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Generalized system of preferences


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WT/COMTD/N/6/Add.5


17 June 2013

(13-3132)

Page: /

Committee on Trade and Development

Original: English





GENERALIZED SYSTEM OF PREFERENCES

Notification by Norway


Addendum

The following communication, dated 13 June 2013, is being circulated at the request of the Delegation of Norway.


_______________

1.1.  The Norwegian Government has made several improvements to its Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) with effect from 1 January 2013.

1.2.  In 2011, the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI) carried out a study of Norway’s GSP.1 In the first half of 2012, an inter-ministerial working group made their recommendations regarding a revised GSP scheme. These were endorsed by the Government, and the Parliament made the necessary decisions as part of the State Budget for 2013. The working group’s report is available in English. 2

1.3.  Norway’s GSP has been revised several times since it was established in 1971. Some amendments were introduced 1 January 2008,3 when the provision establishing duty-free and quota-free market access (DFQF-MA) to Norway for all goods from the 50 Least-Developed Countries (LDCs) was extended to include 14 Other Low Income Countries (LICs) with a population of less than 75 million.

1.4.  The main rule is that countries entering into a free trade agreement (FTA) with Norway are to be withdrawn from the GSP scheme.

1.5.  The most extensive change under the recent revision is to establish a new category of GSP recipients: Lower Middle Income Countries and territories (LMICs) based on the list of OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC)4 with a population of less than 75 million. This group, which in this context is named “GSP plus”, is granted more preferential market access than ordinary GSP recipients. One of the intentions behind the establishment of the “GSP plus” group is to soften the transition for countries graduating from an income group in which they had DFQF MA to Norway, to an income group in which ordinary GSP preferences applied until the recent revision. Granting of DFQF-MA remains limited to LDCs as well as LICs with a population of less than 75 million.

1.6.  The following groups of countries and territories are now represented in Norway’s GSP scheme5:

Ordinary GSP:


  • Upper Middle Income Countries and territories (UMICs)

  • LMICs with a population exceeding 75 million

GSP plus:

  • LMICs with a population of less than 75 million

  • LICs with a population exceeding 75 million

GSP zero:

  • All LDCs

  • LICs with a population of less than 75 million

1.7.  The GSP country list will continue to be based on the DAC List of ODA recipients. Clear routines for dealing with changes to the DAC list have been established: In the case of countries that graduate to a higher income group, the preferences that apply to the higher income group shall take effect at the beginning of the year after the country has been placed in a higher income group in two successive DAC revisions. Countries that move to a lower income group shall be granted the same preferences as other countries in the lower income group from the beginning of the following year.

1.8.  The Government’s review of preferences granted led to the following decisions:

Lower Middle Income Countries and Territories with a population of less than 75 million (“GSP plus”) are granted the following:


  • Duty-free access for all industrial goods




  • Improvement of tariff preferences for agricultural goods:




    • Duty-free access for an additional 49 tariff lines (selected flowers, cuttings, vegetables, fruits, oils and preserved vegetables).




    • 50% tariff reduction on 15 tariff lines.

1.9.  For ordinary GSP recipients, the following improvements are made:



  • Preferences on administratively reduced tariffs on cereals and soy bean oil cakes for animal feed are increased from 10 to 20%.




  • Duty-free access for fish oil for animal feed.




  • A duty-free quota for molasses has been established.



1.10.  For more details, see the Directorate of Customs and Excise website6 and the Norwegian Government’s website.7



ANNEX

Countries eligible for Norway’s Generalized System of Preferences (GSP)

This table shows countries that are eligible for Norway’s GSP. Countries marked with * are Least Developed Countries (LDCs) or treated as LDCs. Countries marked with + are GSP+.


Imports of goods from LDCs are free of duty. The ordinary GSP countries and GSP+ have between 10 and 100% reduction. The different duty rates are shown in the Norwegian Customs Tariff.





A

Afghanistan*

Angola*

Algeria

Armenia+


Azerbaijan

Argentina

B

Bangladesh*

Belarus

Benin*

Bhutan*

Bolivia+

Bosnia and Hertzegovina

Botzwana

Brazil





C

Cambodia*

Cameroon+

Cape Verde+

China, People's Republic of

Colombia

Cook Islands (New Zealand)

Cuba

Costa Rica

Côte d'Ivoire*


D

Democratic Republic of the Congo*







Dominica

Dominican Rupublic





E







Ecuador

El Salvador+

Ethiopia*


F-G

Fiji+

Gabon

Gambia*

Georgia+

Ghana*

Guatemala+

Guinea*

Guyana+





H

Haiti*

Honduras+





I-J

India

Indonesia

Iraq+

Iran

Jamaica





K

Kenya*

Kosovo+

Kyrgyzstan*











L

Lao People's Democratic Republic*

Lesotho*

Liberia*


M

Madagascar*

Malaysia

Malawi*

Maldives*

Mali*

Mauritius

Mongolia+


Mozambique*

Myanmar*










N

Namibia

Nepal*

Nicaragua+

Niger*











P










Panama

Papua New Guinea*

Pakistan

Paraguay+

Philippines





S

Saint Lucia

Senegal*

South Africa

Sri Lanka+

Sudan*

Surinam

Swaziland+








T

Tanzania, United Republic of*

Thailand

Togo*

Tonga+








U-Z

Uganda*

Uruguay

Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of

Viet Nam

Zambia*

Zimbabwe*

Countries that are a part of the Norwegian GSP-system, but have not yet presented their stamps to the Norwegian customs, are shown in this table. Countries marked with * will benefit from LDC treatment.







A

Anguilla


Antigua and Barbuda




B

Belize+

Burkina Faso*

Burundi*











C

Central African Republic*

Chad*

Congo+

Comoros*








D-E

Djibouti*

East Timor*

Equatorial Guinea*

Eritrea*








G

Grenada

Guinea-Bissau*





K-L

Kazakhstan

Kiribati*

Korea, Republic of*

Libya








M

Marshall Islands+ (US)

Mauritania*

Micronesia+

Moldova, Republic of+

Monserrat (UK)





N

Nauru

Nigeria

Niue Islands (New Zealand)


O-R

Rwanda*








S

Saint Helena (UK)

Saint Kitts and Nevis

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Samoa*

Sao Tome and Principe

Seychelles

Sierra Leone*

Solomon Islands*

Somalia*

South-Sudan*

Syrian Arab Republic+





T

Tajikistan*

Tokelau Islands+ (New Zealand)

Turkmenistan+

Turks and Caicos Islands (UK)

Tuvalu*





U

Ukraine

Uzbekistan*





V-Y

Wallis and Futuna

Vanuatu*

Yemen*


__________

1http://english.nupi.no/Activities/Departments/Department-of-International-Economics/Prosjekter/Norway-s-imports-from-developing-countries-and-the-GSP .

2http://www.regjeringen.no/upload/UD/Vedlegg/Handelspolitikk/121029_Import_from_developing_countries_WEB_v2.pdf .

3 Norway has made five previous notifications to the WTO on its GSP (in 1995, 2000, 2001, 2005 and 2008)

4 The DAC List of ODA Recipients shows all countries and territories eligible to receive official development assistance (ODA). The DAC list divides the ODA recipients into four groups: Least-Developed Countries; Other Low Income Countries; Lower Middle Income Countries and Territories; Upper Middle Income Countries and Territories. The list is revised every third year.

5 See attachment A or this link for a comprehensive list of countries that are part of Norway’s GSP: http://www.toll.no/templates_TAD/Article.aspx?id=267323&epslanguage=en

6 http://www.toll.no/templates_TAD/Article.aspx?id=267324&epslanguage=en

7 http://www.regjeringen.no/en/dep/ud/whats-new/news/2012/market_access.html?id=707129



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