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Guidelines farm feeds


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GUIDELINES - FARM FEEDS
INDEX


GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR FARM FEEDS

1. Substances whose use is prohibited in mixed farm feeds

2. Ingredients allowed in mixed farm feeds

3. Undesirable substances with limited use in farm feeds

4. Maximum and minimum levels of additives in farm feeds

5. Additives in complementary, supplementary and concentrated farm feeds

6. Maximum and minimum levels of stock remedies in farm feeds

7. Stock Remedies in complementary, supplementary and concentrated farm feeds

8. Sampling of farm feeds

9. Analysis method

10. Tolerances

11. Guidelines relating to ingredients and other products

ANNEXURE 1 – INGREDIENT DEFINITIONS

1. Alfalfa/Lucerne Products

2. Amino Acids and Related Products

3. Animal Products

4. Barley Products

5. Brewers Products

6. Citrus Products

7. Cereal Grains

8. Distillers' Products

9. Fats and Oils

9.7 Restaurant Oil or Fat

10. Fermentation Products

11. Grain Sorghums

12. Maize

13. Marine Products

14. Milk Products

15. Mineral Products

16. Miscellaneous Products

17. Molasses

18. Non-Protein Nitrogen

19. Oat Products

20. Oilseeds

21. Legume Seeds

22. Oilseed Products

22.21 Oilseed Products - Soya Bean Products

23. Recycled Animal Waste Products

24. Rice Products

25. Wheat Products

26. Yeast

ANNEXURE 2 – ADDITIVES

Table 2.1 Permitted Antioxidants

Table 2.2 Aromatic and Appetising Substances (Generally accepted as safe)

Table 2.3 Permitted Preservatives

Table 2.4 Permitted Colourants

Table 2.5 Permitted Emulsifiers, Stabilisers, Thickeners and Gelling Agents

Table 2.5 (CONT)

Table 2.6 Permitted Binders, Anticaking Agents and Coagulants

Table 2.6 (CONT)

ANNEXURE 3

Non-Protein Nitrogen Sources for Ruminants

ANNEXURE 4

Undesirable Substances in Farm Feeds

ANNEXURE 5

ANNEXURE 6

Permitted Stock Remedies

ANNEXURE 7

What are ASAVs/Sampling (ASVs)

Table 7.1 Acceptable analytical and sampling variations of moisture, protein, fat fibre, ash, Ca, P, Na, Cl, K, Mg and S in finished feeds

Table 7.2 Acceptable analytical and sampling variations of moisture, protein, fat fibre, ash, Ca, P, Na, Cl, K, Mg and S in ingredients

Table 7.3 Acceptable analytical and sampling variations of micro minerals, vitamins, medications, micro elements (0-1000 mg/kg) finished feeds and ingredients

ANNEXURE 8

General Feed Terms

ANNEXURE 9

Farm Feed Guideline Tables



GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR FARM FEEDS




1. Substances whose use is prohibited in mixed farm feeds

(1) The use of the ingredients in Annexure 5 is prohibited in mixed farm feeds.


(2) A product shall not be registered as a farm feed if

(a) it contains any feed ingredient of such nature or in such quantities that it could cause an interaction leading to the loss of one or more of the nutrients in that product such as to be below the intended nutritional requirement for that product;


(b) it consists of or contains any substance of animal origin, including excreta or other by-products, and which has not been sterilised beforehand to such extent that the infection or contamination of such product with Bacillus anthracis, organisms of the gas-gangrene type, other pathogenic or putrefactive organisms of viable micro-organisms or substances has been reduced to the level where such organisms or substances will be injurious to or endanger the health or detrimentally affect the productive capacity of animals to which such product is fed;

2. Ingredients allowed in mixed farm feeds

(1) The use of the ingredients as specified in Annexure 1 is allowed, in mixed farm feeds unless designated otherwise in the definitions.


(2) The bold print names are acceptable ingredient names unless designated otherwise in the definitions.
(3) All ingredients with the exception of grain cereals must conform and be registered according to these definitions .

3. Undesirable substances with limited use in farm feeds

(1) Feed ingredients for use in farm feeds may not be sold in the Republic of South Africa unless they are sound, genuine and of merchantable quality.


(2) In particular, and subject to the provisions in Annexure 4, feed ingredients for use in farm feeds cannot be considered as sound, genuine and of merchantable quality if the level of undesirable substances or products is so high as to make it impossible to respect the maximum levels fixed for mixed farm feeds in Annexure 4.
(3) The substances and products listed in Annexure 4 shall be tolerated in farm feeds only under the conditions set out therein.
(4) The Registrar may authorise that the maximum levels provided for in Annexure 4 in respect of farm feeds may be exceeded in the case of farm feed which is produced and used in the same geographical area and used on the same agricultural holding, where this is necessary for particular local reasons.
(5) The feed ingredients intended for use in farm feeds listed in Annexure 4 may be sold only if their content of the undesirable substance or product mentioned in column 1 of the Annexure mentioned does not exceed the maximum level laid down in column 3 of that Annexure.
(6) Where the content of the undesirable substance or product listed in column 1 of Annexure 4 exceeds the level laid down in column 3 of Annexure 4 in respect of an unmixed farm feed, the feed ingredient listed in column 2 of Annexure 4 may, without prejudice to sub-guideline (5), be sold only if it is intended for use by an establishment which has received written permission from the Registrar to do so, and if the undesirable substance or product concerned is accompanied by a document stating:
(a) that the feed ingredient is intended for manufacturers of mixed farm feeds who have been given permission by the Registrar;

(b) that the feed ingredient may not be fed unprocessed to livestock;


(c) the quantity of the undesirable substance or product contained in the feed ingredient.
(7) Establishments wishing to sell the feed ingredients specified in sub-guideline (6) shall apply in writing to the Registrar for such permission. The Registrar may, at his discretion, inspect the establishment concerned, before either granting or refusing in writing the request for permission.
(8) Complementary, supplement and concentrated farm feeds, may not, allowing for dilutions prescribed for their use, contain levels of the substances and products listed in Annexure 4 in excess of those fixed for complete farm feeds.
(9) Where a person, as a result of new information or of a reassessment of existing scientific information made since the provisions in question were adopted, has detailed grounds for establishing that a maximum content fixed in Annexure 4 or a substance or product not listed therein constitutes a danger to animal or human health or the environment, that person must inform the Registrar immediately, giving reasons. The Registrar shall investigate the matter and consult the farm feed industry before deciding whether the Annexures should be modified.
(10) The Registrar shall be entitled to inspect establishments at random, take random samples and take all necessary measures to ensure that farm feeds and feed ingredients conform to this Guideline.
(11) Any person who possesses, or has possessed or has had direct contact with a consignment of farm feed or feed ingredient which does not comply with this Guideline shall immediately inform the Registrar, even if the destruction of the consignment is envisaged. The Registrar shall take the necessary measures to ensure that that the consignment is not used in animal nutrition and that the final destination of the contaminated consignment, including possible destruction, cannot have harmful effects on public or animal health or on the environment.

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