Grenada highland 2; PtR-low: Puerto Rico lowland; PtR-high: Puerto Rico highland. See Table 1 for description of study sites.


Verilənlər bazası müəlliflik hüququ ilə müdafiə olunur ©atelim.com 2016
rəhbərliyinə müraciət