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Natural Resources


Revised 6/2006

Introduction

This contest is designed to measure the ability of the student to identify common fauna & flora of California and to test the students’ ability to develop and explain the pros & cons concerning natural resource issues. The contest will attempt to determine or demonstrate scientific and political aspects of Natural Resources of California. The contest will attempt to determine the student’s knowledge needed for future employment and/or advanced education in the field.



Contestants

Teams will consist of 3 or 4 members and the team score will be determined by the team events added to the top three team members’ scores.



Classes




Individual

Team

Plant ID

100

300

Animal ID

100

300

Knowledge Test

100

300

Manipulative Skills

50

150

INDIVIDUAL TOTAL

350

1050

Team Packing

-

150

Team Oral Presentation

-

100

TEAM TOTAL




1300

Tie Breaker

  1. The individual scoring the highest on the knowledge test will be the individual winner. The team scoring the highest on the oral presentation will be the team winner.

  2. If a tie still exists, the total score of the team or individual will be used to determine the high team or individual.

  3. If a tie still exists for an individual or team then the manipulative skills score will determine the high team or individual.

Sub-contest Awards

Sub-contest awards will be given for high teams and individuals in the following areas: Plant ID, Animal ID, Knowledge Test, Manipulative Skills, and Team Packing & Team Oral Presentation combined (team only).



Rules

  1. The State Finals Contest will take place during the Reedley College Winter FFA Field Day and they will be the host.

  2. Part I. Plant ID – 100 points – 50 samples at two points each.

    1. The sample will be freshly cut foliage and fruit or flower, when possible. If a fresh sample is not available, a pressed sample can be utilized. An 8 x 11 picture or a computer-generated picture of similar size can be substituted for Wildflowers and must depict a recognizable sample. The score sheet for Plant Identification will be a copy of the Curricular Code list and will be matching. The students will write the proper number on the line adjacent to the plant’s scientific name (common name next to it). The Plant samples will be numbered 1-50.

    2. A time limit of 45 minutes will be provided for plant identification.

  3. Part II. Animal ID – 100 points - 50 animals at two points each.

    1. Recognizable pictures or mounted specimens may be used. Animals from each area should be equally represented. The score sheet for Animal Identification will be a copy of the Curricular Code list and will be matching. The students will write the proper number on the line adjacent to the animal’s scientific name (common name next to it).

    2. A time limit of 45 minutes will be provided for animal identification.

  4. Part III. Oral Topic Team Presentation – 100 points.

    1. Each team will be given a written scenario on a topic that comes from the national contest immediately following the California Natural Resources State Finals competition and modified to apply to California and the local contest area.

    2. Contestants will have 30 minutes to prepare a ten minute oral presentation. All reference and graphic materials will be provided to the team at the beginning of their preparation time. The judge will ask a question at the conclusion of the presentation. Two minutes will be allowed for the team’s response. Scorecard is in the appendix.

  5. Part IV. Knowledge Test – 100 points.

    1. A written exam consisting of 50 multiple choice questions will be developed from the following Reference: ‘National Audubon Society Field Guide to California,” published by Alfred Knoph and authored by Fred heath and Peter Alden. The questions will come from pages 10 through 65.

  6. Part V. Team Packing – 150 points.

    1. A saddled pack animal, lash rope and mantee will be provided to the team. In even years pack boxes will be provided and a box hitch will be used. The load items may include tools used on the trail such as saws, fuel containers, shovels, or similar trail or camp equipment. In odd years, canvas bags will be provided and a diamond hitch will be used. Possible load items may be sleeping bags and other tack put in canvas bags used on the trail or camp. The cycle will be alternate years.

    2. See score card below.

  7. Part VI. Manipulative Skills (hands on) - 50 points.
    Contest is to include any five of the following activities using a minimum of one from each category at ten points each. Score this section on a continuum scale: From 1-10 points per activity.



    1. Dendochronology

      1. Given a log cross section, determine the age of a tree counting the pith as two years.

      2. Given a log cross section determine the time period of a drought.

      3. Given a log round cross section determine if a fire is indicated in the growth rings.

      4. Using a long round, determine the time period in which a release cut was made.

    2. Measurements/Instrumentation

      1. GPS – entry level skills to include but not limited to marking/finding way points, evaluation, longitude and latitude.

      2. Determine the elevation of a given indicated point, on a topographical/contour map. Ten points possible - 2 per contour intervals off of the correct answer.

      3. Take five random samples each one foot square, of native forage (from rangeland) from a given area (from 2-10 acres) and determine the total weight of biomass (forage) the five plots and then determine the biomass for the indicated area.

      4. Determine the location of two geographical sites, give the latitude and longitude using GPS equipment. 5 points each.

      5. Clinometer used to measure or evaluate slope.

    3. Environmental Analysis

      1. The student will be given five tracks at two points each to identify from page 343 and 344 of the National Audubon Society Field Guide to California.

      2. Given one of the following: Given a Life Zone such as Lower Montane Zone, Upper Montane Zone, Sub Alpine Zone, Alpine Zone, or Foothill Oak Woodland, indicate the primary plants that occupy the Life Zone. Name up to five.

  8. Reference:

    1. The ‘National Audubon Society Field Guide to California’, by Alden and Heath, published by Alfred Knoph, New York

Appendices

Part I. – Plant ID

Browse










___

Adenostoma fasiculatum

Chamise

___

Amsinckia menziesii

Fiddleneck

___

Arctostaphylus manzanita

Common Manzanita

___

Artemisia spp

California Sage or Big Sagebrush

___

Baccharis pilularis

Coyote Bush

___

Ceanothus cuneatus

Buckbrush

___

Ceanothus thyrsiflorus

Blue Blossom

____

Cerocarpus betuloides

Mountain Mahogany

___

Cornus stolonifera

Red Osier Dogwood

___

Cercis occidentalis

Western Redbud

___

Cytisus scoparius

Scotch Broom

___

Eriogonum fasiculatum

California Buckwheat

____

Garrya elliptica

Silktassel

___

Heteromeles arbutifolia

Toyon

___

Hordeum jubatum

Foxtail Barley

___

Isomeris arborea

Bladder Pod

___

Juniperus californica

California Juniper

___

Marah macrocarpus

Wild Cucumber

___

Larrea tridentate

Creosote Bush

___

Lonicera hispidula

California Honeysuckle

___

Polystichum munitum

Western Sword Fern

___

Prosopis pubescens

Screwbean Mesquite

___

Quercus dumosa

Scrub Oak

___

Rhamnus californica

Coffeeberry

___

Rhus ovata

Sugar Bush

___

Ribes aureum

Golden Current

___

Ribes speciosum

Fuchsia Flowered Gooseberry

___

Rubus ursinus

Trailing Blackberry

___

Salix hindsiana

Sandbar Willow

___

Vaccinium ovatum

Evergreen Huckleberry

___

Vitis californica

California Wild Grape










Trees







___

Abies concolor

White Fir

___

Acer negundo

California Box Elder

___

Alnus rubra

Red Alder

___

Arbutus menziesii

Pacific madrone

___

Calocedrus decurrens

Incense Cedar

___

Cornus nuttallii

Pacific Dogwood

___

Fraxinus latifolia

Oregon Ash

___

Juglans californica

California Black Walnut

___

Juniperus occidentalis

Western Juniper

___

Pinus contorta

Lodgepole Pine

___

Pinus lambertiana

Sugar Pine

___

Pinus ponderosa

Ponderosa or Yellow Pine

___

Pinus sabiniana

Foothill or Gray Pine

___

Platanus racemosa

California Sycamore

___

Populus fremontii

Fremont Cottonwood

___

Populus tremuloides

Quaking Aspen

___

Pseudotsuga menziesii

Douglas Fir

___

Quercus chrysolepis

Canyon Live Oak

___

Quercus douglasii

Blue Oak

___

Quercus kelloggi

California Black Oak

___

Quercus lobata

Valley Oak

___

Salix lucida

Pacific Willow

___

Sambucus mexicana

Blue Elderberry

___

Sequoia sempervirens

Coastal Redwood

___

Sequoiadendron giganteum

Giant Sequoia

___

Umbellularia californica

California Bay Laural

___

Yucca brevifolia

Joshua Tree

___

Yucca schidigera

Mojave Yucca










Wild Flowers







___

Aguilegia formosa

Red Columbine

___

Castilleja spp.

Paintbrush

___

Delphinium nuttallianum

Nuttall’s Larkspur

___

Datura stramonium

Jimson Weed

___

Epilobium canum

California Fuchsia

___

Erodium cirutarium

Red-Stem Fillaree

___

Erysimum capitatum

Western Wallflower

___

Eschscholzia californica

California Poppy

___

Fragaria vesca

Woodland Strawberry

___

Heracleum lanatum

Cow Parsnip

___

Lasthenia californica

California Goldenfields

___

Lilium paradalinum

Leopard Lily

___

Iris missouriensis

Western Blue Flag Iris

___

Lupinus spp.

Lupine

___

Mimulus aurantiacus

Bush Monkey Flower

___

Mentha arvensis

Field Mint

___

Nemophila menziesii

Baby Blue Eyes

___

Pennisetum setaceum

Fountain Grass

___

Potentilla pacifica

Pacific Silverweed

___

Rhomneya coulteri

Matilija Poppy

___

Rosa californica

California Wild Rose

___

Salvia dorrii

Grayball Sage

___

Sarcodes sanguinea

Snow Plant

___

Taraxacum officinale

Dandelion

___

Typha latifolia

Broadleafed Cattail

___

Urtica dioica

Stinging Nettle

___

Viola adunca

Western Blue Violet

___

Verbascum thapsus

Wooly Mullein

___

Xerophyllum tenax

Bear Grass

___

Zigadenus venenosus

Death Camas


Part II. Animal ID

A balanced selection of items from each area is recommended.



Mammals -

Tracks, Pictures or Mounts




___

Antilocarpa americana

Pronghorn Antelope

___

Balaenoptera musculus

Blue Whale

___

Canis latrans

Coyote

___

Cervus elaphus

Tule Elk

___

Didelphis virgiviana

Virginia Opossum

___

Enhydra lutris

Sea Otter

___

Erethizon dorsatum

Porcupine

___

Felis concolor

Mountain Lion

___

Lepus californicus

Black Tailed Rabbit

___

Lynx rufus

Bobcat

___

Lutra canadensis

Northern River Otter

___

Marmonta flaviventris

Yellow-Bellied Marmot

___

Martes americana

American Marten

___

Megaptera novaeangliae

Humpback Whale

___

Mephitis mephitis

Striped Skunk

___

Odocoileus hemoinus

Black-tailed Deer

___

Orcinus orca

Killer Whale (Orca)

___

Ovis canadensis

Bighorn Sheep

___

Procyon lotor

Raccoon

___

Sciurus griseus

Western Gray Squirrel

___

Spermophilus beecheyi

California Ground Squirrel

___

Sylvilagus audubonii

Cottontail

___

Tamias amoenus

Yellow-Pine Chipmunk

___

Taxidea taxus

American Badger

___

Tursiops truncatus

Bottled-Nosed Dolphin

___

Urocyon cinereoargenteus

Gray Fox

___

Urus americanus

Black Bear

___

Vulpes velox

Kit Fox

___

Zalophus californianus

California Sea Lion










Birds







___

Aix sponsa

American Wood Duck

___

Anas crecca

Green-winged Teal

___

Anas cyanoptera

Cinnamon Teal

___

Anas platyrhynchos

Mallard

___

Aquila chrysaetos

Golden Eagle

___

Ardea herodias

Great Blue Heron

___

Branta canadensis

Canada Goose

___

Bubo virginianus

Great Horned Owl

___

Bucephala albeola

Bufflehead

___

Buteo jamaicensis

Red Tailed Hawk

___

Buteojam aicensis

Valley Quail

___

Cathartes aura

Turkey Vulture

___

Ceryle alcyon

Belted King Fisher

___

Charadrius vociferous

Killdeer

___

Colaptes auratus

Flicker

___

Egretta thula

Snowy Egret

___

Falco peregrinus

Peregrine Falcon

___

Falco sparverius

American Kestrel

___

Geococcyx californianus

Greater Roadrunner

___

Haliaeetus leucocephalus

Bald Eagle

___

Melanerpes formicivorus

Acorn Woodpecker

___

Meleagris gallopaua

California Wild Turkey

___

Oreortyx pictus

Mountain Quail

___

Sturnella neglecta

Meadow Lark

___

Tyto alba

Barn Owl

___

Zenaida macroura

Mourning Dove










Fish







___

Acipenser transmontanus

White Sturgeon

___

Ameiurus nebulosus

Brown Bullhead/Speckled Catfish

___

Catostomus occidentalis

Sacramento Sucker

___

Cyprinus carpio

Common Carp

___

Dasyatis dipterura

Diamond Stingray

___

Gymnothorax mordax

California Moray

___

Hypsypops rubicundus

Garibaldi

___

Ictalurus punctatus

Channel Catfish

___

Lepomis macrochirus

Bluegill

___

Micropterus dolomieu

Smallmouth Bass

___

Micropterus salmoides

Largemouth Bass

___

Mola mola

Ocean Sunfish

___

Morone saxatilis

Striped Bass

___

Ophiodon elongatus

Lingcod

___

Oncorhynchus kisutch

Coho/Silver Salmon

___

Oncorhynchus tshawtyscha

Chinook/King Salmon

___

Oncorhynchus aquabonita

Golden Trout

___

Oncorhynchus (Salmo) mykiss

Rainbow Trout

___

Paralichthys californicus

California Halibut

___

Pomoxis annularis

White Crappie

___

Salvelinus fontinalis

Brook Trout

___

Salmo trutta

Brown Trout

___

Sarda chiliensis

Pacific Bonito

___

Thunnus thynnus

Bluefin Tuna

___

Thunnus alalunga

Albacore

___

Xiphias gladius

Swordfish










Amphibians and Reptiles







___

Bufo boreas

Western Toad

___

Charina bottae

Rubber boa

___

Coleonyx variegatus

Western Banded Gecko

___

Crotalus cerastes

Sidewinder Rattlesnake

___

Crotalus viridis

Western Rattlesnake

___

Dicamptodon ensatus

Giant Pacific Salamander

___

Diadophis punctatus

Ringneck Snake

___

Elgaria multicarinata

Alligator Lizard

___

Ensatina eschscholtzii

Ensatina Salamander

___

Eumeces skiltonianus

Western Skink

___

Gopherus agassizii

Desert Tortoise

___

Hyla regilla

Pacific Tree Frog

___

Lampropeltis getulus

Common Kingsnake

___

Lampropeltis zonota

California Mountain Kingsnake

___

Lichanura trivirgata

Rosy Boa

___

Pituophis melanoleucus

Gopher Snake

___

Phrynosoma coronatum

Coast Horned Lizard

___

Rana catesbeiana

Bull Frog

___

Sauromalus obesus

Chuckwalla

___

Sceloporus occidentalis

Western Fence Lizard

___

Taricha torusa

California Newt

___

Thamnophis elegans

Western Terrestrial Garter Snake

___

Thamnophis sirtalis

Common Garter Snake








Total Correct ______________

Oral Presentation Scorecard

Skill

Points

Technical Knowledge of the Subject

20

Organization (into, body, conclusion)

20

Speech (delivery and force)

20

Solutions and Critical Thinking

20

Balance Between Team Members

20

Possible Total

100

Animal Packing Score Card

Skill

Points

Safety and Confidence with Animals

35

Quality and Balance of Load

35

Proper and Secure Mantee and Hitch

40

Team Work

25

Time

15

Total (if within 8 minutes)

150

Note: Full credit will be awarded up to 8 minutes. Deduct 5 points per minute after 8 minutes. Stop the team after 12 minutes have elapsed. The most that can be deducted for going past 12 minutes is 15 points.





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