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Methodical instruction for students Lesson №1 (seminar – 6 hours) Тhemes

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Methodical instruction for students

Lesson № 1 (seminar – 6 hours)


1. The Philosophy, its main categories and problems.

2. The philosophy of the Ancient East.

3. The philosophy of the Antique Greece.

Aim: – to explain peculiar features of philosophy origin in terms of history, characteristic features of philosophical thinking, structure of outlook and the main functions of philosophy.

Professional orientation of students: to enlarge outlook of future medical workers with knowledge about unique ability of human consciousness and thinking.

Students’ independent work program

I.      Philosophy, circle of its questions and destination.

1.     The main problems of philosophy.

2.     Specific character of philosophical knowledge.

3.     Features of the mythological outlook.

4.     Social functions of philosophy.

5. Outlook, its essence, structure and significance for human life.

6.      Historical types of outlook: mythology, religion and philosophy. Evolution of outlook.


ІІ.  The philosophy of the Ancient East.

1. Origin of philosophical thought. Eastern and Western types of cultural development.

2.  Philosophy of Ancient India (Vedas philosophy, Buddhism).

3.      Buddhism as religion-philosophical doctrine.

4. Philosophical conceptions of Ancient China (Confucianism, Taoism).

ІІІ. The philosophy of the Antique Greece.

1. Peculiarities of the Antique Philosophy

2.  The pre-Socratic period: Anaximander, Pythagoras, Thales.

3. The classic period: Socrates, Plato, Aristotle.

4. The hellinistic period: stoics, skeptics.

Tests and questions for self-control:

Tests and questions for self-control:

1.     Name 3 historical types of outlook.

2.     Name 3 elements of the structure of outlook.

3.     Name 3 factors of formation of outlook.

4.     Name 3 aspects that differentiate the West and East cultural traditions.

5.     Name 3 periods in the development of the Indian Philosophy.

6.     Name the difference between the orthodox and non-orthodox philosophical schools in India.

7.     Name the main orthodox philosophical schools in India.

8.     Point out 8 steps of Yoga.

9.     Point out the noble truth of Buddhism.

10. Name the schools of the Ancient China philosophy.

11. Name the founder of the Confucianism.

12. Name the founder of Daoism.

Test Samples

1. … thinking is based on reflection of nature and the man in the light of the tribal relations.

A. Mythological

B. Religious

C. Philosophical

D. Eastern

E. Western


2. What type of culture implies active transformation and mastering the nature by man?

A. Mythology

B. There is no correct answer

C. All the answers are correct

D. Eastern type of cultural development

E. Western type of cultural development


3. What type of cultural tradition limits the individual freedom in the name of the interest of society?

A. Mythology

B. There is no correct answer

C. All the answers are correct

D. Eastern type of cultural development

E. Western type of cultural development


4. … texts are represented in the form of treatises with logical structure.

A. Mythological

B. There is no correct answer

C. All the answers are correct

D. Eastern cultural

E. Western cultural


5. What does MOKSA mean from Sanskrit?

A. reality

B. release

C. the wheel of rebirth

D. punishment and reward

E. illusion


6. According to …, whatever a man sows, whether in actions or thoughts the fruits will eventually be reaped by him – if not in this life then in the next.

A. karma

B. reincarnation

C. déjà vu

D. maya

E. nirvana


7. The cast that comprises manual workers.

A. Brahmin

B. Kshatriya

C. Vaisya

D. Sudra

E. There is no correct answer


8. … holds the God and the world exist separately from one’s self.

A. Mimamsa-sutra

B. Advaita

C. Atomism and Logic

D. Analysis and Yoga

E. Theistic Vedanta


9. … is against stealing, sexual impurity and toward study and God centeredness

A. Moral discipline

B. Physical discipline

C. Stages of meditation

D. There is no correct answer

E. All the answers are correct


10. What did Buddha preach in his first sermon?

A. Four noble truths

B. Two noble truths

C. Six noble truths

D. Three noble truths

E. Five noble truths

Test answers:






















Initial level of knowledge and skills:

– students should know the basics of psychiatry; possess knowledge about abilities of human psychics and verbal apparatus;

– students should know the basic notions and categories of the philosophy of religion.

Student should know:

–       what is outlook, its constituent elements and typology; peculiar features of philosophy origin in terms of history; characteristic features of philosophical thinking; structure and the main functions of philosophy;

Student should be able to:

–       point out elements of philosophical thinking in definite knowledge; explain the main functions of philosophy;






4.                        Hartman, Robert S. (1967). The Structure of Value. USI Press. 384 pages.

5.                        Findlay, J. N. (1970). Axiological Ethics. New York: Macmillan. ISBN 0-333-00269-5. 100 pages.

6.                        Rescher, Nicholas (2005). Value Matters: Studies in Axiology. Frankfurt: Ontos Verlag. ISBN 3-937202-67-6. 140 pages.

7.                        Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius, The Consolation of Philosophy, Chicago: The Great Books foundation 1959.

8.                        Copleston F. С. History of Philosophy, 8 vol. New York: Doubleday, 1966.

9.                        Edwards, Paul, Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 8 vol. New York: Macmillan,1967.

10.                        Brisson, L. et al. Lire les Présocratiques. Presses universitaires de France, Paris, 2012.

11.                        Burnet, John, Early Greek Philosophy, Meridian Books, New York, 1957

12.                        Colli, Giorgio, The Greek Wisdom (La Sapienza greca, 3 vol. Milan 1977-1980)

13.                        De Vogel, Cornelia J., Greek Philosophy, Volume I, Thales to Plato, E.J. Brill, Leiden, 1963

14.                        Lloyd, G. E. R., Early Greek Science: Thales to Aristotle. New York: Norton, 1970.

15.                        Kirk, G.S., Raven, J.E. & Schofield, M., The Presocratic Philosophers (Second Edition), Cambridge University Press, 1983

16.                        Nahm, Milton C., Selections from Early Greek Philosophy, Appleton-Century-Crofts, Inc., 1962

17.                        Giannis Stamatellos, Introduction to Presocratics: A Thematic Approach to Early Greek Philosophy with Key Readings, Wiley-Blackwell, 2012.

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