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Key Learning Students will learn about the history of the Nobel Prize and examine past Nobel Peace Prize Laureates. Students will examine the needs of children and consider the rights of all children. The Australian Curriculum


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A
Episode 28

15th October 2013

ctivity


Peace Prize
Key Learning

    Students will learn about the history of the Nobel Prize and examine past Nobel Peace Prize Laureates. Students will examine the needs of children and consider the rights of all children.

    The Australian Curriculum

      English / Language / Language variation and change

    Investigate how vocabulary choices, including evaluative language can express shades of meaning, feeling and opinion (ACELA1525)

    Understand the use of vocabulary to express greater precision of meaning, and know that words can have different meanings in different contexts(ACELA1512)



    Incorporate new vocabulary from a range of sources into students’ own texts including vocabulary encountered in research (ACELA1498)







      English / Literature / Literature and context

    Identify and explore ideas and viewpoints about events, issues and characters represented in texts drawn from different historical, social and cultural contexts (ACELT1619)

    Make connections between students’ own experiences and those of characters and events represented in texts drawn from different historical, social and cultural contexts (ACELT1613)



    Identify aspects of literary texts that convey details or information about particular social, cultural and historical contexts (ACELT1608)








    Discussion Questions

  1. What group recently won the Nobel Peace Prize?

  2. Who else has won the Nobel Peace Prize in past years?

  3. Why did the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) win the Nobel Peace Prize?

  4. Where in the Middle East did OPCW go to help stop the use of chemical weapons?

  5. Who started the Nobel Peace Prize?

  6. Describe the story behind why the Nobel Prize was started.

  7. What fields of achievement is the Nobel Prize awarded?

  8. Who was a favourite to win this year’s Nobel Peace Prize? Describe her story.

  9. Why is getting an education important to you? List your reasons.

  10. Write a message to Malala on the BtN Peace Prize story page.



    Activities



Inquiry questions

After watching the BtN Peace Prize story, facilitate a questions and answers discussion to encourage students to engage with the topic and learn more about the Nobel Peace Prize. Provide students with the opportunity to conduct their own investigative research, using some of the following questions.




    Research questions

  • What is the Nobel Prize?

  • List the six fields in which Nobel Prizes are awarded.

  • What is a Nobel Prize Laureate?

  • How many women have won the Nobel Peace Prize?

  • Who is the youngest person to have won a Nobel Prize (across all fields)?

  • Who is the oldest person to have won a Nobel Prize (across all fields)?

  • Calculate the average age of Nobel Peace Prize Laureates (based on the year they were awarded the prize).

  • What Laureates have been awarded a Nobel Prize twice?






    Children’s Rights: Malala Yousafzai



As a class listen to Malala Yousafzai’s United Nations (UN) speech. http://webtv.un.org/watch/malala-yousafzai-addresses-united-nations-youth-assembly/2542094251001/. Students will then complete one or more of the following activities



  • Following is an excerpt taken from Malala Yousafzai’s UN speech. Explain what Malala meant by this and how her speech was not for herself but for all girls and boys.

    • They thought that the bullet would silence us but they failed. Nothing changed in my life except this, weakness, fear and hopelessness died and strength, power and courage were born.



  • Compare Malala’s speech to other inspirational speeches, including Martin Luther King’s I Have a Dream speech. http://freedoms-ring.org/?view=Speech



  • Read BBC’s Diary of a Pakistani Schoolgirl. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7834402.stm As a class compare and contrast a day in your life to that of a Pakistani school kid. Write your own day in the life diary.




  • Ask students what they think a ‘right’ is. Brainstorm a list of basic human rights for everyone. Are there any rights that are more important to children? Refer to BtN’s Kids’ Rights resource http://www.abc.net.au/btn/resources/teacher/episode/20111025-kidsrights.pdf. Students will develop a deeper understanding of the UN Convention on the Rights of a Child.





Nobel Peace Prize Laureates: Complete the following table

Laureate (Prize winner)

Name

Year

Country

Why was this person awarded the Nobel Peace Prize?

Include any other interesting facts.





































































































Biography

Students will develop an in depth biography on a Nobel Peace Prize Laureate.


Establish what students already know about the Nobel Peace Prize Laureate. What sort of information is included in a biography? What does a biography tell us about a person?

The following website has examples of biographies for students to look at


http://www.civicsandcitizenship.edu.au/cce/contemporary_gallery,14538.html
The following plan provides a guide for students when writing a biography.

  • Research

  • Create a plan (including, what areas of interest will you focus on?)

  • Start writing

  • Edit

For a more detailed plan download this pdf document. http://planningwithkids.com/wp-content/2012/06/PWK-How-to-write-a-Biography-v1.0.pdf


Encourage students to present their research using maps, timelines, drawings and photographs in an interesting way, for example using:

  • Prezi http://prezi.com/index/

  • Glogster http://www.glogster.com/

  • Bio Cube Creator http://www.readwritethink.org/files/resources/interactives/cube_creator/

Remind students that they will need to cite all references in a bibliography at the end of their biography.



Further Investigation

Play the Peace Doves Game. Disarm the world with the help of peace doves! http://www.nobelprize.org/educational/peace/nuclear_weapons/




8 Related Research Links

ABC News – The Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons wins the Nobel Peace Prize



http://www.abc.net.au/news/2013-10-11/chemical-weapons-watchdog-wins-nobel-peace-prize/5017768
ABC News – Malala Yousafzai: What does the Nobel Peace Prize nominee stand for?

http://www.abc.net.au/news/2013-10-11/malala-nobel-peace-prize-nominee-oslo/5003490
CBBC News round – Pakistan schoolgirl Malala Yousafzai shot by Taliban

http://www.bbc.co.uk/newsround/19897634
CBBC Newsround – Syria chemical weapons monitors win Nobel Peace Prize
http://www.bbc.co.uk/newsround/24491795
BBC News – Diary of a Pakistani schoolgirl

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/7834402.stm
Time for Kids – Day in the life: Pakistan

http://www.timeforkids.com/destination/pakistan/day-in-life
Behind the News – Children’s Rights

http://www.abc.net.au/btn/story/s3615871.htm
Unicef – The rights of the Child

http://www.unicef.org.au/Discover/What-we-do/Convention-on-the-Rights-of-the-Child/childfriendlycrc.aspx
ABC News – Watch Malala’s UN speech in full

http://webtv.un.org/watch/malala-yousafzai-addresses-united-nations-youth-assembly/2542094251001/

Behind the News – Kids Rights



http://www.abc.net.au/btn/story/s3343592.htm
Behind the News – Pakistan Kids

http://www.abc.net.au/btn/story/s2555081.htm



©ABC 2013




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