|Methodical instruction for students
Lesson № 2 (seminar – 6 hours)
1. Philosophy of the Middle Ages, its peculiar features.
2. Philosophy of the Renaissance period.
3. West-European philosophy of New Age and Enlightenment.
Aim: – to unfold peculiarities of Middle Ages type of philosophy and disclose the problems field of Middle Ages;
– to explain peculiarities of Renaissance transformation of Christian worldview, to point out the single line of development of philosophical schools of European Renaissance;
– to disclose peculiar features and problems field of philosophy of New Age and Enlightenment.
Professional orientation of students: – to give students the system of medical knowledge on development of chemistry in the period of Middle Ages philosophy. To enlarge the professional level of students with knowledge about Aviscena – the author of the more than 100 books on medicine;
– to disclose to students peculiarities of medical knowledge in the Renaissance period;
– to disclose to students peculiarities of medical knowledge in the period of New Age and Enlightenment epoch.
Students’ independent work program
I. Philosophy of the Middle Ages, its peculiar features.
1. Apologetics, patristics, scholastics in the Medieval philosophy.
2. Heliocentrism and doctrine about eternity of the Universe.
3. Religious character of the Middle Ages.
ІІ. Philosophy of the Renaissance period.
1. Problem of man in the philosophy of the Renaissance period.
ІІІ. West-European philosophy of New Age and Enlightenment.
1. Social-cultural characteristics of the XVII – XVIII c. Empirism of F.Bacon.
2. Rationalism of European philosophy of the XVII c. in creative work of R. Descartes.
3. Doctrine about substance in the philosophy of B. Spinoza.
4. G. Leibniz: doctrine about plurality of substances.
5. Enlightenment and French materialism in the XVIII c.
Tests and questions for self-control:
1. Match two groups of words: person – date of birth.
1. Justin Martyr a. 1033 – 1109
2. Anselm b. 1225 – 1274
3. St. Basil c. 1079 – 1142
4. Thomas Aquinas d. 100 – 165
5. Peter Abelard e. 313
6. Council of Nicaea f. 339 – 397
7. “Edict of Milan” g. 329 – 379
8. St. Ambrose h. 325
9. Origen i. 185 – 254
10. Jerome j. 340 – 420
Answers: 1d, 2a, 3g, 4b, 5c, 6h, 7e, 8f, 9i, 10j.
2. Match two groups of words: author – book
1. Baldassare Castiglione a. Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy
2. Martin Luther b. The Decameron
3. Jacob Burckhardt c. On the Revolution of the Heavenly Bodies
4. Giovanni Boccaccio d. Book of the Courtier
5. Nicolaus Copernicus e. Institutes of the Christian Religion
6. John Calvin f. The Babylonian Captivity
Answers: 1d, 2f, 3a, 4b, 5c, 6e
2. Point out the essential features of the Enlightenment epoch.
3. Name 3 elements of natural law of man according to J. Locke.
4. Name 2 essential features of substance according to Spinoza’s doctrine.
5. Name 2 kinds of knowledge according to Leibniz’ doctrine.
Initial level of knowledge and skills:
– students should possess knowledge about history of medicine and culture of the Middle Ages;
– students should know the basic notions, categories and the main stages of development of the culture and history of medicine of the Ranaissance period;
– students should know the basic notions, categories and the main stages of development of the culture and history of medicine in the period of New Age and Enlightenment.
Student should know:
– peculiarities of Middle Ages type of Philosophy, the main stages of development and the problems field of Middle Ages philosophy;
– what changes Christian world perception did undergo in the period of Renassance; why humanistic outlook appeared as an internally contracting phenomenon; what were the leading accents of the Renassance philosophy;
– what is true innovativeness of a new historical epoch; what were the main content accents of new-European outlook.
Student should be able to:
– compare antique culture and Middle Ages philosophy, point out negative and positive features of Middle Ages outlook;
– explain peculiarities of Renaissance transformation of Christian world perception, to point out the single logical line of development of philosophical schools of European Renaissance;
– determine content of the main philosophical positions, which were established in the period of New Age; point out and explain internal connection among basic trends of New Age philosophy.
4. Hartman, Robert S. (1967). The Structure of Value. USI Press. 384 pages.
5. Findlay, J. N. (1970). Axiological Ethics. New York: Macmillan. ISBN 0-333-00269-5. 100 pages.
6. Rescher, Nicholas (2005). Value Matters: Studies in Axiology. Frankfurt: Ontos Verlag. ISBN 3-937202-67-6. 140 pages.
7. Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius, The Consolation of Philosophy, Chicago: The Great Books foundation 1959.
8. Copleston F. С. History of Philosophy, 8 vol. New York: Doubleday, 1966.
9. Edwards, Paul, Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 8 vol. New York: Macmillan,1967.
10. Jones, W. T. A History of Western Philosophy, 5 vol. New York: Harper &Row, 1976.
11. Pojman L. P. Philosophical Traditions. - London: WPC, 1998.
14. Copleston F. С. History of Philosophy, 8 vol. New York: Doubleday, 1966.
15. Edwards, Paul, Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 8 vol. New York: Macmillan,1967.
16. Jones, W. T. A History of Western Philosophy, 5 vol. New York: Harper &Row, 1976.
17. Pojman L. P. Philosophical Traditions. - London: WPC, 1998.