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NOEL BRUCE PAVLOVIC

Lake Michigan Ecological Research Station

Great Lakes Science Center

U.S. Geological Survey

1100 N. Mineral Springs Rd.

Porter, IN 46304

office  (219) 926 8336 ext. 428

Fax: (219) 929-5792

Email: npavlovic@usgs.gov

EDUCATION:

Ph.D. in Biological Sciences, May 1995, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60680

Graduate Diploma in Science in Botany, June 1982, Australian National University, Canberra, A.C.T. Australia 2601

M.Sc. in Ecology, August 1981, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37916

B.A. in Biology, June 1978, Earlham College, Richmond, IN 47374
EXPERIENCE:

Research Ecologist 9/30/94 to present for Lake Michigan Ecological Research Station of the Great Lakes Science Center. Biological Resources Division, U.S. Geological Survey, Porter, IN 46304

Member of interdisciplinary team conducting research on Great Lakes natural areas. Designs, implements, analyzes, interprets and reports on vegetation research covering areas of rare plant autoecology and conservation, fire effects on dune and savanna vegetation, vegetation restoration, and ecosystem interactions. Currently working of studies concerning ecology and interaction of native and invasive bittersweet populations, savanna biodiversity and ecology, lupine populations and the endangered Karner Blue butterfly, and development of plant indices for deer herbivory pressure in oak savannas. Investigating the impact of American goldfinch and seed weevils on the demography and viability of the federally threatened Pitcher’s thistle (Cirsium pitcher). Research focuses on experimental approach to hypothesis testing and development of conceptual and simple mathematical models.



Research Plant Ecologist 10/6/91 to 9/30/94 for Research Division of Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore, National Park Service, Porter, IN 46304

Member of team that conducted research on National Park Service lands. Designed, implimented, analyzed, interpreted and reported on vegetation research covering areas of rare plant autoecology and conservation, fire effects on dune and savanna vegetation, vegetation restoration, and ecosystem interactions. Research focussed on experimental approach to hypothesis testing and development of conceptual and simple mathematical models.



Statistician (Biology) 7/8/84 to 10/5/91 for the Research Division at Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore, Porter, IN 46304

Member of science team conducting ecological and vegetation research in national parks. Directed research concerning the ecology, demography, and minimum viable population size for fame flower (Talinum rugospermum). Collected plants and seed for herbarium and verified their identification. Recommended to staff and research contractors experimental designs appropriate for statistical inference. Directed and conducted all aspects of division's data analysis from data coding/proofreading and statistical analysis to interpretation and illustration of results.



Biological Technician 5/31/83 5/29/84 for the Science Division at Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore, Porter, IN 46304

Assisted in design and implementation of Howes' Prairie prescribed fire research and assisted in various other research projects. Setup microcomputer system and analyzed research data on micro and mainframe computer statistical packages. Assisted in the creation of herbarium/park flora database system. Trained personnel in the use of the microcomputer and its software.

Ecology Specialist for the Indiana Heritage Program, Dept. of Nature Preserves, Indianapolis, IN 4/8/83 5/27/83

Reviewed registry files for completeness, filled out Lowest Common Denominator Element File System forms, edited PL/1 computer database, and mapped element occurrences. Assisted several times in searching for endangered plants and in assessing the current status of registry sites.



Volunteer for the Indiana Chapter of the Nature Conservancy, Indianapolis, IN 10/82 4/83

Wrote abstracts about endangered plant communities based on library literature searches and interviews with knowledgeable individuals. Abstracts summarized community distribution, composition, dynamics, and management recommendations. Attended monthly meetings between the Nature Conservancy, the Heritage Program and the State Division of Nature Preserves. Consulted TNC Field Representative on vegetation management issues.


ONGOING RESEARCH:

Distribution and abundance of exotic plants among four Great Lakes national parks

Fire effects on Oriental bittersweet and the potential for hybridization between American and Oriental bittersweet

Long term demography of and demographic impacts of goldfinch seed predation on Pitcher's thistle e

Restoration and management of biodiversity of oak savannas

Study of vegetation pattern of Howes' Prairie ecosystem and the effects of prescribed fire and flooding on community structure and composition


PUBLICATIONS

Submitted

Leicht-Young, S. A., N. B. Pavlovic, and R. Grundel. 2012. Susceptibility of Eastern U.S. Habitats to Invasion of Celastrus orbiculatus (Oriental Bittersweet) Following Fire. Submitted and in review with Forest Ecology and Management.

Leicht-Young, S. A., N. B. Pavlovic. 2013. Lianas as invasive species in North America. IN Schnitzer, S, F. Bongers, R. Burnham, and F. Putz, eds. The Ecology of Lianas. Wiley Blackwell Publishers. Submitted and in review.

Girdler, E. B., N. B. Pavlovic, and D. Schoolmaster, jr. 2013. Nested-species-area data set may indicate the scale of heterogeneity perceived by plant communities. Journal of Vegetation Science.


In press:

Pavlovic, N. B., S. A. Leicht-Young, and R. Grundel. 2013. Impacts of white-tailed deer on prairie trillium (Trillium recurvatum): Defining a threshold for deer browsing pressure at the Indiana Dunes National. Scientific Investigations Report. In production.


Published

Leicht-Young, S. A. and N. B. Pavlovic. 2012. Encroachment of oriental bittersweet into Cirsium pitcher habitat. Natural Areas Journal. 32:171-176.

Leicht-Young, S. A., N. B. Pavlovic, and J. V. Adams. 2012. Competitive interactions of garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata) and dame’s rocket (Hesperis matronalis). Invasive Plant Science and Management. 5:27-36.

Pavlovic, N. B. and S. Leicht-Young. 2011. Are temperate mature forests buffered from invasive lianas? Journal of the Torrey Botanical Club. 138/85-92.

Pavlovic, N. B., S. Leicht-Young, and R. Grundel. 2011. "Short-term effects of burn season on flowering phenology of savanna plants." Plant Ecology 212(4): 611-625.

Grundel, R., K. J. Frohnapple, R. P. Jean, and N. B. Pavlovic. 2011. Effectiveness of bowl trapping and netting for inventory of a bee community. Environmental Entomology 40:374-380.

Leicht-Young, Stacey A., N. B. Pavlovic, K. J. Frohnapple, and R. Grundel. 2010. Liana habitat and host preferences in northern temperate forests. Forest Ecology and Management. 260: 1476-1477.

Pavlovic, N. B. and Ralph Grundel. 2009. Reintroduction of Wild lupine (Lupinus perennis L.) depends on variation in canopy, vegetation and litter cover. Restoration Ecology. 17: 807-817.

Leicht-Young, S., N. Pavlovic, R. Grundel, and K. Frohnapple. 2009. A comparison of seed banks across a sand dune successional gradient at Lake Michigan dunes (Indiana, USA). Plant Ecology 202:299-308.

Pavlovic, N. B., Stacey Leicht-Young, K. J. Frohnapple, and R. Grundel. 2009. Effect of removal of Hesperis matronalis (dame’s rocket) on species cover of forest understory vegetation in NW Indiana. American Midland Naturalist. 161: 165-176.

Grundel, R. and N. B. Pavlovic. 2008. Using conservation value to assess land restoration and management alternatives across a degraded oak savanna landscape. Journal of Applied Ecology. 45:315-324.

Leicht-Young, S. A., N. B. Pavlovic, R. Grundel, and K Potts. 2007. Distinguishing native (Celastrus scandens L.) and invasive (C. orbiculatus Thunb.) bittersweet species using morphological characteristics. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Club. 134(4): 441-450.

Grundel, R., and N. B. Pavlovic. 2007. Response of bird species densities to habitat structure and fire history along a Midwestern oak-forest gradient. Condor 109:734-749.

Grundel, R., and N. B. Pavlovic. 2007. Distinctiveness, use and value of midwestern oak savannas and woodlands as avian habitats. Auk 124:969-985.

Grundel, R. and N. B. Pavlovic. 2007. Resource availability, matrix quality, microclimate, and spatial pattern as predictors of patch use by the Karner blue butterfly. Biological Conservation. 135: 135-144.

Pavlovic, N. B., R. Grundel, and W. Sluis. 2006. Groundlayer vegetation gradients across oak woodland canopy gaps. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Club. 133(2): 225-239.

Pavlovic, N. 2004. Dune system. In: Grossman, James R., Ann Durkin Keating, and Janice L Reiff, eds. The Encyclopedia of Chicago. University of Chicago Press. P 197.

Benjamin, P. K., J. A. Stumpf, and N. B. Pavlovic. 2003. A comparison of nested quadrat and point-line intercept sampling methods for fire effects monitoring in shortgrass prairie. Pages 116-123 in S. A. Fore, editor. Proceedings of the Eighteenth North American Prairie Conference: Promoting Prairie. Truman State University Press, Kirksville, MO.

Pavlovic, N. B., M. L. Bowles, S. R. Crispin, T. C. Gibson, K. D. Herman, R. T. Kavetsky, A. K. McEachern, and M. R. Penskar. 2002. Pitcher's Thistle (Cirsium pitcheri) Recovery Plan. U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 92 pp.

Pavlovic, N. B., W. Loope, Amy Davies, and J. Stumpf. 2000. Non-indigenous plants in our midst. Singing Sands Almanac 20:6.

Grundel, R., N. B. Pavlovic, and C. L. Sulzman. 2000. Nectar plant selection by the Karner Blue butterfly (Lycaeides melissa samuelis) at Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore. American Midland Naturalist. 144:1-10.

Pavlovic, N. B. 1998. The Prairie Herbarium: Lifeful wild lupine. The Prairie Reader. 3:9.

Grundel, R., N. B. Pavlovic, and C. L. Sulzman. 1998. The effect of canopy cover and seasonal change on host plant quality for the endangered Karner blue butterfly (Lycaeides melissa samuelis). Oecologia 114:243-250.

Choi, Y. D. and N. B. Pavlovic. 1998. Experimental restoration of native vegetation in Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore. Restoration Ecology 5:118-129.



Grundel, R., N. B. Pavlovic, and C. L. Sulzman. 1998. Habitat use by the endangered Karner blue butterfly in oak woodlands: The influence of canopy cover. Biological Conservation 85:47-53.

Pavlovic, N. B., M. L. Bowles, S. R. Crispin, T. C. Gibson, K. D. Herman, R. T. Kavetsky, A. K. McEachern, and M. R. Penskar. 1997. Draft Pitcher's Thistle (Cirsium pitcheri) Recovery Plan. U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 117 pp.

Pavlovic, N. B. and M. L. Bowles. 1996. Rare Plant Monitoring Program at Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore. In: W. L. Halverson and G. E. Davis. Science and Ecosystem Management in the National Parks. University of Arizona Press. pp. 253-280.

Choi, Y. D. and N. B. Pavlovic. 1995. Restoring native vegetation on Indiana Dunes razed residential sites. Park Science 15:18-20.

Pavlovic, N. B. 1994. Habitat, disturbance, density dependence and the abundance of fame flower (Talinum rugospermum). Ph.D. dissertation, University of Illinois at Chicago. 221pp.

Choi, Y. D. and N. B. Pavlovic. 1994. Comparison of fire, herbicide, and sod removal to control exotic vegetation. Steward's Circle. Natural Areas Journal 14:217-218.

Pavlovic, N. B. 1994. Disturbance-mediated persistence of rare plants: restoration implications. In: Bowles, M. L. and C. Whelan (eds.). Recovery and Restoration of Endangered Species. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. pp. 159-193.

McEachern, A. K., M. L. Bowles, and N. B. Pavlovic. 1994. Recovery planning for the threatened Great Lakes thistle Cirsium pitcheri according to a metapopulation model. In: Bowles, M. L. and C. Whelan (eds.). Recovery and Restoration of Endangered Species. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. pp. 194-218.

Pavlovic, N. B. and S. Swisher. 1994. Comprehensive Midwest list of state listed plants that are reported from savannas. Appendix B in Draft Midwest Oak Ecosystems Recovery Plan. Eds. Botts, P, A. Haney, K. Holland, S. Packard, J. Bacone, S. Eichelis, D. Faber-Langendoen, D. Ladd, G. Malanson, N. Pavlovic, and L. Stitch. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Pp 89-100.

Bowles, M., R. Flakne, K. McEachern, and N. Pavlovic. 1993. Recovery planning and reintroduction planning for the federally threatened Pitcher's thistle (Cirsium pitcheri) in Illinois. Natural Areas Journal. 13:164-176.

Pavlovic, N. B., M. L. Bowles, S. R. Crispin, T. C. Gibson, K. D. Herman, R. T. Kavetsky, A. K. McEachern, and M. R. Penskar. 1993. Draft Pitcher's Thistle (Cirsium pitcheri) Recovery Plan. U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 111 pp.

Whitman, R. L., D. Fagre, N. B. Pavlovic, and K. L. Cole. 1993. Applications of landscape ecology to urban park management. In: Platt, R, R. A. Rowntree, and P. C. Muick, eds. The Ecological City. University of Massachusetts Press. pp. 188-202.

Cole, K. L., K. F. Klick, and N. B. Pavlovic. 1992. Fire temperature monitoring during experimental burns at the Indiana Dunes. Natural Areas Journal 12:177-183.

Brown, J. S. and N. B. Pavlovic. 1992. Evolution in heterogeneous environments: Effects of migration on habitat specialization. Evolutionary Ecology 6:320-382.

Pavlovic, N. B., M. DeMauro, and M. L. Bowles. 1992. Perspectives on Plant Competition--Plant collection rate should be positively correlated with plant population size: Reply to the 1-in-20 rule for plant collection. Plant Society Bulletin. 38(1):8.

Bowles, M. L., M. M. DeMauro, N. Pavlovic, and R. Hiebert. 1990. Effects of anthropogenic disturbances on endangered and threatened plants at the Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore. Natural Areas Journal. 10(4):191-204.

Pavlovic, Noel B. 1990. Vegetation restoration planning at Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial. Park Science. 10(3):22-23.

Pavlovic, N. B. and M. A. White. 1989. Forest restoration of Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial: Presettlement, existing vegetation, and restoration management recommendations. National Park Service Research/Resources Management Report MWR-15. 106pp.

McEachern, K., J. A. Magnuson, and N. B. Pavlovic. 1989. Preliminary Results of a Study to Monitor Cirsium pitcheri in Great Lakes National Lakeshores. Unpublished National Park Service document. 96pp.

Pavlovic, N. B. and M. Rodriguez. 1988. Management data manipulation program. Park Science 8:11.

Hiebert, R. D. and N. B. Pavlovic. 1987. Past land use effects on succession in razed residential sites at the Indiana Dunes implications for management. Symposium on Plant Succession 1:47-70.

Hiebert, R.D., D.A. Wilcox and N.B. Pavlovic. 1986. Vegetation patterns in and among pannes (calcareous intradunal ponds) at the Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore, Indiana. Amer. Midl. Natur. 116:276 281

Wilcox, D.A., N.B. Pavlovic and M.L. Mueggler. 1985. Scirpus cyperinus: Selected ecological characteristics and its role as an invader of disturbed wetlands. Wetlands 5:87 97.
GENERAL ARTICLES

Pavlovic, N. 2006. Ecosystems of the Indiana Dunes Series: Discovering silt loam prairies. Singing Sands Almanac.

Pavlovic, N. 2006. Ecosystems of the Indiana Dunes Series: Swamps. Singing Sands Almanac.

Pavlovic, N. 2005. Ecosystems of the Indiana Dunes Series: Mesic prairies in our midst. Singing Sands Almanac.

Pavlovic, N. 2005. Ecosystems of the Indiana Dunes Series: Making land useful. Singing Sands Almanac.

Pavlovic, N. 2005. Ecosystems of the Indiana Dunes Series: Lee slopes and mesophytic pockets; Tempo of a meadow beauty. Singing Sands Almanac.

Pavlovic, N. 2004. Ecosystems of the Indiana Dunes Series: Beach succession; Dynamic secondary dunes; Fire in the pines. Lee slopes and mesophytic pockets. Singing Sands Almanac.

PAPERS GIVEN:

Pavlovic, N. B., S. Leicht-Young, and R. Grundel. 2013. Short-term effects of seasonal burns on flowering phenology of savanna plants.. Tallgrass Prairie and Oak Savanna Regional Fire Conference, Dubuque, IA. January 30. [Invited]

Pavlovic, N. B., S. Leicht-Young, and R. Grundel. 2012. Oriental Bittersweet Invasion, Prescribed Fire, and the Degradation of Oak Savannas at Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore Research Conference, Indiana University Northwest, Gary, IN. November 28, 2012.

Pavlovic, N. B., S. Leicht-Young, and R. Grundel. 2012. Fire effects on the resprouting and total nonstructural carbohydrates of the highly invasive oriental bittersweet. Upper Midwest Invasive Species Conference, La Cross, WI. October 30. [Invited]

Pavlovic, N. B., S. Leicht-Young, and R. Grundel. 2012. Fire effects on the resprouting and total nonstructural carbohydrates of the highly invasive oriental bittersweet. 97th Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of America Conference, Portland, OR. August 10.

Grundel, R., K. Frohnapple, T. A. Patterson, and N. B. Pavlovic, 2012. Geographic coincidence of abundance, richness, conservation value, and response to climate of U.S. landbirds. 97th Ecological Society of America Conference, Portland, OR. August 7.

Zaya, D., S. A. Leicht-Young, N. B. Pavlovic, and M. Ashley. 2012. Asymmetric pollen flow between a native and introduced vine (Celastrus spp.). Botany 2012, Annual Meeting of the Botanical Society of America, Columbus, OH. July 2012.

Pavlovic, N. B., S. A. Leicht-Young, and R. Grundel. 2012. Fire effects on the highly invasive liana, oriental bittersweet (Celastrus orbiculatus). Upper Great Lakes Resource Management Conference, Ashland, WI. April 18, 2012. [Invited]

Pavlovic, N. B. and S. A. Leicht-Young. 2012. Investigations of the highly invasive oriental bittersweet (Celastrus orbiculatus), Talk to NPS fire program, February 23, 2012.

Pavlovic, N. B. and S. A. Leicht-Young. 2011. Investigations of the highly invasive oriental bittersweet (Celastrus orbiculatus). Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore seminar series. December 5, 2011

Zaya, David, Stacey A. Leicht-Young, Noel B. Pavlovic, and Mary V. Ashley. 2011. Using hand-crosses and field observations to investigate pollen flow between American bittersweet (Celastrus scandens) and Oriental bittersweet (C. orbiculatus). 96th Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of America, Austin Texas. August 9.

Grundel, R., K Frohnapple and N. B. Pavlovic. 2011. Are avian abundance, diversity, and community composition explained by the same type of predictors? 96th Annual Meeting of the Ecological Society of America, Austin Texas. August 6-13.

Pavlovic, N. B., S. A. Leicht-Young, and D. Zaya. 2010. A tale of two bittersweets: Ecology, morphology, invasions, hybridization, control and conservation. 2010 Minnesota and Wisconsin Invasive Species Conference, November 9, 2010, St. Paul, Minnesota. [Invited]

Pavlovic, N. B. and R. Grundel. 2010. Determinants of oak savanna groundlayer composition and diversity. Organized Symposium at the Ecological Society of America, 95th Annual Meeting, Pittsburg, PA, about Vegetation dynamics. Structures and traits of the Midwestern oak savannas under changing environment. August 3, 2010. [Invited]

Grundel, R. and N. B. Pavlovic. 2010. Midwest oak savannas – unique or ecotonal? Organized Symposium at the Ecological Society of America, 95th Annual Meeting, Pittsburg, PA, about Vegetation dynamics. Structures and traits of the Midwestern oak savannas under changing environment. August 3, 2010. [Invited]

Leicht-Young, S. A., N. B. Pavlovic, K. J. Frohnapple, and R. Grundel. 2010. Liana habitat and host preferences in northern temperate forests. Ecological Society of America, 95th Annual Meeting, Pittsburg, PA. August 5, 2010.

Zaya D.N., Ashley M.V., Leicht-Young S.A. and Pavlovic N.B. (2010) Invasive oriental bittersweet vines (Celastrus orbiculatus) are marketed as native American bittersweet (C. scandens) by Midwestern vendors. . Illinois State Academy of Science Annual Meeting, Millikin University, Decatur, IL.

Zaya D.N., Leicht-Young S., Pavlovic N.B. and Ashley M.V. (2010) Invasion and hybridization as a potential mechanism for cryptic extinction: a bittersweet (Celastrus sp.) story. Midwest Ecology and Evolution Conference 2010, Iowa State University, Ames, IA.

Leicht-Young, S., A. M. Latimer, J. A. Silander, and N. B. Pavlovic. 2009. Density dependent responses of an invasive (Celastrus orbiculatus) and native (C. scandens) liana. Invasive Plants in the Northeast of Asia and America: Trading Problems, Trading Solutions, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, August 10-12.

Pavlovic, N. B., R. Grundel, S. Leicht-Young, and K. Frohnapple. 2009. Implications of anthropogenic disturbance for restoration of oak savanna structure and composition. 2009 Midwest Oak Savanna and Woodland Conference, Lourdes College, Sylvania, OH, July 29-31.

Leicht-Young, S., N. B. Pavlovic and R. Grundel. 2009. Short-term effects of seasonal burns on flowering phenology of savanna plants. 2009 Midwest Oak Savanna and Woodland Conference, Lourdes College, Sylvania, OH, July 29-31.

Zaya D.N., Leicht-Young S., Pavlovic N.B. and Ashley M.V. (2009) Invasion and hybridization as a potential mechanism for cryptic extinction: a bittersweet (Celastrus sp.) story. Evolution 2009, University of Idaho, ID.

Pavlovic, N. B. 2009. Historical and contemporary dune building processes and succession at the Indiana Dunes. Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore, Interpretive division, Porter, IN, May 26. [Invited]

Pavlovic, N. B. 2009. Historical and contemporary dune building processes and succession at the Indiana Dunes. Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore, Brown bag lunch seminar, Porter, IN, April 15. [Invited]

Pavlovic, N. B. 2009. Dune formation and succession: past, present and future. University of Chicago, Department of Ecology and Evolution, Natural History Seminar, Hyde Park, IL, April 14, 2009. [Invited]

Pavlovic, N. B. 2009. Dune ecosystems: formation, dynamics, and management. Workshop on Dune Management in Indiana - Current Approaches and New Directions, Indiana Dunes State Park, February 10-11. [Invited]

Pavlovic, N. B., S. Leicht-Young, K. Frohnapple, and R. Grundel. 2008. Effect of Removal of Dame's Rocket (Hesperis matronalis) on Forest Understory Vegetation in NW Indiana. Midwest Invasive Plant Symposium, 2008 North Central Weed Science Society, Indianapolis, IN, December 10, 2008.

Pavlovic, N. B. 2008. The potential for hybridization between invasive and native bittersweets: Celastrus orbiculatus and C. scandens. Valparaiso University, Department of Biology, Biology Colloquium series, December 9, 2008. [Invited]

Grundel, R. and N. B. Pavlovic. 2008. Relationship of canopy cover and fire history to animal distribution across a grassland-forest gradient. Managing tree and shrub cover for healthy woodlands, Morton Arboretum, Lisle, IL. October 31, 2008 [Invited]

Pavlovic, N. B. and R. Grundel. 2008. Patterns of plant and animal diversity across a fire-dependent sand savanna gradient. Managing tree and shrub cover for healthy woodlands, Morton Arboretum, Lisle, IL. October 31, 2008 [Invited]

Pavlovic, N. B., S. Leicht-Young, R. Grundel, and S. Obrien, 2008. Fire frequency and topography modify species-area relationships in a mesic silt-loam woodland in Northwest Indiana. Ecological Society of America, Milwaukee, WI, August 6, 2008.

Leicht-Young, S., N. B. Pavlovic, K. Frohnapple, and R. Grundel. 2008. Effect of removal of Hesperis matronalis (dame’s rocket) on forest understory vegetation. Ecological Society of America, Milwaukee, WI, August 5, 2008.

Grundel, R., R. Jean, K. J. Frohnapple, G. A. Glowacki, P. E. Scott, and N. B. Pavlovic. 2008. Relationship of bee community composition to floral and nesting resources, habitat structure, land use, and fire history along an open-forest gradient. Ecological Society of America, Milwaukee, WI, August 5, 2008.

Pavlovic, N. B. 2008. Biodiversity of the Indiana Dunes. Park Break!, Invited talk, March 17, 2008.

Leicht-Young, S., and N. B. Pavlovic. 2008. Invasive Plants in a Wildland-Urban Interface. Park Break!, Invited talk, March 19, 2008.

Pavlovic, N. B., R. Grundel, S. Leicht-Young, and K. Frohnapple. 2007. Research and restoration needs in the Calumet Region. Northwest Indiana Invasive Plant Network. Invited speech, December 7, 2007. Porter, IN.

Pavlovic, N. B. and R. Grundel. 2007. The roles of subhabitat, competition, and litter cover on the emergence, survival, and establishment of wild lupine (Lupinus perennis L.). Botanical Society of America, Chicago, IL, July 11, 2007.

Pavlovic, N. B. and S. Leicht-Young. 2007. Spotted knapweed: An invader on the move. Northwest Indiana Invasive Plant Network. August 21, 2007.



Pavlovic, N. B. and R. Grundel. 2007. The roles of subhabitat, competition, and litter cover on the emergence, survival, and establishment of wild lupine (Lupinus perennis L.). Botanical Society of America, Chicago, IL. July 11, 2007.

Grundel, R., N. B. Pavlovic, G. A. Glowacki, S. A. Leicht-Young, and K. J. Potts. 2007. Plants as surrogates for animals in the Chicago region. Botanical Society of America, Chicago, IL. July 9, 2007.



Pavlovic, N. B. 2007. Research at the Indiana Dunes: History, current USGS activities, and contingencies in conducting research in national parks. Indiana Dunes Research Forum, Purdue University Calumet, April 24, 2007.

Leicht-Young, S., N. B. Pavlovic, R. Grundel and k. J. Pots. 2007. Differentiating oriental bittersweet (Celastrus orbiculatus) and American bittersweet (C. scandens) using morphological and molecular methods. Botanical Society of America, Chicago, IL. July 9, 2007.

Pavlovic, N. B. 2007. Patterns of exotic plant invasions from landscapes to habitats. Department of Biological Sciences Seminar Series. March 20, 2007. (Invited)

Pavlovic, N. B., S. Leicht-Young, and R. Grundel. 2006. Distribution of exotic plants within three Great Lakes national parks. Invasive Symposium, North Central Weed Science Society, Milwaukee, WI, December 13, 2006.

Leicht-Young, S., N. B. Pavlovic, John A. Silander jr. and R. Grundel. 2006. Field and Common Garden Ecological and Morphological Character Comparisons for Oriental Bittersweet (Celastrus orbiculatus) and American Bittersweet (C. scandens). Invasive Symposium, North Central Weed Science Society, Milwaukee, WI, December 13, 2006.

Grundel, R. and N. Pavlovic. Value and distinctiveness of oak savannas as avian habitats. Ecological Society of America, Memphis, TN, August 7, 2006.

Pavlovic, N. B., W. Loope, S. Leicht Young, K. Potts, and R. Grundel. The influence of habitat and land use on the distribution and abundance of exotic plants in three Great Lakes national parks. Ecological Society of America, Memphis, TN, August 8, 2006.

Leicht Young, S., N. Pavlovic, J. Silander, and R. Grundel. Field and common garden ecological and morphological character comparison for Celastrus orbiculatus and C. scandens. Ecological Society of America, Memphis, TN, August 10, 2006.

Pavlovic, N. B. and R. Grundel. 2005. Groundlayer vegetation gradients across oak woodland canopy gaps. Ecological Society of America, Montreal, Canada, August 8, 2005.

Grundel, R. and N. B. Pavlovic. 2005. Selecting landscape composition targets during restoration of degraded oak savannas. in Ecological Society of America, Montreal, Canada, August 9, 2005.

Pavlovic, N. B. and R. Grundel. 2004. Groundlayer vegetation gradients across oak woodland canopy gaps. Natural Areas Conference, Chicago, October 14, 2004.

Pavlovic, N. B., W. Loope, and J. Stumpf. 2004. Exotic Plant Invasions in the Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore and Region. First meeting of the Northwest Indiana Exotic Plant Task Force, Porter, IN, October 5, 2004.

Pavlovic, N. B. 2004. Conservation and Restoration of North American Savannas. Talk to the Center for Arid Environments of Curtin University and Kalgoorlie Region Graziers Association, Kalgoorlie, Western Australia, July 2.

Grundel, R. and N.B. Pavlovic. 2004. Selection of avian conservation goals during restoration of degraded oak savannas. Presentation to the annual meeting of the Cooper Ornithological Society, LaCrosse, Wisconsin, May 6.

Pavlovic, N. B., R. Grundel, and L. Forste. 2003. Oak savanna plant diversity across a grassland-forest continuum. Society for Conservation Biology, July 3, Duluth, Mimnesota.

Grundel, R., N. B. Pavlovic, and Gary Glowacki. 2003. Comparison of diverse animal taxa as indicators of oak savanna. Society for Conservation Biology, July 3, Duluth, Mimnesota.

Grundel, R., N. B. Pavlovic, and Gary Glowacki. 2003. Effects of vegetation structure on species use of historic oak savannas. International Association of Great Lakes Researchers Meeting, June 24, 2003.

Pavlovic, N. B., W. Loope, and J. Stumpf. 2002. The Impacts of land use history and disturbance on the distribution of invasive plants in Four Great Lakes National Parks. Chicago Botanic Garden’s Seventh Annual Janet Meakin Poor Research Symposium, Invasive Plants: Global Issues, Local Challenges, October 27-30, Chicago, Illinois.

Grundel, R., N. B. Pavlovic, Eric Garza, David A. Beamer, and Gary A. Glowacki. 2002. Effects of habitat structure and fire history on the herptofauna of oak woodlands. Ecological Society of America, August 4-9 in Tucson, Arizona.

Benjamin, P. K., J. A. Stumpf and N. B. Pavlovic. 2002. A comparison of the efficacy of frequency score and point-intercept sampling methods as rapid assessment tools for monitoring vegetation responses to fire in a Texas mixed grass prairie. 18th North American Prairie Conference,Kirksville, MO, June 24, 2002.

Pavlovic, N. B. and W. Loope. 2001. Inventory and monitoring of exotic plants in three Great Lakes National Parks. Heartland Network (HN) Terrestrial Monitoring Workshop, Cuyahoga National Park, November 28, 2001.

Pavlovic, N. B. and W. Loope. 2001. Inventory and monitoring of exotic plants in three Great Lakes National Parks. Workshop on the Biological Basis for the Control of Purple Loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) held in Trebon, Czech Republic.

Forste, L., L. Schelling, N. B. Pavlovic, and R. Grundel. 2001. The influence of seasonal fire disturbance on flowering phenology in a black oak savanna community in northwest Indiana. Indiana Academy of Science, Fort Wayne, November 9, 2001.

Glowacki, G., D. Beamer, Noel Pavlovic, and Ralph Grundel. 2001. The influence of habitat structure on herpetofaunal communities in northwest Indiana. Indiana Academy of Science, Fort Wayne, November 9, 2001.

Pavlovic, N. B., R. Grundel and W. Sluis. 2001. The relationships of the savanna herbaceous layer to gradients in gap size, light, and soil conditions. Ecological Society of American, Madison, WI. August 10, 2001.

Grundel, R., G. Dulin, and N. B. Pavlovic. 2001. Response of a butterfly community to habitat structure along a continuum of degraded savanna sites. Ecological Society of American, Madison, WI. August 8, 2001.

Pavlovic, N. B. 2001. Savanna, Fire Season and Exotic Plant Research in Northwest Indiana. Talk to the staff of the Indiana Division of Nature Preserves at Indian Oak Inn, Chesterton IN, January 25. 2001.

Pavlovic, N. B. 2001. Fire ecology and oak-savanna habitat research. Briefing to Associate Director, Denny Fenn, at the Great Lakes Science Center, Ann Arbor, January 16, 2001.

Beamer, D., G. Glowacki, R. Grundel, and N. B. Pavlovic. 2000. The role of fire history in structuring amphibian and reptile communities in Northwest Indiana. Indiana Academy of Science. November 3, 2000.

Glowacki, G., D. Beamer, R. Grundel, and N. B. Pavlovic. 2000. The influence of habitat structure on herpetofaunal communities in northwest Indiana. Indiana Academy of Science. November 3, 2000.

Pavlovic, N. B. 1999. Detection and monitoring of plant invasions. Great Lakes Nonindigenous Invasive Species Workshop, sponsored by the Great Lakes National Program Office, U.S. EPA and the Great Lakes Commission, Chicago.

Grundel, R., G. Dulin, and N. B. Pavlovic. 1999. Effect of oak woodland structure on butterfly community composition.61st Midwest Fish and Wildlife Conference. Chicago.

Pavlovic, N. B. 1999. All is not lost! Successes at preventing forest succession and promoting a spectrum of disturbance regimes for the benefit of endangered species of dunes and savanna communities. Ecology and the Chicago Region: from Cowles to Chicago Wilderness. A Celebratory Symposium, The Field Museum, April 9-10, 1999, Chicago, IL. p. 11.

Pavlovic, N. B. 1998. The roles of anthropogenic and natural disturbance in the conservation of the Indiana Dunes. Tri Beta Biological Society: Purdue North Central Unviersity, December 10, 1998.

Grundel, R., G. S. Dulin, A. E. Zammit, and N. B. Pavlovic. 1998. Effects of fire and disturbance history on avian community composition in historic oak savannas. North American Ornithological Conference. St. Louis, Missouri.

Pavlovic, N. B., W. J. Sluis and R. Grundel. 1998. Influence of individual trees on the composition and diversity of savanna herbaceous vegetation. Program Abstracts, Planning for the Seventh Generation, 25th Annual Natural Areas Conference, October 7, 1998, Mackinac Island, MI. p. 53.

Stewart, P. M., T. P. Simon, and N. B. Pavlovic. 1998. Development of a multimetric index of biotic integrity for riverine and palustrine wetland plants communities along southern Lake Michigan. Program Abstracts, Planning for the Seventh Generation, 25th Annual Natural Areas Conference, October 7, 1998, Mackinac Island, MI. p. 74-75.

Grundel, R., G. S. Dulin, A. E. Zammit and N. B. Pavlovic. 1998. Effects of fire and disturbance history on avian community composition in historic oak savannas. North American Ornithological Conference, April 8, St. Louis, MO.

Grundel, R. and N. B. Pavlovic. 1997. Effects of host plant quality and woody vegetation on habitat usage by the Karner blue butterfly. Abstracts of the 59th Midwest Fish and Wildlife Conference, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. p. 194.

Pavlovic, N. B., R. Grundel, and W.J. Sluis. 1997. Effects of canopy geometry and cover on sand savanna herbaceous vegetation. Abstracts of the 4th Midwest Oak Savanna and Woodland Conference, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, July 30-Aug. 2, 1997. p. 51.

Grundel, R. and Noel B. Pavlovic. 1997. How canopy structure affects habitat use by Karner Blue butterflies. Abstracts of the 4th Midwest Oak Savanna and Woodland Conference, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, July 30-Aug. 2, 1997. p. 30.

Pavlovic, N. B. R. Grundel, and W. Sluis. 1996. How gap area and structure affects savanna herbaceous vegetation. Abstracts of the 23rd Natural Areas, 15th North American Prairie and Indiana Dunes Ecosystems Conferences, St. Charles, IL, October 23 26, 1996. p. 72.

Pavlovic, N. B. and E. Kjellmark. 1996. Patterns of diversity in the flora and vegetation of the Indiana Dunes. Abstracts of the 23rd Natural Areas, 15th North American Prairie and Indiana Dunes Ecosystems Conferences, St. Charles, IL, October 23 26, 1996. p. 72.

Cole, K. L. and N. B. Pavlovic. 1996. History and current vegetational dynamics in a prairie/oak savanna in Indiana Dunes. Abstracts of the 23rd Natural Areas, 15th North American Prairie and Indiana Dunes Ecosystems Conferences, St. Charles, IL, October 23 26, 1996. p. 21.

Grundel, R.and N. B. Pavlovic. 1996. Effects of habitat structure on avian nest depredation in oak habitats.at use and larval growth of Karner blue butterfly. Abstracts of the 23rd Natural Areas, 15th North American Prairie and Indiana Dunes Ecosystems Conferences, St. Charles, IL, October 23 26, 1996. p. 39.

Grundel, R., N. B. Pavlovic, and C. L. Sulzman. 1996. Effects of savanna structure on habitat use and larval growth of Karner blue butterfly. Abstracts of the 23rd Natural Areas, 15th North American Prairie and Indiana Dunes Ecosystems Conferences, St. Charles, IL, October 23 26, 1996. p. 39.

Benjamin, P. K., N. B. Pavlovic, and K. L. Cole. 1996. Fire effects on woody species within habitats at Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore. Abstracts of the 23rd Natural Areas, 15th North American Prairie and Indiana Dunes Ecosystems Conferences, St. Charles, IL, October 23 26, 1996. p. 8..

Choi, Y. D. and N. B. Pavlovic. 1996. Divergence of the experimentally restored native vegetation in the Indiana Dunes razed residential sites. Abstracts of the 23rd Natural Areas, 15th North American Prairie and Indiana Dunes Ecosystems Conferences, St. Charles, IL, October 23 26, 1996. p. 19.

Pavlovic, N. B., L. Baggett, and R. Grundel. 1996. The effects of black oak trees on the abundance and diversity of savanna herbaceous vegetation. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, 77:344.(Abstract from ESA August 1996)

Choi, Y. D. and N. B. Pavlovic. 1996. Establishment of native plants in experimental restoration plots in the Indiana Dunes razed residential sites. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 77:80.(Abstract from ESA August 1996)

Cole, K. L., N. B. Pavlovic, and P. Benjamin. 1996. The effect of fire frequency on succession in dune prairie and oak savanna in northern Indiana. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 77:87. (Abstract from ESA August 1996)

Pavlovic, N. B. 1996. Flora of the Indiana Dunes: status and conservation. Biology Colloqium, Valparaiso University, April 15, 1996.

Pavlovic, N. B. 1996. Conservation of the Indiana Dunes: A scientific perspective. Resource Management Research Seminar Series and Interpretive Naturalist Training, Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore, March 26, 1996.

Pavlovic, N. B., R. Grundel, and C. L. Sulzman. 1995. Germination and Establishment of wild lupine (Lupinus perennis) in savanna habitats. Midwest Oak Savanna and Woodland Ecosystem Conference, September 27-29, 1995.

Pavlovic, N. B., R. Grundel, and C. L. Sulzman. 1995. The effect of canopy cover on oak savanna habitat use by the endangered Karner Blue butterfly. Midwest Oak Savanna and Woodland Ecosystem Conference, September 29, 1995.

Benjamin, P. K., K. L. Cole, and N. B. Pavlovic, 1995. Fire effects on woody species within dry oak savanna at Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore. Midwest Oak Savanna and Woodland Ecosystem Conference, September 29, 1995.

Pavlovic, N. B. 1995. Canopy cover and the habitat use of the endangered Karner Blue butterfly. Purdue North Central, Westville, IN April 22, 1995.

Pavlovic, N. B. 1995. Recruitment and intraspecific competition of a rare successional plant along a gradient. Purdue University Northwest, Hammond Indiana. March 15, 1995

Grundel, R., N. B. Pavlovic, and C. L. Sulzman. 1995. The effect of canopy cover on oak savanna habitat use by the endangered Karner Blue butterfly. Ecological Society of America, August 3, 1995.

Choi, Y. D. and N. B. Pavlovic. 1995. Use of fire, herbicide, and sod removal to restore native vegetation in the razed residential sites of Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore. Ecological Society of America, August 1995.

Grundel, R., C. L. Sulzmann, and N. B. Pavlovic. 1994. Oviposition site selection by the Karner Blue butterfly. 56th Midwest Fish and Wildlife Conference, Meeting Program and Abstracts. p. 60: Indianapolis, IN, December 4, 1994.

Pavlovic, N. B., R. Grundel and C. Faczan. 1994. Germination of wild lupine (Lupinus perennis). Indiana Academy of Science, 110th Annual Meeting Programs and Abstracts. p. 36: South Bend, IN, November 4, 1994

Grundel, R., C. L. Sulzman and N. B. Pavlovic. 1994. Determinants of site and plant usage for oviposition by the Karner blue butterfly. Indiana Academy of Science, 110th Annual Meeting Programs and Abstracts. p. 42: November 4, 1994.

Sulzman, C. L., R. Grundel, and N. B. Pavlovic. 1994. The role of habitat quality in the survivorship and growth of Karner blue butterfly larvae. Indiana Academy of Science, 110th Annual Meeting Programs and Abstracts. p. 42: November 4, 1994.

Sulzman, C. L., N. B. Pavlovic, and R. Grundel. 1993. The role of habitat quality in the behavioral dynamics of the Karner Blue butterfly. Indiana Academy of Science, 109th Annual Meeting Programs and Abstracts. p. 46: November 4, 1993.

Choi, Y. D. and N. B. Pavlovic. 1993. Soil-vegetation relationship in three razed residential sites in Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore. Ecological Society of America, Madison, WI, August 1, 1993.

Pavlovic, N. B. 1993. Fire suppression affects on rare plants of black oak savannas. Midwest Oak Savanna Conference, Chicago, IL, February 20, 1993.

McEachern, A. K. and N. B. Pavlovic. 1992. Dune Systems and Dune Processes with Special Emphasis on Cirsium pitcheri. National Park Sservice sponsored Workshop on Endangered Species Training at Sugar Loaf Resort, Michigan, September 15-16, 1992.

Pavlovic, N. B. 1992. Recruitment and interspecific competition of a rare plant along a successional gradient. Ecological Society of America, Waikiki, Hawaii, August 12, 1992.

Pavlovic, N. B. 1992. Experimental Demography of fame flower (Talinum rugospermum). Evolution and Ecology Symposium Series at the University of Illinois at Chicago. March 31, 1992.

Pavlovic, N. B. and M. L. Bowles. 1992. Rare Plant Monitoring at Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore. AAAS, Symposium on efficacy of long-term research in National Parks, Chicago, Illinois, February 8, 1992.

Pavlovic, N. B. 1991. Rare Plant Forays at the St. Croix: Fame, fortune, kittentails, and a wimpy grass. St. Croix River Research Rendezvous, Marine on St. Croix, Minnesota, October 22, 1991.

Pavlovic, N. B. 1990. Paradoxical Effects of Disturbance on Successional Plant Populations: Fame Flower as an Example. Sixth Conference on Research and Resource Management in the National Parks and Equivalent Reserves, El Paso, Texas, November 14, 1990.

Pavlovic, N. B. 1990. Demography of Fame Flower and Associated Implications for Restoration of Successional Species. Second Annual Society for Ecological Restoration Conference, Chicago, Illinois, May 1, 1990.

Pavlovic, N. B. 1990. Demography of fame flower (Talinum rugospermum), a midwestern endemic".Evolution and Ecology Symposium Series at the University of Illinois at Chicago. February 13, 1990.

Pavlovic, N. B. 1989. Experimental demography of fame flower (Talinum rugospermum), a midwestern endemic succulent plant. 16th Annual Natural Areas Conference, Knoxville, Tennessee, Oct. 20, 1989.

Pavlovic, N. B. 1989. Population biology of Talinum rugospermum: A succulent herb endemic to the Midwest. Indiana Dunes Research Symposium (2nd), Indiana Univ. Northwest, Gary, Indiana, May 19, 1989.

Bowles, M., M. DeMauro and N. Pavlovic. 1989. Status and distribution of endangered and threatened plants at Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore in relation to natural and anthropogenic disturbance processes. Indiana Dunes Research Symposium (2nd), Indiana Univ. Northwest, Gary, Indiana, May 18, 1989.

Kjellmark, E. W. and N. B. Pavlovic. 1989. Ordination and classification of the vegetation of the Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore. Indiana Dunes Research Symposium (2nd), Indiana Univ. Northwest, Gary, Indiana, May 18, 1989.

Pavlovic, N. B. 1989. Minimum viable populations for plants. Resource Management/Science Seminar, Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore. February, 1989.

Pavlovic, N. B. 1988. Problems in sampling design and statistical analysis of rare plant monitoring and demographic data. Natural Areas Conference (15th): Ecosystem Management - Rare Species and Signifcant Habitats, Syracuse NY, June 8, 1988.

Cole, K. L. and N. B. Pavlovic. 1988. The paleoecological, presettlement, and historic vegetation of an Indiana sand prairie: The effects of time, water, and fire. Ecological Society of America, Aug. 16, 1988.

Cole, K. L. and N. B. Pavlovic. 1987. Factors influencing the vegetation pattern in a northwest Indiana dune system. Ecological Society of America, Aug. 12, 1987.

Evolution, Ecology and Ecosystems Symposium Series at the University of Illinois at Chicago. Winter 1988. and at Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore Resource Management Series. Spring 1988. Fire effects at Howes' Prairie.

Henderson, N.R. and N. B. Pavlovic. 1986. Primary succession on the southern Lake Michigan sand dunes: a revision of the Cowles hypothesis. Indiana Dunes Research Symposium (2nd), Indiana Univ. Northwest, Gary, Indiana, May 1, 1986.

Hiebert, R. D. and N. B. Pavlovic. 1986. The role of site history in plant succession at Indiana Dunes. Indiana Dunes Research Symposium (2nd), Indiana Univ. Northwest, Gary, Indiana, May 1, 1986.

DeMauro, M. M., M. L. Bowles, W. J. Hess, R. Hiebert and N. Pavlovic. 1986. The impact of anthropogenic disturbances on populations of Cakile edentula (sea rocket) and Euphorbia polygonifolia (seaside spurge) at the Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore. Indiana Dunes Research Symposium (2nd), Indiana Univ. Northwest, Gary, Indiana, May 2, 1986.

Bowles, M. L., W. J. Hess, M. M. Demauro, R. Hiebert, and N. Pavlovic. 1986. Ecological and successional adaptations of endangered and threatened plants in the Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore. Indiana Dunes Research Symposium (2nd), Indiana Univ. Northwest, Gary, Indiana, May 2, 1986.

Pavlovic, N. B., K. Cole and N. Henderson. 1986. Vegetation patterns of the Howes’ Prairie ecosystem. Indiana Dunes Research Symposium (2nd), Indiana Univ. Northwest, Gary, Indiana, May 2, 1986.

Wilcox, D., N. B. Pavlovic, and M. Mueggler. 1985. Selected ecological characteristics of Scirpus cyperinus and its role as an invader of disturbed wetlands. Society of Wetland Scientists 1985 meetings.

Hiebert, R. D. and N. B. Pavlovic. 1985. Effects of Soil variation among past land uses on succession in razed residential sites at the Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore. Ecological Society of America, Minneapolis, MN.

Henderson, N. L. and N. B. Pavlovic. 1984. Primary Succession on the southern Lake Michigan sand dunes: a revision of the models presented by Cowles and Olson. Ecological Society of America 1984 meetings.

Pavlovic, N. B. and E. E. C. Clebsch. 1981. Seed Rain and Seed Banks in the Vicinity of the Spruce fir and Gray Beech Ecotone in the High Elevation Smoky Mountains. Association of Southeastern Biologists 42nd Annual Meeting, Knoxville, TN, April 10, 1981.

Pavlovic, N. B. and E. E. C. Clebsch. 1980. Seed Rain and Seed Banks of a Beech Gap and Spruce Stand in the Great Smoky Mountains. National Park Service: Southeastern Division Research Symposium at Gatlinburg, TN, June 26 28, 1980.

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