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Medical use and toxic properties of rue (Ruta graveolens) and peppermint


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Medical use and toxic properties of rue (Ruta graveolens) and peppermint (Mentha piperita)
Nóra Kováts, András Ács, Maha Refaey, Zsuzsanna Simonné Baán

University of Pannonia, Institute of Environmental Engineering, 8200 Veszprém

P.O.Box 158, toxlab@almos.vein.hu

Several chemicals have been identified which are produced by different herbs, also, their mode of action is also well-known. The purpose of the study was to find out if herbs are producing chemicals ‘on purpose’, for self-defence. Specificity of chemicals produced by two selected medical plants, rue (Ruta graveolens) and peppermint (Mentha piperita) was represented by different ecotoxicity tests: insecticide property by standard Daphnia test and bactericide property by the Vibrio fischeri bioluminescence inhibition test.



Keywords: rue, peppermint, ecotoxicology, bioassay, Vibrio fischeri, Daphnia magna


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